NATIONAL COMMUNICATIONS AUTHORITY
Committee INDUSTRY TECHNICAL COMMITTEE
Date Issued 22/03/2010
Title of Report Guidelines for the Deployment of Communications Towers
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 3
CHAPTER ONE 5
1.0 GENERAL PROVISIONS 5
1.1 CONSTRUCTION OF TOWERS 5
1.2 REQUIREMENTS FOR CO-LOCATION 6
1.3 PRE-APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS FOR A NEW SITE 7
1.3.2Proximity to Power Lines 7
1.4 APPLICATION PROCESS 7
CHAPTER TWO 10
2.0 REQUIREMENTS OF THE VARIOUS PERMITTING AGENCIES 10
2.1 GHANA CIVIL AVIATION AUTHORITY (GCAA) 10
2.1.1 Application for the Construction of Towers 10
2.1.2 Aviation Permit Requirements 11
2.1.3Aviation Permit Application Procedure 11
2.2 RADIATION PROTECTION INSTITUTE (RPI) 12
2.3 ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (EPA) 12
2.4 METROPOLITAN, MUNICIPAL AND DISTRICT ASSEMBLIES (MMDAs) REQUIREMENTS 13
2.4.1APPLICATION TO THE MMDAs FOR PERMITS 13
CHAPTER THREE 15
3.0 OPERATIONAL REQUIREMENTS 15
3.1Inspection of Tower Structures 15
3.5 Requirements on Radiation Emission 18
CHAPTER FOUR 19
4.0 STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENT 19
CHAPTER FIVE 24
5.0 DISPUTE RESOLUTION ON CO-LOCATION 24
6.0 REPEAL 24
APPENDIX 1 24
APPENDIX 2 26
APPENDIX 3 29
APPENDIX 4 31
APPENDIX 5 33
APPENDIX 6 38
APPENDIX 7 41
Mobile phones and other ICT facilities are vital communication tools for both business and societal development. The growing demand for mobile services have necessitated the increase in communications infrastructure such as towers; which are needed to ensure that there are adequate network coverage and access that guarantee minimum Quality of Service (QoS).
However, the very support structures required to enhance quality of service have also raised public concerns; specifically, issues related to health, aesthetics and safety. Some of these concerns particularly, with regard to health are not supported by existing scientific findings. That notwithstanding, it is important, through education and public awareness, to address the concerns of the public and also take appropriate action to harmonise growth and development on one hand and public safety, perceived or otherwise on the other.
Accordingly, to address growth and environmental sanity, an Inter-Ministerial Committee (IMC) was inaugurated to champion the development and implementation of a solution framework.
The IMC instituted an Industry Technical Committee (ITC) headed by the National Communications Authority (NCA) to collaborate with industry and other stakeholders: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Ghana Civil Aviation Authority (GCAA), Ghana Atomic Energy Commission (GAEC), Metropolitan, Municipal and District Assemblies (MMDAs) to develop a set of guidelines for the institution of a one-stop-shop permitting scheme for the deployment of communication towers.
The Terms of Reference for the ITC are as follows:
Provide clear standards and procedures for the installation of towers and also address the issues of environmental sanity.
Formulate a cost-effective and efficient mechanism to address administrative and bureaucratic bottlenecks faced by Operators.
Design a fair and open cost-based fee policy/structure which would ensure that all Operators are charged fairly by the relevant permitting authorities.
Facilitate the development of infrastructure to enhance the delivery of quality service and also promote the provision of competitive and affordable services nationwide.
The ITC in fashioning these Guidelines, reviewed all relevant bodies of laws and regulations of the institutions responsible for permitting and recommended the following:
Institutionalise a one-stop-shop mechanism with defined:
application and approval procedures;
Harmonised fees structure;
Monitoring and enforcement.
Promotion of public awareness and education; and
Encourage co-location to reduce the proliferation of towers.
1.0 GENERAL PROVISIONS
1.1.1 A person who intends to construct a tower must demonstrate that all reasonable steps have been taken to investigate tower sharing before applying to the permitting agencies to construct a new tower within a specified radius of 400m of the proposed site.
Where tower heights are shorter, a smaller search radius can be used as follows:
Two towers above 46m, a radius of 400m shall apply; and
188.8.131.52 Two towers below 46m towers, a radius of 300m shall apply.
1.1.3 Where either of the above is not technically feasible, a written documentation in a form of a co-location statement, which indicates the reason why co-location was not possible, shall be supplied by the site owner within five (5) working days to the applicant. The applicant shall submit the co-location statement to the permitting agencies on application for a new site.