|May 3rd, 4th, 19.00
ON THE STAGE AND WITH THE SUPPORT
OF THE MOSCOW CHEKHOV ART THEATRE
In memory of those people,
who died and are dying in wars
International Charity Project in commemoration of the 65th anniversary
of The Second World War
Composer — Alexey Sioumak
Conductor — Teodor Currentzis
Idea — Kirill Serebrennikov,
Director — Kirill Serebrennikov,
Russian National Orchestra
The Academic Grand Choir “Masters of Choral Singing”
(artistic director — Lev Kontorovich)
The Choir of the Requiem Project
(choirmaster — Arina Zvereva)
Participants: Hanna Schygulla (Germany), Jeremy Irons (Great Britain), Muriel Mayette (France), Min Tanaka (Japan), Daniel Olbrychski (Poland), Yakov Alperin (Israel), Oleg Tabakov (Russia), Alla Demidova (Russia), Vladimir Epifantsev (Russia), Liza Arzamasova (Russia).
History knows five of the most dreadful wars (all of them affected Russia, among others):
The Thirty Years' War (1618–1648). The whole of Europe was involved in it. The greatest losses were sustained by Germany — around 5 million dead. It is impossible to estimate the total number of victims.
The Seven Years' War (1753-1763). This time the carnage crushed both Europe, and North America, as well as India and the Philippines. It is the Seven Years’ War that was called World War I by Winston Churchill. For the first time Russian troops, which came into the war in 1756, occupied Berlin for two days. But the Germans had their city returned. The end of the seven-year tragedy — 1300 thousand of the dead all round the world. As in the war of the 17th century the greatest losses again were sustained by Germany (and Austria). They lost about 2 million people.
The Napoleonic Wars (1792-1815). The whole of Europe was involved in this war. For Russia this was the first Great Patriotic War (1812). The Russian army managed to crush the triumphal march of Napoleon. In the French-Russian campaign the both sides lost nearly 800 thousand people. However the annihilation of French soldiers didn’t stop Napoleon, and in 1815 he started the campaign in Belgium. The aggression of the French dictator was stopped only due to the revolution in France and his following exile to St. Helena. During the Napoleonic wars the European countries lost over 2 million people.
World War I (1914-1918). Englishmen call this cruel international combat “The Great War”, French people — “La Grande guerre”. There was not a single country that wasn’t affected by this large-scale armed conflict: Europe, The USA, Japan, Uruguay, Peru… The number of the fallen was enormous — 20 million dead!
World War II (for Russia- the Second Great Patriotic War). Began — September 1 of 1939, concluded — September 2 of 1945. The tragic “wheel of death” rolled over the whole planet: the battles spanned 3 continents and 4 oceans. On May 9th Russian troops for the second time in the history of world wars invaded Berlin. 62 countries participated in this most dreadful slaughterhouse! The number of victims in the fiercest ever armed conflict of nations was 70 million dead people! It is an unprecedented horrific number!
Recalling the most bloody and frightful event of the past centuries (only 65 years separate us from it), World War II, we pray for everyone, we pray for the eternal rest of their souls regardless of the religion, nationality, and ideology! Every death and every war is paranoia, pain, and horror!
Lacrimosa dies illa,
Qua resurget ex favilla
Judicandus homo reus.
Huic ergo parce, Deus,
Pie Jesu Domine,
Dona eis requiem. Amen.
/That day of tears and mourning,
When from the ashes shall arise,
All humanity to be judged.
Spare us by your mercy, Lord,
Gentle Lord Jesus,
Grant them eternal rest. Amen/
These are the words from Lacrimosa, the most tragic part of Requiem. Lacrimosa in Latin means “Streaming tears”. These tears are dedicated to those who were killed and those who were killing, to everyone who was involved into the lethal war by the Wheel of Time! Forgiveness is a necessary action of reconciliation with life, it is a highly spiritual action. The human’s soul strives for it and at the same time resists it (and this is a paradox of a human). How to forgive your enemy? Today let us be merciful both to the victims and the murderers. At “that day of tears and mourning… Grant them eternal rest. Amen”.
Originally Requiem was a mass in the Catholic and Lutheran churches and a service for the dead in the Orthodox church.
“Requiem aeternam dona eis, Domine” (Grant them eternal rest, Lord) — these are the first words, which are the basis of the Great Service of the Forgiveness to All named Requiem. There is another interpretation of Requiem, added by Giuseppe Verdi — “Memento Mori” / "Remember you must die"/.
With the course of time Requiem evolved from a pure rite into a cultural phenomenon and became a landmark in music history, and later on — in literature history.
And perhaps for the first time onstage Kirill Serebrennikov, Teodor Currentzis and Alexey Sioumak present the theatre Requiem (which is at the same time a genre, a style, an aesthetic, a confession, and an ethical manifesto of the generation). Requiem is a big oratorio, which consists of 10 parts, for four soloists, two choirs and an orchestra.
The text is written by Dimitris Yalamas who combined the canonical Latin text and documentary texts of 1930-s and 1940-s. The Russian National Orchestra (the artistic leader and chief conductor Mikhail Pletnev) and The Academic Grand Choir “Masters of Choral Singing” (the artistic director Lev Kontorovich) were invited to perform Requiem.
One of the parts of the oratorio is a 7 part Сonfiteor (a confessional prayer), which will be performed in total silence — the revelation about Death, Life, War, Tragedy, Light, Darkness and Hope for Salvation. The silence will have a “sound accompaniment” (a kind of sacrament) by Jeremy Irons (Great Britain), Daniel Olbrychski (Poland), Hanna Schygulla (Germany), Oleg Tabakov (Russia), Alla Demidova (Russia), Vladimir Epifantsev (Russia), Min Tanaka (Japan).
Everything that will take place on the stage of the Moscow Art Theatre on May 4th 2010 has an aim: to convey not a thought but an emotion by all means of contemporary art; to convey the inward scream: “I don’t want to die!”
The unique objects created by Vladimir Kuzmin and Ursula Molitor continue the music and tells us the story of several images of Light — Dancing Light, Striking Light, Killed Light, Obtained Light, and finally — Lux Aeterna /Eternal Light/. And all those sounds of pure feeling are being supported and completed by the wave of the original vivid video-images, created specially for the project by Julia Zastava and the group of graphic artists “Russian Visual Artists United”.
The theatre Requiem is a unique, majestic and impressive performance, which can’t be passed by, because a war is a tragedy and always a relevant problem. A war is a catastrophe and a sphinx of life.
The theatre Requiem is our memory and our pain, which never disappears. Requiem created by Kirill Serebrennikov and Alexey Sioumak is visually and musically radical but at the same time it is an attempt to understand the phenomenon of war as a tragedy, which combines the art of music and theatre.
The proceeds collected from the tickets’ sale will go towards buying special medical equipment for the Rehabilitation Centre under The Regional Social Institution “Moscow House of Armed Forces and War Veterans”.
The press conference with the participants will take place on:
May 3rd, 12.00, The Moscow Art Theatre (3, Kamergersky alley)
Telephone numbers for the accreditation:
Zakrevskaya Ekaterina 8-926-393-96-68
Demidova Olesya 8-905-751-28-06