Tables with proposal for efficacy and crop safety extrapolations




старонка1/6
Дата канвертавання24.04.2016
Памер0.59 Mb.
  1   2   3   4   5   6
Tables with proposal for efficacy and crop safety extrapolations.
The following tables are derived from the document prepared by the Pesticide Safety Directorate under the European Commission (DG SANCO) contract. They present lists of specific extrapolations for efficacy and crop safety. The proposals in the lists are intended as a framework for evaluators, to be used alongside expert judgement and regulatory experience. They were validated by the EU Member States forming the EU Technical Group on Minor Uses - North. In the current absence of information for the southern region, they were complemented, by input from the EU Technical Group on Minor Uses - South, prior to adding them to EPPO website. Two columns were added, each providing validity for north and south respectively.

These tables will be eventually replaced with EPPO tables which are under development for the EPPO region.


Index of tables.
Table 1 is extrapolation matrix for fungicides and it is not presented here.

FUNGICIDES – Proposed permitted efficacy extrapolations:

Table 2 for cereal diseases

Table 3 for fruit diseases

Table 4 for vegetable diseases

Table 5 for diseases of ornamentals

Table 6 for diseases of woody ornamentals, trees and forestry

INSECTICIDES – efficacy extrapolations

Table 7 Proposed efficacy extrapolations between different crop types for insecticides

Table 8 Proposed efficacy extrapolations for insecticides

HERBICIDES – efficacy extrapolations

Table 9 Extrapolations between crops for the same target weed

Table 10 Extrapolations between different target weeds

CROP SAFETY

Table 11 Reference sensitive ornamental species

Table 12 Extrapolation of crop safety for seed treatments

Table 13 Extrapolations of crop safety for fungicides and insecticides (including molluscicides, acaricides and nematicides)

Table 14 Extrapolations of crop safety for herbicides
The original PSD document may be found on:

Commission website

http://europa.eu.int/comm/food/plant/protection/resources/minorcrops_en.pdf

http://europa.eu.int/comm/food/plant/protection/resources/minorcrops safety en.pdf

or PSD website

http://www.pesticides.gov.uk/approvals.asp?id=733&link=%2Fuploadedfiles%2FWeb%5FAssets%2FPSD%2FSANCO%5FD3%5FS12%2D395857%2Epdf

FUNGICIDES

Table 2 Proposed permitted efficacy extrapolations for cereal diseases



Test organisms

Can extrapolate to

 

Test crop

Target disease

Crop

Disease

N

S

Winter Wheat or Winter Barley

All diseases

Minor cereals

Diseases of the same genus, except the following diseases of oats, powdery mildew, crown rust and Fusarium seedling blight.

 x

 x

Winter Barley

All diseases

Spring Barley

All diseases, except powdery mildew, loose smut and leaf stripe.

 x

 x

Winter wheat

Fusarium seedling blight

Barley

Fusarium seedling blight

 x

 x

Reduced data package may be accepted

Table 3 Proposed permitted efficacy extrapolations for fruit diseases



Test organisms

Can extrapolate to

Notes

 

 

Test crop

Target disease

Crop

Disease

 

N

S

Apple

Scab (Venturia inaequalis)

Pear

Scab (Venturia pirina)

Confirmatory data required

 x

 x

(Data is required of control on fruit)

Cherry, plum, peach

Scab (Venturia spp)

Confirmatory data required on one other crop.

 x

 x

Cherry or peach

Shot hole disease (Stigmina carpophila)

Plum, peach

Shot hole disease (Stigmina carpophila)

 

 x

 x

Apple or Pear

Powdery mildew (Podosphaera leucotricha)

Apple or Pear

Powdery mildew (Podosphaera leucotricha)

Confirmatory data required

 x

 x

Apple or Pear

Fruit tree canker (Nectria galligena)

Apple or Pear

Fruit tree canker

Confirmatory data required

 x

 x

Sour Cherry or Plum

Brown rot (Monilia laxa)

Sour Cherry, Sweet cherry or plum

Monilia laxa, Monilia fructigena

 

 x

 x

Ribes sp

All diseases

All other Ribes sp

The same disease

 

 x

 x

Ribes sp

Black currant leaf spot (Drepanopeziza ribis)

Ribes sp

Black currant leaf spot (Blumeriella jaappii), Mycosphaerella leaf spot (Mycosphaerella ribis)

 



 x

Blackcurrants or Gooseberry

American gooseberry mildew (Sphaerotheca mors-uvae)

Ribes sp

Other powdery mildews

 

 x

 x

Blackcurrants or Gooseberry

American gooseberry mildew (Sphaerotheca mors-uvae)

Grapevine (where a minor crop)

Uncinula necator

 

 x

 

Rubus sp

All diseases

Rubus sp

The same disease

 

 x

 x

Blackberry or Raspberry

Leptosphaeria coniothyrium

Other Rubus sp

Septoria leaf spot (Septoria rubi)

 

 x

 x

Cane spot (Elsinoe veneta)

 x

 x

Plums and Peach or apricots or almonds

All diseases

Peaches, plums, apricots, almonds.

The same disease

Data should normally be provided on at least two crop species.

 x

 x

Table 4 Proposed permitted efficacy extrapolations for vegetable diseases

Test organisms

Can extrapolate to

Notes

 

 

Test crop

Target disease

Crop

 

N

S

Onion, Shallot

All diseases

Onion, shallot, salad onions, garlic, chives

 

 x

 x

Leek

White tip (Phytophthora porri)

Onion, shallot

 

 x

 x

Tomato

Alternaria sp, late blight (Phytophthora sp), Botrytis (Botryotinia fuckeliana)

Sweet pepper, chilli pepper, aubergine.

 

 x

 x

Cucumber

Gummy stem blight (Didymella bryoniae), Powdery mildew (Sphaerotheca fusca, S. fuliginea, Erysiphe cichoracearum), Downy mildew (Pseudoperonospora cubensis)

Other cucurbitae

May also extrapolate from S. fusca or S.  fuliginea to other powdery mildews

 x

 x

Lettuce

Botrytis

(Botryotinia fuckeliana)



Other leafy vegetables

 




x

Tomato or Cucumber

Damping off diseases caused by Thanatephorus spp or Phytophthora spp.

Other fruiting vegetables

 

 x

 x

Any vegetable seedling

Damping off diseases caused by Pythium sp

Any other vegetable seedlings

 

 x

 x

Vegetable brassicas

Rather than generating a full data set on one crop, data should be generated across a range of different crops including cabbages, a flowering type such as cauliflower or broccoli and either a leafy crop such as kale or Chinese cabbage or on Brussels sprouts. Extrapolation is then permitted to all brassicas.

 x

 x

Head Lettuce

Grey mould (Botryotinia fuckeliana), damping-off disease/Rhizoctonia. (Thanatephorus cucumeris), sclerotinia (Sclerotinia minor, S. sclerotiorum), downy mildew (Bremia lactucae)

Other lettuce forms, Endive, herbs, lambs lettuce

 

 x

 x

Chinese cabbage

Grey mould (Botryotinia fuckeliana), damping off (Thanatephorus cucumeris), Phoma lingam

Indian mustard, pak-choi, kohlrabi, radish.

 

 x

 x

Celery

Celery leaf spot (Septoria apiicola)

Celeriac, parsley, chervil, celery leaves.

 

 x

 x

Celery

Foliar diseases

Celeriac

 

 x

 x

Broad bean

Chocolate spot (Botrytis fabae)

Faba beans

 

 x

 x

Dwarf French/ Haricot bean (Phaseolus vulgaris)

Botrytis (Botryotinia fuckeliana),

Runner beans (Phaseolus coccineus) Edible podded peas (Pisum sativum)

 

 x

 x

Sclerotinia sclerotiorum

 x

 x

Dwarf French/ Haricot bean (Phaseolus vulgaris)

Sclerotinia trifoliorum, Colletotrichum, Ascochyta

Broad bean (Vicia faba)

 

 x

 x

Dwarf French/ Haricot bean (Phaseolus vulgaris)

All diseases

Lentils

 

 x

 x

Artichoke (Cynara scolymus)

All diseases

Cardon (Cynara cardunculus)

 

 x

 

Table 5 Proposed permitted efficacy extrapolations for diseases of ornamentals

Disease

Test crop(s)

Test disease(s)

Notes

N

S

Fire

Tulip

Botrytis tulipae

Some data on all three species required.

 x

 

(Botrytis blight)

Lily

Botrytis elliptica

 x

 

 

Gladiolus

Botryotinia draytonii

 x

 

Fusarium bulb rot

Tulip

Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. tulipae

 

 x

 

Gladiolus

F. oxysporum f. sp. gladiolus

 x

 

Pythium root rot

Crocus or Iris

Pythium sp

Tulips should also be tested if crops are to be forced

 x

 

and Hyacinth

 x

 

Rhizoctonia

Tulip

Rhizoctonia tuliparum

Outdoor use only

 x

 

Lily

Rhizoctonia solani

 x

 

Botrytis

one cut flower and one potted plant

Botryotinia fuckeliana on other ornamental flowers and bedding plants.

Protected crops

 x

 

Seedling diseases

Carnation or Chrysanthemum morifolium

Pythium spp.

Protected crops.

 x

 

Saintpaulia, Begonia or Kalanchoe

Rhizoctonia spp.

Consistent results on all three diseases then extrapolation can be made to all seedling diseases

 x

 

Saintpaulia or Gloxinia

Phytophthora spp., Pythium spp.

 

 x

 

Powdery mildew

Rose (cut flower)

Sphaerotheca (Podosphaera) pannosa

Consistent results on all three species will allow extrapolation to all powdery mildew species

 x

 

Begonia (pot plant)

Microsphaera begoniae

 x

 

Saintpaulia or potted chrysanthemum

Oïdium spp.

 x

 

Downy mildew

Lisianthus (Eustoma russellianum)

Peronospora chlorae

Consistent results on both species will allow extrapolation to all downy mildew species

 x

 

Rose

Pseudoperonospora sparsa

 x

 

Phytophthora

Saintpaulia or Rose

Phytophthora nicotianae

Consistent results on three crops and four species of Phytophthora (including P. nicotianae and P cryptogea) will allow extrapolation to all Phytophthora species

 x

 

Cyclamen

Phytophthora capsici, Phytophthora cactorum or Phytophthora nicotianae



 

Gerbera

Phytophthora cryptogea

 x

 

Puccinia sp

Chrysanthemum morifolium

Puccinia horiana

Tests should be on protected crops

 x

 

Uromyces sp

Dianthus caryophyllus

Uromyces dianthi

Tests should be on protected crops

 x

 
  1   2   3   4   5   6


База данных защищена авторским правом ©shkola.of.by 2016
звярнуцца да адміністрацыі

    Галоўная старонка