San antonio missions nhp birdlist




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SAN ANTONIO MISSIONS NHP BIRDLIST


ORDER ANSERIFORMES (17)

Black-bellied Whistling Duck (Dendrocygna autumnalis)

Canada Goose (Branta canadensis) *

Greater White-fronted Goose (Anser albifrons)

Snow Goose (Chen caerulescens)

Tundra Swan (Cygnus columbianus) *



Hooded Merganser (Lophodytes cucullatus)

Wood Duck (Aix sponsa)

Gadwall (Anas strepera)

Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos)

Blue-winged Teal (Anas discors)

Green-winged Teal (Anas crecca)

Northern Pintail (Anas acuta)

Northern Shoveler (Anas clypeata)

American Widgeon (Anas americana)

Lesser Scaup (Aythya affinis)

Ring-necked Duck (Aythya collaris)

Ruddy Duck (Oxyura jamaicensis) *

ORDER GALLIFORMES (2)

Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo)

Northern Bobwhite (Colinus virginianus)

ORDER PODICIPEDIFORMES (3)

Least Grebe (Tachybaptus dominicus)

Pied-billed Grebe (Podilymbus podiceps)

Eared Grebe (Podiceps nigricollis) *

ORDER PELECANIFORMES (4)

American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos)

Anhinga (Anhinga anhinga) **

Double-crested Cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus)

Neotropical Cormorant (Phalacrocorax brasilianus)

ORDER CICONIFORMES (10)

Great Blue Heron (Ardea herodias)

Great Egret (Ardea alba)

Snowy Egret (Egretta thula)

Little Blue Heron (Egretta caerulea)

Tri-colored Heron (Egretta tricolor)

Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis)

Green Heron (Butorides virescens)

Black-crowned Night-Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax)

Yellow-crowned Night-Heron (Nyctanassa violacea)

Roseate Spoonbill (Ajaia ajaja) **


ORDER FALCONIFORMES (15)

Black Vulture (Coragyps atratus)

Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura)

Mississippi Kite (Ictinia mississippiensis)

Osprey (Pandion haliaetus)

Northern Harrier (Circus cyaneus)

Sharp-shinned Hawk (Accipiter striatus)

Cooper's Hawk (Accipiter cooperii)

Red-shouldered Hawk (Buteo lineatus)

Broad-winged Hawk (Buteo platypterus)

Swainson's Hawk (Buteo swainsoni)

Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis)

Crested Caracara (Caracara cheriway)

Merlin (Falco columbarius)

American Kestrel (Falco sparverius)

Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus) */**


ORDER GRUIFORMES (2)

American Coot (Fulica americana)

Sandhill Crane (Grus Canadensis)
ORDER CHARADRIIFORMES (20)

American Golden-Plover (Pluvialis dominica)

Killdeer (Charadrius vociferous)

American Avocet (Recurvirostra americana)

Greater Yellowlegs (Tringa melanoleuca)

Lesser Yellowlegs (Tringa flavipes)

Black-necked Stilt (Himantopus mexicanus) *

Spotted Sandpiper (Actitus macularia)

Upland Sandpiper (Bartramia longicauda)

Least Sandpiper (Calidris minutilla)

Western Sandpiper (Calidris mauri) *

Pectoral Sandpiper (Calidris melanotos) *

Long-billed Dowitcher (Limnodromus scolopaceus)

Wilson’s Snipe (Gallinago delicate)

American Woodcock (Scolopax minor)

Wilson's Phalarope (Phalaropus tricolor) *

Bonaparte’s Gull (Larus Philadelphia)

Franklin's Gull (Larus pipixcan)

Ring-billed Gull (Larus delawarensis)

Herring Gull (Larus argentatus) *

Forster’s Tern (Sterna forsteri)

ORDER COLUMBIFORMES (6)

White-winged Dove (Zenaida asiatica)

Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura)

Inca Dove (Columbina inca)

Common Ground-Dove (Columbina passerine)

Rock Pigeon (Columba livia) (I)

Eurasian Collared-Dove (Streptopelia decaocto) (I)

White-tipped Dove (Leptotila verreauxi)**
ORDER PSITTACIFORMES (1)

Monk Parakeet (Myiopsitta monachus) (I)

ORDER CUCULIFORMES (2)

Yellow-billed Cuckoo (Coccyzus americanus)

Greater Roadrunner (Geococcyx californianus)
ORDER STRIGIFORMES (2)

Great Horned Owl (Bubo virginianus)

Barred Owl (Strix varia)
ORDER CAPRIMULGIFORMES (3)

Common Nighthawk (Chordeiles minor)

Lesser Nighthawk (Chordeiles acutipennis)

Common Poorwill (Phalaenoptilus nuttallii)


ORDER APODIFORMES (4)

Chimney Swift (Chaetura pelagica)

Ruby-throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubris) *

Black-chinned Hummingbird (Archilochus alexandri)

Rufous Hummingbird (Selasphorus rufus) *

ORDER CORACIFORMES (9)

Belted Kingfisher (Ceryle alcyon)

Ringed Kingfisher (Ceryle torquata)

Green Kingfisher (Chloroceryle Americana)

Golden-fronted Woodpecker (Melanerpes aurifrons)

Red-bellied Woodpecker (Melanerpes carolinus) *

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus varius)

Ladder-backed Woodpecker (Picoides scalaris)

Downy Woodpecker (Picoides pubescens)

Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus)

ORDER PASSERIFORMES

FAMILY TYRANNIDAE (17)

Olive-sided Flycatcher (Contopus cooperi)

Eastern Wood-Pewee (Contopus virens)

Eastern Phoebe (Sayornis phoebe)

Say’s Phoebe (Sayornis saya)

Yellow-bellied Flycatcher (Empidonax flaviventris)

Acadian Flycatcher (Empidonax virescens)

Willow Flycatcher (Empidonax traillii)

Least Flycatcher (Empidonax minimus)

Ash-throated Flycatcher (Myiarchus cinerascens)

Brown-crested Flycatcher (Myiarchus tyrannulus)

Great Crested Flycatcher (Myiarchus crinitus)

Vermilion Flycatcher (Pyrocephalus rubinus)

Scissor-tailed Flycatcher (Tyrannus forficatus)

Couch’s Kingbird (Tyrannus couchii)

Western Kingbird (Tyrannus verticalis)

Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus)

Great Kiskadee (Pitangus sulphuratus)

FAMILY LANIIDAE (1)

Loggerhead Shrike (Lanius ludovicianus)

FAMILY VIREONIDAE (6)

White-eyed Vireo (Vireo griseus)

Bell's Vireo (Vireo bellii)

Yellow-throated Vireo (Vireo flavifrons) *

Blue-headed Vireo (Vireo solitarius)

Philadelphia Vireo (Vireo philadelphicus)

Red-eyed Vireo (Vireo olivaceus)

FAMILY CORVIDAE (3)

American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)

Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata)

Green Jay (Cyanocorax yncas)

FAMILY HIRUNDINIDAE (5)

Purple Martin (Progne subis)

Northern Rough-winged Swallow (Stelgidopteryx serripennis)

Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica)

Cliff Swallow (Petrochelidon pyrrhonata)

Cave Swallow (Petrochelidon fulva)

FAMILY PARIDAE (2)

Carolina Chickadee (Poecile carolinensis)

Black-crested Titmouse (Baeolophus atricristatus)


FAMILY REMIZIDAE (1)

Verdin (Auriparus flaviceps)

FAMILY CERTHIIDAE (1)

Brown Creeper (Certhia Americana) *

FAMILY TROGLODYTIDAE (6)

Cactus Wren (Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus) *

Canyon Wren (Catherpes mexicanus) *

Carolina Wren (Thryothorus ludovicianus)

Bewick's Wren (Thryomanes bewickii)

House Wren (Troglodytes aedon)

Winter Wren (Troglodytes troglodytes)

FAMILY REGULIDAE (2)

Ruby-crowned Kinglet (Regulus calendula)

Golden-crowned Kinglet (Regulus satrapa)


FAMILY SYLVIIDAE (1)

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher (Polioptila caerulea)

FAMILY TURDIDAE (5)

Eastern Bluebird (Sialia sialis)

Gray-cheeked Thrush (Catharus minimus)

Swainson's Thrush (Catharus ustulatus)

Hermit Thrush (Catharus guttatus)

American Robin (Turdus migratorius)

FAMILY MIMIDAE (5)

Gray Catbird (Dumetella carolinensis)

Northern Mockingbird (Mimus polyglottos)

Brown Thrasher (Toxostoma rufum) *

Curve-billed Thrasher (Toxostoma curvirostre)

Long-billed Thrasher (Toxostoma longirostre)

FAMILY STURNIDAE (1)

European Starling (Sturnus vulgaris) (I)

FAMILY MOTACILLIDAE (1)

American Pipit (Anthus rubescens)

FAMILY BOMBYCILLIDAE (1)

Cedar Waxwing (Bombycilla cedrorum)

FAMILY PARULIDAE (23)

Tennessee Warbler (Vermivora peregrine)

Orange-crowned Warbler (Vermivora celata)

Nashville Warbler (Vermivora ruficapilla)

Yellow Warbler (Dendroica petechia)

Chestnut-sided Warbler (Dendroica pensylvanica)

Magnolia Warbler (Dendroica magnolia)

Black-throated Blue Warbler (Dendroica caerulescens) *

Black-throated Green Warbler (Dendroica virens)

Blackburnian Warbler (Dendroica fusca)

Cerulean Warbler (Dendroica cerulean)

Yellow-rumped Warbler (Dendroica coronata)

Pine Warbler (Dendroica pinus) **

Black-and-white Warbler (Mniotilta varia)

American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla)

Ovenbird (Seiurus aurocapillus)

Northern Waterthrush (Seiurus noveboracensis)

Louisiana Waterthrush (Seiurus motacilla) *

Mourning Warbler (Oporornis Philadelphia)

Canada Warbler (Wilsonia canadensis)

Wilson’s Warbler (Wilsonia pusilla)

Hooded Warbler (Wilsonia citrine)

Common Yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas)

Yellow-breasted Chat (Icteria virens)

FAMILY THRAUPIDAE (3)

Summer Tanager (Piranga rubra)

Scarlet Tanager (Piranga olivacea)

Western Tanager (Piranga ludoviciana)

FAMILY EMBERIZIDAE (14)

Spotted Towhee (Pipilo maculates)

Olive Sparrow (Arremonops rufivirgatus)

Chipping Sparrow (Spizella passerine)

Clay-colored Sparrow (Spizella pallida)

Field Sparrow (Spizella pusilla)

Grasshopper Sparrow (Ammodramus savannarum)

Savannah Sparrow (Passerculus sandwichensis)

Vesper Sparrow (Pooecetes gramineus)

Lark Sparrow (Chondestes grammacus)

Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia)

Lincoln's Sparrow (Melospiza lincolnii)

White-throated Sparrow (Zonotrichia albicollis)

White-crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys)

Dark-eyed Junco (Junco hyemalis)

FAMILY CARDINALIDAE (7)

Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis)

Pyrrhuloxia (Cardinalis sinuatus)

Rose-breasted Grosbeak (Pheucticus ludovicianus)

Blue Grosbeak (Passerina caerulea)

Indigo Bunting (Passerina cyanea)

Painted Bunting (Passerina ciris)

Dicksissel (Spiza americana)

FAMILY ICTERIDAE (11)

Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus)

Brewer’s Blackbird (Euphagus cyanocephalus)

Eastern Meadowlark (Sturnella magna)

Western Meadowlark (Sturnella neglecta)

Common Grackle (Quiscalus quiscula)

Great-tailed Grackle (Quiscalus mexicanus)

Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater)

Bronzed Cowbird (Molothrus aeneus)

Orchard Oriole (Icterus spurious)

Baltimore Oriole (Icterus galbula)

Bullock’s Oriole (Icterus bullockii)

Audubon’s Oriole (Icterus graduacauda)**
FAMILY FRINGILLIDAE (3)

House Finch (Carpodacus mexicanus)

Lesser Goldfinch (Carduelis psaltria)

American Goldfinch (Carduelis tristis)

FAMILY PASSERIDAE (1)

House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) (I)





(I) = introduced; non-native (five total)
* record from Coonan, 1987. (NOTE: Observations of Baeolophus bicolor are considered B.atricristatus)

** valid observation from park visitor or staff, or from bird monitoring, 2010 – present.
All others from Scully, 2006. An Inventory of Bird Species Occurring Within San Antonio Missions NHP.


Total = 222 species (as of 10/01/10)





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