Scientific name




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Electronic Supplementary Material 3. List of the bird species mimicked by 204 Crested and Thekla lark individuals from the Ebro Valley. C = model species with complex vocalization, S = model species with simple vocalizations.


Common name

Scientific name

Song complexity index*

Crested lark

Galerida cristata

C

Thekla lark

Galerida theklae

C

Lesser-short toed lark

Calandrella rufescens

C

Short-toed lark

Calandrella brachydactyla

C

Calandra lark

Melanocorypha calandra

C

Skylark

Alauda arvensis

C

Dupont's lark

Chersophilus duponti

C

Woodlark

Lullula arborea

C

Tawny pipit

Anthus campestris

S

White wagtail

Motacilla alba

S

Grey Wagtail

Motacilla cinerea

S

Swallow

Hirundo rustica

C

Wheatear

Oenanthe oenanthe

C

Black-eared Wheatear

Oenanthe hispanica

C

Stonechat

Saxicola torquata

C

Blackbird

Turdus merula

C

Song thrush

Turdus philomelos

C

Nightingale

Luscinia megarhynchos

C

Golden oriole

Oriolus oriolus

S

Jay

Garrulus glandarius

S

Great tit

Parus major

C

Southern Grey Shrike

Lanius meridionalis

C

Spectacled Warbler

Sylvia conspicillata

C

Dartford Warbler

Sylvia undata

C

Cetti's Warbler

Cettia cetti

S

Spotless starling

Sturnus unicolor

C

House sparrow

Passer domesticus

S

Linnet

Carduelis cannabina

C

Goldfinch

Carduelis carduelis

C

Greenfinch

Carduelis chloris

C

Chaffinch

Fringilla coelebs

S

Serin

Serinus serinus

C

Corn bunting

Emberiza calandra

S

Coot

Fulica atra

S

Stone Curlew

Burhinus oedicnemus

S

Greenshank

Tringa nebularia

S

Black-winged Stilt

Himantopus himatopus

S

Little ringed plover

Charadrius dubius

S

Red-legged partridge

Alectoris rufa

S

Quail

Coturnix coturnix

S

Little owl

Athene noctua

S

Great Spotted Cuckoo

Clamator glandarius

S

Green woodpecker

Picus viridis

S

Buzzard

Buteo buteo

S

Black kite

Milvus migrans

S

Kestrel

Falco tinnunculus

S

Lesser kestrel

Faclo naumanni

S

Nightjar

Caprimulgus europaeus

S

Bee-eater

Merops apiaster

S

Swift

Apus apus

S

*Song complexity was established on the basis of published literature on song type repertoire and syllable repertoire (Garamszegi et al. 2007; Podos & Warren 2007; BWPi 2006). Species singing at least two song types (or diverse strophes), and each including at least five diverse syllables types were classified as C, those birds singing one song type with <5 diverse syllables were classified as S.

References

BWPi 2.01. 2006. Birds of the Western Palearctic interactive 2.01. BirdGuide Ldt.



Garamszegi, L. Z., Eens M., Pavlova D.Z., Aviles J.M., & A.P. Møller. 2007. A comparative study of the function of heterospecific vocal mimicry in European passerines. Behav. Ecol. 18, 1001-1009.

Podos, J. & Warren, P.S. 2007. The evolution of geographic variation bird song. Advances in the study of behaviour 37, 403-458.


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