|The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Слайд 2: The British Isles are a group of islands on the north-west coast of the continent of Europe. The largest islands are Great Britain and Ireland.
Слайд 3: England, Wales and Scotland are in the Great Britain. Northern Ireland is in the north-eastern part of Ireland. The larger part of Ireland is the Irish Republic.
Слайд 4: The British Isles have many rivers, but they are not very long: the Severn, the Thames and so on.
Слайд 5: There are many beautiful lakes in Scotland and north-west England.
Слайд 6: As a rule, there is no ice on the lakes and rivers in winter.
Слайд 7: There are no high mountains on these islands.
The highest mountain in Scotland – Ben Nevis (1,343 meters high)
The highest mountain in Wales – Snowdon (1,085 meters high)
Слайд 8: The climate of the British Isles is not very cold in winter and never very hot in summer. All parts of the British Isles get a lot of rain in all seasons.
Слайд 9: There are four nationalities which have their own language and culture: the English, the Irish, the Welsh, and the Scottish. The population of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is almost 56 mln.
Слайд 10: London, the capital, is one of many important industrial centers. Clothes, food, planes, cars are made in and around London. It is 2000 years old. Many years ago London was a small town on the Thames. Now London is a beautiful city.
Слайд 11: The oldest part of the capital is the “City of London”, it makes about 1 square mile.
Many monuments of London’s history are in the City. London has many theatres and concert halls, galleries and museums.
Слайд 12: In London there are many historical places which are the most interesting and popular among the Londoners and foreign tourists from different countries.
Слайд 13: Before railways were built in Britain, canals had been made to join one river to another, and canal boat carried goods between the industrial centers and the seaports.
Слайд 14: Stonehenge
Stonehenge is the most mysterious structure in the world. It is situated in the South of England. The largest of its stones weigh 50 tons, and the smallest – 5 tons. It had been building during 6 hundred years. The sun and the stones at Stonehenge let Druids know when the months and seasons start.
Слайд 15: The Tower of London
The black ravens that live in the gardens of the Tower now are another famous sight. The legend says that without them the Tower will fall. The Raven Master is the person who gives them food. Many people from other countries come to see the Tower. They see the dark stone halls with small windows and thick doors. The walls of the Tower are five meters thick. In the museum they can see many old guns.
Слайд 16: St. Paul’s Cathedral
It is the second famous church. St. Paul’s Cathedral is the greatest work of England’s greatest architect, Christopher Wren. The Cathedral was begun in 1675. It was opened in 1697 but was finished only in 1710, when Wren was almost 80 years old. There are memorials to many famous men of England in the Cathedral.
Слайд 17: Trafalgar Square
Trafalgar Square is in the centre of the West End of London. In the centre there is Nelson’s Column with the figure of the great seaman who defeated the French at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805. Trafalgar Square is the place where mass meetings and demonstrations take place.
Слайд 18: Piccadilly Circus
Piccadilly Circus is a square in the central part of London. It is the meeting point of six streets. London’s best-known theatres and cinemas and most famous restaurants are on Piccadilly Circus. In the square you can see people of many nationalities and hear a lot of different languages.
Слайд 19: The Houses of Parliament
The Houses of Parliament in London, known also as the Palace of Westminster, is the place where members of Parliament gather to make laws. The Houses of Parliament is a very large building which stands near the Thames.
Слайд 20: Big Ben
There are two tall towers at the corners of the building and one of them is the Clock Tower. It was built in 1858 by the English people. The bell weights 13 tons. The man in charge of the building was Sir Benjamin Hall. He was very tall, so the workers called him Big Ben. It strikes every hour.
Слайд 21: Westminster Abbey
It is a royal church. Westminster Abbey is the historic building in London to which every visitor sooner or later goes. The Abbey was founded in the 11th century. Many of Great Britain’s famous men are buried in Westminster Abbey.
Слайд 23: Do the test after the watching;
Write the paper on one of the London’s sights;
Retell the story about London.