Poecilostomatoida marine parasites




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Maxillopoda - Copepoda

POECILOSTOMATOIDA

MARINE PARASITES

JU-SHEY HO

Department of Biological Sciences

California State University, Long Beach

Order Poecilostomatoida Thorell, 1859

Family Bomolochidae Sumpf, 1871

Genus Acantholochus Cressey, 1984

Acantholochus divaricatus (Cressey & Cressey, 1980)

Synonymy: Cressey, 1984: 182.

Description and diagnosis: Cressey & Cressey, 1980: 4.

References: Cressey & Cressey, 1980: 4, figs. 1-4, 5a-c.

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil.

Comments: Parasitic in the nasal sinuses of Scomberomorus brasiliensis, S. maculatus, and S. regalis .

Genus Bomolochus von Nordmann, 1832



Bomocholus nitidus (Wilson, 1911)

Synonymy: Cressey, 1983: 3.

Description and diagnosis: Cressey, 1983: 3.

References: Knoff et al., 1994: 46, figs. 1-10.

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (RJ).

Comments: Parasitic on Mugil platanus.

Genus Orbitacolax Shen, 1957



Orbitacolax dactylopterusi (Carvalho, 1958)

Synonymy: Vervoort, 1962: 83.

Description and diagnosis: Carvalho, 1958: 47.

References: Carvalho, 1958: 47, figs. 1-11.

Geographic distribution: Southwestern Atlantic. Brazil (SP).

Comments: Parasitic on the orbit of Dactylopterus volitans.



Orbitacolax haplogenyos (Yamaguti & Yamasu, 1959)

Synonymy: Vervoort, 1962: 84.

Description and diagnosis: Ho, Do & Kasahara, 1983: 11.

References: Ho, Do & Kasahara, 1983: 11, figs. 122-141; Cressey & Cressey, 1989: 2905, figs. 16-27.

Geographic distribution: Western Pacific, Caribbean, and Southwestern Atlantic. Brazil (?Plata).

Comments: Parasitic on the orbit of Abudefduf saxatilis, Acanthurus coerulus, Clepticus parrae, Epinephelus itajara, Holacanthus adscencionis, Monacanthus hispidus, Prionotus nudiqula, and Pseudupeneus maculatus.

Genus Parabomolochus Vervoort, 1962



Parabomolochus xenomelanirisi (Carvalho, 1955)

Synonymy: Vervoort, 1962: 46.

Description and diagnosis: Carvalho, 1955: 144.

References: Carvalho, 1955: 144, pl. 1, figs. 1-13, pl. 2, figs. 1-8.

Geographic distribution: Southwestern Atlantic. Brazil (SP).

Comments: Parasitic on the inner side of the operculum of Xenomelaniris brasiliensis.

Family Chondracanthidae Milne Edwards, 1840

Genus Blias Kroyer, 1863

Blias prionoti Kroyer, 1863

Synonymy: Ho, 1970: 140.

Description and diagnosis: Ho, 1970: 140.

References: Carvalho, 1951: 142; Ho, 1970: 140, figs. 72-91.

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic and Southeastern Pacific. Brazil.

Comments: Parasitic on the gill filaments of Hemianthias peruanus, Prionotus carolinus, P. martis. P. pectoralis, P. punctatus, P. quiescens, P. scitlus, P. striatus, P. tribulus, and Stephanolepis hispidus.

Genus Chondracanthus De la Roche, 1811



Chondracanthus merluccii (Holten, 1802)

Synonymy: Ho, 1971: 23.

Description and diagnosis: Ho, 1971: 23.

References: Carvalho, 1951: 143; Ho, 1971: 23, figs. 18-20; 1991: 60.

Geographic distribution: Atlantic. Brazil (SP).

Comments: Parasitic in the oral-branchial cavities of Merluccius bilinearis, M. capencis, M. hubbsi, and M. merluccius.
Family Clausidiidae Embleton, 1901

Genus Doviella Rocha, 1986



Doviella prima Rocha, 1986

Description and diagnosis: Rocha, 1986: 174.

References: Por et al., 1984: 256 (as Pontoclausia sp); Rocha, 1986: 174, figs. 1-26.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (SP).

Comments: In the estuarine benthos; host unknown.

Genus Hemicyclops Boeck, 1873



Hemicyclops caissarum Kihara & Rocha, 1993

Description and diagnosis: Kihara & Rocha, 1993: 244.

References: Kihara & Rocha, 1993: 244, figs. 1-25.

Distribution: Brazil (SP).

Comments: In water burrow of Callichirus major (Say, 1818), in the intertidal zone of sandy beaches.
Hemicyclops sebastiani Kihara & Rocha, 1993

Description and diagnosis: Kihara & Rocha, 1993: 249.

References: Kihara & Rocha, 1993: 249, figs. 26-41.

Distribution: Brazil (SP).

Comments: In burrow water of Callichirus guassutinga (Rodrigues, 1971) in the intertidal zone of sandy beaches.
Hemicyclops subadhaerens Gooding, 1960

Synonymy: Gooding, 1960: 181.

Description and diagnosis: Gooding, 1960: 181.

References: Gooding, 1960: 181, figs. 5-7; Kihara & Rocha, 1993: 243.

Distribution: Canada (British Columbia), USA (California), Argentina, and Brazil (RS).

Comments: In water burrow of C. mirim (Rodrigues, 1971) and Callianassa californiensis.

Family Myicolidae Yamaguti, 1936

Genus Pseudomyicola Yamaguti, 1936

Pseudomyicola spinosus (Raffaele & Monticelli, 1885)

Synonymy: Humes, 1968: 206; Ho, 1980: 296.

Description and diagnosis: Humes, 1968: 206.

References: Narchi, 1965: 359, figs. 1-10; Humes, 1968: 206, figs. 1 34; Ho, 1980: 296, figs. 1A-I.

Geographic distribution: Atlantic, Pacific, and western Indian Oceans. Brazil (SP).

Comments: Parasitic in the mantle cavities of more than 50 species of bivalves including Anomalocardia brasiliana.

Family Philichthyidae Vogt, 1877

Genus Colobomatus Hesse, 1873

Colobomatus belizensis Cressey & Schotte, 1983

Description and diagnosis: Cressey & Schotte, 1983: 192.

References: Cressey & Schotte, 1983: 192, figs. 2-7; Luque & Takemoto, 1996: 530, fig. 1.

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil.

Comments: Parasitic in the mucus canals in the head region of Haemulon aurolineatum, H. carbonarium, H. chrysarygyreum, H. macrostomum, H. melanurum, H. parrai, H. plumieri, H. sciurus, H. steindachneri, Orthopristis chrysopterus, and O. ruber.

Family Shiinoidae Cressey, 1975

Genus Shiinoa Kabata, 1968

Shiinoa inauris Cressey, 1975

Description and diagnosis: Cressey, 1975: 211.

References: Cressey, 1975: 211, figs. 1-15; Cressey & Cressey, 1980, figs. 38A-D, 39A-D.

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil.

Comments: Parasitic on the nasal lamellae of Scomberomorus brasiliensis, S. maculatus, and S. regalis.

Family Taeniacanthidae Wilson, 1911

Genus Taeniacanthus Sumpf, 1871

Taeniacanthus lagocephali Pearse, 1952

Synonymy: Dojiri & Cressey, 1987: 54.

Description and diagnosis: Dojiri & Cressey, 1987: 54.

References: Dojiri & Cressey, 1987: 54, figs. 33 37.

Geographic distribution: Western Pacific, Gulf of Mexico, and Southwestern Atlantic. Brazil.

Comments: Parasitic in the branchial cavities of Lagocephalus laevigatus.

Family Tuccidae Vervoort, 1962

Genus Tucca Kroyer, 1837

Tucca impressus Kroyer, 1837

Synonymy: Ho, 1967: 287.

Description and diagnosis: Ho, 1967: 287.

References: Carvalho, 1951: 136; Ho, 1967: 287, figs. 1 27.

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (SP).

Comments: Parasitic in the branchial cavities of Chilomycterus schoepfii and Diodon hystrix.

References

Carvalho, J.P. 1951. Notas sôbre alguns copépodos parasitos de peixes marítimos da costa do estado de São Paulo. Boletim do Instituto Paulista de Oceanografia 2(2): 135-144.

Carvalho, J.P. 1955. Bomolochus xenomelanirisi n. sp. parasito de Peixe-Rei Xenomelaniris brasiliensis (Quoy & Gaimard). Boletim do Instituto Oceanográfico 6(1/2): 143-155.

Carvalho, J.P. 1958. Bomolochus dactylopterusi sp. nov. (Crustacea, Copepoda), parasita del "Pez volador". Neotropica 4: 47-50.

Cressey, R.F. 1975. A new family of parasitic copepods (Cyclopoida, Shiinoidae). Crustaceana 28(2): 211-219.

Cressey, R.F. 1983. Parasitic copopods from the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea, II: Bomolochidae. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 389: 1-35.

Cressey, R.F. 1984. A new genus of bomolochid copepod from eastern Pacific haemulid fishes. Bulletin of Marine Science 35(2): 182-186.

Cressey, R.F. & Cressey, H.B. 1980. Parasitic copepods of mackerel- and tuna-like fishes (Scombridae) of the world. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 311: 1-186.

Cressey, R.F. & Cressey, H.B 1989. A new species of Orbitocolax (Copepoda: Bomolochidae) and redescriptions of two additional species. Canadian Journal of Zoology 67: 2901-2909.

Cressey, R.F. & Schotte, M. 1983. Three new species of Colobomatus (Copepoda: Philichthyidae) parasitic in the mandibular canals of haemulid fishes. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 96(2): 189-201.

Dojiri, M. & Cressey, R.F. 1987. Revision of the Taeniacanthidae (Copepoda: Poecilostomatoida) parasitic on fishes and sea urchins. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 447: 1-250.

Gooding, R.U. 1960. North and South American copepods of the genus Hemicyclops (Cyclopoida:Clausidiidae). Proceedings of the United States National Museum 112(3434): 159-195.

Ho, J.S. 1967. Cyclopoid copepods of the genus Tucca (Tuccidae), parasitic on diodontid and tetradontid fishes. Fishery Bulletin 66(2): 285-298.

Ho, J.S. 1970. Revision of the genera of the Chondracanthidae, a copepod family parasitic on marine fishes. Beaufortia 17: 105-218.

Ho, J.S. 1971. Parasitic copepods of the family Chondracanthidae from fishes of eastern North America. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 87: 1-38.

Ho, J.S. 1980. Origin and dispersal of Mytilus edulis in Japan deduced from its present status of copepod parasitism. Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory 25(5/6): 293 313.

Ho, J.S. 1991. Redescription of Chondracanthus zei Delaroche (Copepoda, Poecilostomatoida) parasitic on Zeus faber L. in the Sea of Japan, with preliminary review of the genus. Report of the Sado Marine Biological Station 21: 49-79.

Ho, J.S., Do, T.T. & Kasahara, S. 1983. Copepods of the family Bomolochidae parasitic on fishes of Kojima Bay, Okayama Prefecture. Journal of the Faculty of Applied Biological Sciences, Hiroshima University, 22: 1-41.

Humes, A.G. 1968. The cyclopoid copepod Pseudomyicola spinosus (Raffaele & Monticelli) from marine pelecypods, chiefly in Bermuda and the West Indies. Beaufortia 14: 203-226.

Kihara, T.C. & Rocha, C.E.F. 1993. Two new species of Hemicyclops (Copepoda: Poecilostomatoida: Clausidiidae) associated with mud shrimps of the genus Callichirus from Brazil. Bijdragen tot de Dierkunde 63(4): 243-254.

Knoff, M., Luque, J.L. & Takemoto, R.M. 1994. Parasitic copepods on Mugil platanus Günther (Osteichthyes: Mugilidae) from the coast of the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária 3(1): 45-56.

Luque, J.L. & Takemoto, R.M. 1996. Parasitic copepods on Orthopristis ruber and Haemulon steindachneri (Osteichthyes: Haemulidae) from the Brazilian littoral, with the description of a new species of Caligus (Siphonostomatoida: Caligidae). Revista Brasileira de Biologia 56(3): 529-546.

Narchi, W. 1965. A new species of Pseudomyicola Yamaguti, 1936 (Copepoda, Cyclopoidea). Anais da Academia Brasileira de.Ciências 37(2): 359-361.

Por, F.D., Shimizu, G.Y., Prado-Por, M.S.A., Lansac-Tôha, F.A. & Oliveira, I.R. 1984. The blackwater river estuary of Rio Una do Prelado (São Paulo, Brazil): preliminary hydrobiological data. Revue d'Hydrobiologie tropicale 17(3): 245-258.

Rocha, C.E.F. 1986. Copepods of the Juréia Ecological Reserve, State of São Paulo, Brazil. I. Doviella prima, new genus, new species (Poecilostomatoidea: Clausidiidae). Boletim de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, 10: 173-187.



Vervoort, W. 1962. A review of the genera and species of the Bomolochidae (Crustacea, Copepoda), including the description of some old and new species. Zoologische Verhandelingen 56: 1-111.


 HO, J.-S., 1998. Maxillopoda - Copepoda. Poecilostomatoida. Marine Parasites. In: YOUNG, P.S. (ed.). Catalogue of Crustacea of Brazil. Rio de Janeiro: Museu Nacional. p. 235-240. (Série Livros n. 6).



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