Request for revision of the ipc




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IPC/C 425/02

ANNEX 1



REQUEST FOR REVISION OF THE IPC
Class(es) or subclass(es): A 61 K ...........................................................................................................

1. Demarcation of the

area to be revised: A 61 K 35/78 - 35/84

2. Reasons for the request: Explanation of (b) and (c)

(Revision requests without detailed explanation

of these reasons are likely to be rejected):


(a) X-notation(s)

(Category A request)





  1. Clarification of wordings

(Category B request)



  1. Other reasons

(Category C request) 
ATTENTION: Acceptance of the request depends

on file size and file growth of the PCT minimun

documentation, or on sufficiently persuasive reasons

3. For requests under 2(c):


(a) File size (country of origin, app. 19,000 PCT min. patent documents

number of documents) 22,000 non-PCT min. patent documents

250,000 non-patent documents

(b) Rate of growth (country of origin,


(c) Activity (searches per year)

4. Detailed proposal:


Submitted herewith  We are prepared We are not in a position

to elaborate it to elaborate it




  1. General outline, possible solutions, options, etc.:

This revision request relates to the area of traditional medicine containing a very large number of patent and non-patent documents. To elaborate classification tools for accessing traditional medicine documentation, the IPC Committee of Experts created the Task Force on Classification of Traditional Knowledge and instructed it to prepare a revision request and proposal on the matter. The attached proposal is submitted on behalf of the Task Force. It is presented for discussion in two versions. In the first version, new groups are arranged in the order following the last place rule applied in subclass A 61 K. In the second version, new groups are arranged in the order following the top-to-bottom priority rule recommended by the ad hoc IPC Reform Working Group for new areas in the IPC.



Proposing Office: .International Bureau of WIPO......................................................................


Date: November 8, 2002...................... Signature: Mikhail Makarov ........................

PROPOSAL ARRANGED ACCORDING TO THE LAST PLACE RULE


Subclass A61K
D 35/78 (transferred to 36/00)

D 35/80 (transferred to 36/87)

D 35/82 (transferred to 36/86)

D 35/84 (transferred to 36/83)

N 36/00 Medicinal preparations containing plant or plant-like material or reaction products thereof with undetermined constitution, e.g., traditional medicines, herbal remedies
N Note(s)

after 36/00


(1) In this main group, it is desirable to assign additional classifications for significant individual components of the medicinal preparations when useful for search purposes.

(2) In this group, it is desirable to add the indexing codes 125:00 to 137:00 when useful for search purposes.



N 36/02 . Angiospermae

N 36/03 . . Liliopsida, i.e. monocotyledons


N 36/032 . . . Orchidaceae (Orchid family)

N 36/0324 . . . . Gastrodia

N 36/0328 . . . . Dendrobium


N 36/034 . . . Dioscoreaceae (Yam family)

N 36/0345 . . . . Dioscorea, e.g. yam, Chinese yam, water yam


N 36/036 . . . Stemonaceae (Stemona family), e.g. croomia


N 36/038 . . . Smilacaceae (Catbrier family), e.g. greenbrier, sarsaparilla

N 36/039 . . . Liliaceae (Lily family), e.g. day lily, plantain lily, hyacinth, narcissus

N 36/0392 . . . . Allium, e.g. garden onion, leek, garlic, chive

N 36/0393 . . . . Ophiopogon (Lilyturf)

N 36/0394 . . . . Asparagus, e.g. garden asparagus, asparagus fern

N 36/0395 . . . . Polygonatum (Solomon’s seal)

N 36/0396 . . . . Anemarrhena

N 36/0398 . . . . Fritillaria, e.g. checker lily, mission bells

N 36/0399 . . . . Lilium, e.g. tiger lily, Easter lily

N 36/04 . . . Aloeaceae (Aloe family), e.g. aloe vera

N 36/042 . . . Zingiberaceae (Ginger family)

N 36/0422 . . . . Amomum, e.g. round cardamom

N 36/0424 . . . . Alpinia, e.g. red ginger, galangal

N 36/0426 . . . . Zingiber, e.g. garden ginger

N 36/0428 . . . . Curcuma, e.g. common turmeric, east indian arrowroot, mango ginger

N 36/044 . . . Sparganiaceae (Bur-reed family)

N 36/046 . . . Gramineae or Poaceae (Grass family), e.g. bamboo, corn, sugar cane

N 36/0464 . . . . Hordeum (barley)

N 36/0468 . . . . Coix (job’s tears)

N 36/048 . . . Cyperaceae ( Sedge family)

N 36/0485 . . . . Cyperus (flatsedge)

N 36/049 . . . Araceae (Arum family), e.g. caladium, calla lily, skunk cabbage (Acorus species 36/92)

N 36/0494 . . . . Arisaema, e.g. Jack in the pulpit

N 36/0498 . . . . Pinellia

N 36/05 . . . Acoraceae (Calamus family), e.g. Acorus calamus, sweetflag
N 36/052 . . . Alismataceae (Water-plantain family)

N 36/054 . . . Palmae, Palmaceae, or Arecaceae (Palm family), e.g. date or coconut palm, palmetto

N 36/0545 . . . . Calamus, e.g. rattan

N 36/06 . . Compositae or Asteraceae (Aster or Sunflower family), e.g. chamomile, feverfew, yarrow, Echinacea

N 36/062 . . . Taraxacum (dandelion)

N 36/064 . . . Chrysanthemum, e.g. daisy

N 36/065 . . . Aucklandia

N 36/066 . . . Vladimiria

N 36/067 . . . Carthamus (distaff thistle)

N 36/068 . . . Artemisia, e.g. wormwood, sagebrush

N 36/069 . . . Atractylodes

N 36/07 . . Cucurbitaceae (Cucumber family)

N 36/074 . . . Gynostemma

N 36/078 . . . Trichosanthes

N 36/08 . . Valerianaceae (Valeriana family), e.g. valerian

N 36/09 . . Caprifoliaceae (Honeysuckle family)

N 36/095 . . . Lonicera (honeysuckle)

N 36/10 . . Rubiaceae (Madder family)

N 36/102 . . . Oldenlandia or Hedyotis

N 36/104 . . . Morinda

N 36/106 . . . Gardenia

N 36/11 . . Campanulaceae (Bellflower family)

N 36/112 . . . Platycodon

N 36/114 . . . Adenophora

N 36/116 . . . Codonopsis

N 36/12 . . Acanthaceae (Acanthus family)

N 36/125 . . . Strobilanthes

N 36/13 . . Orobanchaceae (Broom-rape family)

N 36/14 . . Scrophulariaceae (Figwort family)

N 36/144 . . . Rehmannia

N 36/148 . . . Scrophularia (figwort)

N 36/15 . . Labiatae or Lamiaceae (Mint family), e.g. thyme, rosemary, lavender

N 36/152 . . . Perilla (beefsteak plant)

N 36/153 . . . Salvia (sage)

N 36/154 . . . Prunella or Brunella (selfheal)

N 36/155 . . . Schizonepeta

N 36/156 . . . Agastache, e.g. giant hyssop

N 36/157 . . . Mentha (mint)

N 36/158 . . . Leonurus (motherwort)

N 36/159 . . . Scutellaria (skullcap)

N 36/16 . . Oleaceae (Olive family), e.g. olive, jasmine, lilac, ash tree

N 36/164 . . . Ligustrum, e.g. Chinese privet

N 36/168 . . . Forsythia

N 36/17 . . Verbenaceae (Verbena family)

N 36/175 . . . Clerodendrum, e.g. glorybower

N 36/18 . . Boraginaceae (Borage family), e.g. comfrey, lungwort, forget-me-not

N 36/19 . . Solanaceae ((Potato family), e.g. tobacco, nightshade, tomato, belladonna, capsicum, jimsonweed

N 36/195 . . . Lycium (desert-thorn)

N 36/20 . . Convolvulaceae (Morning-glory family), e.g. bindweed (Cuscuta species 36/72)

N 36/21 . . Cuscutaceae (Dodder family), e.g. Cuscuta epithymum, greater dodder

N 36/22 . . Asclepiadaceae (Milkweed family), e.g. hoya

N 36/23 . . Apocynaceae (Dogbane family), e.g. plumeria, periwinkle

N 36/24 . . Loganiaceae (Logania family), e.g. trumpetflower, pinkroot

N 36/25 . . Gentianaceae (Gentian family)

N 36/255 . . . Gentiana

N 36/26 . . Umbelliferae or Apiaceae (Carrot family), e.g. dill, chervil, coriander, cumin

N 36/262 . . . Cnidium (snow parsley)

N 36/264 . . . Ligusticum (licorice-root)

N 36/265 . . . Foeniculum (fennel)

N 36/266 . . . Angelica

N 36/267 . . . Notopterygium

N 36/268 . . . Saposhnikovia

N 36/269 . . . Bupleurum

N 36/27 . . Araliaceae (Ginseng family), e.g. ivy, aralia, schefflera, and tetrapanax

N 36/274 . . . Acanthopanax or Eleutherococcus

N 36/278 . . . Panax (ginseng)

N 36/28 . . Polygalaceae (Milkwort family)

N 36/29 . . Rutaceae (Rue family)

N 36/292 . . . Zanthoxyllum, e.g. pricklyash

N 36/294 . . . Evodia

N 36/296 . . . Citrus, e.g. lime, orange, lemon

N 36/298 . . . Phellodendron, e.g. corktree

N 36/30 . . Meliaceae (Chinaberry or Mahogany family), e.g. Azadirachta (neem)

N 36/31 . . Anacardiaceae (Sumac family), e.g. smoketree, sumac, poison oak

N 36/32 . . Ebenaceae (Ebony family), e.g. persimmon

N 36/33 . . Cornaceae (Dogwood family)

N 36/34 . . Salicaceae (Willow family), e.g. poplar

N 36/35 . . Juglandaceae (Walnut family)

N 36/36 . . Fagaceae (Beech family), e.g. oak, chestnut

N 36/37 . . Aceraceae (Maple family)

N 36/38 . . Burseraceae (Frankincense family)

N 36/384 . . . Commiphora, e.g. mecca myrrh, balm of Gilead

N 36/388 . . . Boswellia, e.g. frankincense

N 36/39 . . Sapindaceae (Soapberry family), e.g. lychee, soapberry

N 36/40 . . Linaceae (Flax family), e.g. Linum

N 36/41 . . Vitaceae or Ampelidaceae (Vine or Grape family),

e.g. wine grapes, muscadines, pepper-vine

N 36/42 . . Rhamnaceae (Buckthorn family), e.g. buckthorn, chewstick, umbrella-tree

N 36/425 . . . Ziziphus, e.g. jujube

N 36/43 . . Euphorbiaceae (Spurge family), e.g. castorbean (Ricinus)

N 36/44 . . Celastraceae (Staff-tree or Bittersweet family), e.g. tripterygium, spindle tree

N 36/45 . . Myrtaceae (Myrtle family), e.g. teatree, eucalyptus

N 36/46 . . Caesalpiniaceae or Caesalpinioideae

N 36/464 . . . Gleditsia (locust)

N 36/468 . . . Cassia, e.g. golden shower tree

N 36/47 . . Fabaceae or Papilionaceae (Pea or Legume family)

N 36/472 . . . Gueldenstaedtia

N 36/473 . . . Millettia

N 36/474 . . . Psoralea

N 36/475 . . . Glycyrrhiza (licorice)

N 36/476 . . . Sophora, e.g. necklacepod, mamani

N 36/478 . . . Pueraria (kudzu)

N 36/479 . . . Astragalus (milkvetch)

N 36/48 . . Rosaceae (Rose family), e.g. strawberry, chokeberry, blackberry, pear, firethorn

N 36/482 . . . Chaenomeles, e.g., flowering quince

N 36/484 . . . Crataegus (hawthorn)

N 36/486 . . . Prunus, e.g. plum, cherry, peach, apricot, almond

N 36/488 . . . Sanguisorba (burnet)

N 36/489 . . . Rosa (rose)

N 36/49 . . Crassulaceae (Stonecrop family)

N 36/50 . . Ericaceae or Vacciniaceae (Heath or Blueberry Family), e.g. blueberry, cranberry, bilberry

N 36/51 . . Brassicacea or Cruciferae (Mustard family), e.g. broccoli, cabbage, kohlrabi

N 36/515 . . . Isatis, e.g. Dyer’s woad

N 36/52 . . Thymelaeaceae (Mezereum family), e.g., leatherwood, false ohelo

N 36/525 . . . Aquilaria

N 36/53 . . Violaceae (Violet family)

N 36/54 . . Plantaginaceae (Plantain Family)

N 36/55 . . Hypericaceae, Clusiaceae, or Guttiferae (Hypericum or Mangosteen family), e.g. common St. Johnswort

N 36/56 . . Theaceae (Tea family), e.g. camellia

N 36/57 . . Polygonaceae (Buckwheat family), e.g. spineflower, dock

N 36/574 . . . Polygonum, e.g. knotweed

N 36/578 . . . Rheum (rhubarb)

N 36/58 . . Amaranthaceae (Amaranth family), e.g. pigweed, rockwort, globe amaranth

N 36/59 . . Cactaceae (Cactus family), e.g. pricklypear, Cereus

N 36/60 . . Caryophyllaceae (Pink family), e.g. babysbreath, soapwort

N 36/61 . . Aristolochiaceae (Birthwort family), e.g., heartleaf

N 36/614 . . . Aristolochia (dutchman’s pipe)

N 36/618 . . . Asarum (wild ginger)

N 36/62 . . Moraceae (Mulberry family), e.g. breadfruit, fig

N 36/625 . . . Morus (mulberry)

N 36/63 . . Eucommiaceae (Eucommia family), e.g. hardy rubber tree

N 36/64 . . Papaveraceae (Poppy family), e.g. bloodroot or Fumariaceae (Fumitory family), e.g. bleeding heart

N 36/645 . . . Corydalis

N 36/65 . . Menispermaceae (Moonseed family), e.g. hyperbaena, coralbead

N 36/66 . . Berberidaceae (Barberry family), e.g. barberry, cohosh, mayapple

N 36/665 . . . Epimedium

N 36/67 . . Paeoniaceace (Peony family), e.g., chinese peony

N 36/68 . . Ranunculaceae (Buttercup family), e.g. larkspur, hepatica, hydrastis, columbine, goldenseal

N 36/682 . . . Coptis (goldthread)

N 36/684 . . . Clematis (leather flower)

N 36/686 . . . Aconitum (monkshood)

N 36/69 . . Nymphaeaceae(Water Lily family)

N 36/70 . . Saururaceae(Lizard’s tale family)

N 36/71 . . Piperaceae (Pepper family), e.g. Jamaican pepper, kava

N 36/72 . . Lauraceae (Laurel family), e.g. cinnamon, sassafras

N 36/73 . . Schisandraceae (Schisandra family)

N 36/74 . . Magnoliaceae (Magnolia family)

N 36/745 . . . Magnolia


N 36/75 . Gymnospermae


N 36/76 . . Ephedraceae (Mormon-tea family), e.g. ephedra

N 36/77 . . Cupressaceae (Cypress family), e.g. junipers, cypresses

N 36/78 . . Pinaceae (Pine family), e.g. pines, true cedars

N 36/79 . . Ginkgoaceae (Gingko family)

N 36/80 . Pteridophyta or Filicophyta (ferns)

N 36/81 . . Filicopsida or Pteridopsida

N 36/815 . . . Drynaria

N 36/82 . Bryophyta (mosses)

N 36/83 . Higher fungi

N 36/84 . . Polyporaceae

N 36/844 . . . Poria

N 36/848 . . . Ganoderma

N 36/85 . . Clavicipitaceae

N 36/855 . . . Cordyceps

N 36/86 . Lichens

N 36/87 . Algae

N 36/88 . . Chloropyta (green algae), e.g. chlorella

N 36/89 . . Rhodophyta (red algae), e.g. porphyra


N 36/90 . . Phaeophyta (brown algae), e.g. focus
*************************************************************

N Indexing scheme associated with 36/00, relating to plant parts with medicinal activity.

N 125:00 Containing or obtained from roots, bulbs, tubers, corms, or rhizomes

N 127:00 Containing or obtained from leaves

N 129:00 Containing or obtained from bark

N 131:00 Containing or obtained from seeds or nuts

N 133:00 Containing or obtained from fruits

N 135:00 Containing or obtained from flowers or blossoms

N 137:00 Containing or obtained from stems, stalks, branches, twigs or shoots

PROPOSAL ARRANGED ACCORDING TO THE FIRST PLACE RULE


Subclass A61K
D 35/78 (transferred to 36/00)

D 35/80 (transferred to 36/02)

D 35/82 (transferred to 36/06)

D 35/84 (transferred to 36/07)

N 36/00 Medicinal preparations containing plant or plant-like material or reaction products thereof with undetermined constitution, e.g., traditional medicines, herbal remedies
N Note(s)

after 36/00

(1) In this main group, classification is made according to top-to-bottom priority.

(2) In this main group, it is desirable to assign additional classifications for significant individual components of the medicinal preparations when useful for search purposes.

(3) In this group, it is desirable to add the indexing codes 125:00 to 137:00 when useful for search purposes.

N 36/02 . Algae

N 36/03 . . Phaeophyta (brown algae), e.g. fucus

N 36/04 . . Rhodophyta (red algae), e.g. porphyra

N 36/05 . . Chloropyta (green algae), e.g. chlorella

N 36/06 . Lichens

N 36/07 . Higher fungi

N 36/08 . . Clavicipitaceae

N 36/086 . . . Cordyceps


N 36/09 . . Polyporaceae

N 36/094 . . . Ganoderma

N 36/098 . . . Poria

N 36/10 . Bryophyta (mosses)

N 36/11 . Pteridophyta or Filicophyta (ferns)

N 36/12 . . Filicopsida or Pteridopsida

N 36/126 . . . Drynaria

N 36/13 . Gymnospermae

N 36/14 . . Ginkgoaceae (Gingko family)

N 36/15 . . Pinaceae (Pine family), e.g. pines, true cedars

N 36/16 . . Cupressaceae (Cypress family), e.g. junipers, cypresses

N 36/17 . . Ephedraceae (Mormon-tea family), e.g. ephedra

N 36/18 . Angiospermae

N 36/19 . . Magnoliaceae (Magnolia family)

N 36/196 . . . Magnolia

N 36/20 . . Schisandraceae (Schisandra family)

N 36/21 . . Lauraceae (Laurel family), e.g. cinnamon, sassafras

N 36/22 . . Piperaceae (Pepper family), e.g. Jamaican pepper, kava

N 36/23 . . Saururaceae(Lizard’s tale family)

N 36/24 . . Nymphaeaceae(Water Lily family)

N 36/25 . . Ranunculaceae (Buttercup family), e.g. larkspur, hepatica, hydrastis, columbine, goldenseal

N 36/254 . . . Aconitum (monkshood)

N 36/256 . . . Clematis (leather flower)

N 36/258 . . . Coptis (goldthread)

N 36/26 . . Paeoniaceace (Peony family), e.g., chinese peony

N 36/27 . . Berberidaceae (Barberry family), e.g. barberry, cohosh, mayapple

N 36/276 . . . Epimedium

N 36/28 . . Menispermaceae (Moonseed family), e.g. hyperbaena, coralbead

N 36/29 . . Papaveraceae (Poppy family), e.g. bloodroot or Fumariaceae (Fumitory family), e.g. bleeding heart

N 36/296 . . . Corydalis

N 36/30 . . Eucommiaceae (Eucommia family), e.g. hardy rubber tree

N 36/31 . . Moraceae (Mulberry family), e.g. breadfruit, fig

N 36/316 . . . Morus (mulberry)

N 36/32 . . Aristolochiaceae (Birthwort family), e.g., heartleaf

N 36/324 . . . Asarum (wild ginger)

N 36/328 . . . Aristolochia (dutchman’s pipe)

N 36/33 . . Caryophyllaceae (Pink family), e.g. babysbreath, soapwort

N 36/34 . . Cactaceae (Cactus family), e.g. pricklypear, Cereus

N 36/35 . . Amaranthaceae (Amaranth family), e.g. pigweed, rockwort, globe amaranth

N 36/36 . . Polygonaceae (Buckwheat family), e.g. spineflower, dock

N 36/364 . . . Rheum (rhubarb)

N 36/368 . . . Polygonum, e.g. knotweed

N 36/37 . . Theaceae (Tea family), e.g. camellia

N 36/38 . . Hypericaceae, Clusiaceae, or Guttiferae (Hypericum or Mangosteen family), e.g. common St. Johnswort

N 36/39 . . Plantaginaceae (Plantain Family)

N 36/40 . . Violaceae (Violet family)

N 36/41 . . Thymelaeaceae (Mezereum family), e.g., leatherwood, false ohelo

N 36/416 . . . Aquilaria

N 36/42 . . Brassicacea or Cruciferae (Mustard family), e.g. broccoli, cabbage, kohlrabi

N 36/425 . . . Isatis, e.g. Dyer’s woad

N 36/43 . . Ericaceae or Vacciniaceae (Heath or Blueberry Family), e.g. blueberry, cranberry, bilberry

N 36/44 . . Crassulaceae (Stonecrop family)

N 36/45 . . Rosaceae (Rose family), e.g. strawberry, chokeberry, blackberry, pear, firethorn

N 36/452 . . . Rosa (rose)

N 36/454 . . . Sanguisorba (burnet)

N 36/456 . . . Prunus, e.g. plum, cherry, peach, apricot, almond

N 36/458 . . . Crataegus (hawthorn)

N 36/459 . . . Chaenomeles, e.g., flowering quince

N 36/46 . . Fabaceae or Papilionaceae (Pea or Legume family)

N 36/462 . . . Astragalus (milkvetch)

N 36/463 . . . Pueraria (kudzu)

N 36/464 . . . Sophora, e.g. necklacepod, mamani

N 36/465 . . . Glycyrrhiza (licorice)

N 36/466 . . . Psoralea

N 36/467 . . . Millettia

N 36/468 . . . Gueldenstaedtia

N 36/47 . . Caesalpiniaceae or Caesalpinioideae

N 36/474 . . . Cassia, e.g. golden shower tree

N 36/478 . . . Gleditsia (locust)

N 36/48 . . Myrtaceae (Myrtle family), e.g. teatree, eucalyptus

N 36/49 . . Celastraceae (Staff-tree or Bittersweet family), e.g. tripterygium, spindle tree

N 36/50 . . Euphorbiaceae (Spurge family), e.g. castorbean (Ricinus)

N 36/51 . . Rhamnaceae (Buckthorn family), e.g. buckthorn, chewstick, umbrella-tree

N 36/515 . . . Ziziphus, e.g. jujube

N 36/52 . . Vitaceae or Ampelidaceae (Vine or Grape family),

e.g. wine grapes, muscadines, pepper-vine

N 36/53 . . Linaceae (Flax family), e.g. Linum

N 36/54 . . Sapindaceae (Soapberry family), e.g. lychee, soapberry

N 36/55 . . Burseraceae (Frankincense family)

N 36/554 . . . Boswellia, e.g. frankincense

N 36/558 . . . Commiphora, e.g. mecca myrrh, balm of Gilead

N 36/56 . . Aceraceae (Maple family)

N 36/57 . . Fagaceae (Beech family), e.g. oak, chestnut

N 36/58 . . Juglandaceae (Walnut family)

N 36/59 . . Salicaceae (Willow family), e.g. poplar

N 36/60 . . Cornaceae (Dogwood family)

N 36/61 . . Ebenaceae (Ebony family), e.g. persimmon

N 36/62 . . Anacardiaceae (Sumac family), e.g. smoketree, sumac, poison oak

N 36/63 . . Meliaceae (Chinaberry or Mahogany family), e.g. Azadirachta (neem)

N 36/64 . . Rutaceae (Rue family)

N 36/642 . . . Phellodendron, e.g. corktree

N 36/644 . . . Citrus, e.g. lime, orange, lemon

N 36/646 . . . Evodia

N 36/648 . . . Zanthoxyllum, e.g. pricklyash

N 36/65 . . Polygalaceae (Milkwort family)

N 36/66 . . Araliaceae (Ginseng family), e.g. ivy, aralia, schefflera, and tetrapanax

N 36/664 . . . Panax (ginseng)

N 36/668 . . . Acanthopanax or Eleutherococcus

N 36/67 . . Umbelliferae or Apiaceae (Carrot family), e.g. dill, chervil, coriander, cumin

N 36/672 . . . Bupleurum

N 36/673 . . . Saposhnikovia

N 36/674 . . . Notopterygium

N 36/675 . . . Angelica

N 36/676 . . . Foeniculum (fennel)

N 36/677 . . . Ligusticum (licorice-root)

N 36/678 . . . Cnidium (snow parsley)

N 36/68 . . Gentianaceae (Gentian family)

N 36/685 . . . Gentiana

N 36/69 . . Loganiaceae (Logania family), e.g. trumpetflower, pinkroot

N 36/70 . . Apocynaceae (Dogbane family), e.g. plumeria, periwinkle

N 36/71 . . Asclepiadaceae (Milkweed family), e.g. hoya

N 36/72 . . Cuscutaceae (Dodder family), e.g. Cuscuta epithymum, greater dodder

N 36/73 . . Convolvulaceae (Morning-glory family), e.g. bindweed

N 36/74 . . Solanaceae ((Potato family), e.g. tobacco, nightshade, tomato, belladonna, capsicum, jimsonweed

N 36/745 . . . Lycium (desert-thorn)

N 36/75 . . Boraginaceae (Borage family), e.g. comfrey, lungwort, forget-me-not

N 36/76 . . Verbenaceae (Verbena family)

N 36/765 . . . Clerodendrum, e.g. glorybower

N 36/77 . . Oleaceae (Olive family), e.g. olive, jasmine, lilac, ash tree

N 36/774 . . . Forsythia

N 36/778 . . . Ligustrum, e.g. Chinese privet

N 36/78 . . Labiatae or Lamiaceae (Mint family), e.g. thyme, rosemary, lavender

N 36/782 . . . Scutellaria (skullcap)

N 36/783 . . . Leonurus (motherwort)

N 36/784 . . . Mentha (mint)

N 36/785 . . . Agastache, e.g. giant hyssop

N 36/786 . . . Schizonepeta

N 36/787 . . . Prunella or Brunella (selfheal)

N 36/788 . . . Salvia (sage)

N 36/789 . . . Perilla (beefsteak plant)

N 36/79 . . Scrophulariaceae (Figwort family)

N 36/794 . . . Scrophularia (figwort)

N 36/798 . . . Rehmannia

N 36/80 . . Orobanchaceae (Broom-rape family)

N 36/81 . . Acanthaceae (Acanthus family)

N 36/815 . . . Strobilanthes

N 36/82 . . Campanulaceae (Bellflower family)

N 36/822 . . . Codonopsis

N 36/824 . . . Adenophora

N 36/826 . . . Platycodon

N 36/83 . . Rubiaceae (Madder family)

N 36/834 . . . Gardenia

N 36/836 . . . Morinda

N 36/838 . . . Oldenlandia or Hedyotis

N 36/84 . . Caprifoliaceae (Honeysuckle family)

N 36/845 . . . Lonicera (honeysuckle)

N 36/85 . . Valerianaceae (Valeriana family), e.g. valerian

N 36/86 . . Cucurbitaceae (Cucumber family)

N 36/864 . . . Trichosanthes

N 36/868 . . . Gynostemma

N 36/87 . . Compositae or Asteraceae (Aster or Sunflower family), e.g. chamomile, feverfew, yarrow, echinacea

N 36/872 . . . Atractylodes

N 36/874 . . . Artemisia, e.g. wormwood, sagebrush

N 36/875 . . . Carthamus (distaff thistle)

N 36/876 . . . Vladimiria

N 36/877 . . . Aucklandia

N 36/878 . . . Chrysanthemum, e.g. daisy

N 36/879 . . . Taraxacum (dandelion)

N 36/88 . . Liliopsida, i.e. monocotyledons

N 36/882 . . . Palmae, Palmaceae, or Arecaceae (Palm family), e.g. date or coconut palm, palmetto

N 36/8825 . . . . Calamus, e.g. rattan

N 36/884 . . . Alismataceae (Water-plantain family)

N 36/886 . . . Acoraceae (Calamus family), e.g. Acorus calamus, sweetflag

N 36/888 . . . Araceae (Arum family), e.g. caladium, calla lily, skunk cabbage

N 36/8884 . . . . Pinellia

N 36/8888 . . . . Arisaema, e.g. Jack in the pulpit

N 36/889 . . . Cyperaceae ( Sedge family)

N 36/8895 . . . . Cyperus (flatsedge)

N 36/89 . . . Gramineae or Poaceae (Grass family), e.g. bamboo, corn, sugar cane

N 36/892 . . . . Coix (job’s tears)

N 36/8925 . . . . Hordeum (barley)

N 36/894 . . . Sparganiaceae (Bur-reed family)

N 36/896 . . . Zingiberaceae (Ginger family)

N 36/8962 . . . . Curcuma, e.g. common turmeric, east indian arrowroot, mango ginger

N 36/8964 . . . . Zingiber, e.g. garden ginger

N 36/8966 . . . . Alpinia, e.g. red ginger, galangal

N 36/8968 . . . . Amomum, e.g. round cardamom

N 36/898 . . . Aloeaceae (Aloe family), e.g. aloe vera

N 36/899 . . . Liliaceae (Lily family), e.g. day lily, plantain lily,

hyacinth, narcissus

N 36/8992 . . . . Lilium, e.g. tiger lily, Easter lily

N 36/8994 . . . . Fritillaria, e.g. checker lily, mission bells

N 36/8995 . . . . Anemarrhena

N 36/8996 . . . . Polygonatum (Solomon’s seal)


N 36/8997 . . . . Asparagus, e.g. garden asparagus, asparagus fern


N 36/8998 . . . . Ophiopogon (Lilyturf)

N 36/8999 . . . . Allium, e.g. garden onion, leek, garlic, chive

N 36/90 . . . Smilacaceae (Catbrier family), e.g. greenbrier, sarsaparilla

N 36/902 . . . Stemonaceae (Stemona family), e.g. croomia

N 36/904 . . . Dioscoreaceae (Yam family)

N 36/9045 . . . . Dioscorea, e.g. yam, Chinese yam, water yam

N 36/906 . . . Orchidaceae (Orchid family)

N 36/9064 . . . . Dendrobium

N 36/9068 . . . . Gastrodia
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N Indexing scheme associated with 36/00, relating to plant parts with medicinal activity.
N 125:00 Containing or obtained from roots, bulbs, tubers, corms, or rhizomes

N 127:00 Containing or obtained from leaves

N 129:00 Containing or obtained from bark

N 131:00 Containing or obtained from seeds or nuts

N 133:00 Containing or obtained from fruits

N 135:00 Containing or obtained from flowers or blossoms



N 137:00 Containing or obtained from stems, stalks, branches, twigs or shoots




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