Supplementary Information




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Supplementary Information

Lectins


Artocapus integrifolia (Jacalin), Erythrina cristagalli (ECA), Hippeastrum Hybrid Lectin (HHL), Wisteria Floribunda Lectin (WFA), Griffonia (Bandeiraea) Simplicifolia Lectin II (GSL-II),

Maackia Amurensis Lectin II (MAL-II), Phaseolus vulgaris Agglutinin(E) (PHA-E), Psophocarpus Tetragonolobus Lectin I (PTL-I), Sophora Japonica Agglutinin (SJA), Peanut Agglutinin (PNA), Euonymus Europaeus Lectin (EEL), Aleuria Aurantia Lectin (AAL), Lotus Tetragonolobus Lectin (LTL), Maclura Pomifera Lectin (MPL), Lycopersicon Esculentum (Tomato) Lectin (LEL), Griffonia (Bandeiraea) Simplicifolia Lectin I (GSL-I), Dolichos Biflorus Agglutinin (DBA), Lens Culinaris Agglutinin (LCA), Ricinus Communis Agglutinin I (RCA120), Solanum Tuberosum (Potato) Lectin (STL), Bandeiraea simplicifolia (BS-I), Canavalia ensiformis (ConA), Psophocarpus Tetragonolobus Lectin II (PTL-II), Datura stramonium (DSA), Soybean Agglutinin (SBA), Vicia Villosa Lectin (VVA), Narcissus Pseudonarcissus Lectin (NPL), Pisum Sativum Agglutinin (PSA), Amaranthus caudatus (ACA), Triticum vulgaris (WGA), Ulex Europaeus Agglutinin I (UEA-I), Phytolacca americana (PWM), Maackia Amurensis Lectin I (MAL-I), Galanthus nivalis (GNA), Bauhinia Purpurea Lectin (BPL), Phaseolus vulgaris Agglutinin (E+L) (PHA-E+L) and Sambucus Nigra Lectin (SNA) were purchased from vector laboratories, Sigma-Aldrich and Calbiochem (Merck), respectively. The detail information was showed in Table S1.



Table S1. Sugar-binding specificities of the lectins

Lectin

Specificity

Print

monosaccharide

Supplied by

Reference

Jacalin

Galβ1-3GalNAcα-Ser/Thr(T), GalNAcα-Ser/Thr(Tn), GlcNAcβ1-3-GalNAcα-Ser/Thr(Core3), sialyl-T(ST). not bind to Core2, Core6, and sialyl-Tn (STn)

Galactose

Vector

[1,2]

ECA

Galβ-1,4GlcNAc (type II), Galβ1-3GlcNAc (type I)

Galactose

Vector

[3,4]

HHL

High-Mannose, Manα1-3Man, Manα1-6Man, Man5-GlcNAc2-Asn

Mannose

Vector

[5]

WFA

terminating in GalNAcα/β1-3/6Gal

GalNAc

Vector




GSL-II

GlcNAc and agalactosylated tri/tetra antennary glycans

GlcNAc

Vector

[6]

MAL-II

Siaα2-3Galβ1-4Glc(NAc)/Glc, Siaα2-3Gal, Siaα2-3, Siaα2-3GalNAc




Vector

[7]

PHA-E

Bisecting GlcNAc, biantennary complex-type N-glycan with outer Gal

GlcNAc

Vector

[8]

PTL-I

GalNAc, GalNAcα-1,3Gal, GalNAcα-1,3Galβ-1,3/4Glc

GalNAc

Vector

[9]

SJA

Terminal in GalNAc and Gal, anti-A and anti-B human blood group

GalNAc

Vector




PNA

Galβ1-3GalNAcα-Ser/Thr(T)

Galactose

Vector

[10]

EEL

Galα1-3(Fucα1-2)Gal (blood group B antigen)

Galactose

Vector




AAL

Fucα1-6 GlcNAc(core fucose), Fucα1-3(Galβ1-4)GlcNAc

Fucose

Vector

[11]

LTL

Fucα1-2Galβ1-4GlcNAc, Fucα1-3(Galβ1-4)GlcNAc, anti-H blood group specificity

Fucose

Vector

[12]

MPL

Galβ1-3GalNAc, GalNAc

GalNAc

Vector

[13]

LEL

(GlcNAc)n, high mannose-type N-glycans

LacNAc

Vector

[14]

GSL-I

αGalNAc, αGal, anti-A and B

GalNAc

Vector

[15]

DBA

αGalNAc, Tn antigen, GalNAcα1-3((Fucα1-2))Gal (blood group A antigen)

GalNAc

Vector

[16]

LCA

α-D-Man, Fucα-1,6GlcNAc, α-D-Glc

Mannose

Vector




STL

trimers and tetramers of GlcNAc, core (GlcNAc) of N-glycan, oligosaccharide containing GlcNAc and MurNAc

GlcNAc

Vector

[17]

PTL-II

Gal, blood group H , T-antigen

Galactose

Vector

[9]

DSA

β-D-GlcNA, (GlcNAcβ1-4)n, Galβ1-4GlcNAc

GlcNAc

Vector

[18]

VVA

terminal GalNAc, GalNAcα-Ser/Thr(Tn), GalNAcα1-3Gal

GalNAc

Vector

[19]

MAL-I

Galβ-1,4GlcNAc, Siaα2-3Gal, Galβ1-3GlcNAc, Siaα2-3

Galactose

Vector

[7]

GNA

High-Mannose, Manα1-3Man

Mannose

Vector




NPL

High-Mannose, Manα1-6Man

Mannose

Vector

[5]

ACA

Galβ1-3GalNAcα-Ser/Thr (T antigen), sialyl-T(ST) tissue staining patterns are markedly different than those obtained with either PNA or Jacalin

Galactose

Vector




BPL

Galβ1-3GalNAc, Terminal GalNAc

Galactose

Vector

[20]

PHA-E+L

Bisecting GlcNAc, bi-antennary N-glycans, tri- and tetra-antennary complex-type N-glycan

GlcNAc

Vector




SNA

Sia2-6Gal/GalNAc

GlcNAc

Vector

[7]

RCA120

β-Gal, Galβ-1,4GlcNAc (type II), Galβ1-3GlcNAc (type I)

Galactose

Sigma-Aldrich

[4]

BS-I

α-Gal, α-GalNAc, Galα-1,3Gal, Galα-1,6Glc

Galactose

Sigma-Aldrich

[21]

PSA

α-D-Man, Fucα-1,6GlcNAc, α-D-Glc

Fucose

Sigma-Aldrich




SBA

α- or β-linked terminal GalNAc, (GalNAc)n, GalNAcα1-3Gal, blood-group A

GalNAc

Sigma-Aldrich

[22]

WGA

Multivalent Sia and (GlcNAc)n

GlcNAc

Sigma-Aldrich




UEA-I

Fucα1-2Galβ1-4Glc(NAc)

Fucose

Sigma-Aldrich

[12]

PWM

Branched (LacNAc)n

GlcNAc

Sigma-Aldrich

[23]

ConA

High-Mannose, Manα1-6(Manα1-3)Man, terminal GlcNAc

Mannose

Calbiochem







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  5. Kaku H, Van Damme EJ, Peumans WJ, Goldstein IJ. Carbohydrate-binding specificity of the daffodil (Narcissus pseudonarcissus) and amaryllis (Hippeastrum hybr.) bulb lectins. Arch Biochem Biophys. 1990 Jun;279(2):298-304.

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  10. Musti Joginadha Swamy, Dipti Gupta, Sanjeev K. Mahanta, Avadhesha Surolia. Further characterization of the saccharide specificity of peanut (Arachis hypogaea) agglutinin. Carbohydrate Research Volume 213, 25 June 1991, Pages 59–67

  11. Matsumura K, Higashida K, Hata Y, Kominami J, Nakamura-Tsuruta S, Hirabayashi J. Comparative analysis of oligosaccharide specificities of fucose-specific lectins from Aspergillus oryzae and Aleuria aurantia using frontal affinity chromatography. Anal Biochem. 2009 Mar 15;386(2):217-21.

  12. Howard J. Allen, Edward A. Z. Johnson and Khushi L. Matta. A Comparison of the Binding Specificities of Lectins from Ulex Europaeus and Lotus Tetragonolobus. Issue TOC 1977, Vol. 6, No. 6 , Pages 585-602 (doi:10.3109/08820137709093469)

  13. Manju Sarkar, Albert M. Wu, Elvin A. Kabat. Immunochemical studies on the carbohydrate specificity of Maclura pomifera lectin. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics DOI:10.1016/0003-9861(81)90273-3

  14. Suguru Oguri. Analysis of sugar chain-binding specificity of tomato lectin using lectin blot: recognition of high mannose-type N-glycans produced by plants and yeast. Glycoconjugate Journal November 2005, Volume 22, Issue 7-9, pp 453-461

  15. Julien Lescar, Remy Loris, Edward Mitchell, Catherine Gautier, Valérie Chazalet, Veronica Cox, Lode Wyns, Serge Pérez, Christelle Breton and Anne Imberty. Isolectins I-A and I-B of Griffonia(Bandeiraea) simplicifolia CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF METAL-FREE GS I-B4 AND MOLECULAR BASIS FOR METAL BINDING AND MONOSACCHARIDE SPECIFICITY. February 22, 2002 The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 277, 6608-6614.

  16. Kisailus EC, Kabat EA. Immunochemical studies on blood groups LXVI. Competitive binding assays of A1 and A2 blood group substances with insolubilized anti-A serum and insolubilized A agglutinin from Dolichos biflorus. J Exp Med. 1978 Mar 1;147(3):830-43.

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  19. Puri KD, Gopalakrishnan B, Surolia A. Carbohydrate binding specificity of the Tn-antigen binding lectin from Vicia villosa seeds (VVLB4). FEBS Lett. 1992 Nov 9;312(2-3):208-12.

  20. Allen HJ, Johnson EA, Matta KL. Binding-site specificity of lectins from Bauhinia purpurea alba, Sophora japonica, and Wistaria floribunda. Carbohydr Res. 1980 Nov 1;86(1):123-31.

  21. Kisailus EC, Kabat EA. A study of the specificity of Bandeiraea simplicifolia lectin I by competitive-binding assay with blood-group substances and with blood-group A and B active and other oligosaccharides. Carbohydr Res. 1978 Nov;67(1):243-55

  22. Miercio E.A. Pereira1, Elvin A. Kabat. Immunochemical studies on the specificity of soybeanagglutinin. Carbohydrate Research Volume 37, Issue 1, October 1974, Pages 89–102

  23. K Yokoyama, T Terao, T Osawa. Carbohydrate-binding specificity of pokeweed mitogens. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. 02/1978; 538(2):384-96.


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