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--------------------------------------------- European Moth Nights ------------------------------------------------

4th European Moth Nights

11th-15th October 2007


The Hungarian Lepidopterological Society and the Entomological Society of Luzern (Switzerland) announce the 4th European Moth Nights for 11th to 15th October 2007

As in earlier years, the program has several purposes:

1. Once again, connections and community work deserve prime emphasis. In the previous years this project managed to bring together a high number of European lepidopterists, conservationists, hikers, and many other people with an interest for a few days of wide-scale cooperation. We are convinced, that this is not a superfluous activity, as it strengthens unity and mutual understanding, while also offering an insight into the lepidoptera-fauna of the different countries and the local methods of collecting.

2. We wish to present a wide-ranging snapshot on the macro-moths flying in a given period of time, with particular attention to species possibly or actually needing protection and those traditionally considered as migratory species.
3. The data and the results obtained as well as their evaluation are to be made available to the general public. It is important to underline, that we publish all the results of the program, not only derived data.
4. The middle of October has been chosen as the date for the 4th EMN for the following reasons:

- We’d like to expand the yearly updated total species list of EMN with the species flying in autumn,

- It would be interesting to see how many species can be observed in the form of imago in Europe in the middle of October (for that we need a high number of participants and collecting places!),

- We should like to show outsiders with an interest, that nocturnal moths fly not only in the summer, but still in autumn.

Important: Participants are reminded of having at their diposal five nights for the purposes of observation. This is mainly because we don’t want bad weather or personal duties stand in the way of the program. But if you can and feel like, you can either collect at the same place over 5 nights, or at 5 different places in the same period.
Regarding the technical questions of the 4th European Moth Nights, please follow the instructions below about sending data and tables to make summarizing and systematisation easier.
1. The data should preferably be submitted in the form of the Excel tables we have designed, to be downloaded from the following addresses (may also be ordered by regular mail):
The table includes all the data of importance in the project and by using them, you make the work of evaluating and summarizing the results easier. Naturally, we also accept data in other forms.

Data are expected primarily in e-mail or if that's not possible, by regular mail to one of the following addresses:

Szalkay József Magyar Lepkészeti Egyesület

Hungarian Lepidopterological Society

H-4033 Debrecen, Zoványi J. u. 19/B/9

Entomologische Gesellschaft Luzern

Entomological Society of Luzern

CH-6003 Luzern, Kasernenplatz 6.

In the different countries or groups of countries we have special representatives, “EMN Ambassadors” helping our work. Their names and addresses can be found in the following regularly updated tables:



It is their accepted duty to coordinate the project in their own territory, to sort out and verify the data received and forward them to the EMN-HQ. Consequently, all data, questions and suggestions may also be sent to the territorial ambassadors.
2. The table should include the following data (the categories in bold are obligatory to fill in):

- Observer's name, postal and e-mail address

- Family, genus, species name (use of the checklist of Karsholt & Razowski 1996 or Leraut 1997 is advised) In the course of our project, we have to confine ourselves to macro-moths (Macroheterocera) in the traditional sense of the term, therefore also including the families Hepialidae, Cossidae, Limacodidae and Psychidae. Justification can be found in the Evaluation of the 1st EMN.

- Country, region, locality, exact location, height above sea level, date and method of collecting (type and performance of lamp, type of trap or bait if any and length of observation)

- Frequency of species (in the form of approximate data by use of the categories found in the invitation or that of exact figures)
Once again, it is necessary to stress two very important conditions regarding the realization of the program.
- On the one hand, for the accuracy and authenticity of the summary, only data of reliably determined specimens are expected. If you are uncertain regarding your determination of a specimen, ask for help from a professional or don't send the data at all!
- Another important condition is the full respect of the requirements of nature conservancy, thus it is especially unadvisable to collect specimens of protected species and to disturb natural habitats.
In the realization of the project, we especially count on the participation of entomological, mostly lepidopterological societies, groups, conservationists, hiking organizations and individuals who, not unlike us, believe that with the help of the data they provide they can increase our knowledge regarding this uniquely wonderful group of animals, reveal their habitats and secure their appreciation and protection from society.
Please inform of this project as many people as possible and make the activity of all participants - collectors and observers by lamp alike - accessible to others, including schoolchildren, nature lovers and all those interested. The work of organizing the publicity of this activity is fully left to the participants.
Let's use the possibility of this event to once again call public attention to the wonderful world of moths as well as to the fact that under the current conditions of civilization, moths are in many places in need of man's well-considered protection.


European Moth Nights 2008-2010
The planned dates for further European Moth Nights are:

5th EMN: 24th-28 th July 2008 6th EMN: 21th-25th May 2009 7th EMN: 9 th-13th September 2010
(Text by Ladislaus REZBANYAI-RESER & Mihály KÁDÁR, translated by Gergely PETRÁNYI )

4th European Moth Nights

11th–15th October 2007


Dear Colleagues, Lepidopterologists!
As in previous years, we invite you to a

moth observation

to be held from 11th to 15th October 2007

at any optional, voluntarily and independently chosen

place (or places) in Europe.

We want to confine ourselves to macro-moths in the traditional sense of the term (Macroheterocera) (including Hepialidae, Cossidae, Limacodidae and Psychidae families). It is possible to collect in the same place every night or at different places on the different nights.

Purpose of the event: Cultivation of connections and community work, wide-ranging European faunistic snapshot on macro-moths and publication of the results (for details see attached Information).
The data should be sent in the form of a list (preferably as a table in EXCEL or some other format) by 31th January 2008 at the latest, to any of the addresses found below or to the EMN-Ambassador of the given country (preferably by e-mail or regular postal service). We kindly ask you to keep the deadline under any circumstances!
The following data are to be put on the list: Name and address of the collector, family, genus, species name (including perhaps the generally known, more important synonyms of species names). For system and names, checklist by Karsholt & Razowski 1996 should preferably be used (with the serial number of the species) or some other accepted checklist.

You also have to indicate the name of country, region, locality, exact location, height above sea-level, date, method of collecting (lamp type), and provide reference to the frequency of species, either by exact number of specimen or by approximate data: x = very rare (1-5), xx = rare (6-29), xxx = frequent (30-99), xxxx = very frequent (above 100).

Further information, an empty Excel table to be filled in as well as a list - including availability - of the EMN-Ambassadors can be found at the following web-sites: and (NEW!)
It is very important, that only the data of moths determined beyond doubt should be put on the list. In the case of any uncertainty regarding determination of a specimen, turn to reliable help or don’t send the data at all.

Hoping that you find a lot of enjoyment in the event, we send our best wishes and are looking forward to your participation,

Szalkay József Magyar Lepkészeti Egyesület

Hungarian Society of Lepidopterology

H-4033 Debrecen, Zoványi J. u. 19/B/9

Entomologische Gesellschaft Luzern Entomological Society Lucerne (Swiss)

CH-6003 Luzern, Kasernenplatz 6

(Text by Ladislaus REZBANYAI-RESER and Mihály KÁDÁR, translated by Gergely PETRÁNYI)

(5th EMN: 24 th-28 th July 2008)

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