Living vs. Nonliving things and Classification Modified True/False




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Living vs. Nonliving things and Classification

Modified True/False

Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false. If false, change the identified word or phrase to make the sentence or statement true.

____ 1. A horse is a(n) heterotroph. _________________________

____ 2. Hypotheses about the first forms of life on Earth are consistent with evidence obtained from fossils of organisms that lived about 3.5 billion years ago. _________________________

____ 3. In the name Acer rubrum, the word rubrum designates the species. ___________________

____ 4. Archaea and Bacteria are two domains of eukaryotes. _________________________

Multiple Choice

Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____ 5. Which of the following would you use to identify an organism?



a.

a domain

b.

a controlled experiment

c.

a taxonomic key

d.

a eukaryote

____ 6. The more classification levels that two organisms share,



a.

the closer together on Earth they live.

b.

the easier it is to tell them apart.

c.

the more characteristics they have in common.

d.

the more distantly related they are.

____ 7. Which is the most abundant chemical found in living cells?



a.

water

b.

carbohydrates

c.

proteins

d.

nucleic acids

____ 8. Spontaneous generation is a mistaken idea because living things



a.

exhibit binomial nomenclature.

b.

are produced only by living things.

c.

do not reproduce.

d.

maintain homeostasis.

____ 9. The source of energy for most autotrophs is



a.

water.

b.

the sun.

c.

heterotrophs.

d.

other autotrophs.


Completion

Complete each sentence or statement.

10. Most of today’s organisms could not have lived on Earth 3.6 billion years ago because there was no ____________________ in the air then.

11. The process of grouping things based on similarities is called ____________________.

12. The modern system of classification is based on the theory of ____________________, which was first proposed by Charles Darwin.

13. An owl and a bat share the same kingdom and phylum; an owl and a robin share the same kingdom, phylum, and class. The owl and ____________________ have more characteristics in common.

Short Answer

Use the diagram to answer each question.

Table of Classification Labels

Classification Level

Aardwolf

Gray Wolf

Coyote

Lion

Blue Whale

Kingdom

Animalia

Animalia

Animalia

Animalia

Animalia

Phylum

Chordata

Chordata

Chordata

Chordata

Chordata

Class

Mammalia

Mammalia

Mammalia

Mammalia

Mammalia

Order

Carnivora

Carnivora

Carnivora

Carnivora

Cetacea

Family

Hyaenidae

Canidae

Canidae

Felidae

Balenopteridae

Genus

Proteles

Canis

Canis

Panthera

Balaenoptera

Species

Proteles cristatus

Canis lupus

Canis latrans

Panthera leo

Balaenoptera musculus

14. In what two ways are the organisms in the table similar to organisms in the plant kingdom?

15. Which of the organisms in the table is least similar to the others? Explain.

16. Which of the organisms in the table is (are) most similar to a tiger (Panthera tigris)? Explain.



Essay

17. Explain the characteristics that all living organisms share.

18. What do living things need to survive?

19. What is meant by spontaneous generation?

20. Decipher the experiments of 3 scientist who contributed to the cell theory.

21. Explain each part of the cell theory.

22. How do organisms differ in the ways they obtain their energy source, or food (Be sure to explain the difference between autotrophs and heterotrophs)?

23. Why is the protist kingdom sometimes called the “odds and ends” kingdom?

24. List the 8 levels of classification that scientist use.

Living vs. Nonliving things and Classification

Answer Section

MODIFIED TRUE/FALSE

1. ANS: T DIF: L3 OBJ: A.1.1.3

2. ANS: T DIF: L2 OBJ: A.1.4.2

3. ANS: T DIF: L3 OBJ: A.1.2.1

4. ANS: F, prokaryotes

DIF: L2 OBJ: A.1.3.1



MULTIPLE CHOICE

5. ANS: C DIF: L2 OBJ: A.1.2.3

6. ANS: C DIF: L1 OBJ: A.1.2.2

7. ANS: A DIF: L2 OBJ: A.1.1.1

8. ANS: B DIF: L2 OBJ: A.1.1.2

9. ANS: B DIF: L3 OBJ: A.1.1.3



COMPLETION

10. ANS: oxygen

DIF: L2 OBJ: A.1.4.1

11. ANS: classification

DIF: L1 OBJ: A.1.2.1

12. ANS: evolution

DIF: L1 OBJ: A.1.2.4

13. ANS: robin

DIF: L3 OBJ: A.1.2.2

SHORT ANSWER

14. ANS:

All are multicellular and eukaryotes.

DIF: L3 OBJ: A.1.3.3

15. ANS:

The blue whale is least similar. All of the others are in the same order, but the blue whale is in a different order.

DIF: L2 OBJ: A.1.2.2

16. ANS:

The lion is most similar to a tiger, because both are members of the same genus. The gray wolf and coyote belong to different genera, the aardwolf belongs to a different family, and the whale belongs to a different order.

DIF: L3 OBJ: A.1.2.2



ESSAY

17. ANS:

All living organisms have cells, have a metabolism, use energy, respond to stimulus, grow and develop, and reproduce.

18. ANS:

Living things need water, food, living space, air, homeostasis, and sunlight

19. ANS:

The mistaken idea that living things can arise from nonliving sources.

20. ANS:

Robert Hooke built his own compound microscope to observe a cork. He said under the microscope the tiny spaces of the cork look like rooms which he called cells. He was th first to name the cell.
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek built simple microscopes. He studied pond water and teeth to discover the organisms he found on these specimens moved. He was the first to study living cells.
Schleiden concluded all plants have cells. Schwann concluded all animals are made of cells. Virchow concluded all cells come from other cells.

21. ANS:

All living things ae composed of cells.

Cells are the basic unit of structure and function.

All cells are produced from other cells.

22. ANS:

Organisms may be autotrophs or heterotrophs. Autotrophs can make their own food from nonliving things. Heterotrophs cannot make food and must consume other organisms as their energy source.

DIF: L2 OBJ: A.1.1.3

23. ANS:

The protist kingdom is referred to as the odds and ends kingdom because its members differ so much from one another. Some are autotrophs and some are heterotrophs; some are unicellular and some are multicellular.

DIF: L3 OBJ: A.1.3.3

24. ANS:



Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family , Genus, Species


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