Red sea fishes: Ras Mohammed National Park




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Red sea fishes: Ras Mohammed National Park
Fishes and shrimps recorded on patch reefs and point transects at Mersa Bareika in 1997 and 2007

Family – Common family name



1

Common species name

Species name2

Client category3

Dasyatidae – Stingrays



5

Reef Stingray

Taeniura lymna

V

Myliobatidae – Eagle rays



5.5

Spotted eagle ray

Aetobatis narinari

V

Muraenidae – Moray eels



10

Grey Moray

Siderea grisea

V

13

Giant Moray

Gymnothorax javanicus

V

Belonidae – Needlefishes



16

Red Sea Houndfish

Tylosurus charam

V

Fistulariidae – Cornetfishes



20

Cornetfish

Fistularia commersonii

V

Holocentridae – Squirrelfishes and Soldierfishes



28

Silverspot squirrelfish

Sargocentron caudimaculatum

R

30

Crown Squirrelfish

Adioryx diadema

R

32

Spotfin Squirrelfish

Flammeo sammara

R

33

Blotcheye Soldierfish

Myripristis murdjan

R

Scorpaenidae - Scorpionfishes



38.5

Yellowspotted scorpionfish

Sebastapistes cyanostigma

FV4

39

Turkeyfish

Pterois volitans

VF

40

Clearfin Turkeyfish

Pterois radiata

FV

Serranidae – Groupers, Anthiases and Soapfishes



41

Peacock Grouper

Cephalopholis argus

VF

42

Halfspotted Grouper

Cephalopholis hemistiktos

R

43

Coral Grouper

Cephalopholis miniata

R

46

Redmouth Grouper

Aethaloperca rogaa

R

47

Blacktip Grouper

Epinephelus fasciatus

VF

57

Lunartail Grouper

Variola louti

V

59.5

Red Sea Coral Grouper

Plectropomus pessuliferus marisrubri

V

60

Scalefin Anthias

Anthias squamipinnis

R

412°

Striped Anhias

Anthias taenatus

R

62

Goldstriped Soapfish

Grammistes sexlineatus

R

Priacanthidae - Bigeyes



64

Goggle-Eye

Priacanthus hamrur

R

Cirrhitidae - Hawkfishes



66

Blackside Hawkfish

Paracirrhites forsteri

VF

67

Pixie Hawkfish

Cirrrhitichthys oxycephalus

U

Pseudochromidae - Dottybacks



70

Orchid Dottyback

Pseudochromis fridmani

R

73

Olive Dottyback

Pseudochromis olivaceus

R

75

Bluestriped Dottyback

Pseudochromis springeri

R

Apogonidae - Cardinalfishes



80

Lined Cardinalfish

Cheilodipterus lineatus

R

80.5

Blackstriped Cardinalfish

Apogon nigrofasciatus

R

81

Fiveline Cardinalfish

Cheilodipterus quinquelineatus

R

83

Goldstriped Cardinalfish

Apogon cyanosoma

R

84

Iridescent Cardinalfish

Apogon kallopterus

R

85

Bridled Cardinalfish

Apogon fraenatus

R

86

Eyeshadow Cardinalfish

Apogon exostigma

R

89

Ringtail Cardinalfish

Apogon annularis

R

403

-cardinalfish-

Apogon sp.

R

408

-cardinalfish

Apogon sp.

R

413

-cardinalfish-

Apogon sp.

R

Carangidae – Jacks and Trevallies



95

Bluefin Trevally

Caranx melampygus

V

Lutjanidae - Snappers



105

Black-and-White Snapper

Macolor niger

V

Caesionidae - Fusiliers



106

Lunar Fusilier

Caesio lunaris

V

107

Suez Fusilier

Caesio suenicus

V

109

Goldband Fusilier

Pterocaesio chrysozona

V

445

«Miix of fusilier»

V

Lethrinidae - Emperors



114

Yellowlip Emperor

Lethrinus xanthochilus

V

120

Mahsena

Lethrinus mahsena

V

122

Bigeye Emperor

Monotaxis grandoculis

VF

444

«Emperor»

V

Sparidae - Seabreams



124

Doublebar Bream

Acanthopagrus bifasciatus

V

Nemipteridae Spinecheeks



126

Dotted spinecheek

Scolopsis ghanam

V

Pempheridae - Sweepers



131

Vanikoro Sweeper

Pempheris vanicotensis

R

131.5

Yellowtail sweeper

Pempheris schwenkii

R

Mullidae - Goatfishes



134

Longbarbel Goatfish

Parupeneus macronema

V

135

Forsskal’s Goatfish

Parupeneus forsskali

V

136

Yellowsaddle Goatfish

Parupeneus cyclostomus

V

420°

Yellowstripe Goatfish

Mulloides flavolineatus

V

Malacanthidae - Tilefishes



141

Quakerfish

Malacanthus brevirostris

U

Echeneididae - Remoras



144

Sharksucker

Echeneis naucrates

V

Gerreidae - Mojarras



145.5

Smallscale mojarra

Gerres longirostris

V

Mugilidae - Mullets



146

Fringelip Mullet

Crenimugil cremilabis

V

147

Thicklip Mullet

Oedalechilus labiosus

V

Pomacentridae - Damselfishes



153

Twobar Aemonefish

Amphiprion bicinctus

R

154

Domino

Dascyllus trimaculatus

R

155

Blackbordered Dascyllus

Dascyllus marginatus

R

156

Banded Dascyllus

Dascyllus aruanus

R

159

Weber’s Chromis

Chromis weberi

R

160

Ternate Chromis

Chromis ternatensis

R

161

Half-and-half Chromis

Chromis dimidiata

R

163

Bluegreen Chromis

Chromis viridis

R

165

Sulphur Damselfish

Pomacentrus sulfureus

R

167

Reticulated Damselfish

Pomacentrus trichourus

R

169

Threeline Damselfish

Pomacentrus trilineatus

R

171

Black Damselfish

Stegaster nigricans

R

173

Miry’s Damselfish

Neopomacentrus miryae

R

175

Jewel Damselfish

Plectroglyphidodon lacrymatus

R

177

Royal Damselfish

Paraglyphidodon melas

R

179

Onespot Damselfish

Chrysiptera unimaculata

R

180

Whitebelly Damselfish

Amblyglyphidodon leucogaster

R

181

Yellowflank Damselfish

Amblyglyphidodon flavilatus

R

182

Sergent Major

Abudefduf saxatilis

V

183

Scissortail Sergent

Abudefduf sexfasciatus

V

Labridae - Wrasses



190

Humphead Wrasse

Cheilinus undulatus

V

186

Diansa's Hogfish

Bodianus diana

U

187

Lyretail Hogfish

Bodianus anthioides*

VF

188

Mental Wrasse

Cheilinus mentalis

V

189

Bandcheek Wrasse

Cheilinus diagrammus

V

191

Broomtail Wrasse

Cheilinus lunatus

V

193

Abudjubbe

Cheilinus abudjubbe

V

196

Sixstripe Wrasse

Pseudocheilinus hexataenia*

R

198

Social Wrasse

Cirrhilabrus rubriventralis

U

200

Cleaner Wrasse

Labroides dimidiatus

C

201

Fourline Wrasse

Larabicus quadrilineatus*

U

202

Bluelined Wrasse

Slethojulis albovittata

U

204

Checkerboard Wrasse

Halichoeres hortulanus

VF

205

Zigzag Wrasse

Halichoeres scapularis

R

209

Spottail Coris

Coris caudimacula

V

211

Clown Coris

Coris aygula

V

212

Dapple Coris

Coris variegata

V

217

Yellowbreasted Wrasse

Anampses twistii

V

218

Yellowtail Wrasse

Anampses meleagrides

VF

220

Klunzinger’s Wrasse

Thalassoma rueppellii*

V

221

Moon Wrasse

Thalassoma lunare*

VF

223

Red Sea Bird Wrasse

Gomphosus caeruleus

V

224

Cigar Wrasse

Cheilio inermis

V

225.5

Razorfish

Iniistius sp.

V

402

Labridae

U

Scaridae - Parrotfishes



226

Dotted Parrotfish

Calotomus viridescens

V

227

Longnose Parrotfish

Hipposcarus harid

V

228

Bicolour Parrotfish

Cetoscarus bicolor

V

230

Bullethead Parrotfish

Scarus sordidus

V

232

Steepheaded Parrotfish

Clorurus gibbus

V

234

Rusty Parrotfish

Scarus ferrugineus

V

235

Palenose Parrotfish

Scarus psittacus

V

236

Bridled Parrotfish

Scarus frenatus

V

239

Swarthy Parrotfish

Scarus niger

V

401

Scaridae

V

Chaetodontidae - Butterflyfishes



240

Threadfin Butterflyfish

Chaetodon auriga

VF

241

Striped Butterflyfish

Chaetodon fasciatus

VF

243

Blackback Butterflyfish

Chaetodon melannotus

VF

244

Exquisite Butterflyfish

Chaetodon austriacus

VF

246

Crown Butterflyfish

Chaetodon paucifasciatus

VF

247

Masked Butterflyfish

Chaetodon semilarvatus

R

248

Chevron Butterflyfish

Megaprotodon trifascialis

VF

251

Red Sea Bannerfish

Heniochus intermedius

R

Pomacanthidae - Angelfishes



252

Emperor Angelfish

Pomacanthus imperator

V

253

Yellowbar Angelfish

Pomacanthus maculosus

V

255

Multispine Angelfish

Centropyge multispinis

R

257

Royal Angelfish

Pygoplites diacanthus

VF

Acanthuridae - Surgeonfishes



259

Sailfin Surgeonfish

Zebrasoma veliferum

R

260

Yellowtail Surgeonfish

Zebrasoma xanthurum

R

262

Brown Surgeonfish

Acanthurus nigrofuscus

R

263

Sohal

Acanthurus sohal

V

264

Lined Bristletooth

Ctenochaetus striatus

R

265

Orangespine Unicornfish

Naso literatus

V

266

Bluespine Unicornfish

Naso unicornis

V

Siganidae - Rabbitfishes



269

Rivulated Rabbitfish

Siganus rivulatus

V

271

Squaretail Rabbitfish

Siganus luridus

VF

419

Siganidae

V

Blennidae - Blennies



285

Scale-Eating Blenny

Plagiotremus tapeinosoma

R

286

Bluestriped Blenny

Plagiotremus rhinorhynchos

R

288

Mimic Blenny

Aspidontus taeniatus

R

Gobiidae - Gobies



301.5

Blackfin dartfish

Ptereleotris microlepis

R

Balistidae - Triggerfishes



305

Orangestriped Triggerfish

Balistapus undulatus

VF

306

Bluethroat Triggerfish

Sufflamen albicaudatus

R

307

Picasso Triggerfish

Rhinecanthus assasi

V

308

Titan Triggerfish

Balistoides viridescens

V

309

Yellowmargin Triggerfish

Pseudobalistes flavimarginatus

V

310

Blue Triggerfish

Pseudobalistes fuscus

V

311

Redtooth Triggerfish

Odonus niger

V

Monacanthidae - Filefishes



313

Wire-net Filefish

Cantherhines pardalis

V

Ostraciidae - Trinkfishes



315

Bluetail Trunkfish

Ostracion cyanurus

V

316

Cube Trunkfish

Ostracion cubicus

V

Tetradontidae - Puffers



318

Crown Toby

Canthigaster coronata

U

320

Pigmy Toby

Canthigaster pygmaea

U

321

Masked Puffer

Arothron diadematus

V

322

Bristly Puffer

Arothron hispidus

V

Diodontidae - Porcupinesfishes



324

Porcupine Fish

Diodon hystrix

V

Scombridae – Tunas and Mackerels



370

Striped mackerel

Rastrelliger kanagerta

V

Stenopodidae – Coral shrimps



404

Boxer shrimp

Stenopus hispidus

C

Palaemonidae - Partnershrimps



501°

Cave cleaner shrimp

Urocaridella sp.

C

500°

Long-arm cleaner shrimp

Periclemenes longicarpus

C



406

Juveniles

V

418

Undetermined Species

V


1 Identification number according to Randall (1983).

2 Species name according to Randall (1983), and Lieske and Meyers (2004).

3 R = resident; V = visitor, FV = facultative visitor; U = undetermined; C = cleaner.

4 Species which were not classified by Bshary (2001), but were attributed to a client category in 2007.
° 412 = 61; 501+ 500 = 405; 420 = 139.
* Facultative cleaners
References
Bshary, R. (2001). The cleaner fish market. Economics in Nature (eds R. Noë, J.A.R.A.M.van Hooff & P. Hammerstein), pp.146-172. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Lieske, E., and Myers, R.F (2004). Coral Reef Guide Red Sea. Harper Collins Publishers Ltd.384pp.
Randall, J.E. (1983). Red Sea Reef Fishes. London, Immel Publishing. 192pp.


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