Historic Plants for Today’s Gardens Chelsea Physic Garden, England

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Historic Plants for Today’s Gardens

  1. Chelsea Physic Garden, England

  2. Hampton Court, England

  3. J.F.D. Lanier Garden, Madison IN, 1876

  4. Monticello, West Front

  5. Monticello, Vegetable Garden, harvest

  6. Egyptian Onions

  7. McMahon’s Texas Bird Pepper

  8. Globe Artichoke

  9. Red Orach

  10. White Eggplant, Melongena, Jefferson by 1812

  11. Anne Arundel Muskmelon, from Maryland, 1731

  12. Tomatoes, Purple Calabash; Costoluto Genovese

  13. ‘Newtown Pippin’ or ‘Albemarle Pippin’

  14. Hyacinth Bean, Dolichos lablab

  15. Caracalla Bean, Vigna Caracalla

  16. Bulb plantings at Monticello

  17. Robert Furber’s “Twelve Months of Flowers,” 1731

  18. Peter Crowells & Co, Gardeners & Florists, Alexandria, 1786

  19. Edmund Bacon (1785-1866), Monticello overseer, 1806-1822

  20. Painting of West Front, Jane Braddick Peticolas, c. 1825

  21. Hyacinths, doubles & singles

  22. French Roman Hyacinth

  23. Tulips at Monticello

  24. ‘Juno’ Tulip, Rose Type, Florist’s Guide, 1828

  25. ‘Viceroy’ Tulip, sold for £ 3,000 in 1630s

  26. ‘Keizerskroon’ Tulip, 1760; replaced in trade by ‘Kees Nelis’ Tulip, 1951

  27. ‘Dillenburg’ Tulip, source: Old House Gardens

  28. Tulipa clusiana Lady Tulip, described 1803, Mediterranean, Kashmir, Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan

  29. Tulipa clusiana chrysantha, described 1948

  30. Jonquil, Narcissus jonquilla, cultivated by 1700, TJ 1782

  31. ‘Van Sion’ Daffodil, Narcissus telemonius plenus, Butter & Eggs, double, Vincent Sion 1620

  32. ‘Old Pheasant’s Eye’ Daffodil, Narcissus poeticus recurvus, illustrated 17th C Herbals

  33. Twin Sisters Daffodil, Narcissus x medioluteus, also Primrose Peerless, April Beauty. Natural hybrid between Narcissus poeticus and N. tazetta.

  34. Gladiolus communis Byzantinus, Sword Flag, Corn Flag. Curtis’s Botanical Magazine, 1789

  35. Fleur de Lisle Iris, Iris pseudacorus

  36. Flags, Bearded Iris, Iris pallida

  37. Early 20th C Iris hybrids, ‘Midwest’ and ‘Quaker Lady’

  38. Dianthus variety, Purple Jagged Pink, Grass Pinks, Dianthus plumarius varieties

  39. Painted Lady Dianthus ‘Fair Folly’, 17th C

  40. Painted Lady Dianthus ‘Dad’s Favorite’, late 18th C

  41. ‘Musgrave’s Pink’ Dianthus, 1730

  42. ‘Inchmery’ Pink, 18th C

  43. ‘Gloriosa’ Pink, late 18th C, a carnation, grass pink cross

  44. Balsam Apple, Momordica balsamina, bitter melon

  45. Sweet Scented Marvel of Peru, Mirabilis longiflora, Four O’clock

  46. Rebrandt Peale’s portrait of brother Reubens, 1801

  47. Species Geranium, Pelargonium inquinans

  48. Prestwould, estate of Sir Peyton and Jean Lady Skipwith

  49. Great Red Hibiscus, Hibiscus coccineus

  50. Daylily, Hemerocallus, 1629, Parkinson

  51. ‘Kwanso’ Double Daylily

  52. Lemon Lily, Hemerocallus flava

  53. African Marigold, Tagetes erecta, Iranian silk weaving, c. 1600

  54. “Lesser Marigold,” Tagetes patula, French Marigold

  55. Striped French Marigold, Curtis’ Botanical Magazine, 1791

  56. Zinnia, “Medicine Hat,” Curtis’ Botanical Magazine, 1801

  57. Nasturtiums, Tropaeolum varieties

  58. Pansy, Heart’s ease

  59. Poet

  60. Sweet Pea, Lathyrus odoratus, species and varieties, Painted Lady, ‘America’~1897, ‘Cupid’~1896, Spenser Sweet Peas~1910

  61. Yucca, Adam’s Needle, Oatlands in Northern Virginia

  62. Hollyhocks, Alcea rosea, single and double

  63. “An Old Fashioned Garden,” Anne Millay Bremmer

  64. Celia Thaxter's Garden, Appledore, Isles of Shoals by Childe Hassam

  65. “in the Garden,” Maine, Childe Hassam, 1892

  66. Celia Thaxter’s island garden, photograph, c. 1892

Peggy Cornett, Curator of Historic Plants, Monticello~pcornett@monticello.org

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