We do not break down algae by family/species as there is only one taxon for 'algae, pond scum' in local native languages. It includes some flowering plants (Najas, Utricularia).
only Marsilea sp. floating in ponds, and Actiniopteris radiata on inselbergs, are common in Dogon country to our current knowledge. Christella was found at Kikara.
Actiniopteris radiata 50002
records: Hombori, SE Douentza (Boudet); Kikara (JH)
habitat: the typical fern of inselbergs
notes: unusual "monkey-hand" shape
Adiantaceae or Pteridaceae
Adiantum (classic ferns)
Adiantum capillus-veneris (“banksianum”)
habitat: wet areas around rocks
records: Bamako, Kita, Koulikoro (Boudet); pantropical
habitat: cool soil in shade, s.t. on rocks
Rhizome short, suberect or creeping with tufted fronds and with dark-brown subulate rhizome-scales c. 3 mm. long. Stipe castaneous, up to 15 cm. long, glabrous. Frond arching, herbaceous, often proliferous at the apex. Lamina up to 42 x9.5 cm., lanceolate in outline, pinnate; pinnae up to 2 x 4.6 cm., mostly very broadly oblong to rhombic, more reduced and obcuneate towards the apex of the frond, borne on slender castaneous petioles up to 1.8 cm. long, shallowly incised along the acroscopic margin into truncate lobes, glabrous on both surfaces. Sori borne on the apices of the pinna lobes; indusial flaps up to 2 cm. long, linear to shallowly lunate, glabrous.
records: Tabacco (Boudet)
habitat: shady ravine edges
Azolla (tiny, floating)
records: Gao, Sendegue (Boudet)
records: Fincolo (Niger Buckle) (Boudet)
habitat: rocks with running water
Marsilea (aquatic clover, 4-leafed, leaves may float on surface)
records: Koublik (Boudet); Southern Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt
habitat: able to survive long droughts
Marsilea credulata (see M. minuta)
Marsilea fimbriata (see M. minuta)
Marsilea gibba [not in African Flowering Plants Database]
records: Gao (Boudet)
habitat: alongside watercourses, dry depressions
Marsilea gymnocarpa (see M. nubica)
Marsilea minuta 50003 (syns M. crenulata, M. fimbriata)
records: Sotuba, Korofina (Boudet)
habitat: drying mud, rice fields, rocks near waterfalls, often in colonies
Marsilea nubica (syn M. gymnocarpa) [not in African Flowering Plants Database]
records: Timbuktu, Gao, Dogo (Boudet)
habitat: shallow depressions, wet sands, often in colonies
Marsilea sp. (perhaps M. minuta)
record: Adia (Najamba language area), Anda, Boussouma (with Typha) (JH)
Christella dentata 50004 (syn Thelypteris dentata)
records: Koulikoro (Boudet); Kikara (JH, if ID correct)
note: classic fern, highly dentate leaf edge
description < Flora Zambesica online 2007:
Rhizome c. 7 mm. in diam., creeping, with fronds closely spaced and with dark-brown ovate to lanceolate acuminate entire thinly pilose rhizome-scales up to 6 mm. long. Frond arching, non-proliferous, herbaceous. Stipe up to 20 cm. long, pale-brown to greyish-brown, glabrous, thinly pubescent with minute white hairs and with lanceolate scales about the base similar to those on the rhizome. Lamina up to 1.3 x 0.4 m., pinnate, elliptic to narrowly elliptic in outline, apex acuminate with a deeply pinnatifid terminal segment, lower pinnae gradually decrescent; middle pinnae up to 21 x 2.2 cm., very narrowly oblong or attenuate with a long linear acuminate shallowly crenate apex, deeply pinnatifid into oblong slightly falcate obtuse to acute entire lobes, up to 5 mm. broad, pilose along the costa with a few scattered hairs on the costules and veins ventrally, thinly pubescent with minute white hairs on the costae and costules dorsally and along the margins and with even smaller hairs on the lamina; 1 or more pairs of veins (usually a pair and a single vein) anastomosing at and below the sinus. Rhachis pale-brown, pilose with stiff often curved hairs and thinly pubescent with minute white hairs. Sori circular, up to 14 per segment, borne 1/2-way between the costule and the margin; indusium up to 1 mm. in diam., pilose with short white hairs.
taxonomy: Kikara specimen needs to be checked against Christella (Thelypteris) and Adiantum
Cyclosorus dentatus (see Christella dentata [given as syn in Boudet])
[but AFPD appears to distinguish the two, with Cyclosorus accepted for N Africa]
records: Sikasso (Boudet)
habitat: swampy prairies, forest galleries
Thelypteris dentata (see Christella dentata)
Podaxis pistillaris 50005 (puffball)
white, emerges from the earth as an erect shaft, crumbles at the touch.
records: widespread in Dogon country (JH)
native terms: often called “donkey penis” or the like by Dogon and montane Songhay
capped mushrooms 50006
usually just one term for all other mushrooms (terrestrial or arboreal), sometimes also merged terminologically with Podaxis.
Pseudevernia furfuracea 50680
records: sold in markets (Timbuktu, Gao, Hombori, Douentza) (JH_
ethnobotany: these dried lichens, in dried form, are a prized spice in Timbuktu-Gao cuisine; sold in Douentza and Mopti markets but not generally known to Dogon.
Taxonomy of flowering plants (APG II system)
(for updates see Wikipedia or other sites)