Matching: Calyx A. stinging capsule




Дата канвертавання28.04.2016
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NAME ________________________________________________ PALEONTOLOGY LECTURE TEST # 2
MATCHING:

___ 1. Calyx A.stinging capsule

___ 2. Lophophore B.terminal spine in merostomes

___ 3. Stipe C.cephalopod tube-like feature

___ 4. Radula D.junction between edges of valves

___ 5. Nematocyst E.part of crinoid which contains the soft parts

___ 6. Fossorial F.exoskeleton segment

___ 7. Spondylium G.morphological type of a trace fossil

___ 8. Siphuncle H.crinoid column with all its appendages and anchorage structures

___ 9. Ichnogenus I.“worm” pharyngeal jaw

___ 10. Telson J.ciliated filter-feeding device

___ 11. Polyp K.burrowing

___ 12. Acanthopore L.curved plate in brachiopod shell for muscle attachment

___ 13. Myomere M.largest of three types of graptolite cups or tubes

___ 14. Pelma N.muscle block along the chordate body

___ 15. Somite O.groove extending radially from echinoderm mouth

___ 16.Captacula P.transverse partition

___ 17. Mesentery Q.gas chamber in cephalopod shell

___ 18. Autotheca R.attached form

___ 19. Ambulacrum S.calcareous support structure for brachiopod lophophore

___ 20. Scolecodont T.symbiotic dinoflagellates

___ 21.Commissure U.mollusc ribbon-like rasping structure

___ 22. Umbo V.slender dense-walled tube in bryozoans

___ 23. Spreite W.bryozoan skeleton

___ 24. Umbilicus X.branch of graptolite colony

___ 25. Zooecium Y.depression in the axis of coiling

___ 26. Ecdysis Z.space for retraction of siphons in bivalves

___ 27. Operculum AA.plate-like structure sealing the aperture

___ 28. Ramiform BB.radial plate from wall to axis of corallite

___ 29. Septa CC.large tube occupied by a bryozoan

___ 30. Tabula DD.scaphopod food-gathering prehensile processes

___ 31. Pallial sinus EE.molting

___ 32. Glabella FF.opening in brachiopod shell for passage of pedicle

___ 33.Brachidium GG.blade-shaped conodont element

___ 34. Zooxanthellae HH.trace fossil consisting of repetitious,parallel feeding or dwelling structures

___ 35. Delthyrium II.elevated axial portion of trilobite cephalon

___ 36. Zoarium JJ.relatively convex portion of valve next to the beak

___ 37. Camera KK.radially arranged wall of tissue
MULTIPLE CHOICE:

___ 38. The marine nektonic pteropods are types of A.neogastropods B.pulmonates C.opisthobranchs D.mesogastropods E.archaeograstropods


___ 39. The Burgess Shale is of ? age. A.Cambrian B.Ordovician C.Silurian D.Devonian E.Mississippian
___ 40. The productids (Productidina) belong to the A.Spiriferida B.Rhynchonellida C.Strophomenidina D.Orthida E.Pentamerida
___ 41. Modern ? are able to extrude their stomach through their mouth for external digestion. A.Echinoidea B.Crinoidea C.Holothuroidea D.Asteroidea E.Blastoidea
___ 42. The hemichordates, chordates and echinoderms are A.protostomes B.deuterostomes
___ 43. “True Jellyfish” belong to the. A.Conulariida B.Rugosa C.Scleractinia D.Tabulata E.Scyphomedusae
___ 44. Cephalopod saddles are A.adapical B.adapertural C.it depends upon the type of cephalopod
___ 45. The ? are sea cucumbers. A.Edrioasteroidea B.Helicoplacoidea C.Cyclocystoidea D.Holothuroidea E.Ophiocistoidea
___ 46. Pentameral symmetry is characteristic of the A.Annelida B.Echinodermata C.Mollusca D.Brachiopoda E.Bryozoa
___ 47. Blastoids and Rhombiferans lived during the A.Paleozoic B.Mesozoic C.Cenozoic D.blastoids and rhombiferans lived during all of these eras
___ 48. Some of the members of the ? have been considered to represent primitive chordates ancestral to tunicates, amphioxus, and the vertebrates. A.Crinozoa B.Blastozoa C.Homalozoa D.Asterozoa E.Echinozoa
___ 49. There ? freshwater brachiopods. A.were B.were no
___ 50. The larval stages of trilobites were probably A.planktonic B.benthonic C.it depended upon the type of trilobite
___ 51. The ? were probably ancestral to all of the recent cephalopods (except for the chambered nautilus). A.ammonoids B.endoceratoids C.actinoceratoids D.bactritoids
___ 52. The ? are lace-like or fan-like bryozoans in which the sheets are pierced by holes. A.Tubuliporata B.Cryptostomata C.Cystoporata D.Fenestrata E.Trepostomata
___ 53. There ? modern belemnoids. A.are B.are no
___ 54. Goniatite ammonoid sutures are most characteristic of the A.Paleozoic B.Mesozoic C.Cenozoic D.there are many goniatites throughout the Phanerozoic
___ 55. In the ? the shell is chitinophosphatic or calcareous, punctate or impunctate, and muscles and the body wall hold the valves together. A.Articulata B.Bivalvia C.Ostracoda D.Branchiopoda E.Inarticulata
___ 56. Graptolites were probably A.arthropods B.molluscs C.cnidarians D.bryozoans E.hemichordates
___ 57. Jellyfish and sea anemonies belong to the A.Bryozoa B.Hemichordata C.Porifera D.Cnidaria E.Arthropoda
___ 58. Which of the following have been previously placed within the “Cystoidea”? A.Blastoidea B.Crinoidea C.Rhombifera D.Echinoidea E.Asteroidea
___ 59. The ? include the true squids. A.belemnoids B.teuthids C.bactritoids D.endoceratoids E.nautiloids
___ 60. There ? freshwater xiphosurans. A.were B.were not
___ 61. ? have a lophophore. A.bryozoans B.brachiopods C.phoronid worms D.all of the above have lophophores E.none of the above has a lophophore
___ 62. The ? are worm-like arthropods with a chitinous skeleton and legs. A.Eurypterida B.Decapoda C.Myriapoda D.Hexapoda E.Xiphosura
___ 63. The helicoplacoids, edrioasteroids, ophiocistoids and cyclocystoids lived during the A.Paleozoic B.Mesozoic C.Cenozoic D.these groups were common throughout the Phanerozoic
___ 64. Rudist bivalves belonged to the A.Palaeotaxodonta B.Isofilibranchia C.Pteriomorpha D.Heteroconchia E.Anomalodesmata
___ 65. Heteromorphs refer to types of A.ammonoids B.endoceratoids C.actinoceratoids D.bactritoids E.nautiloids
___ 66. Regular echinoids are typically ? forms. A.vagile benthonic B.infaunal (burrowing) C.it depends upon the type of regular echinoid
___ 67. Trochophore and veliger larvae are characteristic of the A.Annelida B.Arthropoda C.Mollusca D.Echinodermata E.Hemichordata
___ 68. Complete bioturbation would indicate a ? rate of sedimentary deposition. A.slow B.rapid
___ 69. Scolecodonts are structures found in some types of A.oligochaetes B.Platyhelminthes C.Nematoda D.Nemertea E.polychaetes
___ 70. The ? were branching graptolites in which there are two sizes of thecae. A.Dendroidea B.Camaroidea C.Crustoidea D.Tuboidea E.Graptoloidea)
___ 71. There ? freshwater ostracodes. A.are B.are no
___ 72. Ceratite sutures on ammonoids have small lobes and saddles developed on the major A.saddles B.lobes C.in ceratites there are secondary lobes and saddles on both major lobes and saddles
___ 73. Polymorphism and hermaphroditic colonies are characteristic of A.graptolites B.poriferans C.cnidarians D.bryozoans E.brachiopods

___ 74. ? have radial symmetry, with a coelenteron which is often divided by radial folds and partitions. A.Bryozoa B.Hemichordata C.Porifera D.Cnidaria E.Arthropoda


___ 75. The tail shield of a trilobite is termed the A.cephalon B.glabella C.pygidium D.thorax E.cranidium
___ 76. The ? consisted of colonies of individuals, termed rhabdosomes. A.bryozoans B.annelids C.graptolites D.cnidarians E.poriferans
___ 77. In ? bivalve dentition, the teeth are separated by an edentulous space, and there are cardinals beneath the beak and laterals in front or behind (or both). A.edentulous B.taxodont C.actinodont D.isodont E.heterodont
___ 78. A hyponome is characteristic of the A.scaphopods B.monoplacophorans C.cephalopods D.polyplacophorans E.bivalves
___ 79. The ? include the modern pterobranchs and acorn worms. A.arthropods B.molluscs C.cnidarians D.bryozoans E.hemichordates
___ 80. The ? are wormlike arthropods that have several features like those seen in segmented worms. A.polychaetes B.oligochaetes C.onychophorans D.phoronids E.nemerteans
___ 81. Type of dentition, ligament insertion, adductor muscle scars, the pallial line morphology, shell shape and shell microstructure/composition is important for classifying A.scaphopods B.monoplacophorans C.cephalopods D.polyplacophorans E.bivalves
___ 82. The ? had brachioles; most of these had a hydropore, gonopore and accessory thecal respiratory structures. A.Crinozoa B.Blastozoa C.Homalozoa D.Asterozoa E.Echinozoa
___ 83. Sea cucumbers are primarily A.carnivores B.herbivores C.scavengers D.it depends upon the species
___ 84. Conchostracans belong to the A.Malacostraca B.Branchiopoda C.Xiphosura D.Eurypterida E.Cirripedia
___ 85. ? had skeletal elements arranged in patterns, termed apparatuses (complete apparatuses are termed natural assemblages). A.graptolites B.blastoids C.conodonts D.homalozoans E.crinoids
___ 86. The ? often had (and have) a prominent beak, fold and sulcus; they have a spiral brachidium. A.Spiriferida B.Rhynchonellida C.Strophomenidina D.Orthida E.Terebratulida
___ 87. Graptolites lived during the A.Paleozoic B.Mesozoic C.Cenozoic D.graptolites are found throughout the Phanerozoic
___ 88. In ?, the body is divided into a cephalothorax (or prosoma) and an opisthosoma. A.Arachnida B.Insecta C.Merostomata D.Myriapoda E.Crustacea
___ 89. ? refers to “grazing traces”; they are grooves, pits, and furrows due to mobile deposit feeders that lived at or near the surface of the substrate. A.Pascichnia B.Repichnia C.Cubichnia D.Domichnia E.Fodinichnia
___ 90. Endoceratoids and actinoceratoids were probably A.pelagic B.benthonic C.it depended upon the species
___ 91. Oligochaetes and polychaetes belong to the A.Phoronida B.Bryozoa C.Annelida D.Brachiopoda E.Arthropoda
___ 92. The ? are the most abundant modern brachiopods. A.Spiriferida B.Rhynchonellida C.Strophomenidina D.Orthida E.Terebratulida
___ 93. The ? were Paleozoic merostomes that were up to 3 meters long; they had a pair of ore-like appendages and an impressive pair of chelicerae. A.Eurypterida B.Decapoda C.Myriapoda D.Hexapoda E.Xiphosura
___ 94. The ? includes the corals, sea anemones and sea pens. A.Conulariida B.Anthozoa C.Stenolaemata D.Gymnolaemata E.Scyphomedusae
___ 95. Brachiopods were A.carnivorous B.filter feeders C.some brachiopods were carnivores, others were filter feeders
___ 96. The millipedes are A.xiphosurans B.diplopods C.hexapods D.eurypterids E.chilopods
___ 97. There ? freshwater crinoids. A.were B.were no
___ 98. The ? were Paleozoic shell-bearing animals that had a ligula and helens. A.criconarids B.hyolithids C.scaphopods D.monoplacophorans E.polyplacophorans
___ 99. Inarticulate brachiopods were most abundant in the A.Early Paleozoic B.Late Paleozoic C.Mesozoic D.Cenozoic E.inarticulate brachiopods have been abundant throughout Phanerozoic times
___ 100. ? often grow in bush-like, fungiform or encrusting colonies. A.Zoantharians B.Annelids C.Brachiopods D.Bryozoans E.Hemichordates
___ 101. The ? are composed of many ringlike, similar segments, and have segmentation of internal structures including nerves, muscles, circulatory, excretory and reproductive organs. A.Nematomorpha B.Annelida C.Nemertea D.Platyhelminthes E.Nematoda
___ 102. If a deposit had abundant orthid, spiriferid and strophomenid brachiopods, it would most likely be A.Paleozoic B.Mesozoic C.Cenozoic D.these brachiopods are abundant throughout the Phanerozoic
___ 103. “Carpoids” have typically been placed within the A.Crinozoa B.Blastozoa C.Homalozoa D.Asterozoa E.Echinozoa
___ 104. The ? are vagile benthonic molluscs that have a single aragonite shell that consists of 8 overlapping articulated plates. A.scaphopods B.monoplacophorans C.cephalopods D.polyplacophorans E.bivalves
___ 105. Rugose and tabulate corals are found in ?-age rocks. A.Paleozoic B.Mesozoic C.Cenozoic D.these corals are found in all of the above
___ 106. The most primitive crustaceans are ?; they have a large number of body segments, and can often tolerate a wide range of temperature and salinity in harsh environments. A.Malacostraca B.Branchiopoda C.Xiphosura D.Eurypterida E.Cirripedia
___ 107. Lobsters, crabs and shrimp belong to the A.Malacostraca B.Branchiopoda C.Xiphosura D.Eurypterida E.Cirripedia
___ 108. In the ? the secondary septa develop in four of the 6 interseptal spaces. A.Tabulata B.Scleractinia C.Conulariida D.Rugosa E.Bryozoa
___ 109. The most common snails are A.opisthobranchs B.hyolithids C.criconarids D.prosobranchs E.pulmonates
___ 110. The ? are an extinct group that had a discoidal-shaped theca upon which five (often curved) ambulacra radiated from the mouth. A.Edrioasteroidea B.Helicoplacoidea C.Cyclocystoidea D.Holothuroidea E.Ophiocistoidea
___ 111. The staghorn corals and siphonophores pertain to the ?. In this group the polypoid and medusoid generations often alternate. A.Anthozoa B.Scyphozoa C.Bryozoa D.Hydrozoa E.Annelida
___ 112. The ? were eyeless trilobites. A.Odontopleurida B.Lichiida C.Ptychopariida D.Redlichiida E.Agnostida
___ 113. Conodonts were A.echinoderms B.chordates C.hemichordates D.urochordates E.arthropods
___ 114. The crustaceans are A.annelids B.bryozoans C.molluscs D.echinoderms E.arthropods
___ 115. Oysters, pen shells, and scallops belong to the A.Palaeotaxodonta B.Isofilibranchia C.Pteriomorpha D.Heteroconchia E.Anomalodesmata
___ 116. Brachiopod diversity was greatest during the A.Paleozoic B.Mesozoic C.Cenozoic D.brachiopods have always been a dominant group in both freshwater and marine environments
___ 117. The ? are beetles. A.Lepidoptera B.Blattodea C.Hemiptera D.Odonata E.Coleoptera
___ 118. ? were Paleozoic molluscs that had a shell shaped like a taco (the posterior portion of the shell was often developed into an elongate tube). A.rostroconchs B.monoplacophorans C.cephalopods D.polyplacophorans E.bivalves
___ 119. The ? were often very spinose trilobites, with each pleurae bearing a pair of spines; they had a strongly convex cephalon. A.Odontopleurida B.Lichiida C.Ptychopariida D.Redlichiida E.Agnostida
___ 120. Dibranchiates and tetrabranchiates refer to various groups of A.scaphopods B.monoplacophorans C.cephalopods D.polyplacophorans E.bivalves
___ 121. ? pertains to a loosely-coiled cephalopod shell. A.gyrocone B.brevicone C.cyrtocone D.orthocone E.longicone
___ 122. The ? valve on a brachiopod contains the lophophore. A.pedicle B.brachial C.it depends upon the type of brachiopod
___ 123. Most modern bryozoans belong to the A.Stenolaemata B.Phylactolaemata C.Polychaeta D.Oligochaeta E.Gymnolaemata
___ 124. In ? trilobite sutures, the suture bisects the genal angle. A.marginal B.proparian C.opisthoparian D.gonatoparian
___ 125. ? are air-breathing arthropods in which the cephalothorax bears 6 pairs of appendages (two of which are for feeding). A.Eurypterida B.Decapoda C.Arachnida D.Hexapoda E.Xiphosura
___ 126. Horseshoe crabs belong to the A.Eurypterida B.Decapoda C.Arachnida D.Hexapoda E.Xiphosura
___ 127. A phragmacone, pro-ostracum and guard were shell features of A.belemnoids B.teuthids C.bactritoids D.endoceratoids E.nautiloids
___ 128. There ? freshwater bryozoans. A.are B.are no
___ 129. Lobsters, crabs and shrimp belong to the A.Phyllocarida B.Ostracoda C.Branchiopoda D.Decapoda E.Xiphosura
___ 130. The Acrotretida and Obolellida pertain to the A.Articulata B.Bivalvia C.Ostracoda D.Branchiopoda E.Inarticulata
___ 131. There ? freshwater trilobites. A.were B.were no
___ 132. A water vascular system is dominant in the A.Annelida B.Echinodermata C.Mollusca D.Brachiopoda E.Bryozoa
___ 133. The chitons are A.scaphopods B.monoplacophorans C.cephalopods D.polyplacophorans E.bivalves
___ 134. The ? Ichnofacies consists of intertidal “pipe rocks”. A.Trypanites B.Zoophycos C.Nereites D.Cruziana E.Skolithos
___ 135. The ? have globular, tightly sutured calyces; most have long erect pinnulate arms. A.Crinozoa B.Blastozoa C.Homalozoa D.Asterozoa E.Echinozoa
___ 136. Torsion is diagnostic of A.scaphopods B.monoplacophorans C.cephalopods D.polyplacophorans E.gastropods
___ 137. The rudist bivalves were important reef-formers during the A.Paleozoic B. Mesozoic C.Cenozoic D.rudists have been important reef-formers throughout the Phanerozoic
___ 138. ? have radial symmetry in which the medusoid stage is dominant. A.Anthozoa B.Scyphozoa C.Bryozoa D.Hydrozoa E.Annelida
___ 139. The bellerophontids are often classified as A.scaphopods B.monoplacophorans C.cephalopods D.polyplacophorans E.bivalves
___ 140. The ? are small bivalved crustaceans that have a hinged shell articulation; the Zenker’s Organ is an impressive feature in this group. A.Phyllocarida B.Ostracoda C.Branchiopoda D.Decapoda E.Xiphosura
___ 141. Tetracoralla are also termed the A.Tabulata B.Scleractinia C.Conulariida D.Rugosa E.Bryozoa
___ 142. The ? Ichnofacies consists of borings in fully consolidated substrates on rocky coasts, in beach rock, reefs and hardgrounds. A.Trypanites B.Zoophycos C.Nereites D.Cruziana E.Skolithos
___ 143. The tentaculitids were types of A.criconarids B.hyolithids C.scaphopods D.monoplacophorans E.polyplacophorans
___ 144. There ? modern nautiloids. A.are B.are no
___ 145. The ? are crustaceans that attach by their antennules, secrete overlapping calcareous plates, and then filter feed by means of their biramous appendages. A.Malacostraca B.Branchiopoda C.Xiphosura D.Eurypterida E.Cirripedia
___ 146. The ? were gastropods that developed a distinctive siphonal notch. A.neogastropods B.pulmonates C.opisthobranchs D.mesogastropods E.archaeograstropods
___ 147. The ? have a segmented exoskeleton, consisting of two or more tagma. A.Arthropoda B.Annelida C.Cnidaria D.Bryozoa E.Echinodermata
___ 148. The ? is an extinct group that had a pyramidal shape. The skeleton was made of chitin and calcium phosphate; they may have been sessile benthonic or nektonic. A.Conulariida B.Rugosa C.Scleractinia D.Tabulata E.Scyphomedusae
___ 149. The ? have inhalent and exhalent siphons for the inflow and outflow of water and body wastes; they have a wedge-shaped foot. A.scaphopods B.monoplacophorans C.cephalopods D.polyplacophorans E.bivalves
___ 150. “Tusk Shells” are A.scaphopods B.monoplacophorans C.cephalopods D.polyplacophorans E.bivalves


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