Social Work 562 Social Work Research 3 Units




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Required and supplementary instructional materials & Resources

Required Textbooks


Rubin, A. & Babbie, E. (2013). Essential Research Methods for Social Work, 3rd Edition.

Suggested Additional Resources

Guides for APA Style Formatting


American Psychological Association (2009). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.

APA formatting and style guide. (1995-2011). The OWL at Purdue. Retrieved from http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/


(Instructor Note: Note: this popular site for students—it is free, has switched to 6th edition.)

Winn, J. (2010). APA style: USC Lib Guides. Available at http://libguides.usc.edu/content.php?pid=26798&sid=639172


(Instructor Note: HIGHLY RECOMMENDED.)

Recommended Websites


National Associate of Social Workers. Available at http://www.naswdc.org

National Guideline Clearinghouse™ (NGC). Available at http://www.guideline.gov [A public resource for evidence-based clinical practice guidelines]. The elements of style―A rule book for writing. Available at http://www.bartleby.com/141/ . [You can read it online]

USC Guide to Avoiding Plagiarism. Available at http://libguides.usc.edu/content.php?pid=83009&sid=616087

FQS: Forum qualitative research – An online journal of qualitative research. Available at http://www.qualitative-research.net

Institute for the Advancement of Social Work Research. Available at http://www.iaswresearch.org

Society for Social Work Research. Available at http://www.sswr.org

American Evaluation Association Available at http://www.eval.org

Note: Additional required and recommended readings may be assigned by the instructor throughout the course.

The Table below describes the topics for each Asynchronous Unit of Instruction. Your instructor will provide you with a Syllabus Addendum with changes to the order in which the Units will be covered in your section, as well as the due dates for all assignments. Please note that the Asynchronous Units of Instruction do NOT correspond to the weeks of the course.



Course Overview

Unit

Topics

Assignments

1

Jan 14
Course Introduction and Overview





2

Jan 28
Literature Review: Finding Relevant Research





3

Jan 28
Variables: Building Blocks of Research





4

Feb 4
Quantitative Statistics – Descriptive Statistics


Literature Review

Bibliography Due



5

Feb 11
Quantitative Statistics – Measures of Association





6

Feb 18
Selecting Participants to Take Part in Research: Sampling


Literature Review

Problem Formulation Due



7

Feb 25
Introduction to Research Design





8

Mar 4
Group Designs Continued





9

Mar 11
Quantitative Analysis – Statistical Significance and Related Issues




Mar 18-23
**********SPRING RECESS**********




10

Mar 25
Selecting Measurement Methods

Literature Review

Intervention Due



11

Apr 1
Location and Assessment of Measurement Tools




12

Apr 8
Qualitative Research


Measurement Homework Due

13

Apr 15
Ethical Practice of Social Work Research




14

Apr 22
Consumption of Empirical Literature: Methodological Critique





15

Apr 29
Course Wrap-Up and Evaluation
Review for Final Assessment Exam

Article Critique Due

FINAL ASSESSMENT EXAMINATION: During Finals Week which is the week following end of class

Course Schedule―Detailed Description

Unit 1: Course Overview and Social Work Research Problems




Topics
Course objectives, syllabus, and review of expectations
Ways of knowing
Five common errors of reasoning
Value of scientific inquiry
Description of “social work” research
Purposes of social work research
Evidenced based practice

Required Readings


Rubin, A & Babbie, R (2013). Essential Research Methods for Social Work, 3rd Edition.

Chapter 1: Why Study Research

Chapter 2: Evidenced Based Practice

Other Works Relevant to this Unit


Fisher, H. (2009, July 13). Helen Fisher on love, lust and attachment. [Video file]. Retrieved from http://video.search.yahoo.com/video/play?n=21&ei=utf-8&fr=yfp-t-701&fr2=tab-web&tnr=21&p=anthropology+research+studies&vid=0001906871576&dt=1247545356&l=283&turl=http%3A%2F%2Fyts.video.search.yahoo.com%2Fimage%2F360dc3181&rurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.youtube.com%2Fv%2FD8Od-bsCsFA&tit=Helen++Fisher+on++Love%2C++Lust+and++Attachment&sigr=114cg2o73&newfp=1&surl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.youtube.com%2Fwatch%3Fv%3DD8Od-bsCsFA%26feature%3Dyoutube_gdata&sigs=120q6rivh

National Association of Social Workers. (2003). NASW Press Online. Retrieved from http://titania.naswpressonline.org/vl=19496500/cl=22/nw=1/rpsv/home.htm

Peep Studies. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.peepresearch.org/

Recommended Readings by USC School of Social Work faculty


Soydan, H. (2008). Applying randomized controlled trials and systematic reviews in social work research. Research on Social Work Practice, 18(4), 311-318. doi:10.1177/10497315073077

Soydan, H. (2009). Evidence-based medicine and knowledge dissemination, translation, and utilization: Challenges of getting evidence based treatments to patient care and service delivery. Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine, 2, 143-149. doi:10.1111/j.1756-5391.2009.01031



Unit 2: Literature Review: Finding Relevant and Rigorous Research




Topics
The formulation of researchable problems―How to locate sources of information
Utilizing library resources
Cataloging research located effectively
Various structures for literature review
Critiquing knowledge bases and reviewing the literature
Developing a reasoned argument and use of theory

Required Readings


Rubin, A & Babbie, R (2013). Essential Research Methods for Social Work, 3rd Edition.

Chapter 5: Reviewing Literature and Developing Research Questions


Recommended Readings


USC guide to avoiding plagiarism. (n.d.). Available at http://libguides.usc.edu/content.php?pid=83009&sid=616087

Select this link for specific hints: Trojan integrity: a guide to avoiding plagiarism. Available at http://www.usc.edu/student-affairs/SJACS/forms/tig.pdf

Unit 3: Variables: The Building Blocks of Research




Topics
The definition of variables
Identifying independent and dependent variables
Level of Measurement

Required Readings


Rubin, A & Babbie, R (2013). Essential Research Methods for Social Work, 3rd Edition.

Chapter 6: Conceptualization in Quantitative and Qualitative Inquiry




Unit 4: Quantitative Statistics―Descriptive Statistics and Measures of Association




Topics
Measures of central tendency
Mode
Median
Mean
Measures of dispersion
Frequency/percentages
Range
Standard deviation & variance
Reading research / drawing conclusions

Required Readings


Rubin, A & Babbie, R (2013). Essential Research Methods for Social Work, 3rd Edition.

Chapter 18: Quantitative Data Analysis


Hoffman, R. D. (2003). Internet glossary of statistical terms. Retrieved from http://www.animatedsoftware.com/statglos/statglos.htm
(Instructor Note: Look at descriptions of: Mean, Median, Mode, Range, Variance, Standard Deviation, Variance, Sampling Distribution, Statistic, Parameter.)

Pelham, B. W. (2013). Intermediate Statistics: A Conceptual Course. (Chapter 1). Retrieved from http://www.sagepub.com/upm-data/49259_ch_1.pdf



Unit 5: Quantitative Statistics – Measures of Association




Topics
Cross-tabulations
Odds ratio
Difference in means
Correlation

Required Readings


Rubin, A & Babbie, R (2013). Essential Research Methods for Social Work, 3rd Edition.

Chapter 18: Quantitative Data Analysis


Pelham, B. W. (2013). Intermediate Statistics: A Conceptual Course. (Chapter 1). Retrieved from http://www.sagepub.com/upm-data/49259_ch_1.pdf
StatSoft (2013). Getting Started With Statistics Concepts. Retrieved from http://www.statsoft.com/textbook/elementary-statistics-concepts/

StatSoft (2013). What are Basic Statistics? Retrieved from http://www.statsoft.com/textbook/basic-statistics/


Odds Ratio (Westergren)

Odds Ratio and Relative Risk (Rebecca Goldin)



Unit 6: Finding Research Subjects: Sampling




Topics
Defining the population of interest
Sampling and external validity
Probability sampling techniques
Non-probability sampling techniques
Ethical concerns in sampling
Pragmatics of sampling

Required Readings


Rubin, A & Babbie, R (2013). Essential Research Methods for Social Work, 3rd Edition.

Chapter 10: Sampling: Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches

Hurlburt, M. S., Leslie, L. K., & Landsverk, J. (2004). Contextual predictors of mental health service use among a cohort of children open to child welfare. Archives of General Psychiatry, 61, 1217-1224. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.61.12.1217

Other Works Relevant to this Unit


Connexions Consortium. (2010). Sampling simulation. Retrieved from http://cnx.org/content/m11188/latest/

Haahr, M. (2010). Random integer generator. Retrieved from http://www.random.org/integers/

Wiley Higher Education. (2010). Statistics animations. In Instructor companion site. Mann introductory statistics (5th ed.). Retrieved from http://bcs.wiley.com/he-bcs/Books?action=mininav&bcsId=1524&itemId=0471448079&assetId=39918&resourceId=3251

Unit 7: Research Designs: Matching Design to Purpose




Topics
Introduction to research design
Continuum of knowledge
Matching design to purpose and level of knowledge
Survey research designs
Causal inference
Experimental and quasi-experimental designs
Internal and external validity as they relate to design

Required Readings


Rubin, A & Babbie, R (2013). Essential Research Methods for Social Work, 3rd Edition.

Chapter 4: Factors Influencing the Research Process

Chapter 11: Experiments and Quasi-experiments
Brekke, J. S., Hoe, M., & Green, M. F. (2009). Neurocognitive change, functional change and service intensity during community-based psychosocial rehabilitation for schizophrenia. Psychological Medicine, 39(10), 1637-1647. doi:10.1017/S003329170900539X

Recommended Readings:


Astor, R. A., Benbenishty, R., & Estrada, J. N. (2009). School violence and theoretically atypical schools: The principal's centrality in orchestrating safe schools. American Educational Research Journal, 46(2), 423-461. doi:10.3102/0002831208329598

Rubin, A., & Babbie, E. (2010). Causal inference and quasi-experimental designs. In Research methods for social work (7th ed., pp. 244-270). Belmont, CA: Brooks-Cole Cengage Learning.


(Instructor Note: Posted on ARES.)
Rubin, A., & Babbie, E. (2010). Experimental designs. In Research methods for social work (7th ed., pp. 253-257). Belmont, CA: Brooks-Cole Cengage Learning.
(Instructor Note: Posted on ARES.)

Unit 8: Group Designs (Continued)




Topics
Threats to internal validity that can be addressed by design
Threats to internal validity that cannot be addressed by design
Threats to external validity related to design

Required Readings


Rubin, A & Babbie, R (2013). Essential Research Methods for Social Work, 3rd Edition.

Chapter 11: Experiments and Quasi-experiments


Suggested Review

Rubin, A., & Babbie, E. (2010). Causal inference and quasi-experimental designs. In Research methods for social work (7th ed., pp. 244-270). Belmont, CA: Brooks-Cole Cengage Learning.


(Instructor Note: Posted on ARES.)
Rubin, A., & Babbie, E. (2010). Experimental designs. In Research methods for social work (7th ed., pp. 253-257). Belmont, CA: Brooks-Cole Cengage Learning.
(Instructor Note: Posted on ARES.)

Unit 9: Quantitative Analysis – Statistical Significance and Related Issues




Topics
Statistical significance
Understanding statistical tests
Bivariate statistics: T-tests, Chi-square, ANOVA
Multivariate statistics: Multiple regression, ANCOVA

Required Readings

Hoffman, R. D. (2003). Internet glossary of statistical terms. Retrieved from http://www.animatedsoftware.com/statglos/statglos.htm


(Instructor Note: Look at: Null Hypothesis, Alternative Hypothesis, Statistical Hypothesis, Alpha, Statistical Significance, Type I error, Type II Error, Beta, The Relationship Between Alpha, Beta and Power.)

Lane, D. M. (2008). Chapter 9: Logistics of hypothesis testing/ Ruling out chance as an explanation. Rice Virtual Lab in Statistics. Retrieved from http://davidmlane.com/hyperstat/logic_hypothesis.html

Pelham, B. W. (2013). Intermediate Statistics: A Conceptual Course. (Chapter 1). Retrieved from http://www.sagepub.com/upm-data/49259_ch_1.pdf


Unit 10: Selecting Measurement Methods




Topics
Variables
Concept to measurement: The process of operationalization
Data collection techniques
Reliability
Validity

Required Readings


Rubin, A & Babbie, R (2013). Essential Research Methods for Social Work, 3rd Edition.

Chapter 6: Conceptualization in Quantitative and Qualitative Inquiry (Review)

Chapter 7: Measurement in Quantitative and Qualitative Inquiry

Chapter 8: Quantitative and Qualitative Measurement Instruments



Other Works Relevant to this Unit


Stepping up. (2003). Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9). University of Washington. Retrieved from http://steppingup.washington.edu/keys/documents/phq-9.pdf

The MacArthur Initiative on Depression and Primary Care. (2010). Patient Health Questionnaire. Retrieved from http://www.depression-primarycare.org/clinicians/toolkits/materials/forms/phq9/


(Instructor Note: A compendium of resources for a widely used standardized depression tool.)

Recommended Readings by USC School of Social Work faculty


Lincoln, K. D., Taylor, R. J., & Jackson, J. S. (2008). Romantic relationships among unmarried African Americans and Caribbean blacks: Findings from the national survey of American life. Family Relations, 57(2), 254-266. doi:10.1111/j.1741-3729.2008.00498.x

Wenzel, S. L., Green, H. D., Tucker, J. S., Golinelli, D., Kennedy, D. P., Ryan, G., & Zhou, A. (2009). The social context of homeless women's alcohol and drug use. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 105(1-2), 16-23.



Unit 11: Locating Instruments and Assessment of Measurement Tools




Topics
Measurement (continued)
Locating instruments, tests, and other measures
Measurement in practice

Required Readings


Rubin, A & Babbie, R (2013). Essential Research Methods for Social Work, 3rd Edition.

Chapter 12: Single Case Evaluation Designs


American Psychological Association. (2010). FAQ/Finding information about psychological tests. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/science/programs/testing/find-tests.aspx

Recommended Readings

Jordan-Marsh, M., Cody, M., Silverstein, M., Chin, S., & Garcia, R. (2008). Assessing a self-report health measure for non-English-speaking elders: Issues in using the SF-36 health survey. Research on Social Work Practice, 18(1), 55-65. doi:10.1177/1049731507300152

Toneatto, T. (1995). [Review of the SAQ--Adult Probation [Substance Abuse Questionnaire].] In J. C. Conoley & J. C. Impara (Eds.), The twelfth mental measurements yearbook (pp. 889-891). Lincoln, NE: Buros Institute of Mental Measurements. Retrieved from http://libguides.usc.edu/content.php?pid=26798&sid=669026

Unit 12: Qualitative Research




Topics
Introduction to qualitative research
Comparing qualitative and quantitative research
Sampling in qualitative research
Designs in qualitative research
Data collection and analysis
Ethical guidelines in qualitative research

Required Readings





Rubin, A & Babbie, R (2013). Essential Research Methods for Social Work, 3rd Edition.

Chapter 14: Additional Methods in Qualitative Research


Floersch, J., Longhofer, J., Kranke, D., & Townsend, L. (2010) Thematic, grounded theory and narrative methods: A comparative case study. Qualitative Social Work Journal, 9(3), 407-425.

Hernandez, J. R. L. (2009). Photo-ethnography by people living in poverty near the northern border of Mexico. Forum: Qualitative Social Research, (10)2. Retrieved from http://www.qualitative-research.net/index.php/fqs/article/viewArticle/1310/2810

Mack, N., Woodsong, C., MacQueen, K. Guest, G., & Namey, E. (2005). Qualitative research methods: A data collector's field guide. Research Triangle Park, NC: Family Health International. Retrieved from http://www.fhi.org/en/RH/Pubs/booksReports/QRM_datacoll.htm

Nicolaidis, C., Timmons, V., Thomas, M. J., Waters, A. S. Wahab, S., Mejia, A., & Mitchell, S. R. (2010). You don't go tell white people nothing: African American women's perspectives on the influence of violence and race on depression and depression care. American Journal of Public Health, 100(8), 1470-1476. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2009.161950

Nuru-Jeter, A., Dominguez, T. P., Hammond, W. P., Leu, J., Skaff, M., Egerter, S., Jones, C. P., & Braveman, P. (2009). It's the skin you're in: African-American women talk about their experiences of racism. An exploratory study to develop measures of racism for birth outcome studies. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 13(1), 29-39. doi:10.1007/s10995-008-0357-x

Recommended Readings by USC School of Social Work faculty


Astor, R. A., Benbenishty, R., & Estrada, J. N. (2009). School violence and theoretically atypical schools: The principal's centrality in orchestrating safe schools. American Educational Research Journal, 46(2), 423-461. doi:10.3102/0002831208329598.

Barrio, C., Palinkas, L. A., Yamada, A. M., Fuentes, D., Criado, V., Garcia, P., & Jeste, D. V. (2008). Unmet needs for mental health services for Latino older adults: Perspectives from consumers, family members, advocates, and service providers. Community Mental Health Journal, 44(1), 57-74. doi:10.1007/s10597-007-9112-9

Rice, E., Lester, P., Flook, L., Green, S., Valladares, E. S., & Rotheram-Borus, M. J. (2009). Lessons learned from "integrating" intensive family-based interventions into medical care settings for mothers living with HIV/AIDS and their adolescent children. AIDS and Behavior, 13(5), 1005-1011. doi:10.1007/s10461-008-9417-x

Schneiderman, J., McDaniel, D., Xie, B., Cabassa, L., & Suh, J. (2010). Child welfare caregivers of differing English-language use: Perceptions of pediatric health care access barriers. Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Diversity in Social Work, 19(1), 18-33. doi:10.1080/15313200903310726

Teitelman, A. M., Ratcliffe, S. J., & Cederbaum, J. A. (2008). Parent―Adolescent communication about sexual pressure, maternal norms about relationship power, and STI/HIV protective behaviors of minority urban girls. Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association, 14(1), 50-60. doi:10.1177/1078390307311770

Unit 13: Ethical Practice of Social Work Research




Topics
Experiments with questionable ethics that have led to modern ethical standards
Belmont principles
List of ethical guidelines for social science research
Culturally Competent Research
Institutional review boards

Required Readings


Rubin, A & Babbie, R (2013). Essential Research Methods for Social Work, 3rd Edition.

Chapter 16: Ethical Issues in Social Work Research

Chapter 17: Culturally Competent Research

NASW code of ethics. (n.d.). Available from http://www.naswdc.org/pubs/code/

Rice, E. (2010). The positive role of social networks and social networking technology in the condom using behaviors of homeless youth. Public Health Reports, 125(4), 588-595. Retrieved from http://www.publichealthreports.org/archives/issuecontents.cfm?Volume=125&Issue=4

USC’s IRB. Retrieved from http://www.usc.edu/admin/provost/irb/

Recommended Readings and Video (Note: recommended materials are not all in APA 6th ed. style)


ABC News (Producer). (2010, March 17). French 'Game of Death' shocks audience, contestants [Video Webcast]. ABC News with Diane Sawyer. Retrieved from http://abcnews.go.com/WN/International/french-game-death-shocks-audience-contestants/story?id=10127881

Aspell, P. S., & Dilanni, D. (1993). The deadly deception. Boston, MA: WGBH Educational Foundation.


(Instructor Note: A 60-minutes long PBS documentary of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study.)

Haney, C., Banks, C., & Zimbardo, P. (1973). Interpersonal dynamics in a simulated prison. International Journal of Criminology and Penology, 1, 69-97.

Humphreys, L. (1976). Methods: The sociologist as voyeur. The Research Experience, 100-114.

Jones, J. H. (1981). A moral astigmatism. In Bad blood: The Tuskegee syphilis experiment (pp. 1-15). London: Free Press.

Milgram, S. (1963). Behavioral study of obedience. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 67(4), 371-378.

Tuskegee University. (1997, May 16). Presidential apology―USPHS Syphilis Study at Tuskegee [Video File]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l1A-YP24QwA

University of Southern California. (2010). Protection of research subjects. Retrieved from http://www.usc.edu/admin/provost/oprs/upirb/

Vodpod (2008, December 16). The Tuskegee syphilis experiment [Video File]. Retrieved from http://vodpod.com/watch/1230919-the-tuskegee-syphilis-experiment

 Zimbardo, P. G. (2010). Stanford Prison experiment [Video File], Retrieved from http://www.prisonexp.org/psychology/2

Unit 14: Critiquing Research: Applying Knowledge and Skills Learned to Date




Topics
Critical assessment skills in becoming effective consumers of social work and related literature
Preparation for Final Article Critique Assignment

Required Readings


Edwards, K. E. (2009). Effectiveness of a social change approach to sexual assault prevention. College Student Affairs Journal, 28(1), 22-37. doi:1965538951

Kirby, J. S., & Baucom, D. H. (2007). Treating emotion dysregulation in a couples context: A pilot study of a couples' skills group intervention. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 33(3), 375-391. doi:10.1111/j.1752-0606.2007.00037.x

Taylor, B., Stein, N., & Burden, F. (2010). The effects of gender violence/harassment prevention programming in middle schools: A randomized experimental evaluation. Violence and Victims, 25(2), 202-223. doi:10.1891/0886-6708.25.2.202

Unit 15: Wrap Up, Evaluation & Review for Final Assessment




Topics
Article Critique
Review for Exam
Course wrap up
Course evaluations

Required Readings:


None

Required Readings


None

Unit 16: FINAL ASSESSMENT EXAMINATION – DURING FINALS WEEK










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