South Korea (Republic of Korea)




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South Korea (Republic of Korea)

Total no. of Botanic Gardens recorded in South Korea: 11 (plus several other significant garden collections).

Approx. no. of living plant accessions recorded in these botanic gardens: c.25,000

Approx. no. of taxa in these collections: 10,000 (5,000 spp.)

Estimated % of pre-CBD collections: 90%
Notes: In 1991, 9,481 taxa were recorded in cultivation in Korean botanic gardens and arboreta, representing 4,793 species, 735 varieties and 3,953 infraspecific taxa. In 1993, 683 genera, 1,449 species and 381 varieties of Korean plants were recorded in cultivation in Korean, representing 50% of the total species in the flora of the Korean peninsula. (Yong-Shik Kim (1993).
Location: ANSUNG-GUN

Founded: 1969

Garden Name: Milim Botanic Garden

Address: 176, Sanjung-Ri, Yansun-Myun, ANSUNG-GUN, Kyunggi-Do, 456-930.

Status: Private

Herbarium: Unknown

Ex situ Collections:

Fruit trees, endemic plants. Acer, Ilex, Berberis, Carpinus, Buxus, Weigelia, Euonymus, Cornu, Chamaecyparis, Juniperus, Thuja, Diospyros, Rhododendron, Pieris, Hydranga, Liriope, Magnolia, Hibiscus, Syringa, Paeonia, Picea, Pinus, Phlox, Zizyphus, Chaenomeles, Malus, Prunus, Pyrus, Rosa, Cryptomeria, Camellia, Ulmus.

No. of taxa: c.700

Rare & Endangered plants: Some threatened woody plants.


Location: CHEJU-DO

Founded: 1985

Garden Name: Cheju Fantasy Garden

Address: 2920, Saekdal-Dong, Sogwipo-City, CHEJU-DO 647-130

Status: Private.

Herbarium: Unknown

Ex situ Collections:

Tropical plants, Japanese plants, native plants of Korea. Acanthaceae, Acer, Agave, Cordyline, Yucca, Annona, Pachypodium, Ilex, Araceae, Araliaceae, Asteraceae, Balsaminaceae (Impatiens), Begonia, Bromeliaceae, Caprifoliaceae (Viburnum), Euonymus, Crassulaceae,Cucurbitaceae, Cupressaceae, Cycadaceae, Dioscoreaceae, Eleagnaceae, Ericaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Fabaceae, Hydrangea, Lauraceae, Liliaceae (Aloe, Dracaena, Allium, Asparagus, Cordyline, Gasteria, Haworthia, Sansevieria,), Magnolia, Hibiscus, Marantaceae, Ficus, Musa, Bougainvillea, Nymphaea, Oleaceae, Opuntiaceae, Orchidaceae, Palmae, Pandanus, Pinus, Peperomia, Pittosporum, Platycerium, Pteris, Primula, Cyclamen, Potentilla, Prunus, Rubus, Ixora, Citrus (12 taxa), Zanthoxylum, Camellia, Daphne, Pilea, Viola, Cissus.

No. of taxa: 1,614

Rare & Endangered plants: Yes.


Location: CHUNGNAM

Founded: 1979

Garden Name: Chollipo Arboretum

Address: Uihang-Ri, Showon Myun, Taean-Gun, CHUNGNAM, 352-900.

Status: Private.

Herbarium: Yes Approx. no. of herbarium specimens: 1,000

Ex situ Collections:

Ornamental woody plants, especially Ilex (over 400 taxa), Acer (+100 taxa), Actinidia, Magnolia (+190 taxa), Berberis, Stewartia, Lauraceae, conifers, Mahonia, Tilia, aquatics, Lycoris, Narcissus, Cotinus, Rhus, Acanthopanax, Hedera, Asarum, Aster, Senecio, Berberis, Epimedium, Mahonia, Alnus, Betula, Carpinus, Corylus, Catalpa, Buxus, Sarcococca, Chimonanthus, Abelia, Leycesteria, Lonicera, Sambucus, Symphoricarpos, Viburnum, Lychnis, Celastrus, Euonymus, Cephalotaxus, Clethra, Tradescantia, Cornus, Crassulaceae, Chamaecyparis, Cupressus, Kalmia, Pieris, Rhododendron, Vaccinium, Escallonia, Genista, Caragana, Cercis, Cytisus, Juniperus, Thuja, Widdringtonia, X Cupressocyparis leylandii cvs, Wisteria, Laburnum, Robinia, Quercus, Geranium, Ginkgo biloba (5 cvs), Corylopsis, Hamamelis, Liquidambar, Aesculus, Deutzia, Hydrangea, Philadelphus, Hypericum, Crocus, Iris, Itea, Illicium, Juglans, Pterocarya, Salvia, Laurus, Machilus, Persea, Elaeagnus, Diospyros, Arctostaphylos, Calluna, Enkianthus, Erica, Gaultheria, Allium, Hemerocallis, Hosta, Fritillaria, Lilium, Ruscus, Trillium, Tulipa, Buddleja, Lagerstroemia, Hibiscus, Broussonetia, Morus, Myrica, Ardisia, Callistemon, Nyssa, Forsythia, Fraxinus, Jasminum, Ligustrum, Osmanthus, Syringa, Phillyrea, Echinocactus, Opuntia, Orchidaceae, Paeonia, Abies, Cedrus, Picea, Pinus, Tsuga, Pseudotsuga, Pittosporum, Arundinaria, Miscanthus, Podocarpus, Punica granatum cvs, Clematis, Helleborus, Rhamnus, Amelanchier, Chaenomeles, Cotoneaster, Crataegus, Exochorda, Malus, Potentilla, Photinia, Prunus, Physocarpus, Pyracantha, Pyrus, Raphiolepis, Rosa, Rubus, Sorbaria, Sorbus, Spiraea, Gardenia, Euodia, Zanthoxylum, Meliosma, Populus, Salix, Koelreuteria, Ribes, Stachyurus, Styrax, Tamarix, Taxus, Torreya, Cryptomeria, Camellia, Daphne, Tilia.

No. of taxa: 4,497

Rare & Endangered plants: Yes, many thresatened woody plants from temperate regions of the world.


Location: GYEONGGI DO

Founded: Unknown

Garden Name: Homyong Alpine Garden

Address: Gapyong Eup, Gapyong Gun, GYEONGGI DO.

Status: Unknown

Herbarium: No

Ex situ Collections:

Native alpine plants

No. of taxa: Unknown

Rare & Endangered plants: Unknown


Location: PUSAN

Founded: 1966

Garden Name: Kumkang Botanic Garden

Address: San 43-1, Changjon 2-Dong, Tongnaegu, PUSAN.

Status: Unknown

Herbarium: No

Ex situ Collections:

Bamboo, palms, cacti, and exotic tropical plants,

No. of taxa: 2,300

Rare & Endangered plants: Unknown.


Location: SEOUL

Founded: 1987

Garden Name: Korean National Kwang-Nung Arboretum

Address: Forest Research Institute, 207 Chongnyangni-Dong, Tongdaemun-ku, SEOUL.

Status: State

Herbarium: Yes Approx. no. of herbarium specimens: 931

Ex situ Collections:

4,594 Korean native plants. Conifers, deciduous and evergreen trees and shrubs, aquatics, bog plants, climbers, herbs, ornamentals, alpines, medicinal plants. Fossil plant collection. Acer (61 taxa), Rhus ((9 spp.), Ilex (52 taxa), Araliaceae, Aspidaceae (Dryopteris 13 spp.), Asteraceae (Artemisia 16 taxa, Saussurea 11 spp.), Berberidaceae (Berberis 13 taxa), Betulaceae (Alnus 13 taxa, Betula 16 taxa, Carpinus 9 taxa, Corylus 4 taxa), Brassicaceae (Cardamine 10 taxa), Campanulaceae, Caprifoliaceae (Lonicera 20 taxa, Sambucus 8 taxa, Viburnum 33 taxa), Casuarina, Celastraceae (Euonymus 23 taxa), Cornaceae, Cupressaceae (Chamaecyparis, Juniperus 52 taxa, Thuja, Cyperaceae, Dioscorea, Ericaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Fabaceae, Fagaceae (Quercus 33 taxa), Hydrangeaceae, Hypericum, Liliaceae (Allium, Hosta, Lilium), Magnoliaceae (Magnolia 24 taxa), Malvaceae (Hibiscus syriacus cvs), Moraceae, Myrtaceae (Callistremon), Oleaceae (Fraxinus, Ligustrum, Syringa), Orchidaceae, Pinaceae (Abies, Larix, Picea, Pinus), Poaceae (Arundinaria 13 taxa, Phyllostachys 14 taxa), Polygonaceae (Persicaria, Rumex), Potamogetonaceae, Ranunculaceae (Aconitum, Anemone, Clematis, Ranunculus, Thalictrum), Rhamnaceae, Rosaceae (Chaenomeles, Cotoneaster, Crataegus, Malus, Potentilla, Prunus (61 taxa), Pyrus (17 taxa), Rosa, Rubus, Sorbus, Spiraea), Rubiaceae, Rutaceae, Salicaceae (Populus, Salix 66 taxa), Saxifragaceae, Scrophulariaceae, Taxodiaceae (Cryptomeria japonica cvs), Theaceae (Camellia), Thymeleaceae (Daphne 7 taxa), Tiliaceae (Tilia), Ulmaceae (Celtis, Ulmus 13 taxa), Violaceae (Viola 16 spp.).

No. of taxa: 4,594 (302 taxa collected since 1990).

Rare & Endangered plants: 198 rare and endangered Korean plants, including 104 Korean endemics.


Location: KWACHUN – CITY

Founded: Unknown

Garden Name: Seoul Grand Park

Address: 15-1, MakGyu-Dong, KWACHUN – CITY, Kyunggii-Do, 427-080

Status: Municipal

Herbarium: Unknown

Ex situ Collections:

Tropical and subtropical plants, cacti and other succulents, ferns. Agave, Dracaena, Cordyline, Lithops, Crinum, Pachypodium, Ilex, Philodendron, Fatsia, Araucaria, Senecio, bromeliads, Crassulaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Lauraceae (Lindera, Cinnamomum, Machilus), Aloe, Haworthi, Magnolia, Marantaceae, Ficus, Astrophyllum, Cereus, Echinocactus, Echinopsis, Ferocactus, Gymnocalycium, Lobivia, Mammillaria, Notocactus, Opuntia, Orchidaceae, Palmae.

No. of taxa: 931

Rare & Endangered plants: Unknown


Location: SUWEON

Founded: 1967

Garden Name: Kwanak Arboretum

Address: College of Agriculture, Seoul National University, 103 Seodun-dong SUWEON, Kyonggi do, 441-744.

Situated: San 16-1, Anyang 2 dong, Anyang City, Kyeonggi-do.

Status: University

Herbarium: Yes Approx. no. of herbarium specimens: 70,000

Ex situ Collections:

Native woody plants and perennials of botanical interests. Endemics. Callicarpa, Clerodendron, Deutsia, Forsythia, Philadelphus, Prunus, Rhododendron, Rosa, Spiraea, Vitex, Weigelia, Abies, Chamaecyparis, Juniperus, Larix, Picea, Pinus, Taxodium, Taxus, Thuja, Acer (21 taxa), Cornus, Phellodendron, Pterocarya, Quercus, Crataegus, Chaenomeles, Deutsia, Kerria, Eucommia, Morus, Wisteria, Rhus. Fruit trees such as Castanea crenata, Diospyros kaki, D. lotus, Juglans sinensis, Prunus armeniaca var. ansu, Pyrus, Zizyphus jujuba, Iris germanica cvs., etc.

No. of taxa: 1,700 (83 families and 201 genera)

Rare & Endangered plants: 36 native rare and endangered spp., such as Abeliophyllum distichum, Abies koreana, Acanthopanax chisanense, Aceriphyllum acanthifolium, Albizzia coreana, Berchemia berchemiaefolia, Echinosophora koreensis, Forsythia saxatilis, Tilia megaphylla, etc.

Satellite Gardens: Suweon Arboretum. This arboretum has collections of Acer, Rhus, Ilex, Alnus, Betula, Lonicera, Sambucus, Viburnum, Weigelia, Euonymus, Cornus, Chamaecyparis, Juniperus, Diospyros, Elaegnus, Rhododendron, Amorpha, Lespedeza, Quercus, Deutsia, Philadelphus, Juglans, Magnolia, Forsythia, Fraxinus, Ligustrum, Syringa, Abies, Larix, Picea, Pinus, Rhamnus, Berchemia, Chaenomeles, Malus, Prunus, Pyrus, Spiraea, Zanthoxylum, Ribes, Styrax, Lycium,, Celtis and Vitex.


Location: YONGIN-GUN

Founded: 1976

Garden Name: Yong-In Farm Land

Address: 310, Jeundai-Ri, Pokog-Myun, YONGIN-GUN, Kyunggi-Do, 499-810.

Status: Private.

Herbarium: Unknown

Ex situ Collections:

Paeonia, medicinal plants, aromatic plants, Hibiscus, native plants, exotics. Acer, Actinidia, Angelica, Begonia, Bromeliaceae, Weigelia, Cornus, Juniperus, Rhododendron, Castanea, Quercus, Ginkgo, Hydranga, Phladephus, Juglans, Iris, Magnolia, Hibiscus, Ficus, Nymphaea, Syringa, Orchidaceae, Paeonia, Pinus, Chaenomeles, Malus, Prunus, Rosa, Sorbus.

No. of taxa: +1,200

Rare & Endangered plants: Some threatened woody plants.


Location: YONGIN-GUN

Founded: 1987

Garden Name: Hantaek Botanic Garden

Address: San 153, Oksan-Ri, Owisa-Myun, YONGIN-GUN, Kyunggi-Do, 499-860.

Status: Private.

Herbarium: Unknown

Ex situ Collections:

Conifers, endemics. Acer, Arisaema, Aster, Berberis, Adenophora, Viburnum, Lonicera, Sedum, Juniperus, Thuja, Rhododendron, Quercus, Corydalis, Gentiana, Geranium, Iris, Hosta, Lilium, Orchidaceae, Paeonia, Picea, Aconitum, Thalictrum, Prunus, Viola.

No. of taxa: c.700

Rare & Endangered plants: Yes.


Location: YOUNGILL-GUN

Founded: 1969

Garden Name: Kee-chung-san Botanic Garden

Address: 9 Dukjung-Ri, Chungha-Myun, YOUNGILL-GUN, Gyungbuk-Do, 795-920.

Status: Private.

Herbarium: Unknown

Ex situ Collections:

Endemic plants. Acer, Euonymus, Cornus, Quercus, Magnolia, Fraxinus, Ligustrum, Pinus, Malus, Prunus, Populus.

No. of taxa: c.300

Rare & Endangered plants: Some threatened woody plants.


The National Forestry Research Institute maintains a number of arboreta. No details of their collections are available.


  • Hong-nung Arboretum, (contains 2,035 spp)

  • Chin-hae Forestry Experimental Station Arboretum

  • Ching-ju Forestry Experimenal Station and Arboretum.

Other botanic gardens are:




  • Gho-San Botanic Garden. No details available.

  • Dong-Rae, Geum-Gang Botanic Garden. No details available.

  • Ghi-Phi Botanic Garden. No details available.


Key references:
Kim, Yong-Shik, Kim Tae-Wook, Lee, Yoo-Mi and Park, Kwang-Woo (1993). Conservation of rare and endangered plant species in Korean botanic gardens. Proceedings of the XI International Association of Botanic Gardens Conference, Wuxi, China. China Agricultural Press, Beijing.
K.A.B.G., (1991). A comprehensive bibliography of botanical gardens in Korea. Korean Association of Botanical Gardens, Soeul, Korea.


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