Narwal, narwhale

Дата канвертавання24.04.2016
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[nahr-wuh l] 



a small arctic whale, Monodon monoceros, the male of which has along, spirally twisted tusk extending forward from the upper jaw.


Also, narwal, narwhale 

 [nahr-hweyl, -weyl] (Show IPA).

Narwhal | Define Narwhal at

a small arctic whale, Monodon monoceros, the male of which has a long, spirally twisted tusk extending forward from the upper jaw. Expand. Also, narwal ...

Narwhal | Definition of narwhal by Merriam-Webster

Definition of NARWHAL. : an arctic cetacean (Monodon monoceros) about 20 feet (6 meters) long with the male having a long twisted ivory tusk.

Narwhal - definition of narwhal by The Free Dictionary

narwhal. (ˈnɑːwəl) or narwal; narwhale (ˈnɑːˌweɪl) n. 1. ( Animals) an arctic toothed whale, Monodon monoceros, having a black-spotted whitish skin and, in the male, a long spiral tusk: family Monodontidae.

Urban Dictionary: narwhal

Top Definitionnarwhal. The amazing, magical combination of a unicorn and whale. ...Narwhal. The most awesome Fish in the world. Narwhals they are so ...

narwhal - definition of narwhal in English from the Oxford ...

A small Arctic whale, the male of which has a long forward-pointing sp.... Meaning, pronunciation and example sentences, English to English reference content.

Narwhal - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

An encyclopedic definition of habitat, history and culture; additional resources and pictures.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

For other uses, see Stonehenge (disambiguation).


Stonehenge in 2014

Map of Wiltshire showing the location of Stonehenge




51°10′43.84″N 1°49′34.28″WCoordinates51°10′43.84″N 1°49′34.28″W

UNESCO World Heritage Site

Official name

Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites




i, ii, iii


1986 (10th session)

Reference no.



Europe and North America

Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument located in WiltshireEngland, about 2 miles (3 km) west of Amesbury and 8 miles (13 km) north of Salisbury. One of the most famous sites in the world, Stonehenge is the remains of a ring of standing stonesset within earthworks. It is in the middle of the most dense complex of Neolithic and Bronze Age monuments in England, including several hundred burial mounds.[1]

Archaeologists believe it was built anywhere from 3000 BC to 2000 BC. Radiocarbon dating in 2008 suggested that the first stones were raised between 2400 and 2200 BC,[2] whilst another theory suggests that bluestones may have been raised at the site as early as 3000 BC.[3][4][5]

The surrounding circular earth bank and ditch, which constitute the earliest phase of the monument, have been dated to about 3100 BC. The site and its surroundings were added to the UNESCO's list of World Heritage Sites in 1986 in a co-listing withAvebury Henge. It is a national legally protected Scheduled Ancient Monument. Stonehenge is owned by the Crown and managed by English Heritage, while the surrounding land is owned by the National Trust.[6][7]

Archaeological evidence found by the Stonehenge Riverside Project in 2008 indicates that Stonehenge could have been aburial ground from its earliest beginnings.[8] The dating of cremated remains found on the site indicate that deposits contain human bone from as early as 3000 BC, when the ditch and bank were first dug. Such deposits continued at Stonehenge for at least another 500 years.[9]


The Oxford English Dictionary cites Ælfric's tenth-century glossary, in which henge-cliff is given the meaning "precipice", or stone, thus the stanenges or Stanheng "not far from Salisbury" recorded by eleventh-century writers are "supported stones". William Stukeley in 1740 notes, "Pendulous rocks are now called henges in Yorkshire...I doubt not, Stonehenge in Saxon signifies the hanging stones."[10] Christopher Chippindale's Stonehenge Complete gives the derivation of the name Stonehenge as coming from the Old English words stān meaning "stone", and either hencg meaning "hinge" (because the stone lintels hinge on the upright stones) or hen(c)en meaning "hang" or "gallows" or "instrument of torture" (though elsewhere in his book, Chippindale cites the "suspended stones" etymology). Like Stonehenge's trilithons, medieval gallows consisted of two uprights with a lintel joining them, rather than the inverted L-shape more familiar today.

The "henge" portion has given its name to a class of monuments known as henges.[10] Archaeologists define henges as earthworks consisting of a circular banked enclosure with an internal ditch.[11] As often happens in archaeological terminology, this is a holdover from antiquarian use, and Stonehenge is not truly a henge site as its bank is inside its ditch. Despite being contemporary with true Neolithic henges and stone circles, Stonehenge is in many ways atypical—for example, at more than 7.3 metres (24 ft) tall, its extant trilithons supporting lintels held in place with mortise and tenon joints, make it unique.[12][13]

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