Paleontology lecture test # 2 2009




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PALEONTOLOGY LECTURE TEST # 2 - 2009

1. The ? is characterized by an operculate, tapering shell; a ligula and helens are present. A.Hyolitha B.Monoplacophora C.Gastropoda D.Scaphopoda E.Bivalvia


2. The presence of nematocysts is characteristic of the A.Mollusca B.Echinodermata C.Brachiopoda D.Bryozoa E.Cnidaria
3. Squids and octopuses belong to the A.Nautiloidea B.Coleoidea C.Bactritoidea D.Ammonoidea E.Endoceratoidea
4. The pleural lobe is the ? lobe of a trilobite. A.axial B.lateral
5. Sea anemones, corals, sea fans, sea pens, and sea feathers belong to the A.Scyphomedusae B.Conulariida C.Anthozoa D.Stenolaemata E.Phylactolaemata
6. The barnacles belong to the A.Cirripedia B.Branchiopoda C.Copepoda D.Malacostraca E.Ostracoda
7. The ? are found in rocks from Ordovician through Permian age; there is 4-fold symmetry, with secondary septa developing in 4 of 6 of the interseptal spaces. A.Scyphomedusae B.Rugosa C.Tabulata D.Scleractinia E.Conulariida
8. In the ? the shell consists of a phragmacone, pro-ostracum and rostrum. A.Teuthida B.Sepioidea C.Octapoda D.Belemnoidea E.Nautiloidea
9. The ? Ichnofacies is characteristic of intertidal sandy environments; it consists of vertical "pipe rocks". A.Glossifungites B.Cruziana C.Zoophycos D.Skolithos E.Nereites
10. The ? are characterized by polymorphism; some individuals have weird bird-like beaks for feeding or defense. A.Mollusca B.Echinodermata C.Brachiopoda D.Bryozoa E.Cnidaria
11. The ? are characterized by a discoid theca; the five ambulacra on the upper hemisphere radiated from the mouth in a clockwise or counterclockwise direction. A.Helicoplacoidea B.Edrioasteroidea C.Ophiocistoidea D.Cyclocystoidea E.Holothuroidea
12. The most abundant modern brachiopods belong to the ?; they are characterized by a complex looped brachidium. A.Terebratulida B.Orthida C.Strophomenida D.Pentamerida E.Rhynchonellida
13. The presence of a brachiole, hydrospires and lancet plates are diagnostic of the A.Crinozoa B.Asterozoa C.Blastozoa D.Homalozoa E.Echinozoa
14. The ? are primitive winged insects that lack the ability to fold their wings. A.Apterygota B.Palaeoptera C.Neoptera
15. There ? freshwater brachiopods. A.are/were B.are no/were no
16. The Ophiuroidea belong to the A.Homalozoa B.Echinozoa C.Blastozoa D.Crinozoa E.Asterozoa
17. There ? trilobites after the Permian. A.are B.are no
18. The ? are "velvet worms"; modern types are found in tropical rain forests. A.Cirripedia B.Onychophora C.Branchiopoda D.Copepoda E.Malacostraca
19. In the ? the medusa stage is dominant; in some types mesentaries subdivide the body. A.hydrozoans B.anthozoans C.scyphozoans
20. The ? are colonial; they may appear bush-like, fungiform or encrusting and often form carpet-like colonies. A.Mollusca B.Echinodermata C.Brachiopoda D.Bryozoa E.Cnidaria
21. The Lingulida, Acrotretida and Obolellida pertain to the A.Inarticulata B.Orthida C.Strophomenida D.Pentamerida E.Rhynchonellida
22. Ticks and mites belong to the A.Xiphosura B.Eurypterida C.Arachnida D.Myriapoda E.Hexapoda
23. A camera and siphuncle is characteristic of the A.Bivalvia B.Cephalopoda C.Gastropoda D.Scaphopoda E.Polyplacophora
24. The most abundant modern zooplankton belong to the A.Cirripedia B.Branchiopoda C.Copepoda D.Malacostraca E.Ostracoda
25. Brachiopods were most abundant during the A.Paleozoic B.Mesozoic C.Cenozoic
26. "Platform" conodont structures are termed A.ramiform B.coniform C.pectiniform
27. Most of the ? have pentameral symmetry. A.Arthropoda B.Cnidaria C.Mollusca D.Echinodermata E.Hemichordata
28. The pelma is a crinoid A.crown B.column and root system C.the pelma is all of the above
29. The ? were up to 3 meters long; the opisthosoma had 12 free segments excluding the telson, and the sixth pair of appendages were typically oar-like. A.Xiphosura B.Eurypterida C.Arachnida D.Myriapoda E.Hexapoda
30. The ? have a lophophore. A.Mollusca B.Echinodermata C.Arthropoda D.Bryozoa E.Cnidaria
31. In the ? there were paired pores that penetrated some or most of the thecal plates; they had small, erect, brachiole-like appendages. A.Blastoidea B.Rhombifera C.Asteroidea D.Ophiuroidea E.Diploporita
32. The area surrounding the mouth of an echinoderm is the A.cirrus B.ambulacrum C.peristome D.madreporite E.periproct
33. ? echinoids were mostly fossorial. A.regular B.irregular C.both regular and irregular echinoids were fossorial
34. "Horseshoe Crabs" belong to the A.Xiphosura B.Eurypterida C.Arachnida D.Myriapoda E.Hexapoda
35. Holochroal and schizochroal refers to ? types in trilobites. A.suture B.appendage C.gill D.eye E.reproduction
36. In the ? the siphuncle was small and marginal; there were no siphuncular or cameral deposits. A.Nautiloidea B.Actinoceratoidea C.Bactritoidea D.Ammonoidea E.Endoceratoidea
37. The ? belonged to the "Agnatha". A.Graptolithina B.Edrioasteroidea C.Conodonta D.Cyclocystoidea E.Holothuroidea
38. The rudist bivalves belonged to the A.Palaeotaxodonta B.Isofilibranchia C.Pteriomorpha D.Heteroconchia E.Anomalodesmata
39. In the ? a water vascular system is well-developed. A.Arthropoda B.Cnidaria C.Mollusca D.Echinodermata E.Hemichordata
40. The ? are the smallest trilobites; they are typically eyeless, with a subequal cephalon and pygidium. A.Redlichiida B.Phacopida C.Agnostida D.Corynexochida E.Ptychopariida
41. Ammonite sutures were most dominant in the A.Early Paleozoic B.Late Paleozoic C.Early Mesozoic D.Late Mesozoic E.Cenozoic
42. Blastoids are found in rocks of ? age. A.Paleozoic B.Mesozoic C.Cenozoic D.blastoids are found in all of the above ages
43. The ? had bivalved shells that were joined permanently across their top; the shell apparently broke periodically along the margin to allow growth. A.Palaeotaxodonta B.Rostrochonchia C.Pteriomorpha D.Heteroconchia E.Anomalodesmata
44. A hyponome is characteristic of the A.Bivalvia B.Cephalopoda C.Gastropoda D.Scaphopoda E.Polyplacophora
45. The ? is an opening in the pedicle valve adjacent to the hinge line; it serves for the passage of the pedicle. A.commissure B.plication C.intearea D.delthyrium E.umbo
46. Which of the following belong to the Crustacea? A.Cirripedia B.Branchiopoda C.Copepoda D.Malacostraca E.all of the above are crustaceans
47. In the ? the septa are in multiples of six; they are important modern reef-builders. A.Scyphomedusae B.Rugosa C.Tabulata D.Scleractinia E.Conulariida
48. "Brine Shrimp" belong to the A.Cirripedia B.Branchiopoda C.Copepoda D.Malacostraca E.Ostracoda
49. The ? included the classes Carpoidea and Stylophora; some scientists have claimed that these are primitive chordates. A.Homalozoa B.Echinozoa C.Blastozoa D.Crinozoa E.Asterozoa
50. The Stenolaemata and Gymnolaemata pertain to the A.Mollusca B.Echinodermata C.Brachiopoda D.Bryozoa E.Cnidaria
51. In ? sutures there are small lobes and saddles only on the major lobes. A.ammonite B.goniatite C.ceratite
52. Earthworms, leeches and polychaetes belong to the A.Platyhelminthes B.Nemertea C.Nematoda D.Siphunculoida E.Annelida
53. The elevated axial portion of a cephalon is termed the A.cranidium B.hypostoma C.rostral plate D.occipital ring E.glabella
54. In the ? there were globular, tightly-sutured calyces; most had long erect arms and many of the arms were pinnulate. A.Blastozoa B.Asterozoa C. Homalozoa D.Echinozoa E.Crinozoa
55. The Palaeocopida and Podocopida pertain to the A.Cirripedia B.Branchiopoda C.Copepoda D.Malacostraca E.Ostracoda
56. In the ?, the body consists of a prosoma and opisthosoma; pedipalps are often present. A.Trilobitomorpha B.Crustacea C.Onychophora D.Chelicerata E.Myriapoda
57. Complete bioturbation is typical of a ? rate of deposition. A.low B.high
58. The Burgess Shale is of ? age. A.Cambrian B.Ordovician C.Silurian D.Devonian E.Mississippian
59. Productid brachiopods pertain to the A.Inarticulata B.Orthida C.Strophomenida D.Pentamerida E.Rhynchonellida
60. In the ?, microscopic "elements" were arranged into apparatuses. A.Graptolithina B.Edrioasteroidea C.Conodonta D.Cyclocystoidea E.Holothuroidea
61. In the ?, the siphuncular deposits typically consisted of conical sheaths; some of these animals were as long as ten meters. A.Nautiloidea B.Actinoceratoidea C.Bactritoidea D.Ammonoidea E.Endoceratoidea
62. Insects belong to the A.Xiphosura B.Eurypterida C.Arachnida D.Myriapoda E.Hexapoda
63. There ? freshwater bryozoans. A.are B.are no
64. In ? shells the coiled whorls touch one another. A.advolute B.involute
65. In the ?, there are comb-like processes that close the aperture when the tentacles are retracted; fossils typically consist of chemical borings produced by soft-bodied colonies within calcareous substrates (and are often classified as trace fossils). A.Cryptostomata B.Cystoporata C.Fenestrata D.Ctenostomata E.Cheilostomata
66. There ? freshwater trilobites. A.were B.were no
67. The ? have radial symmetry; the colenteron is often divided by radial folds and partitions. A.Mollusca B.Echinodermata C.Brachiopoda D.Bryozoa E.Cnidaria
68. The ? typically have trochophore and veliger larvae. A.Arthropoda B.Cnidaria C.Mollusca D.Echinodermata E.Hemichordata
69. The entire graptolite colony is termed the A.bitheca B.nema C.sicula D.zooid E.rhabdosome
70. The ? were probably ancestral to all recent cephalopods except the Nautilus; the sutures were simple with at least one V-shaped ventral lobe. A.Nautiloidea B.Actinoceratoidea C.Bactritoidea D.Ammonoidea E.Endoceratoidea
71. Dwelling structures are termed A.Cubichnia B.Repichnia C.Pascichnia D.Fodinichnia E.Domichnia
72. ? crinoids are/were marine. A.few B.most C.all
73. Pterobranchs, acorn worms and possibly the graptolites belong to the A.Arthropoda B.Cnidaria C.Mollusca D.Echinodermata E.Hemichordata
74. The ? include the sea cucumbers. A.Helicoplacoidea B.Edrioasteroidea C.Ophiocistoidea D.Cyclocystoidea E.Holothuroidea
75. The ? includes most of the terrestrial and freshwater snails. A.Archaeogastropoda B.Mesogastropoda C.Neogastropoda D.Opisthobranchia E.Pulmonata
76. Lobsters, crabs, crayfish, and shrimp belong to the A.Cirripedia B.Branchiopoda C.Copepoda D.Malacostraca E.Ostracoda
77. The ? have a strongly convex cephalon; the glabella is widest at the occipital ring; the sutures are opisthoparian and large genal spines are typical. A.Redlichiida B.Odontopleurida C.Agnostida D.Corynexochida E.Ptychopariida
78. The ? were fossil colonial marine organisms; they had a proteinaceous skeleton and often formed complexly branched colonies. A.Graptolithina B.Edrioasteroidea C.Conodonta D.Cyclocystoidea E.Holothuroidea
79. Graptolites are found in rocks of ? age. A.Paleozoic B.Mesozoic C.Cenozoic D.graptolites are found in rocks of both Paleozoic and Mesozoic age
80. The only phylum of "worms" preserved as fossils is the A.Platyhelminthes B.Nemertea C.Nematoda D.Siphunculoida E.Annelida
81. In the ?, the skeleton consisted of chitin and calcium phosphate; these elongate pyramid-shaped organisms are found in rocks of Cambrian through Early Triassic age. A.Scyphomedusae B.Rugosa C.Tabulata D.Scleractinia E.Conulariida
82. The ? include the oysters and scallops. A.Palaeotaxodonta B.Isofilibranchia C.Pteriomorpha D.Heteroconchia E.Anomalodesmata
83. In a ? trilobite suture, the suture bisects the genal angle. A.marginal B.opisthoparian C.proparian D.gonatoparian
84. The rudists were important reef-builders during the A.Paleozoic B.Mesozoic C.Cenozoic
85. Scolecodonts are features found in some members of the A.Platyhelminthes B.Nemertea C.Nematoda D.Siphunculoida E.Annelida
86. The shells of the ? are open at both ends; the head has captacula protruding from large gills which collect food. A.Hyolitha B.Monoplacophora C.Gastropoda D.Scaphopoda E.Polyplacophora
87. Cockroaches belong to the A.Orthoptera B.Diptera C.Hymenoptera D.Coleoptera E.Blattodea
88. The ? are probably the most studied group of fossil invertebrates; they have been used extensively as index fossils. A.Bivalvia B.Cephalopoda C.Gastropoda D.Scaphopoda E.Polyplacophora
89. The large tube or chamber occupied by the main bryozoan zooid is termed the A.acanthopore B.autopore C.mesopore D.cystiphragm E.coenosteum
90. The ? have a chitinous, jointed exoskeleton; the body consists of two or more tagma. A.Arthropoda B.Mollusca C.Brachiopoda D.Bryozoa E.Cnidaria
91. The ? have a single left gill; the shells are conispiral with a siphonal notch or canal present. A.Archaeogastropoda B.Mesogastropoda C.Neogastropoda D.Opisthobranchia E.Pulmonata
92. The larger valve of a brachiopod is termed the ? valve. A.pedicle B.brachial C.the pedicle and brachial valves are the same size
93. A ? is an adapertural flexure of a cephalopod suture. A.saddle B.lobe
94. Conchostracans belong to the A.Cirripedia B.Branchiopoda C.Copepoda D.Malacostraca E.Ostracoda
95. The ? are bivalved creatures; the shells are not equal in size and they are symmetrical when you look down on the top of the valves. A.Bivalvia B.Brachiopoda C.this is true for both the Bivalvia and Brachiopoda
96. The morphology of the cardinal and lateral teeth, and the development of the adductor scars and the pallial sinus, are important in the classification of A.Bivalvia B.Monoplacophora C.Gastropoda D.Scaphopoda E.Polyplacophora
97. The ? include branching graptolites that had two sizes of thecae. A.Graptoloidea B.Edrioasteroidea C.Conodonta D.Dendroidea E.Holothuroidea
98. Beetles belong to the A.Orthoptera B.Diptera C.Hymenoptera D.Coleoptera E.Blattodea
99. The ? have a wedge-shaped foot; inhalent and exhalent siphons are present. A.Bivalvia B.Monoplacophora C.Gastropoda D.Scaphopoda E.Polyplacophora
100. The centipedes belong to the A.Diplopoda B.Copepoda C.Chilopoda D.Cirripedia E.Ostracoda
101. The ? include chitons and their relatives. A.Hyolitha B.Monoplacophora C.Gastropoda D.Scaphopoda E.Polyplacophora
102. The endoceratoids and actinoceratoids were probably A.nektonic B.benthonic
103. In the ? the carapace is bivalved, with a hinged articulation; the inside of the shell often has well-developed muscle scars which are used in classification. A.Cirripedia B.Branchiopoda C.Copepoda D.Malacostraca E.Ostracoda
104. The pygidium is the ? shield in trilobites. A.head B.thoracic C.tail
105. In the ? the shell is chitinophosphatic or calcareous; muscles and the body wall hold the valves together. A.inarticulate brachiopods B.articulate brachiopods
106. The ? Ichnofacies consists of large spreite- filled feeding loops that are found below wave base and above the turbidite zone. A.Glossifungites B.Cruziana C.Zoophycos D.Skolithos E.Nereites
107. The ? were probably ancestral to the other articulate brachiopods; they had generally unequally biconvex shells with radial ribs, relatively wide and straight hinge lines and with interareas on both valves. A.Terebratulida B.Orthida C.Strophomenida D.Pentamerida E.Rhynchonellida
108. The ? are wormlike, with multiple segments bearing legs; the skeleton is chitinous and tracheae are present. A.Xiphosura B.Eurypterida C.Arachnida D.Myriapoda E.Hexapoda
109. Very spinose trilobites with an expanded glabella were most likely A.planktonic B.benthonic
110. The ? are characterized by a cap, spoon-shaped or arched single shell; the bellerophontids probably belong to this group. A.Hyolitha B.Monoplacophora C.Gastropoda D.Scaphopoda E.Polyplacophora
111. The pteropods belong to the A.Archaeogastropoda B.Mesogastropoda C.Neogastropoda D.Opisthobranchia E.Pulmonata
112. In ? bivalve dentition, the teeth are separated by an edentulous area. A.edentulous B.taxodont C.cyrtodont D.actinodont E.heterodont
113. The presence of a radula is characteristic of the A.Arthropoda B.Cnidaria C.Mollusca D.Echinodermata E.Hemichordata


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