Name: Parent Signature: Chapter 6 Review Guide Complete and return with a parent signature for five bonus points




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Name: _______________________ Parent Signature: _______________________

Chapter 6 Review Guide

Complete and return with a parent signature for five bonus points.


  1. What is taxonomy?

  2. Why do scientists organize living things into groups?

  3. What is binomial nomenclature?

  4. An organism's scientific name consists of

  5. The more classification levels that two organisms share,

  6. Which classification level is broader than the phylum level?

  7. Which factor is considered today when classifying an organism, but was not considered when Linnaeus classified organisms?

  8. Organisms that share an evolutionary history share

  9. Which kingdom includes only multicellular heterotrophs?

  10. Which kingdom includes only prokaryotes?

  11. What characteristics do all plants share?

  12. Which kingdom includes both unicellular and multicellular organisms?

  13. What is found in the cytoplasm of bacterial cells?

  14. What is a characteristic of archaebacteria?

  15. What process results in genetically different bacteria?

  16. The process of breaking down food to release its energy is called

  17. Endospores form during

  18. What important role do bacteria called decomposers play?

  19. Viruses are considered to be nonliving because they

  20. Why are viruses like parasites?

  21. A virus needs energy to

  22. How do bacterial cells compare in size to virus?

  23. The genetic material of a virus is found in its

  24. A virus's proteins are important because they

  25. Biologists use ____________________ to organize living things into groups.

  26. Biologists find ____________________ useful because this scientific system gives them information about an organism based on its classification.

  27. Each genus of organisms contains one or more ____________________.

  28. An owl and a bat share the same kingdom and phylum; an owl and a robin share the same kingdom, phylum, and class. The owl and _____________ have more characteristics in common.

  29. Multicellular organisms are found in the protist, fungus, animal, and _____________ kingdoms.

  30. Bacteria are called _________________ because their genetic material is not contained in nuclei.

  31. Bacterial cells contain structures called ____________________, which are chemical factories where proteins are produced.

  32. When bacteria reproduce by ___________________, one cell divides to form two identical cells.

  33. Some bacteria cause diseases by producing poisons known as ____________________.

  34. The ability to _____________ is the only characteristic that viruses share with living organisms.

  35. A virus's ____________________ contains the instructions for making new viruses.

  36. The shape of the __________________ in a virus's coat allows the virus to attach to certain cells.

  37. Table of Classification Labels

    Classification Level

    Aardwolf

    Grey Wolf

    Coyote

    Lion

    BlueWhale

    Kingdom

    Animalia

    Animalia

    Animalia

    Animalia

    Animalia

    Phylum

    Chordata

    Chordata

    Chordata

    Chordata

    Chordata

    Class

    Mammalia

    Mammalia

    Mammalia

    Mammalia

    Mammalia

    Order

    Carnivora

    Carnivora

    Carnivora

    Carnivora

    Cetacea

    Family

    Hyaenidae

    Canidae

    Canidae

    Felidae

    Balenopteridae

    Genus

    Proteles

    Canis

    Canis

    Panthera

    Balaenoptera

    Species

    Proteles cristatus

    Canis lupus

    Canis latrans

    Panther leo

    Balaenoptera musculus

  38. What classification groups do all organisms in the table have in common?




  1. Based on their kingdoms, what characteristics do the organisms in the table share?




  1. In what two ways are the organisms in the table similar to organisms in the plant kingdom?




  1. Which of the organisms in the table is least similar to the others? Explain.


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