Rumex crispus Polygonaceae

Дата канвертавання26.04.2016
Памер10.99 Kb.
Yellow dock, Curled dock

Rumex crispus Polygonaceae

Botanical description: A tall variable perennial. Yellow dock and Broad leaved dock interbreed easily and therefore the true species can be hard to find. Curled dock can be identified by the wavy leaf margin and the fact that the persistent perianth has no teeth.

Parts used: Root

Habitat,cultivation and harvesting: Common European plant. Not normally necessary to cultivate. The roots are harvested in the spring or the autumn and are cut into sections before drying.

History/folklore/taste/energetics: As well as being used as a treatment for nettle stings, the leaves can be combined with dandelion leaves as a spring tonic. Reduces Chi stagnation in the Liver, Gall Bladder and Large intestine meridians. Roots; Mucilaginous, bitter,slightly sour, cool, damp, astringent. Leaves; sour, astringent. Releases wind damp and heat in the skin.

Constituents: Anthraquinone glycosides, including neopodin Tannins, Runicin, Oxalates, Flavonoids including quercetin

Actions: Depurative, General tonic, Laxative, Cholagogue, Gentle purgative

Traditional and current uses

  • Chronic skin disease

  • Obstructive jaundice

  • Constipation

  • Psoriasis with constipation

  • Anaemia

  • Detoxification, particularly to remove heavy metals from the body

  • Used to treat menopausal symptoms in the US and Canada

  • Colitis

  • Thrush

  • Lower back pain caused by constipation

  • Haemorrhoids

  • Diarrhoea, especially in morning

  • Irritable cough, worse in cold weather.

  • Emphysema and bronchitis

  • Foetid breath, sweat, urine

  • Used externally for skin ulcers and for diabetes mellitus

  • Itching, pruritis

  • Leucorrhoea, vaginitis

  • Large doses should be avoided due to oxalates.

Sheep’s sorrel

Rumex acetosella

Botanical description: Can be distinguished from docks by their sagittate pikestaff leaves which are variable in size. The plant is 4-40 cm tall and is a creeping perennial The flowers are unisexual. Common sorrel (Rumex acetosa) has longer leaves with a more typical arrow shape and grows in grasslands and open woods. They are interchangeable therapeutically according to some authors.

Part used: Leaves

Habitat, cultivation and harvesting: Well drained acid grasslands and sandy habitats. Leaves are harvested throughout the year as available. Can be cultivated from seed or divided in spring.

History/folklore/taste/energetics: Cooling, sour. Sheep’s sorrel is one of the ingredients in Essiac tea

Constituents: Oxalates, anthracene derivatives, vitamin C

Actions: laxative, diuretic, depurative, digestive

Traditional and current uses:

  • Spring tonic

  • Blood cleanser

  • Should be used sparingly due to high levels of oxalates

  • Avoid with kidney stones, arthritis and gout

  • Externally to cool dry irritating rashes

  • This and the related French sorrel (Rumex scutatus) are used to make green sauce and pestos. They are also used in soups, salads and in egg dishes such as omelettes and quiches

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