|Study guide Exam #4
Arthropods, Hexapods & Myriapods, and Echinoderms
Next exam will be two parts.
Part one will be to select three short essay questions from a selected list of questions. I will select five questions from the short essay questions below and you will have to answer three. Full credit will only be given if answers are complete and essay from.
Part two will consist of 20 multiple choice questions.
Describe the characteristics of the Phylum Arthropoda and discuss the major reasons for its success.
Describe the structure of the exoskeleton and how respiration occurs in Arthropods.
Describe the subphylum Chelicerata and list and discuss the characteristics of the organisms found in Class Arachnida.
Describe the characteristics of the subphylum Crustacea and the specialization of appendages.
Describe the characteristics of the subphylum Myriapods and Hexapods and there major reasons for success.
Describe the subphylum Myriapods, include the characteristics of the class Chilopoda and class Diplopoda. Where do they live and what time of day do they feed? Why?
Describe the characteristics of the subphylum Hexpoda, and include the characteristics of class Insecta- head, thorax, abdomen and appendages.
Describe the characteristics of the Phylum Echinodermata and discuss the unique features.
Describe the Water Vascular System and how the nervous system coordinates locomotion in some echinoderms.
Describe the characteristics of the class Asteroidea and how it differs from class Ophiuroidea.
Compare and contrast the following classes: class Crinoidea, class Echinoidea and class Holothuridea.
Some terminology for each Phylum that may be seen on the multiple choice questions
Arthropods, subphylum cheliceratea, subphylum crustacean, Biramous appendages, book gills, book lungs, chelicerae, ecdysis, exoskeleton, cuticle, hemocoel, Malphighian tubules, mandibles, maxillae, opisthososma, oviparous, viviparous, pedipalps, prosoma, cephalothorax, spiracles, chelipeds, carapace, maxillipeds, trachea, , metamerism, tagmatization
Hexapods, myriapods, class diplopoda, class chilopoda, class insecta, mesothorax, metathorac, nyphs, naiads, metamorphosis, larval, pupa prothorax, compound eyes
Echinoderms, class asteroidea, class ophiuroidea, class echinoidea, class holothuroidea, class crinoidea, deuterostome, pentaradial symmetry, tube feet, ambulacral grove, pedicellariae, water vascular system, sea daises, sea stars, Aristotle’s latern, sea cucumber, respiratory tress, sea lilly, feather star, crown, arm, calyx, stalk