Sesame and safflower newsletter




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SESAME AND SAFFLOWER NEWSLETTER

No. 15, 2000

J. Fernández-Martínez, Editor

Published by the Institute of Sustainable Agriculture (IAS), CSIC,

Apartado 4084, Córdoba, Spain.

For additonal information contact Peter Griffee, FAO, Rome (peter.griffee@fao.org)




CONTENTS




FOREWORD.................................................................................................................................................

III

NOTICES TO READERS..............................................................................................................................

IV

CONTRIBUTED PAPERS AND REPORTS IN SESAME




EVALUATION OF SESAME HYBRIDS THROUGH Line X Tester ANALYSES. Sakila, M., S.M. Ibrahim, A. Kalamani and S. Backiyarani…………………………………………………………………………………….

1


COMBINING ABILITY AND HETEROSIS FOR EARLINESS CHARACTERS IN SESAME (Sesamum indicum L.). Saravanan, T., S. Thirugnana Kumar and J. Ganesan…………………………………………….

7


GENETICS OF EARLINESS CHARACTERS IN SESAME (Sesamum indicum L.). Saravanan, T., S. Thirugnana Kumar and J. Ganesan………………………………………………………………………………...

14


VARIABILITY, HERITABILITY AND GENETICS ADVANCE IN SESAME (Sesamum indicum L.). Thangavel, P., K. Saravanan, P. Senthil-Kumar, Y. Anbuselvan and J. Ganesan…………..………………..

19


HERITABILITY AND GENETIC ADVANCE IN SESAME (Sesamum indicum L.). Rajaravindran, G., M. Kingshlin and N. Shunmagavalli…………………………………………………………………………………….

23


CORRELATION STUDIES IN SESAME (Sesamum indicum L.). Sakila, M., S.M. Ibrahim, A. Kalamani and S. Backiyarani……………………………………………………………………………………………………

26


STUDIES ON SEED YIELD CONTRIBUTING CHARACTERS IN SESAME. Kathiresan, G. and P. Gnanamurthy………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

29


MEAN AND VARIANCES OF SIBS IN THIRD GENERATION CROSSES ON SESAME (Sesamum indicum L.). Saravanan, K., P. Umashankar, M. Prakash, N. Manivannan and J. Ganesan…………………

33


TRANSGRESSIVE SEGREGATION ON YIELD AND ITS COMPONENTS IN SESAME (Sesamum indicum L.). Rajavindran, G., M. Kingshlin and N. Shunmugavali……………………...……………………….

36


STUDIES ON VARIABILITY HERITABILITY AND GENETIC ADVANCE FOR CERTAIN CHARACTERS IN MUTANT POPULATIONS OF SESAME (Sesamum indicum L.). Anitha Vasline. Y., K. Saravanan and J. Ganesan……………………….…………………………………………………………………

39


MORPHOMETRIC AND CYTOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF DIPLOIDS AND SYNTHESIZED AUTOPOLYPLOIDS OF Sesamum spp. Subramanian , A., M. Kumar, N. Subbaraman and R.S. Ramalingam…………………………………………………………………………………………………………...

44


EFFECT OF PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS AND MICRONUTRIENTS ON CERTAIN GROWTH ANALYSIS PARAMETERS IN SESAME. Prakash, M. and J. Ganesan…………………………………….

48


IMPROVEMENT OF PRODUCTIVITY IN SESAME THROUGH CHEMICAL MANIPULATION. Rajendran, C., V. Thandapani, A. Arjunan, M. Madhan Mohan and S. Ashok………….……………………..

59


GRADING STUDIES IN SESAME VARIETIES. Sivasuramaniam, K., S. Srimathi and N. Natrajan....................................................................................................................………………………….

62


STUDIES ON THE EFFECT OF HOMOBRASSINOLIDE AND Azospirillum brasilense ON SESAME. Tholkappian, P., S. Sukanthi, T. Nalini and M. Prakash………………………….……………………………

65


METHODS FOR SCREENING AGAINST SESAME STEM-ROOT ROT DISEASE. Chattopadhyay, C. and R. Kalpana Sastry……………………………………………………………………………………………….

68


FIELD RESISTANCE OF SESAME CULTIVARS AGAINST PHYLLODY DISEASE TRANSMITTED BY Orosius albicinctus Distant. Selvanarayanan, V. and T. Selvamuthukumaran……………...…………………

71


BIOLOGY AND SPINNING BEHAVIOUR OF SESAME SHOOT WEBBER AND CAPSULE BORER, Antigastra catalaunalis Duponchel (LEPIDOPTERA : PYRAUSTIDAE). Selvanarayanan, V and P. Baskaran...........................................................................................................……………………………….

75








CONTRIBUTED PAPERS AND REPORTS IN SAFFLOWER




CORRELATION BETWEEN TRAITS AND PATH ANALYSIS FOR GRAIN AND OIL YIELD IN SPRING SAFFLOWER. Omidi Tabrizi, A.H.................................................................................................................

78


INFLUENCE OF THE RATIO OF MALE STERILE TO MALE FERTILE PARENTS ON HYBRID SEED PRODUCTION OF SAFFLOWER (Carthamus tinctorius L.). Raghavaiah, C.V. and K. Anjani……………..

83


DEVELOPMENT POTENTIAL OF SAFFLOWER IN COMPARISON TO SUNFLOWER. Kumar, H……….

86

STANDARDIZATION OF LABORATORY SCREENING TECHNIQUE AGAINST SAFFLOWER WILT. Nageshwar Rao, T.G…………………………………………………………………………………………………

90


EFFECT OF PLANT EXTRACTS ON THE INCIDENCE OF SAFFLOWER WILT. S.V. Kolase, C.D. Deokar and D.M. Sawant…………………………………………………………………………………………….

92


RESPONSE OF SAFFLOWER VARIETIES AGAINST SAFFLOWER APHID, Uroleucon compositae (Theobald). Bhadauria, N.S., N.K.S. Bhadauria and S.S. Jakhmola…………………………………………...

95


STUDIES ON RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN C:N RATIO IN SAFFLOWER GENOTYPES AND APHID RESISTANCE. Akashe, V.B., P.V. Makar, S.B. Kharbade and S.M. Galande………………………………...

98


TOCOPHEROL CONTENT AND COMPOSITION IN SAFFLOWER GERMPLASM. Velasco, L. and J.M. Fernández-Martínez......................................................................................................................................

100


ISOLATION OF LINES WITH CONTRASTING SEED OIL FATTY ACID PROFILES FROM SAFFLOWER GERMPLASM. Velasco, L. and J.M. Fernández-Martínez……………………………………..

104


DIRECTORY OF SESAME AND SAFFLOWER WORKERS……………………………………………….

109

FOREWORD

The issue No. 15 of the Sesame and Safflower Newsletter includes 27 contributions, 18 on sesame and 9 on safflower. The most frequent topics of the articles published are genetics, breeding, and diseases and pests. Some interesting contributions, mostly in sesame, were not published because of lack of space but were evaluated and accepted and will be published next year. In order to include higher number of articles shorter contributions will have priority for the forthcoming issue.


The Editing, Publication and Distribution of the Sesame and Safflower Newsletter are supported by funds from the Industrial Crops Group, Crop and Grassland Service, Plant Production and Protection Division, Agriculture Department, Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome Italy. The Editor wishes to thank Mr. Peter Griffee, Senior Officer, Industrial Crops, for helping to review articles submitted and Ms. Britta Killermann, assistant, also of the Crop and Grassland Service, for listing the collaborators record. The Institute of Sustainable Agriculture (IAS) of the National Council of Scientific Research (CSIC) has been responsible for publication. Dr. Leonardo Velasco helped in the revision and preparation of manuscripts and Jose Antonio Palacios did the word processing. They are gratefully acknowledged.

Córdoba, November 2000

J. Fernández-Martínez

Editor


NOTICES TO READERS


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