Present: o, s, t, mus, tis, nt; Future: bo, bis, bit, bimis, bitis, bunt; Imperfect: bam, bas, bat, bamus, batis, bunt




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Workbook Chapter 5
GRAMMATICA

  1. –re, first

  2. –bi-, -ba-

  3. Present: o, s, t, mus, tis, nt; Future: bo, bis, bit, bimis, bitis, bunt; Imperfect: bam, bas, bat, bamus, batis, bunt

  4. present stem, tense sign, personal ending

  5. present: amo, amas, amat, amamus, amatis, amant; future: amabo, amabis, amabit, amabimus, amabitis, amabunt; imperfect: amabam, amabas, amabat, amabamus, amabatis, amabant

  6. future: I will love, you will love, he/she/it will love, we will love, y’all will love, they will love; imperfect: I was loving, you were loving, he/she/it was loving, we were loving, ya’ll were loving, they were loving

  7. d

  8. b

  9. Singular:

Nom

līber

lībera

līberum

noster

nostra

nostrum

Gen

līberi

līberae

līberi

nostri

nostrae

nostri

Dat

lībero

līberae

lībero

nostro

nostrae

nostro

Acc

līberum

līberam

līberum

nostrum

nostram

nostrum

Abl

lībero

līberā

lībero

nostro

nostrā

nostro

Plural

Nom

līberi

līberae

lībera

nostri

nostrae

nostra

Gen

līberorum

līberarum

līberorum

nostrorum

nostrarum

nostrorum

Dat

līberīs

līberīs

līberīs

nostrīs

nostrīs

nostrīs

Acc

līberos

līberas

lībera

nostros

nostras

nostra

Abl

līberīs

līberīs

līberīs

nostrīs

nostrīs

nostrīs




  1. cael- pulchr-

Nom

Caelum pulchrum

Caela pulchra

Gen

Caeli pulchri

Caelorum pulchrorum

Dat

Caelo pulchro

Caelīs pulchrīs

Acc

Caelum pulchrum

Caela pulchra

Abl

Caelo pulchro

Caelīs pulchrīs






    1. sanam; healthy youth [dir obj]

    2. lībrum; free mind [dir obj]

    3. nostrarum; of our faults

EXERCITATIONES





  1. we will blame

  2. he was remaining

  3. they will see

  4. we shall overcome

  5. I was dining

  6. (ad)iuvabo

  7. habebitis

  8. errabat

  9. dabimus

  10. satiabant



  1. superabam; I was always overcoming dangers.

  2. valebit; Knowledge will be strong enough.

  3. dabatis; Y’all often were giving glory to the friend.

  4. remanebit; Then our fault will not remain.

  5. errabunt; The girl and boy will err tomorrow.

  6. videbam; I was seeing the teachers yesterday.

  7. cogitabis; When will you think about philosophy?

  8. superabam; On account of war, therefore, I was defeating you.



  1. amicus noster; our friend [subject]

  2. agrum pulchrum; the beautfiul field [dir obj]

  3. agricolas monent; they warn the farmers

  4. me laudabat; he was praising me

  5. verbīs malīs; with bad words



  1. future, he/she/it will conserve

  2. imperfect; you were fearing

  3. present; they owe/should

  4. imperfect; y’all were calling

  5. present; we are



  1. Populus Romanus igitur bona consilia nostra laudabat.

  2. Tum parvos līberos in patriā nostrā servabunt.

  3. Rosae agricolae saepe parvae sed semper pulchrae sunt.

  4. Nauta feminae multa dona et basia dabat.

VIS VERBORUM





  1. c

  2. b

  3. c

  4. b

  5. d



  1. spirit

  2. blame/guilt

  3. cannot be overcome

  4. tomorrow

LECTIONES





  1. Will they, therefore, praise the fame of our daughters and sons?

  2. Free men will always have a great number of duties

  3. If your eyes are healthy today, you should see my beautiful fields without delay.

  4. Many people used to have great leisure and few cares in our beautiful country.

  5. On account of the destruction of the fatherland, they were then praising the penalty of the greedy men.

  6. Greetings, my friend! When shall we eat?

  7. Our teacher praises me and she will often praise you.

  8. We have many human faults and we will always have them.

  9. If you will overcome your anger, you will overcome yourself.

  10. Does your mind have enough of wisdom?



  1. b

  2. c

  3. b

  4. c

Workbook Chapter 6

GRAMMATICA


  1. T

  2. er-

  3. pot-, sum

  4. s

  5. complements/completes

  6. a

  7. F

  8. vidēre (1), satiare (2), monēre (3), remanēre (4), superare (10)

  9. Present: sum (I am), es (you are), est (he/she/it is), sumus (we are), estis (y’all are), sunt (they are);

Future: ero (I shall be), eris (you will be), erit (he/she/it will be), erimus (we shall be), eritis (y’all will be), erunt (they will be); Imperfect: eram (I was/used to be), eras (you were), erat (he/she/it was), eramus (we were), eratis (y’all were), erant (they were)

  1. Present: possum (I can), potes (you can), potest (he/she/it can), possumus (we can), potestis (y’all can), possunt (they can); Future: potero (I shall be able to), poteris (you will be able to), poterit (he/she/it will be able to), poterimus (we shall be able to), poteritis (y’all will be able to), poterunt (they will be able to); Imperfect: poteram (I was able to/used to be able to), poteras (you were able to), poterat (he/she/it was able to), poteramus (we were able to), poteratis (y’all were able to), poterant (they were able to)

EXERCITATIONES





    1. He/she/it was able to

    2. poterimus

    3. he/she/it will be able to

    4. possum

    5. we were able to

    6. poteras

    7. I shall be

    8. erit

    9. they will be able to

    10. eramus



    1. erant; Many books of the Greeks were perpetual.

    2. erit; Your book will be great.

    3. sunt; Our books are true.

    4. possumus; We cannot tolerate the vices of the tyrants.

    5. poterimus; We shall not be able to tolerate bad books.

    6. debemus; We should not tolerate your faults.

    7. poteras; Where were you able overcome the tyrants? There.



    1. poterant; they were able to

    2. ero; I shall be

    3. possum; I am not able to

    4. eritis; Y’all will be



    1. Tyrannum avarum nunc non tolerare potest. He cannot now tolerate the greedy tyrant.

    2. Discipulae vestrae, igitur, cras ibi remanēre poterunt. Your students, therefore, will be able to remain there tomorrow.

    3. Potesne libros discipulorum bonorum vidēre? Can you see the books of the good students?

    4. Insidias vitiaque tyranni tum superare poteramus. We were able to overcome the treachery and crimes of the tyrant then.



    1. Gloria deorum Graecorum Romanorumque perpetua erat.

    2. Magistri, possuntne discipuli vestri esse nunc salvi?

VIS VERBORUM





  1. vitiosus, vice, vicious, insidiosus, treachery, insidious

  2. b

  3. b

  4. d

  5. c

  6. b



  1. continual/everlasting

  2. full of power

LECTIONES

A.


  1. Your homeland will always be free; therefore, my students, remain there!

  2. If y’all will dine now, you will be able to have enough.

  3. We shouldn’t blame/find fault in/censure the sound words of our teacher, my friend.

  4. Were you able, therefore, to remain in your beautiful homeland?

  5. Where there is a tyrant, men cannot be free.

  6. Tyrants will always have many vices.

  7. Y’all were able to see the dangers of war.

  8. You were not tolerating the treachery of the sailor yesterday.

  9. You should warn the foolish men about the plot.

  10. Good and true books were able to save the fatherland of the Greeks.

B.

1. Poeta Sabidium non amat.

2. Poeta non potest dicere quārē.

3. Potest Sabidio dicere: ‘non amo te.’

4. They are at the beginning of the clauses (unless right after the negative)

5. It stresses the verb and its meaning as the most important part of the phrase.

6. magnos animos and paucas culpas; vitia and remedia

7. d


Workbook Chapter 7

GRAMMATICA



    1. d

    2. b

    3. a

    4. m or f, memorize

    5. d



    1. genitive pl m/f/n

    2. dat/abl pl m/f/n

    3. nom/acc pl n

    4. nom/acc pl m/f

    5. gen sg m/f/n

    6. acc sg m/f

    7. abl sg m/f/n

    8. dat sg m/f/n

7.

a. Graecam, Greek city (dir obj)

b. secondo, to/for the second/favorable time

c. salvi (nom) or salvos (acc), safe kings (subj or dir obj, respectively)

d. perpetui, of perpetual love

e. sanorum, of healthy bodies

8. labor- vestr-; masculine [you should be able to decline and translate this by now, if not, look at the charts in the book]

9. carmin- nov-; neuter [you should be able to decline and translate this by now, if not, look at the charts in the book]

10.

a. singular, feminine, accusative, direct object



b. plural, masculine, nominative, subject

c. plural, masculine, accusative, w/ preposition that takes accusative

d. plural, neuter, genitive, possession

e. singular, feminine, ablative, w/ preposition that takes ablative


EXERCITATIONES



  1. hominis līberi; of the free man

  2. nomen nostrum; our name

  3. virginibus Romanīs; by/w/from the Roman maidens

  4. carminibus pulchrīs; to/for the beautiful songs



  1. gloria reginae; the glory of the queen

  2. liber uxoris; the book of the wife

  3. terra tyranni; the land of the tyrant OR tyrannus terrae; the tyrant of the land



  1. pacem; We shall dare, therefore, to protect peace.

  2. mores hominum; The character of men today is (the habits are) bad.

  3. virtutem; On account of virtue, yesterday you were daring to remain there.

  4. labore, virtus; In work there is often true virtue.

  5. carmina, amore, litterīs; There are many songs/poems about love in the literature of the ancient poets.



  1. Tum discipuli vitia moresque malos tyranni tolerare non poterant.

  2. Audebisne igitur superare necareque novum regem civitatis?

  3. Graece deam in litterīs pulchrīs laudabant.

VIS VERBORUM





  1. a

  2. humanus, vir

  3. amo, amicus, amicus/a/um

  4. a

  5. a

  6. b

  7. d



  1. work

  2. dare

  3. wife

  4. under the earth

LECTIONES





  1. Greek literature was full of many poems about love of maidens and boys.

  2. Will they give literature to the queen and king tomorrow?

  3. On account of much labor, the bodies of your men were sound enough.

  4. Therefore, after bad times and on account of treachery, we used to have few men of great virtue there.

  5. Where will se see the names of the foolish?

  6. Money is nothing without good character.

  7. The character of a good man will be good.

  8. In many cities and lands peace was not able to be strong/prevail.

  9. Greedy men will dare now to overcome tyrants and to kill them.

  10. Love of country was always strong in our state.



  1. Se necavit propter magnum amorem virtutis.

  2. Lucretia Collatinum amabat.

  3. Dabat pulchrum librum novum.

  4. c

  5. a

Workbook Chapter 8

GRAMMATICA



    1. c

    2. demonstro, doceo

    3. o, i, u

    4. b

    5. d

    6. b

    7. dic, duc, fac, fer



      1. pres, pl, 1st

      2. fut, sg, 2nd

      3. pres, pl, 3rd

      4. pres, pl, 2nd

      5. fut, pl, 1st

      6. pres, sg, 1st

      7. fut, pl, 3rd

      8. pres, sg, 3rd

      9. fut, pl, 2nd

      10. fut, sg, 1st

    8. Present: gero, geris, gerit, gerimus, geritis, gerunt; Future: geram, geres, geret, geremus, geretis, gerent; Imperfect: gerebam, gerebas, gerebat, gerebamus, gerebatis, gerebant



      1. scribit: 3rd sg pres

      2. scribet: 3rd sg fut

      3. scribebat: 3rd sg impf

      4. ducet: 3rd sg fut

      5. ducit: 3rd sg pres

      6. ducebat: 3rd sg impf

      7. agebamus: 1st pl impf

      8. scribemus: 1st pf fut

EXERCITATIONES





  1. Duc hominem. Lead the man.

  2. Fratres docemus. We teach the brothers.

  3. De libertate scribit. He writes about liberty.

  4. Bellum gerebat. He was waging war.

  5. Demonstrabitis rationes. Y’all will demonstrate the reasons.

  6. Tyrannum necabit. He will kill the tyrant.

  7. Graecos vincebamus. We were conquering the Greeks.

  8. Discipulus cras discet. The student will learn tomorrow.

  9. Corpora trahebant. They were dragging the bodies.

  10. Virgines heri erant salvae. The maidens yesterday were safe.



    1. laus scriptoris – praise of the writer OR scriptor laudis – the writer of praise

    2. victoriae regis – the victories of the king

    3. virtutes sororum – the virtues of the sisters

    4. carmen discipulae – the song of the student

    5. mores reginae – the character of the queen



    1. agit; Reason now leads men out of vices towards virtue.

    2. scribebas; You were writing nothing about the troops.

    3. vincit; The goddess of love conquers many.

    4. trahet; Love of praise and victory will always draw men.



    1. Copias ad gloriam perpetuam ibi ducet.

    2. Civitas numquam Graeco tyranno gratias aget.

    3. Tuus amicus novus sorori meae litteras scribebat.

    4. Propter laborem tuum, copiam laudis habebis.

VIS VERBORUM





  1. victoriosus

  2. b

  3. b

  4. d

  5. c



    1. doctor, teacher

    2. scriptor, writer

    3. victor, conqueror

    4. demonstrator, demonstrator



      1. outside, homeland

      2. write on/into

      3. taught

      4. written after

      5. not, conquered

LECTIONES





  1. Why was the writer not then daring to write literature about the treachery?

  2. On account of the favorable times, we will be able to have true peace.

  3. The farmer and the wife used to dine often on the land under the beautiful sky.

  4. Where are men able to tolerate an evil king now?

  5. Lead the Greek to me, and I will give thanks to the goddesses.

  6. While the tyrant leads the troops, we can do nothing.

  7. New men therefore were giving thanks to our state.

  8. The tyrant will lead great troops out of our state and will wage war.

  9. A great supply of money, nevertheless, does not lead men to wisdom.

  10. Reason can often lead men out of faults towards a good life.



  1. b

  2. a

  3. c


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