Inventory of birds in the mangrove area




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DIVISION ENVIRONNEMENT




Résidence SITTO, Adido-Adin, Rue N°10, Immeuble 203, 08 BP: 80.925, Lomé-TOGO,

Tel: +228-22-51-34-15, /+228-22-51-34-16, Fax: +228- 22-51-35-76

Email: info@ancetogo.org, URL: www.ancetogo.org

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INVENTORY OF BIRDS IN THE MANGROVE AREA

Gbaga channel (South-eastern Togo)
Togo integrated counts of waterbirds in Africa since 1997. (DFC/OMPO, 2001) inventories revealed 53 species belonging to 17 families in the coastal area (Table 18 and 19). Most of these species are palaearctic migrants. These species can be found on the Togolese coast between November and February. Potential sites where these migratory birds can be found on the Togolese coast are: the wharf of Lome, the main wharf of the harbour, Lagoe, the pass of Aneho, and lagoon complexes and the Mono River.
Table 18: List of species of the coastal avifauna area


Family

Species

Common name

Podicipedidae

Tachybaptus ruficolis

Little grebe

Phalocrocoracidae

Phalacocorax africanus

Reed Cormorant

Anhingidae

Anhinga rufa

African Darter

Ardeidae

Ardea cinerea

Grey heron

Ardea goliath

Goliath heron

Casmerodus aibus

Great egret

Egretta intermedia

Aigrette intermédiaire

Egretta garzetta

Little Egret

Bulbulcus ibis

Western Cattle Egret

Butorides striatus

Green Heron

Nycticorax nycticorax

Black-crowned Night Heron

Ixobrychus minutus

Little Bittern

Ciconiidae

Mycteria ibis

Yellow-billed Stork

Ciconia nigra

Black Stork




Threskiornithidae

Threskionis acthiopicus

African Sacred Ibis

Platalea alba

African Spoonbill

Scopidae

Scopus umbretta

Hamerkop

Jacanidae

Actophilormis africana

African Jacana

Microparra capensis

African Jacana

Anatidae

Dendrocygna bicolor

Fulvous Whistling Duck

Pletropterus gambensis

Spur-winged Goose

Anas penelope

Eurasian Wigeon

Rallidae

Galiinula chloropus

Common Moorhen

Porphyrio porphyrio

Purple Swamphen

Burhinidae

Rurhinus senegaiensis

Senegal Thick-knee

Glareolidae

Pluvianus aegypticus

Egyptian Plover

Giareola pratincala

Vanneau à colier

Pandion hiaticula

Western Osprey

Charadriidae

Haematopus astralegus

Eurasian Oystercatcher

Ifimentopus himentopus

Black-winged Stilt

Recurvirostra senegalensis

Pied Avocet

Vannellus spinonis

Spur-winged Lapwing

Vannelus crassiriostris

Vanneau à aile blanche

Vannelus albiceps

White-crowned Lapwing

Charadrius hiaticula

Common Ringed Plover

Limosa limosa

Black-tailed Godwit

Numenius phaeopus

Whimbrel

Numenius arguata

Eurasian Curlew

Tringa erythropus

Spotted Redshank

Tringa totanus

Common Redshank

Tringa nebuleria

Common Greenshank

Tringa glariola

Wood Sandpiper

Tringa stagnalis

Marsh Sandpiper

Calidris alba

Sanderling

Calidris alpina

Dunlin

Philomachus pugnax

Ruff

Sternidae

Chlidonia nigra

Black Tern

Sterna sandavicensis

Sandwich Tern

Sterna maxima

Royal Tern

Strigidae

Cirus macrourus

Pallid Harrier

Asio capensis

Marsh Owl

Alcedinidae

Ceiyle rudis

Pied Kingfisher

Accipitridae

Milvus migran

Black Kite

Pandion hiaticula

Western Osprey

In the framework of this study, we have conducted surveys in two sites (ponds of Zanve and Djeta) to assess the diversity and abundance of bird life (Table 19). Compared with previous studies, the second site has been very poor due to encroachment of the pond. It remains a small pond. Unfortunately, this trend is observed at most of ponds and creek area.



Table 19: Abundance relating to birds observed in the ponds of Zanve and Djeta


Order/Family/ Species

French name

Ecology

Abundance*

Anhingidae

Anhinga rufa
Ardeidae

Ixobiychus minutis

Ardea cinerea

Bubulcus ibis Nycticorax nycticorax Egretta garzetta

Anatidae

Dendrocygna bicolor

Dendrocygna viduata
Rallidae

Amaurornis flavirostris

P. alleni

Porphyrio porphyrio

Gallinula chloropus
Jacanidae

Actophiornis africana
Recurvirostriidae

Himantopus himantopus
Glareolidae

Pluvianus aegyptius
Charadriidac Charadrius hiaticula Numenius phacopus Tringa glareola
Alcedinidae

Halcyon senegalensis Ceys picta Corythornis cristata
Meropodidae

Merops albicollis

Anhinga d’Afrique (African Darter)


Butor blongios

Héron cendré (Grey Heron) Héron garde bœuf (Western Cattle Egret)

Bihoreau gris (Black-crowned Night Heron)

Aigrette gazette (Little Egret)


Dendrocygne fauve (Fulvous Whistling Duck)

Dendrocygne veuf (White-faced Whistling Duck)


Râle noir (Black-tailed Crake) Poule d’Allen Poule sultane Poule d’eau
Jacana
Echasse blanche (Black-winged Stilt) Pluvian d’Egypte (Egyptian Plover) Grand gravelot (Common Ringed Plover)

Courlis corlieu (Whimbrel) Chevalier sylvain (Wood Sandpiper)
Martin-chasseur du S. (Woodland Kingfisher) Martin-pêcheur pygmée (African Pygmy Kingfisher)

Martin-pêcheur huppée (Malachite Kingfisher)


Guêpier à gorge blanche



N(R) N(R), PM

IvIP, N(R)

MM, N(R) N(R)

PM, N(R)
V

NR, AfM (B)


NR N(R), AfM(B) R(B)

RB
RB


PM, N(R) NR

PM PM PM
N(R)

NR, AfM(N) N(R)


AfM(N) N(R)



Zanve

2
4


1

27

3



12
2

33
5

3

2

1


44

4


2

1

2



6

9

3



2

6


Djeja

2

53



1

6
2


13

17


Caption: PM = Palearctic Migrant; AfM = African Migrant; NR = Nesting Resident,

N(R)

= Non Nesting Resident



* Figures represent the number of birds observed at 5:​​30 am and 7 am on 31st March and 1st April 2005.


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