Struthionidae




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STRUTHIONIDAE
Struthio camelus Ostrich Autruche d'Afrique

camelus; massaicus; australis; molybdophanes

IOC, BL, ZTP, ROB (+SF, SS, RSF) raise Struthio molybdophanes Somali Ostrich (S. camelus becomes Common Ostrich)

Resident, savanna and semi-desert: S Morocco; Senegal - Ethiopia, Somalia - C Tanzania; S Angola, N South Africa - E Zimbabwe,

SW Mozambique; (molybdophanes S Ethiopia, Somalia - N and E Kenya).

DIOMEDEIDAE (SAM subsumes into Procellariidae)
The taxonomy of this family has been subject to several interpretations. Previously Thalassarche and Phoebastria spp were often placed in Diomedea and most of the races noted below have been considered as separate species.
Diomedea exulans Wandering Albatross Albatros hurleur

exulans; dabbenena; (CMT + gibsoni) (HM + amsterdamensis here considered a separate species)

BL, ROB, IOC (+SL, SS) raise Diomedea dabbenena Tristan Albatross Albatros de Tristan

Breeds: Tristan, Gough (dabbenena); Marion, Crozet (exulans (CMT gibsoni)); visitor, sea: off W Cape, Namibia, especially Apr-Aug.

Diomedea amsterdamensis Amsterdam Albatross Albatros d’Amsterdam

HM, CMT, IOC subsume into Diomedea exulans

Breeds: Amsterdam Is (only a few pairs).

Diomedea epomophora Royal Albatross Albatros royal

sanfordi; epomophora

BL, ROB, IOC (+SL) raise Diomedea sanfordi Northern Royal Albatross Albatros royal du Nord (D. epomophora becomes

Southern Royal Albatross Albatros royal)

Visitor, sea: records of both subspecies off Cape.

Thalassarche melanophrys Black-browed Albatross Albatros à sourcils noirs

melanophrys; (ROB implies monotypic)

HM notes often incorrectly spelt melanophris

BoA, DFW, SAM, HBW, BD (+SF) Diomedea melanophrys (or melanophris)

Visitor, sea: commonest albatross off Cape in southern winter, 1 record Kenya.



Thalassarche cauta Shy Albatross Albatros à cape blanche

cauta; salvini; eremita; steadi

BoA, DFW, SAM, HBW, ZTP (+SF) Diomedea cauta



CMT, BL, ROB, IOC (+SL, SS) raise Thalassarche salvini Salvin’s Albatross Albators de Salvin, and T. eremita Chatham

Albatross Albatros des Chatham

Breeds: Crozet (4 pairs -- salvini); visitor, sea: off Cape (cauta, steadi, 1 rec of eremita).

Thalassarche chrysostoma Grey-headed Albatross Albatros à tête grise

BoA, DFW, SAM, HBW Diomedea chrysostoma

Breeds: Kerguelen, Crozet, Prince Edward; visitor, sea: off Cape.

Thalassarche chlororhynchos Yellow-nosed Albatross Albatros à bec jaune

Albatros à nez jaune



bassi; chlororhynchos; (HM monotypic)

BoA, DFW, SAM, HBW Diomedea chlororhynchos



BL, ROB, IOC (+SL, SS) raise Thalassarche carteri Indian Yellow-nosed Albatross Albatros de l’océan Indien (race carteri

noted in CMT as incl in bassi (not noted at all by others, and ROB no note of bassi)) (T. chlororhynchos becomes Atlantic

Yellow-nosed Albatross)

Breeds: S Indian Ocean Is (bassi), Tristan group (chlororhynchos); visitor, sea: off Cape.

Thalassarche bulleri Buller’s Albatross Albatros de Buller

SAM, HBW Diomedea bulleri

Vagrant: off Cape (2 recs).

Phoebastria immutabilis Laysan Albatross Albatros de Laysan

SAM, HBW Diomedea immutabilis (not in BoA, DFW)

Vagrant: 2 recs (perhaps 1 bird) off South Africa, and between Crozet and Réunion.

Phoebetria fusca Sooty Albatross Albatros brun

Dark-mantled Sooty Albatross

Breeds: Tristan group, Crozet, Prince Edward; visitor, sea: off Cape especially May-Sep.

Phoebetria palpebrata Light-mantled Albatross Albatros fuligineux

Breeds: Kerguelen, Crozet.

PROCELLARIIDAE
Macronectes giganteus Southern Giant Petrel Pétrel géant

Antarctic Giant Petrel

Breeds: S Indian Ocean Is; visitor, sea: off South Africa and rarer to N.

Macronectes halli Northern Giant Petrel Pétrel de Hall

Hall’s Giant Petrel

Breeds: S Indian Ocean Is; visitor, sea: off South Africa, rarer to north.

Fulmarus glacialoides Southern Fulmar Fulmar argenté

Antarctic Fulmar Pétrel argenté

Visitor, sea: off South Africa, July-Jan, especially Sep.

Fulmarus glacialis Northern Fulmar Fulmar boréal

glacialis is most likely race

Vagrant: off North Africa, Madeira.



Thalassoica antarctica Antarctic Petrel Pétrel antarctique

Vagrant: off South Africa, July-Jan.



Daption capense Cape Petrel Damier du Cap

Cape Pigeon; **Pintado Petrel Pétrel damier

capense

Breeds: S Indian Ocean Is; visitor, sea: commonest petrel in South African waters in southern winter.



Pagodroma nivea Snow Petrel Pétrel des neiges

Vagrant: South Africa.



Aphrodroma brevirostris Kerguelen Petrel Pétrel de Kerguelen

BoA, DFW, SAM, HBW Pterodroma brevirostris; BL, ROB Lugensa brevirostris; (SL Aphodroma brevirostris)

Breeds: Tristan group, Kerguelen, Crozet, Prince Edward; visitor, sea: off South Africa.

Pterodroma macroptera Great-winged Petrel Pétrel noir

macroptera

Breeds: Tristan group, S Indian Ocean Is; visitor, sea: north to 10oS in Atlantic Ocean, to 19oS in Indian Ocean, mainly southern summer.



Pterodroma lessonii White-headed Petrel Pétrel de Lesson

Breeds: S Indian Ocean Is; vagrant: off South Africa, July-Nov.



Pterodroma incerta Atlantic Petrel Pétrel de Schlegel

Breeds: Tristan group; vagrant: off South Africa.



Pterodroma arminjoniana Trindade Petrel Pétrel de la Trinité du Sud

Herald Petrel



arminjoniana

(IOC raises extralimital Pterodroma heraldica as Herald Petrel)

Resident: Round Is (Mauritius); vagrant: Azores.



Pterodroma baraui Barau’s Petrel Pétrel de Barau

Diablotin de Barau

Resident: Réunion, Rodrigues; vagrant E coast of South Africa.

Pterodroma aterrima Mascarene Petrel Pétrel de Bourbon

Réunion Black Petrel; Mascarene Black Petrel

HM, IOC Pseudobulweria aterrima

Resident: Réunion.

(Pterodroma neglecta Kermadec Petrel Pétrel des Kermadec)

neglecta

Vagrant: Seychelles.



Pterodroma mollis Soft-plumaged Petrel Pétrel soyeux

mollis; dubia; (BoA + feae; madeira here considered as separate species); (HM monotypic)

Breeds: Tristan group (mollis), S Indian Ocean Is (dubia); visitor, sea: off South Africa, Namibia in southern winter.

Pterodroma feae Fea’s Petrel Pétrel gongon

Gon-gon; Cape Verde Petrel

BoA subsumes into Pterodroma mollis

Breeds: Cape Verde Is, Desertas (Madeira); visitor, sea: near West Africa coast.



Pterodroma madeira Zino’s Petrel Pétrel de Madère

Madeira Petrel

BoA subsumes into Pterodroma mollis

Breeds: highlands of Madeira; vagrant: off West Africa.

(Pterodroma ultima Murphy’s Petrel Pétrel de Murphy)

Vagrant: St Helena.


(Pterodroma cahow Bermuda Petrel Pétrel des Bermudes)

Cahow*


Vagrant: Azores (seen in burrow).

Halobaena caerulea Blue Petrel Prion bleu

Pétrel bleu

Breeds: S Indian Ocean Is; vagrant: off South Africa.

Pachyptila vittata Broad-billed Prion Prion de Forster

(BoA + macgillivrayi; salvini both here considered races of P. salvini)

Breeds: Tristan group; visitor, sea: off South Africa.

Pachyptila salvini Salvin’s Prion Prion de Salvin

Medium-billed Prion



macgillivrayi; salvini

BoA, DFW subume into Pachyptila vittata

Resident: Prince Edward, Crozet (salvini); Amsterdam, St Paul (macgillivrayi).

Pachyptila desolata Antarctic Prion Prion de la Désolation

Dove Prion



desolata; banksi; (HM, ROB monotypic)

Breeds: Kerguelen, Crozet; visitor, sea: off South Africa.



Pachyptila belcheri Slender-billed Prion Prion de Belcher

Thin-billed Prion

Breeds: Crozet, Kerguelen; vagrant: off South Africa.

Pachyptila turtur Fairy Prion Prion colombe

(HM + subantarctica (the most likely race))

Breeds: Crozet; vagrant: off South Africa, Namibia in southern winter.

(Pachyptila crassirostris Fulmar Prion Prion à bec épais)

Prion fulmar

crassirostris

Vagrant: 1 rec South Africa in 19th Century.



Bulweria bulwerii Bulwer's Petrel Pétrel de Bulwer

Breeds: Canary Is, Madeira, Azores, Cape Verde Is; visitor, sea: off Morocco - Gulf of Guinea, vagrant further south.



Bulweria fallax Jouanin's Petrel Pétrel de Jouanin

Breeds: Socotra; seen Gulf of Aden, off Somalia, Seychelles.



Procellaria aequinoctialis White-chinned Petrel Puffin à menton blanc

Puffin brun



aequinoctialis; conspicillata

IOC, BL, ROB (+SL, SS) raise Procellaria conspicillata Spectacled Petrel Pétrel à lunettes

Breeds: Inaccessible Is (conspicillata); S Indian Ocean Is (aequinoctialis); visitor, sea: common to 30oS, less so to 20oS, mainly in southern winter.

Procellaria cinerea Grey Petrel Puffin gris

Pediunker*

Breeds: Tristan group, S Indian Ocean Is; visitor, sea: off South Africa.

Calonectris diomedea Cory’s Shearwater Puffin cendré

diomedea; borealis; edwardsii

CMT, IOC, BL, BD (+ROB has only 2 in Africa) (+SS) raise Calonectris edwardsii Cape Verde Shearwater Puffin du Cap Vert

Breeds: Mediterranean Is (diomedea); NW Africa, N Atlantic Is (borealis); Cape Verde Is (edwardsii); visitor, sea: off Morocco - Mauritania and Namibia - KZ-Natal, rarer in between.



Calonectris leucomelas Streaked Shearwater Puffin leucomèle

Vagrant: Socotra, probable Djibouti, off South Africa (2 recs).



Puffinus pacificus Wedge-tailed Shearwater Puffin fouquet

Breeds: Seychelles, around Madagascar; visitor, sea: Gulf of Aden - Cape, mainly Sept-Mar.

(Puffinus tenuirostris Short-tailed Shearwater Puffin à bec grêle)

Vagrant: Rodrigues.



Puffinus carneipes Flesh-footed Shearwater Puffin à pieds pâles

Visitor, sea: off Cape - Kenya, mainly southern summer.



Puffinus gravis Great Shearwater Puffin majeur

Breeds: Tristan group; visitor, sea: off West Africa, N Atlantic islands Aug-Sept, uncommon to Namibia, South Africa Oct-Jan.



Puffinus griseus Sooty Shearwater Puffin fuligineux

Visitor, sea: off Morocco, N Atlantic islands late northern summer, Liberia - Cape especially in southern winter.



Puffinus puffinus Manx Shearwater Puffin des Anglais

(BoA + mauretanicus; puffinus; yelkouan here considered 3 separate species)

Breeds: Madeira, Azores, Canary Is; visitor, sea: off West Africa and South Africa but not in Gulf of Guinea.

Puffinus yelkouan Yelkouan Shearwater Puffin yelkouan

Levantine Shearwater Puffin de Méditerranée

(HBW + yelkouan; mauretanicus here considered separate species)

BoA subsumes into Puffinus puffinus

Resident: around E Mediterranean Is; vagrant out of Mediterranean.

Puffinus mauretanicus Balearic Shearwater Puffin des Baléares

BoA subsumes into Puffinus puffinus

SAM, HBW (+DFW by implication) subsume into Puffinus yelkouan (and known as) Mediterranean Shearwater

Resident: around Balearic and other W Mediterranean Is; rare visitor out of Mediterranean.



Puffinus lherminieri Audubon's Shearwater Puffin d'Audubon

persicus (BoA persica); bailloni; nicolae; temptator; (HM + colstoni)

CMT, IOC raise Puffinus persicus Persian Shearwater (races persicus, temptator)

CMT, ROB, IOC raise Puffinus bailloni Tropical Shearwater [Puffin d’Audubon] (races bailloni, nicolae)

Breeds: Aldabra - Maldives (nicolae); Mohéli (temptator); Mascarene Is (bailloni); (persicus breeds on Kuria Muria Is in Arabian Sea); rare visitor, sea: East Africa - KZ-Natal (South Africa) (presumably all races).



Puffinus assimilis Little Shearwater Petit Puffin

Puffin semblable

baroli; tunneyi; elegans; boydi

CMT, IOC raise Puffinus baroli Macaronesian Shearwater (Barolo Shearwater); CMT raises Puffinus boydi Boyd’s Shearwater.

Breeds: Azores, Canary Is, NW Africa (baroli); Tristan group (elegans); Cape Verde Is (boydi); (tunneyi breeds SW Australia); visitor, sea: NW Africa - Sierra Leone and South Africa.

PELECANOIDIDAE (SAM subsumes into Procellariidae)


Pelecanoides georgicus South Georgia Diving Petrel Puffinure de Géorgie du Sud

Resident: Crozet, Prince Edward Is.



Pelecanoides urinatrix Common Diving Petrel Puffinure plongeur

dacunhae; exsul

Resident: Tristan group (dacunhae); Crozet, Kerguelen (exsul).

HYDROBATIDAE (SAM subsumes into Procellariidae)
Oceanites oceanicus Wilson’s Storm-petrel Océanite de Wilson

oceanicus; exasperatus

Breeds: S Indian Ocean Is; visitor, sea: commonest petrel all around continent W Mediterranean to S Red Sea around Cape.



Garrodia nereis Grey-backed Storm-petrel Océanite néréide

Breeds: Gough, Crozet, Kerguelen; visitor: off South Africa (1 record).



Pelagodroma marina White-faced Storm-petrel Océanite frégate

hypoleuca; eadesi; dulciae; marina

Breeds: Canary Is, Salvage Is (hypoleuca); Cape Verde Is (eadesi); Tristan group (marina); visitor, sea: Gulf of Aden to equator (dulciae).



Fregetta tropica Black-bellied Storm-petrel Océanite à ventre noir

tropica; melanoleuca

Breeds: Tristan group (melanoleuca); S Indian Ocean Is (tropica); scarce visitor, sea: off South Africa.



Fregetta grallaria White-bellied Storm-petrel Océanite à ventre blanc

leucogaster

Resident: Tristan group, Amsterdam, St Paul; vagrant to north.



Hydrobates pelagicus European Storm-petrel Océanite tempête

**British Storm-petrel

(CMT + pelagicus, militensis)

Breeds: Canary Is (+ Mediterranean Is); visitor, sea: W Mediterranean, off NW Africa - KZ-Natal; off South Africa especially Sept-Feb.



Oceanodroma castro Madeiran Storm-petrel Océanite de Castro

Band-rumped Storm-petrel*

Breeds: Azores, Madeira, Cape Verde Is, mid-Atlantic Is; visitor, sea: off NW Africa to frequent in Gulf of Guinea.

Oceanodroma monteiroi Monteiro's Storm-petrel ??

A recently described form (Ibis 2008); CMT, IOC also have Oceanodroma jabejabe Cape-Verde Storm-petrel (winter breeding

Cape Verde Is.)

Breeds: Azores (summer breeding).


Oceanodroma monorhis Swinhoe’s Storm-petrel Océanite de Swinhoe

Visitor, sea: in Red Sea and nearby; vagrant Salvage Is.



Oceanodroma leucorhoa Leach’s Storm-petrel Océanite culblanc

leucorhoa

Breeds: Dyer Is, Cape area (South Africa); visitor, sea: all Atlantic coastal areas.



Oceanodroma matsudairae Matsudaira’s Storm-petrel Océanite de Matsudaira

Visitor, sea: equatorial Indian Ocean.

SPHENISCIDAE
Aptenodytes patagonicus King Penguin Manchot royal

(CMT + halli)

Breeds: S Indian Ocean Is; vagrant South Africa (2 recs).

Eudyptes chrysocome Rockhopper Penguin Gorfou sauteur

Western Rockhopper Penguin*



moseleyi; chrysocome; filholi

IOC raises Eupdyptes moseleyi Northern Rockhopper Penguin; Eudyptes filholi Eastern Rockhopper Penguin; (E. chrysocome

becomes Western Rockhopper Penguin)

Breeds: Tristan group, St Paul, Amsterdam (moseleyi); Prince Edward Is, Kerguelen (filholi); vagrant: off South Africa.



Eudyptes chrysolophus Macaroni Penguin Gorfou doré

(BoA + chrysolophus)

Breeds: Kerguelen, Crozet; vagrant: off South Africa.

Spheniscus demersus Jackass Penguin Manchot du Cap

African Penguin

Resident: inshore islands off Namibia, South Africa; rarely disperses to S Angola, S Mozambique.

(Spheniscus magellanicus Magellanic Penguin Manchot de Magellan )

Vagrant: S Atlantic islands; South Africa (1 rec probably ship assisted).

Pygoscelis papua Gentoo Penguin Manchot papou

papua

Resident: Kerguelen, Crozet.

(Pygoscelis adeliae Adelie Penguin Manchot d’Adelie )

Vagrant, sea: no mainland record.

(Pygoscelis antarcticus Chinstrap Penguin Manchot à jugulaire)

HM notes often incorrectly spelt P. antarctica

Resident: Prince Edward Is; vagrant, Gough Is.

GAVIIDAE
Gavia stellata Red-throated Diver Plongeon catmarin

Red-throated Loon*

Vagrant, sea: N Morocco, Azores.



Gavia arctica Black-throated Diver Plongeon arctique

Arctic Loon; Black-throated Loon*



arctica; (CMT monotypic)

Vagrant, sea: NW Africa, Canary Is.



Gavia immer Great Northern Diver Plongeon huard

Common Loon; Great Northern Loon* Plongeon imbrin

Vagrant, sea: NW Africa, N Atlantic Is.

PODICIPEDIDAE


Tachybaptus ruficollis Little Grebe Grèbe castagneux

capensis; ruficollis

Resident, fresh water: Morocco - Tunisia, Egypt (ruficollis); all S of Sahara, N Madagascar (capensis) although patchy in West Africa.

[Tachybaptus rufolavatus Alaotra Grebe Grèbe roussâtre]

Grèbe de Delacour

Probably extinct: was confined to L. Alaotra, Madagascar.

Tachybaptus pelzelnii Madagascar Grebe Grèbe malgache

Madagascar Little Grebe

Resident, fresh water: Madagascar.

(Podilymbus podiceps Pied-billed Grebe Grèbe à bec bigarré )

Vagrant: Azores, Tenerife.

Podiceps cristatus Great Crested Grebe Grèbe huppé

infuscatus; cristatus

Resident, fresh water: Tunisia, disperses to Morocco and vagrant to Senegal (cristatus); discontinuous in highlands of Ethiopia, East Africa and E DRC, Transvaal - Cape (South Africa) (all infuscatus); casual records elsewhere.



Podiceps nigricollis Black-necked Grebe Grèbe à cou noir

Eared Grebe



nigricollis; gurneyi

(BoA only lists nigricollis but clearly includes gurneyi in this; HBW indicates nigricollis (sens strict.) also occurs)

Resident and Palearctic winter visitor, productive waters, including sea in non-breeding season: all over continent but patchy (not recorded in all countries); vagrant Azores, Canary Is, Seychelles.

Podiceps grisegena Red-necked Grebe Grèbe jougris

grisegena

Vagrant: NW Africa.

Podiceps auritus Horned Grebe Grèbe esclavon

Slavonian Grebe



auritus

Vagrant: NW Africa, Tunisia, Azores, Madeira.

PHAETHONTIDAE
Phaethon aethereus Red-billed Tropicbird Phaéton à bec rouge

Grand Phaéton



indicus; aethereus; mesonauta

Breeds: Cape Verde Is (mesonauta); Ascension Is, St Helena, off Senegal (aethereus); Red Sea islets (indicus); visitor, sea: elsewhere to tropical waters, N Atlantic Is.



Phaethon rubricauda Red-tailed Tropicbird Phaéton à brins rouges

rubricauda; (BoA no races mentioned)

Breeds: Aldabra, Indian Ocean Is; rare visitor, sea: Indian Ocean coast of Africa.



Phaethon lepturus White-tailed Tropicbird Phaéton à bec jaune

Petit Phaéton



lepturus; ascensionis; europae (not in HBW)

Breeds: Ascension Is, Gulf of Guinea Is (ascensionis); Aldabra, Seychelles (lepturus); Europa Is (europae) visitor, sea: tropical areas.

SULIDAE
Morus bassanus Northern Gannet Fou de Bassan

BoA, DFW, HBW Sula bassana

Visitor, sea: Mediterranean east to Libya, Atlantic south to Sierra Leone, incl islands.

Morus capensis Cape Gannet Fou du Cap

BoA, DFW, HBW Sula capensis

Breeds: islets off South Africa, Namibia; visitor, sea: north to Gulf of Guinea, Kenya.

Morus serrator Australasian Gannet Fou austral

Australian Gannet

BoA, DFW, HBW Sula serrator

Vagrant: seen in colonies of M. capensis and on Indian Ocean islands.



Sula dactylatra Masked Booby Fou masqué

melanops; dactylatra

Breeds: islands in Red Sea south to Zanzibar, Indian Ocean Is, dispersing rarely south of Tanzania (melanops); vagrant Gulf of Guinea (dactylatra).


Sula sula Red-footed Booby Fou à pieds rouges

rubripes; sula

Breeds: some Indian Ocean Is (rubripes); (rubripes also in W and C Pacific, sula in SW Atlantic and Caribbean); visitor, sea: Port Sudan; vagrant to E and W coasts.



Sula leucogaster Brown Booby Fou brun

plotus; leucogaster

Breeds: Gulf of Guinea Is, Ascension Is, Cape Verde Is, dispersing Senegal - Congo (leucogaster); Red Sea and Indian Ocean Is dispersing south to Tanzania (plotus).

PHALACROCORACIDAE
Phalacrocorax carbo Great Cormorant Grand Cormoran

White-breasted Cormorant



lucidus; sinensis; maroccanus; carbo; (HM + lugubris)

IOC, ROB (+SL, SS) raise Phalacrocorax lucidus White-breasted Cormorant Cormoran à poitrine blanche

Resident and Palearctic winter visitor (carbo), coastal and inland water: coastal Morocco - Egypt and up Nile R. (sinensis, maroccanus); west coast Mauritania south to Guinea-Bissau and Angola - Cape; inland N and E Sudan, Ethiopia - Namibia, South Africa (all lucidus); carbo winters to NW Africa.

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