Instructions for Field Inventory of Fauna




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Serbia, Montenegro and Natura 2000: Strengthening the Capacity of Governments and Civil Sector to Adapt to EU Nature Protection Acquis




Instructions for Field Inventory of Fauna

Listed under Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC Annexes


Introduction
Aim of the following instructions is to provide guidance for field inventory of animal species in Montenegro listed under Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC annexes, especially those of Annex II, which are subject of designation of the Special Areas of Conservation (SACs) ref. Article 3 of the Directive. The list of target animal species for the field inventory in Montenegro is included in Appendix 1 and is based on the national Reference list of Habitats Directive annex species for Montenegro prepared in the framework of the project „Serbia, Montenegro and Natura 2000: Strengthening the Capacity of Governments and Civil Sector to Adapt to EU Nature Protection Acquis“.
The instructions do not provide guidance on the field techniques to be used to determine/record presence of the particular species or taxonomical group. Selection of appropriate field methods as well as acquisition of necessary permits for field research (eg. when the research is executed in protected areas) from national or other authorities are solely in the remit of the researcher.

What you need for the field inventory


  • Topographical map of Montenegro in 1:25 000 scale or aerial photos of the mapped site if such are available

  • Clip board

  • Fauna Inventory Form(s) (see Appendix 2)

  • Pencil(s)

  • GPS

  • Digital camera


The equipment written in italics is optional.

How to use the field mapping form and the maps
Use the Fauna Inventory Form (Appendix 2) with our step by step guide to assist you through the different sections of the form. In addition, you will be provided by copy of the topographical map of Montenegro in 1:25 000 scale cut to A3 sheets. All information in following steps are mandatory except optional steps 5, 6 and 7.

Follow the steps as below:



  1. Record the Name of mapper, in case more persons doing field inventory input all names. Person responsible for particular species data is first.

  2. Record the Date the survey was conducted in format dd.mm.yyyy; eg. 08.04.2009.

  3. Record the mapped species Locality into the hard copy A3 format map or aerial photo by drawing polygon, line or point, which represents the mapped locality. Put number to the drawn locality. On one A3 map sheet each locality should have a unique number (refer also to Appendix 3).

  4. Code of the A3 map sheet and number of the locality have to be written into the inventory form.

  5. Optionally record X, Y coordinates of the exact position of the species locality in decimal degrees (e.g. 33.2514) according to the map or the GPS.

  6. Area: Record the area (in m2) of the mapped species locality. This information is mandatory if the locality is drawn into map sheet as a point (see step 3) and/or its precise coordinates are recorded by GPS (see step 4).

  7. Width: Record the width (in m) of the mapped species locality. This information is mandatory if the locality is drawn into map sheet as a line (see step 3).

  8. Note is a place for any comments.

  9. Taxon: Fill out the name of taxon from the list of target HD Annex fauna species (Appendix 1). At least one HD Annex fauna species should be recorded per locality. Other (non Annex) species can be recorded here too, but it is not mandatory.

  10. Population: There are three options how to provide information on size of species population in rank of decreasing preciseness:

  1. A. Number of individuals: Estimate if it is feasible species population number use suffix (i) for individuals or (p) for pairs,

  2. B. Population range: Use the ranges1-5, 6-10, 11-50, 51-100, 101-250, 251-500, 501-1000, 1001-10.000, > 10.000

  3. C. Descriptive abundance: C - common, R – rare, V – very rare

  1. Character of occurrence: Indicate the character of occurrence for each species. As many fauna species are migratory, the site may be important for different aspects of the life cycle of species. These are categorized below:

  1. Resident – to be found throughout the year on the site

  2. Breeding/reproducing – use the site to breed and raise young

  3. Staging – site used on migration or for moulting outside the breeding grounds

  4. Wintering – uses the site during the winter

  1. TOP locality: Mark whether the mapped locality is a TOP locality for the respective species in Montenegro according to your subjective view. Use YES/NO options. You can assign TOP locality status to max. 10 sites for each species. As a TOP locality the locality with largest or most vital population of the species or with the best (habitat) conditions for the long-term survival of the species population on the site can be considered.

  2. Conservation status: Degree of conservation of the features of the habitat which are important for the species concerned and possibilities for restoration. Assign the conservation status to the species population on the site based on ‘best expert judgement’ with the following options:

  1. Conservation excellent = elements in an excellent condition, independent of the grading of the possibility of restoration

  2. Good conservation = elements well conserved independent of the grading of the possibility of restoration; or elements in average or partially degraded condition and easy to restore

  3. Average or reduced conservation = all other combinations


Digitalisation of data collected in the field

You will be requested to deliver the data obtained during the field inventory in both analogue (hard copy maps and field inventory forms) and digital format (database). For data digitalisation a special database (client database) will be provided to each mapper. The structure of the database is similar as that of the field inventory form and is shown in Appendix 4.

The database will be equipped with integrated GIS module which will allow you to digitalise the localities from the hard copy maps into the GIS, directly in the database environment.

Appendix 1



Species

Group

HD Annex

II

IV

V

Rhinolophus blasii

mammal

X

X

 

Rhinolophus euryale

mammal

X

X

 

Rhinolophus ferrumequinum

mammal

X

X

 

Rhinolophus hipposideros

mammal

X

X

 

Miniopterus schreibersi

mammal

X

X

 

Myotis oxignathus

mammal

 

X

 

Myotis aurascens

mammal

 

X

 

Myotis mystacinus

mammal

 

X

 

Myotis nattereri

mammal

 

X

 

Myotis bechsteini

mammal

X

X

 

Myotis blythii

mammal

X

X

 

Myotis brandtii

mammal

 

X

 

Myotis dasycneme

mammal

SR

SR

 

Myotis daubentonii

mammal

 

X

 

Myotis capaccinii

mammal

X

X

 

Myotis emarginatus

mammal

X

X

 

Myotis myotis

mammal

X

X

 

Nyctalus leisleri

mammal

 

X

 

Nyctalus noctula

mammal

 

X

 

Pipistrellus nathusii

mammal

 

X

 

Pipistrellus kuhlii

mammal

 

X

 

Pipistrellus pipistrellus

mammal

 

X

 

Pipistrellus pygmaeus

mammal

 

X

 

Hypsugo savii

mammal

 

X

 

Eptesicus serotinus

mammal

 

X

 

Vespertilio murinus

mammal

 

X

 

Plecotus auritus

mammal

 

X

 

Plecotus austriacus

mammal

 

X

 

Tadarida teniotis

mammal

 

X

 

Canis aureus

mammal

 

 

X

* Canis lupus

mammal

X

X

X

* Ursus arctos

mammal

X

X

X

Lutra lutra

mammal

X

X

 

Martes martes

mammal

 

 

X

Mustela putorius

mammal

 

 

X

Felis silvestris

mammal

 

X

 

Lynx lynx

mammal

X

X

 

Muscardinus avellanarius

mammal

 

X

 

Dryomys nitedula

mammal

 

X

 

* Monachus monachus

mammal

SR

SR

 

Rupicapra rupicapra balcanica

mammal

X

X

X

Delphinus delphinus

mammal

 

X

 

Stenella coeruleoalba

mammal

 

X

 

Tursiops truncatus

mammal

X

X

 

Testudo graeca

amph/rept

X

X

 

Testudo hermanni

amph/rept

X

X

 

Emys orbicularis

amph/rept

X

X

 

Mauremys caspica

amph/rept

X

X

 

* Chelonia mydas

amph/rept

X

X

 

* Caretta caretta

amph/rept

X

X

 

Algyroides nigropunctatus

amph/rept

 

X

 

Lacerta agilis

amph/rept

 

X

 

Lacerta schreiberi

amph/rept

SR

SR

 

Lacerta trilineata

amph/rept

 

X

 

Lacerta viridis

amph/rept

 

X

 

Podarcis melisellensis

amph/rept

 

X

 

Podarcis muralis

amph/rept

 

X

 

Ophisaurus apodus

amph/rept

 

X

 

Coluber laurenti

amph/rept

 

X

 

Coluber najadum

amph/rept

 

X

 

Coluber viridiflavus

amph/rept

 

X

 

Coronella austriaca

amph/rept

 

X

 

Elaphe longissima

amph/rept

 

X

 

Elaphe quatuorlineata

amph/rept

X

X

 

Elaphe situla

amph/rept

X

X

 

Natrix tessellata

amph/rept

 

X

 

Telescopus falax

amph/rept

 

X

 

Vipera ammodytes

amph/rept

 

X

 

Vipera ursinii

amph/rept

X

X

 

Salamandra atra

amph/rept

 

X

 

Triturus carnifex

amph/rept

X

X

 

Triturus cristatus

amph/rept

X

X

 

* Proteus anguinus

amph/rept

SR

SR

 

Bombina variegata

amph/rept

X

X

 

Rana arvalis

amph/rept

 

X

 

Rana dalmatina

amph/rept

 

X

 

Rana graeca

amph/rept

 

X

 

Rana lessonae

amph/rept

 

X

 

Pelobates fuscus

amph/rept

 

X

 

Bufo viridis

amph/rept

 

X

 

Hyla arborea

amph/rept

 

X

 

Eudontomyzon mariae

fish

X

 

 

Eudontomyzon vladykovi stankokaramani

fish

X

 

 

Lampetra fluviatilis

fish

SR

 

 

Lampetra planeri

fish

X

 

 

Petromyzon marinus

fish

X

 

 

* Acipenser naccarii

fish

X

 

 

* Acipenser sturio

fish

X

 

 

Alburnus albidus

fish

X

 

 

Alosa fallax

fish

X

 

 

Barbus meridionalis

fish

X

 

 

Cobitis elongata

fish

X

 

 

Cobitis taenia

fish

X

 

 

Cottus gobio

fish

X

 

 

Hucho hucho

fish

X

 

 

Leuciscus souffia

fish

X

 

 

Misgurnus fossilis

fish

X

 

 

Padogobius panizzae

fish

X

 

 

Pomatoschistus montenegrensis

fish

proposed

 

 

Phoxinellus spp.

fish

X

 

 

Rhodeus sericeus amarus

fish

X

 

 

Rutilus alburnoides

fish

X

 

 

Rutilus rubilio

fish

X

 

 

Sabanejewia aurata

fish

X

 

 

Salmo marmoratus

fish

X

 

 

Buprestis splendens

invert.

X

X

 

Carabus variolosus

invert.

SR

SR

 

Cerambyx cerdo

invert.

X

X

 

Lucanus cervus

invert.

X

 

 

Rosalia alpina

invert.

X

X

 

* Osmoderma eremita

invert.

X

X

 

Stephanopachys substriatus

invert.

X

 

 

Callimorpha quadripunctaria

invert.

X

 

 

Eriogaster catax

invert.

X

X

 

Euphydryas (Eurodryas, Hypodryas) aurinia

invert.

X

 

 

Hypodryas maturna

invert.

X

X

 

* Nymphalis vaualbum

invert.

X

 

 

Maculinea arion

invert.

 

X

 

Papilio alexanor

invert.

 

X

 

Parnassius apollo

invert.

 

X

 

Parnassius mnemosyne

invert.

 

X

 

Proserpinus proserpina

invert.

 

X

 

Coenagrion ornatum

invert.

X

 

 

Cordulegaster heros

invert.

X

X

 

Lindenia tetraphylla

invert.

X

X

 

Gomphus flavipes (Stylurus flavipes)

invert.

 

X

 

Aeshna viridis

invert.

 

SR

 

Leucorrhinia pectoralis

invert.

SR

SR

 

Leucorrhinia caudalis

invert.

 

SR

 

Ophiogomphus cecilia

invert.

SR

SR

 

Paracaloptenus caloptenoides

invert.

SR

 

 

Saga pedo

invert.

 

X

 

*Austropotamobius torrentium

invert.

X

 

X

Astacus astacus

invert.

 

 

X

Austropotamobius pallipes

invert.

X

 

X

Litophaga litophaga

invert.

 

X

 

Pinna nobilis

invert.

 

X

 

Unio crassus

invert.

X

X

 

Congeria kusceri

invert.

SR

SR

 

Graphoderus bilineatus

invert.

SR

SR

 

Appendix 2



Appendix 3


Appendix 4













Prepared by Milan Janák and Rastislav Lasák

DAPHNE – Institute of Applied Ecology, 2011




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