5 See http://www.biodiversityhotspots.org/xp/Hotspots/horn_africa
6 Mies, B.A. & F.E. Beyhl. 1998. Vegetation ecology of Soqotra. Pp. 35-82 In: H.J> Dumont (ed) Proc. First international symposium on Soqotra Island: Present and future, Aden 1996. Soqotra Technical Series Vol. 1. UNDP, New York.
8 Uvarov, B.P. & G.B. Popov. 1958. The Saltatorial Orthoptera of Socotra. J. Linn. Soc. Zool. 43: 359-389.
9 De Geest, P., M. De Flou, P. Scholte, M. De Dapper and E. Keppens. (in prep). The climate of Soqotra island (Yemen): An assessment of the timing of the monsoon wind reversal and its influence on precipitation patterns.
10 Mies, B.A. & F.E. Beyhl. 1998. Op. cit.
11 See Swiderska 2002
12 World Bank Country Assistance Strategy FY2006-FY2009
13 Extract from Exhibit 9 of the Conservation and Sustainable Use of the Biodiversity of Socotra Archipelago – Terminal Project Evaluation Mission Report of August 2003.
14 This paragraph draws from the findings of the GEF Evaluation Office report “The Role of Local Benefits in Global Environmental Programs” 2006, see : www.gefweb.org/MonitoringandEvaluation/MEOngoingEvaluations/MEOLocalBenefits/meolocalbenefits.html
15 Biodiversity outcomes are not always maximized and in some cases may be reversed, e.g. there is limited information on what the implications of the SCDP’s provision of new khariifs (traditional water storing cisterns – sometimes filled by rainwater harvesting, but also supplied by piping water from mountain sources) to local communitiesmay be on livestock numbers, traditional rangeland management practices, and land degradation.
16 DGD is a term used by UNDP’s Democratic Governance practice area.
22 Attorre F., F. Francesconi, N. Taleb, P. Scholte, A. Saed, M.Alfo and F.Bruno. 2007. Will dragonblood survive the next period of climate change? Current and future potential distribution of Dracaenacinnabari (Socotra, Yemen). Biol.Cons. 138: 430-439.
23 This endemic species (Cisticola haesitata) inhabits low-growing vegetation mostly in those flat coastal areas most coveted for development opportunities and, therefore, is an excellent indicator of development pressure. It is also found in some interior plains and has recently been discovered in upland grasslands in the west of the island
24 A single project proposal had been completed for funding at the time of project formulation mission. No others were reportedly in the pipeline, however this will be verified during the inception period
25 No export of live materials of the island is presently allowed. Dead materials only upon specific authorizations (scientific materials only)
26 It is envisaged that EPA will provide this certification under a cost-recovery scheme.
27 Available at http://www.undp.org/gef/05/kmanagement/pub_practitioner.html
29 Female candidates will be strongly encouraged to apply for these positions, as part of a gender-sensitive recruitment policy.
30 These posts are tentative in nature; the project proposal for the establishment of the island-wide authority, expected to be submitted in year 2, will define the staffing requirements more precisely, and will also present more detailed terms of reference for each of the positions to be filled. These positions are indicative for initial planning and budgetary purposes.