Table the representative insect-pollinated tree species in the study karst forest landscape




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Supplementary Material
Table S1. The representative insect-pollinated tree species in the study karst forest landscape


Species

Family

Status

Flowering time

Potential pollinators (Reference)

Eurycorymbus cavaleriei

Sapindaceae

Rare

April - June

Bees, moths, butterflies, beetles (Wang et al. 2008; Wang et al. 2010)

Handeliodendron bodinieri

Sapindaceae

Endangered

May

Bees, butterflies (He et al. 2012)

Kmeria septentrionalis

Magnoliaceae

Endangered

May - June

Bees, moths, butterflies, beetles (Lai et al. 2007)

Liriodendron chinense

Magnoliaceae

Endangered

May

Bees, flies, beetles (Huang et al. 1999)

Manglietia aromatica

Magnoliaceae

Endangered

May - June

Beetles (Pan et al. 2003)

Ligustrum lucidum

Oleaceae

Common

May - July

Bees (Lai et al. 2007)

Alangium faberi

Alangiaceae

Common

June

Bees (Lai et al. 2007)

Schefflera octophylla

Araliaceae

Common

November - December

Bees (Xiao 2002)

Reinwardtia indica

Linaceae

Common

April – December

Insects (Sugawara et al. 2002)

Mussaenda anomala

Rubiaceae

Endangered

June

Insects (based on pollination syndrome)

Lasianthus chinensis

Rubiaceae

Common

May

Manglietia calcarea

Magnoliaceae

Endangered

April - May

He R, Wang J, Huang H (2012) Long-distance gene dispersal inferred from spatial genetic structure in Handeliodendron bodinieri, an endangered tree from karst forest in southwest China. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 44: 295-302.

Huang S, Guo Y, Pan M, Chen J (1999) Floral syndrome and insect pollination of Liriodendron chinense. Acta Botanica Sinica 41: 241-248.

Lai J, Pan C, Qin W, Wei G (2007) Pollination ecology of rare and endangered species Kmeria septentrionalis. Guihaia 27: 736-740.

Pan Y, Liang H, Gong X (2003) Studies on the reproductive biology and endangerment mechanism of the endangered plant Manglietia aromatica. Acta Botanica Sinica 45: 311-316.

Sugawara T, Tanaka N, Murata J, Zam, KM (2002) Dimorphism of pollen grains and stigmas in the heterostylous subshrub, Reinwardtia indica (Linaceae) in Myanmar. Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica 53: 173-180.

Wang J, Kang M, Gao PX, Huang H (2010) Contemporary pollen flow and mating patterns of a subtropical canopy tree Eurycorymbus cavaleriei in a fragmented agricultural landscape. Forest Ecology and Management 260: 2180-2188

Wang J, Ye Q, Kang M, Huang H (2008) Novel polymorphic microsatellite loci and patterns of pollen-mediated gene flow in an ex situ population of Eurycorymbus cavaleriei (Sapindaceae) as revealed by categorical paternity analysis. Conservation Genetics 9: 559–567



Xiao (2002) Studies on the biological traits and the nectar quantity of Schefflera octophylla. Apicultural Science and Technology 6: 28-29.
Table S2. Detailed information of our previous paternity analyses in Eurycorymbus cavaleriei


Landscape

Stand size (ha)

Number of trees (males/females)

Density (individuals/ha)

Isolation degree (km)

Mean dispersal distance (m)

Maximum dispersal distance (m)

Immigration rate (%)

Reference

Ex situ

33

33 (19/14)

1.0

370

292.6

667

-

Wang et al. (2008)

Agricultural

6.85

102 (50/52)

14.9

1.4

1107

2100

39.3

Wang et al. (2010)

16.72

194 (96/98)

11.6

1.4

325

2000

42.6

Table S3. Detailed characteristic of sampled patches


Site

Patch

Patch size (ha)

Number of trees (males/females)

Density (individuals /ha)

DT

DT1

60

43 (16/27)

0.72




DT2

40

41 (15/26)

1.03




DT3

28

30 (19/11)

1.07




DT4

106

40 (17/23)

0.38




Average

59

39 (17/22)

0.80

HD

HD1

18

32 (23/9)

1.77




HD2

32

45 (21/24)

1.41




HD3

15

31 (20/11)

2.07




HD4

12

23 (12/11)

1.92




Average

19

33 (19/14)

1.80

Table S4. Locus-specific and overall genotyping error rates estimated with cervus and Micro-Checker




Site

Locus

Number of alleles

Expected heterozygosity

Observed heterozygosity

Frequency of homozygous excess (cervus)

Null allele frequency (Micro-Checker)

DT

EC3

11

0.801

0.787

0.0040

0.0072

EC24

9

0.774

0.813

0

0

EC135

12

0.831

0.787

0.0221

0.0233

EC139

9

0.758

0.801

0

0

EC143

9

0.583

0.622

0

0

EC151

6

0.464

0.468

0

0

Overall

9.3







0.004

0.005

HD

EC3

11

0.820

0.773

0.0282

0.0255

EC24

7

0.652

0.656

0

0

EC135

12

0.800

0.754

0.0314

0..0255

EC139

10

0.735

0.761

0

0

EC143

8

0.580

0.616

0

0

EC151

7

0.585

0.595

0

0

Overall

9.2







0.0099

0.0085


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