Previously proposed classifications for the Pinaceae




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Table S1

Previously proposed classifications for the Pinaceae




Authors

Characters used

Classification systems1

Van Tieghem (1891) ...……………………………

Jeffrey (1905) …………………………………….

Doyle (1945) ……………………………………..

Price et al. (1987) ……...........................................



Resin cannals

Wood anatomy

Palynology

Immunology



I. Myeloceles (Abietoid group): Abies, Cedrus, Keteleeria, Pseudolarix, Tsuga

II. Epixyloceles (Pinoid group): Larix, Picea, Pinus, Pseudotsuga



Vierhapper (1910) ………………………………..

Pilger (1926), Melchior & Werdermann (1954) …



Shoots dimorphism

Leaves and cataphylls



I. Pineae: Pinus

II. Sapineae:

1. Abietinae: Abies, Keteleeria, Picea, Pseudotsuga, Tsuga

2. Laricinae: Cedrus, Larix, Pseudolarix



Frankis (1988) ……………………………………

Farjon (1990, 1998)……………………………….



Reproductive

morphology



I. Pinoideae: Pinus

II. Piceoideae: Picea

III. Laricoideae: Cathaya, Larix, Pseudotsuga

IV. Abietoideae: Abies, Cedrus, Pseudolarix, Hesperopeuce*, Nothotsuga, Keteleeria, Tsuga



Napp-Zinn & Hu (1989)

Hu & Napp-Zinn (1989)



Types of stomatal apparatus in the bracts and scales

I. Amphicyclic: Abies, Cedrus, Keteleeria, Picea, Tsuga

II. Monocyclic: Cathaya, Larix, Pinus, Pseudolarix, Pseudotsuga



Li (1995)

Karyology

I. Pinoideae:

1. Pineae: Pinus

2. Abieteae: Abies, Cathaya, Cedrus, Keteleeria, Picea,Tsuga

3. Lariceae: Pseudotsuga, Larix

II. Pseudolaricoideae: 1. Pseudolariceae: Pseudolarix


Wang et al. (2000)

Molecular data

nad5, matK, and 4CL

I. Pinoideae: Cathaya, Larix, Picea, Pinus, Pseudotsuga

II. Abietoideae: Abies, Keteleeria, Nothotsuga, Pseudolarix, Tsuga



Liston et al. (2003)

Molecular data

5.8S, ITS-2, and rbcL

I. Pinoideae: Cathaya, Larix, Picea, Pinus, Pseudotsuga

II. Abietoideae: Abies, Keteleeria, Pseudolarix, Tsuga



Gernandt et al. (2008)

Morphology, fossil, and molecular data (matK and rbcL)

I. Pinoideae: Cathaya, Larix, Picea, Pinus, Pseudotsuga

II. Abietoideae: Abies, Cedrus, Keteleeria, Nothotsuga, Pseudolarix, Tsuga



1. The Greek numbers denote groups within Pinaceae recognized by the respective authors. These groups are equivalent to subfamilial ranks or higher.

*. Hesperopeuce was only discussed and acknowledged by Frankis (1988).


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