題目:The diet of Oriental Honey Buzzard (Pernis ptilohrhynchus) in




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生態學與演化生物學研究所專題討論

題目:The diet of Oriental Honey Buzzard (Pernis ptilohrhynchus) in

Yangmingshan, Taiwan during breeding season

報告者:黃光瀛

指導教授:林曜松 劉小如

日期:2004/04/09

摘要:本文探討陽明山蜂鷹繁殖季的食性、與獵物的互動及雌雄親鳥的貢獻。

ABSTRACT


Very little is known about the ecology and behavior of Oriental Honey Buzzard (Pernis ptilorhynchus). Based on surveys between 1993 and 2003, this species is an uncommon summer visitor in Yangmingshan, Taipei, Taiwan. We found one nest in 1994 and one in 1999. Through direct observation and videotaping of the nest in 1999, we recorded the prey items delivered to the nest on 26 days from 12 July to 19 August (total 204.7 hours, 123 prey items). Our results revealed that 78.9% by number (83.7% by biomass) of the food items were wasp nests, 16.2% were frogs (15.3% by biomass), and 4.9% were lizards (1.1% by biomass). Five species of wasps were identified, namely Polistes tenebriocosus, Po. rothneyi, Po. gigas, Po. takasagonus and Parapolybia varia. Frogs and lizards were recorded only between 11 July and 10 August. The total number of wasp nests brought back to the nestling at different hours of the day was correlated with the number of Po. tenebriocosus workers arriving at their nests. The diet Oriental Honey Buzzards provisioned their young reflected the wasp fauna and the natural history of the wasps in study area. Male and female Oriental Honey Buzzards did not contribute equally to the feeding of their young. Female stopped bringing food 10 days before the nestling fledged.

Key Words : Diet, Oriental Honey Buzzard, Yangmingshan,

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