Supplementary Information




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Supplementary Information

Nuclear DNA content (2C), leaf life span (LL) and leaf mass per area (LMA) data for 52 species, compiled from the literature. Families were allocated according to APGII (2003). LMA data for species published by Navas et al. (2003) were obtained from Garnier et al. (2001). References are given below




Species

Family

2C

(pg)


LL

(months)


LMA

(g m–2)



Source

Achillea erba

Asteraceae

5.35

2.30

45.00

Diemer et al. (1992)

Achillea millefolium

Asteraceae

15.30

1.40

52.00

Diemer et al. (1992)

Betula populifolia

Betulaceae

0.40

6.00

58.00

Small (1972)

Bulnesia arborea

Zygophyllaceae

0.90

11.00

91.00

Marin and Medina (1981)

Brachypodium distachyon

Poaceae

1.5

33.56

2.22

Navas et al. (2003)

Bromus erectus

Poaceae

23.3

63.83

2.86

Navas et al. (2003)

Caltha palustris

Ranunculaceae

33.00

2.60

32.00

Diemer et al. (1992)

Carum carvi

Apiaceae

9.55

2.00

38.00

Diemer et al. (1992)

Dactylis glomerata

Apiaceae

6.6

43.53

1.99

Navas et al. (2003)

Ficus racemosa

Moraceae

1.45

7.00

92.00

Lal et al. (2001a, b)

Helianthemum nummularium

Cistaceae

4.45

71.26

2.69

Navas et al. (2003)

Helianthus microcephalus

Asteraceae

10.20

4.10

40.00

Reich et al. (1999)

Illicium anisatum

Illiciaceae

6.70

16.70

58.00

Hikosaka and Hirose (2000)

Larix decidua

Pinaceae

22.90

6.00

72.00

Reich et al. (1999)

Larix laricina

Pinaceae

19.00

6.00

120.00

Reich et al. (1999)

Larrea tridentata

Zygophyllaceae

1.50

12.00

253.00

Reich et al. (1999)

Liriodendron tulipifera

Magnoliaceae

1.60

5.30

61.00

Reich et al. (1999)

Manihot esculenta

Euphorbiaceae

1.65

1.50

36.00

Reich et al. (1999)

Phleum pratense

Poaceae

8.3

39.84

2.09

Navas et al. (2003)

Picea engelmanii

Pinaceae

38.90

90.00

306.00

Reich et al. (1999)

Picea glauca

Pinaceae

40.40

60.00

286.00

Reich et al. (1999)

Picea mariana

Pinaceae

31.60

60.00

294.00

Reich et al. (1999)

Pinus banksiana

Pinaceae

34.40

27.00

244.00

Reich et al. (1999)

Pinus flexilis

Pinaceae

58.40

36.00

366.00

Reich et al. (1999)

Pinus palustris

Pinaceae

48.10

32.00

255.00

Reich et al. (1999)

Pinus resinosa

Pinaceae

46.70

36.00

294.00

Reich et al. (1999)

Pinus rigida

Pinaceae

41.60

33.00

204.00

Reich et al. (1999)

Pinus serotina

Pinaceae

43.00

27.00

279.00

Reich et al. (1999)

Pinus strobus

Pinaceae

51.30

21.00

122.00

Reich et al. (1999)

Pinus sylvestris

Pinaceae

55.60

27.00

294.00

Reich et al. (1999)

Plantago lanceolata

Plantaginaceae

2.5

63.49

4.58

Navas et al. (2003)

Prosopis glandulosa

Fabaceae

0.85

6.90

144.50

Nelson et al. (2002); Reich et al. (1999)

Prunus serotina

Rosaceae

1.00

5.50

101.00

Reich et al. (1999)

Quercus ilex

Fagaceae

2

154.24

23.31

Navas et al. (2003)

Quercus pubescens

Fagaceae

1.85

105.63

6.94

Navas et al. (2003)

Quercus coccifera

Fagaceae

2.00

13.80

46.00

Christodoulakis and Mitrakos (1987)

Quercus suber

Fagaceae

1.90

15.30

201.00

Mediavilla et al. (2001)

Ranunculus acris

Ranunculaceae

12.25

1.80

64.00

Diemer et al. (1992)

Ranunculus glacialis

Ranunculaceae

6.65

3.10

62.00

Diemer et al. (1992)

Rhamnus cathartica

Rhamnaceae

2.65

6.80

87.00

Reich et al. (1999)

Robinia pseudoacacia

Fabaceae

1.30

4.60

38.00

Reich et al. (1999)

Sanguisorba minor

Rosaceae

1.1

57.47

3.13

Navas et al. (2003)

Shorea robusta

Dipterocarpaceae

1.15

13.00

97.00

Lal et al. (2001a, b)

Taraxacum officinale

Asteraceae

2.55

2.20

34.00

Diemer et al. (1992)

Taxodium distichum

Cupressaceae

19.90

6.50

128.00

Reich et al. (1999)

Thuja occidentalis

Cupressaceae

24.71

48.00

223.00

Reich et al. (1999)

Thymus vulgaris

Lamiaceae

1.55

96.34

6.03

Navas et al. (2003)

Trifolium repens

Liliaceae

92.00

3.70

28.00

Diemer et al. (1992)

Trillium grandiflora

Fabaceae

1.95

2.00

34.00

Reich et al. (1999)

Tsuga canadensis

Pinaceae

27.00

60.00

123.00

Reich et al. (1999)

Vaccinium corymbosum

Ericaceae

7.20

7.50

102.00

Reich et al. (1999)

Vaccinium myrtilloides

Ericaceae

4.20

6.00

89.00

Small (1972)


APGII. 2003. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG II. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 141: 399–436.

Christodoulakis NS, Mitrakos KA. 1987. Structural analysis of sclerophylly in eleven evergreen phanerophytes in Greece. In: Tenhunen JD, Catarino FM, Lange OL, Oechel WC (eds). Plant response to stress. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 547–551.

Diemer M, Körner C, Prock S. 1992. Leaf life spans in wild perennial herbaceous plants: a survey and attempts at a functional interpretation. Oecologia 89: 10–16.

Garnier E, Laurent G, Bellmann A, Debain S, Berthelier P, Ducout B, Roumet C, Navas M-L. 2001. Consistency of species ranking based on functional leaf traits. New Phytologist 152: 69–83.

Hikosaka K, Hirose T. 2000. Photosynthetic nitrogen-use efficiency in evergreen broad-leaved woody species coexisting in a warm-temperate forest. Tree Physiology 20: 1249–1254.

Lal CB, Annapurna C, Raghubanshi AS, Singh JS. 2001a. Effect of leaf habit and soil type on nutrient resorption and conservation in woody species of a dry tropical environment. Canadian Journal of Botany 79: 1066–1075.

Lal CB, Annapurna C, Raghubanshi AS, Singh JS. 2001b. Foliar demand and resource economy of nutrients in dry tropical forest species. Journal of Vegetation Science 12: 5–14.

Marin D, Medina E. 1981. Duracion foliar, contenido de nutrientes y esclerofilia en arboles de un bosque muy seco tropical. Acta Cientifica Venezolana 32: 508–514.

Mediavilla S, Escudero A, Heilmeier H. 2001. Internal leaf anatomy and photosynthetic resource-use efficiency: interspecific and intraspecific comparisons. Tree Physiology 21: 251–259.

Navas M-L, Ducout B, Roumet C, Richarte J, Garnier J, Garnier E. 2003. Leaf life span, dynamics and construction cost of species from Mediterranean old-fields differing in successional status. New Phytologist 159: 213–228.

Nelson JA, Barnes PW, Archer S. 2002. Leaf demography and growth responses to altered resource availability in woody plants of contrasting leaf habit in a subtropical savanna. Plant Ecology 160: 193–205.

Reich PB, Ellsworth DS, Walters MB, Vose JM, Gresham C, Volin JC, Bowman WD. 1999. Generality of leaf trait relationships: a test across six biomes. Ecology 80: 1955–1969.

Small E. 1972. Photosynthetic rates in relation to nitrogen cycling as an adaptation to nutrient deficiency in peat bog plants. Canadian Journal of Botany 50: 2227–2233.

Wright IJ, Westoby M, Reich PB. 2002. Convergence towards higher leaf mass per area in dry and nutrient-poor habitats has different consequences for leaf life span. Journal of Ecology 90: 534–543.


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