Federal republic of nigeria fourth national biodiversity




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Assessment of progress

Climate change is having a negative impact on habitats and biodiversity in Nigeria. There are no vivid indicators . Efforts are being made to reduce oil spill, gas flaring and other industrial pollution. The target of stopping of gas flaring has not been successful and the target has been moved 2011.



MAINTAINING GOODS AND SERVICES FROM BIODIVERSITY TO SUPPORT HUMAN WELL BEING




Goal 8. Maintain capacity of ecosystems to deliver goods and services and support livelihoods




Global targets




Nigeria’s contribution to global target

Relevant Nigeria indicator and associated measures

Assessment of change for each measure

Summary of change

Related Nigeria and national targets
















8.1 Capacity of ecosystems to deliver goods and services maintained




Nigeria has undertaken a review of national targets and indicators relevant to the implementation of an ecosystem approach The biodiversity conservation features as a major component of the environmental is to integrate biodiversity conservation into the nation’s economic and social development, by: Protecting ecosystems and species that are rare, endangered or facing extinction,

Restoring, maintaining and enhance ecosystems and ecological processes essential for the functioning of the Nigerian biosphere, to preserve biological diversity and apply the principle of optimum sustainable yield in the use of living natural resources and ecosystems.

Ecosystem assessment, shows that large areas of natural forests are being unsustainably exploited for tree species. Grazing pressure, fire, and excessive use of systemic herbicides, including pollution are other factors that affect biodiversity and habitat loss. Fire destroys large areas of forest ecosystems annually with the elimination of sensitive species


Restocking biological resources where they have either been lost or have become scarce.


This change has been assessed through various institutional records, annual activities like hunting, fishing festivals




There has been a drastic decline in the size and number animals killed by hunters and fish catch by fishermen There has also been a steady decline in the proportion of fuel wood

Designation of appropriate parts of protected areas for managed harvesting of non-timber products by local people to ensure benefits to local people and guarantee of protection of resources.


















.







8.2 Biological resources that support sustainable livelihoods, local food security and health care, especially of poor people maintained.

Survey and collection of indigenous fruit trees and other useful plants and creation/extension of arboreta and other germplasm collections.

Wood accounts for about 85% of domestic energy use in the country. Preference is often given to wood species with high calorific values that occur largely in the savannah and rainforest ecosystems of the country. Thus high depletion of fuel-wood species is easily noticeable in the savannah and rainforest ecosystems.

Establishment of medicinal plant gardens .

Nigeria has supported or projects on ecosystem Services and Poverty Alleviation












Encouragement of fish farming at small and large scales







Assessment of progress;

Some progress has been achieved in the protection of wetlands and restoration of degraded sites for more use of the local people.




Assessment of progress
Good progress is being made to improve the quality of rivers. Moderate progress is being made on marine ecosystem integrity based on the proportion of the catch over 40cm in length; this appears to have stabilized in recent years.
The UK is launching a major research programme (Ecosystem Services for Poverty Alleviation) on the theme of Ecosystem Services and Poverty Alleviation in 2009 funded by DfID, NERC and ESRC. The UK also committed F50 million in 2007 for sustainable management of the Congo Basin. The Fund is intended to slow the rate of deforestation, through developing the capacity of the people and institutions in the countries of the Congo basin to manage their forest including local communities find livelihoods that are consistent with forest conservation.




PROTECTING TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE, INNOVATIONS AND PRACTICES

























Global targets

Nigeria’s Contribution to global target

Relevant Nigeria indicators and associated measures

Assessment of change for each measures







Summary of change

Related Nigeria National Target

9.1 Protect traditional knowledge, innovations and practices

The Nigeria has interest in article 8j. Nigeria has set up a national committee to develop a national framework on Access and benefit sharing and Traditional Knowledge on conservation of biodiversity

No relevant Nigeria indicators at present

No change noticed

No change noticed

Encouragement of local communities to participate in restorative management of wetlands and arid zone vegetation

9.2 Protect the rights of indigenous and local communities over their traditional knowledge, innovations and practices, including their rights to benefit-sharing

The Nigeria has interest in article 8j. Nigeria has set up a national committee to develop a national framework on Traditional Knowledge on conservation of biodiversity

No relevant Nigeria indicators at present

No change noticed

No change noticed

Encouragement of local communities to participate in restorative management of wetlands and arid zone vegetation



ENSURE THE FAIR AND EQUITABLE SHARING OF BENEFITS ARISING OUT OF THE USE OF GENETIC RESOURCES

Goal 10. Ensure the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the use of genetic resources

Global targets

Nigeria contribution to global target

Relevant Nigeria indicator and associated measures

Assessment of change for each measure

Summary of change


Related Nigeria and national targets









10.1 Ass access to genetic resources is in line with the Convention on Biological Diversity and its relevant provisions

Nigeria has set up a national committee to develop a national framework on Access and benefit sharing

No relevant indicators at present

Non

10.2 Benefits arising from the commercial and other utilization of genetic resources shared in a fair and equitable way with the countries providing such resources in line with the Convention on Biological Diversity and its relevant provisions

Permit has been granted to a Research Institute on Access and Benefit Sharing

No relevant indicators at present



Non

Assessment of progress

Draft National Framework on Access and Benefit sharing has been developed but no specific National target






ENSURE PROVISION OF ADEQUATE RESOURCES

Goal 11. Parties have improved financial, human, scientific, technical and technological capacity to implement the convention


Global targets


UK contribution to global target


Relevant Nigeria indicator and associated measure

Assessment of change for each measure


Summary of change

Related UK and national targets









11.1 New and additional financial resources are transferred to developing country Parties, to allow for the effective implementation of their commitments under the Convention in accordance with Article 20.

Financial allocation to biodiversity conservation national has been only to the Forest sector .

Nigeria has met its financial contribution to the CBD trusts fund, and GEF



CBD Trust fund



Non






No relevant Nigeria targets



11.2 Technology is transferred to developing country Parties, to allow for the effective implementation of their commitments under the Convention, in accordance with its Article 20, paragraph 4.

Non

No relevant Nigeria indicators at present





Assessment of progress

Nigeria has been able to contribute to CBD and GEF Trust funds .



4.2 Progress towards the Goals and Objectives of the Strategic Plan of the Convention


      1. Introduction

The Nigeria national contribution to achieving the goals and objectives of the Strategic Plan is delivered under the umbrella of the Nigeria National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP) and associated country biodiversity/environment strategies for various states in the country. All of these plans and strategies are developed and implemented through a cross-sectoral, partnership approach that is replicated at all relevant levels.
4.2.2 Assessment of the Nigeria contribution to and progress towards each of the objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity Strategic Plan:


Goal 1: The Convention is fulfilling its leadership role in international biodiversity issues

1.1 The Convention is setting the global biodiversity agenda

1.2 The Convention is promoting cooperation between all relevant international instruments and processes to enhance policy coherence.

1.3 Other international processes are actively supporting implementation of the Convention, in a manner consistent with their respective frameworks.

1.4 The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety is widely implemented.

1.5 Biodiversity concerns are being integrated into relevant sectoral or cross-sectoral plans, programmes and policies at the regional and global levels.

1.6 Parties are collaborating at the regional and sub-regional levels to implement the Convention

Objectives 1.1, 1.2 and 1.3 all related to the effectiveness of the Convention on Biological Diversity in representing biodiversity concerns on the international stage and within the work of other international conventions.

Detail of implementation of the Cartagena Protocol (Objective 1.4) is provided under goals 2.4, 3.2 and 4.2.

Objectives 1.5 and 1.6 are about Parties engaging in regional and sub-regional implementation activities. Nigeria is willing to undertakes these regional aspects of its biodiversity work as a member of the African Union once the Union embarks on their implementation



Goal 2: Parties have improved financial, human, scientific, technical and technological capacity to implement the Convention

2.1 All Parties have adequate capacity for implementation of priority actions in national biodiversity strategies and action plans

Nigeria has produced a national biodiversity strategy and action plan but not adequately implemented . It needs a review. Nigeria has some scientific and technical expertise in biodiversity conservation but not enough and ate not well coordinated . Biodiversity conservation activities are not well funded .

2.2 Developing country Parties, in particular the least developed and the small island developing States amongst them, and other Parties with economies in transition, have sufficient resources available to implement the three objectives of the Convention.

As a part of Nigeria’s ensuring sustainable development, it has incorporated environmental impact assessment into its all developmental projects . It has also set up national committee to develop her access and benefit sharing framework

The GEF is the financial mechanism for the CBD and the Nigerian Government is one of the contributors to the GEF .However Nigeria has not been able to commit enough resources to meeting the CBD objectives.





2.3 Developing country Parties, in particular the lease developed and the small island developing States amongst them, and other Parties with economies in transition, have increased resources and technology transfer available to implement the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety.

Nigeria has been able to develop her National Biosafety Framework, but requires assistance to develop capacity to implement the Framework. Nigeria also donates toward the protocol’s trust fund.

2.4 All Parties have adequate capacity to implement the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Nigeria signed the Protocol in 2000, it also ratified it in 2002.

The National Focal Point is the Federal Ministry of Environment

Nigeria has been able to develop her National Biosafety Framework, but requires assistance to develop capacity to implement the Framework.


2.5 Technical and scientific cooperation is making a significant contribution to building capacity

Nigeria Ministry of Environment works both at country level and through partnerships Internationally to support better management of environmental resources including forests, fisheries and biodiversity. This has included:

  • Significantly increasing the amount of quality information available to policy makers on how natural resources and environmental services support economic growth.

  • Providing specific and practical policy advice on measures necessary to sustain economic growth in the medium to long term.

  • Strengthening both the amount and quality of the dialogue between Ministries of Finance and Environment, Agric. Science and Technology.

Nigeria has weak Institutions and lacks adequate human resources with inadequate funding in biodiversity conservation. The private sector has shown no interest in conservation matters.





Goal 3: National biodiversity strategies and action plans and the integration of biodiversity concerns into relevant sectors serve as an effective framework for the implementation of the objectives of the Convention

3.1 Every Party has effective national strategies, plans and programmes in place to provide a national framework for implementing the three objectives of the Convention and to set clear national priorities

Please see text in chapter 2.2 on the OVERVIEW OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NBSAP:


3.2 Every Party to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety has a regulatory framework in place and functioning to implement the Protocol

  • Nigeria has Biosafety Bill in the parliament, There is Biosafety policy in place, Biosafety Guidelines have been developed



3.3 Biodiversity concerns are being integrated into relevant national sectoral and cross-sectoral plans, programmes and policies

This is yet to be implemented .

3.4 The priorities in national biodiversity strategies and action plans are being actively implemented, as a means to achieve national implementation of the Convention, and as a significant contribution towards the global biodiversity agenda




Goal 4: There is a better understanding of the importance of biodiversity and of the Convention and this has led to broader engagement across society in implementation

4.1 All Parties are implementing a communication, education, and public awareness strategy and promoting public participation in support of the Convention

There is inadequate awareness on biodiversity and the convention:

There are opportunities provided by visiting nature reserves (which vary in scale from small fields to National Parks) Botanic gardens and open access plant collections for example, and Environment day which provide opportunity for public engagement to inform the sectors of the public about international policy issues and how they relate to biodiversity and plants generally.



4.2 Every Party to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety is promoting and facilitating public awareness, education and participation in support of the Protocol

Nigeria has incorporated public awareness and participation in its National Biosafety Framework, its implementation is far fetched.

However Various workshops have been held and used to enlighten the public on the protocol



4.3 Indigenous and local communities are effectively involved in implementation and in the processes of the Convention at national, regional and international levels

This has not been achieved as expected . There are occasions whereby communities are involved in conservation efforts unconsciously .

4.4 Key actors and stakeholders, including the private sector, are engaged in partnership to implement the Convention and are integrating biodiversity concerns into their relevant sectoral and cross-sectoral plans, programmes and policies

ome private concerns particularly in the petroleum sector are currently incorporating conservation programs into their operations. Public Agencies are equally make efforts to mainstream biodiversity conservation into their operations as well. The Federal Ministry of Environment is at an advance stage in establishing an Environment Desk in each relevant Agencies and Institution to ensure compliance in the mainstreaming of conservation and other environmental issues into their programs


4.3 Conclusion


      1. Introduction

The level of implementation of the CBD in Nigeria has been achieved through the Nigeria National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan(NBSAP) and various states biodiversity conservation programs. The NBSAP has undoubtedly improved conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in a number of ways. Some of these are by:



  • Protecting ecosystems and species that are rare, endangered or facing extinction.




  • Encourage rational and sustainable use of biodiversity that abound in reasonable quantities,




  • Restocking biological resources where they have either been lost or have become scarce.




  • Restore, maintain and enhance ecosystems and ecological processes essential for the functioning of the Nigerian biosphere, to preserve biological diversity and apply the principle of optimum sustainable yield in the use of living natural resources and ecosystems.




  • Raise public awareness and promote understanding of essential linkages between biodiversity, environmental stability, development, and encourage individual and community participation in biodiversity conservation and protection efforts.




  • Co-operate in good faith with other countries, international organizations/agencies to achieve optimal use of biodiversity and effective prevention or abatement of trans-boundary biodiversity degradation.




  • Raising awareness on biodiversity particularly during the development of the NBSAP ;




  • Focusing action on priorities;




  • Providing a national framework through which policy planning, implementation and the sharing of best practice can take place efficiently and effectively;




  • Embedding a target-based approach, for halting loss of biodiversity and restoring biodiversity.

There are still many challenges that need to be met in Nigeria as many species and habitats that continue to decline due, largely to habitat loss caused by agricultural intensification practices (including the use of fertilizers and pesticides); increased land drainage; the channelization of water courses and eutrophication of water bodies; the reduction in extent of hedgerows and loss of farm ponds. A range of conservation-related measures introduced in Nigeria of which the NBSAP is notable one have also helped, cumulatively to recovery for many of the most threatened habitats and species.




      1. Access and Benefit Sharing




      1. Nigeria remains committed to the Ninth Conference of Parties’ decision to implement an international regime on access and benefit-sharing of genetic resources by the 10th Conference of Parties in 2010. Nigeria has been participating in the CBD various meeting and programs and drafted Access and Benefit Sharing framework towards achieving the 2010 target.




      1. THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NBSAP:

The implementation of the National Biodiversity strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP) has not been successful due to some constrains . The overall objective of biodiversity conservation in Nigeria, is to set in place, as soon as possible, measures that would conserve the dwindling resources and reduce further damage, and over a long term, taking necessary steps to reverse the trend of the damage done to biodiversity. The biodiversity conservation features as a major component of the environmental is to integrate biodiversity conservation into the nation’s economic and social development, by:


  • Protecting ecosystems and species that are rare, endangered or facing extinction.




  • Encourage rational and sustainable use of biodiversity that abound in reasonable quantities,




  • Restocking biological resources where they have either been lost or have become scarce.




  • Restore, maintain and enhance ecosystems and ecological processes essential for the functioning of the Nigerian biosphere, to preserve biological diversity and apply the principle of optimum sustainable yield in the use of living natural resources and ecosystems.




  • Raise public awareness and promote understanding of essential linkages between biodiversity, environmental stability, development, and encourage individual and community participation in biodiversity conservation and protection efforts.




  • Co-operate in good faith with other countries, international organisations/agencies to achieve optimal use of biodiversity and effective prevention or abatement of trans-boundary biodiversity degradation.



S/No.

Specific Actions (in-situ conservation of forests outside forest reserve)

Level of Achievement

Executing Agency

1

Conservation of special ecosystems e.g. wetlands, lands, fragile ecosystems and montane vegetation types and arid zone.

There are Fadama projects for the sustainable utilization of some wetlands in the country, one of this wetlands is the Nguru which has pool of biodiversity,

There is also Nigeria –Niger drought and desertification program for the critical land areas in the North’

The sustainable utilization and management of the fragile soils for the perpetuation of species of economic, medicinal and genetic conservation values is been embarked upon.


FMEnv, FMANR, NIOMR, FRIN, NIFFR, SMEnv and FCT

2

Encouragement of local communities to participate in restorative management of wetlands and arid zone vegetation

The department of Forestry in the Federal Ministry of Environment and States ministries of Environment have set up various initiatives to manage and utilize the wetlands and arid zones in the country in sustainable manner. Rural communities are guided on the use of the wetland and arid lands in sustainable manner,

This has been achieved through Local Empowerment and Environmental management program(LEEMP); its for the empowerment of rural populace using forest resources while protecting the environment. Fadama projects have also been used to achieve this target



FMEnv, FMANR, SMEnv, SMANR & SME

3

Encouragement of local governments, local communities, NGOs and private individuals to develop private forests of Multipurpose trees in urban and rural areas.

Some Local Governments in the country, NGOs and individuals have embarked on this through the Federal Government aforestation program

SMEnv, LGAs, NGOs, CBOs

4

Rehabilitation of plant nurseries operated by State Departments of Forestry for the production of 5 million multipurpose plant seedlings every year.

Most of the States have rehabilitated their nurseries and in some cases established new ones

FMEnv, FMANR, SMANR, FRIN, SMEnvs, NGOs.

5

Strengthening of the capability of private industries, Universities to manage natural forest outside forest reserves on a sustainable basis.

Private Industries and universities capacities have been Strengthening

to manage natural forest outside forest reserves through seminars and workshop. Some oil companies in the country have taken it upon themselves to go into this sector.



FMEnv and FMANR


6

Organisation of storage and retrieval of data from conservation areas and making them available to policy makers and managers.

Efforts are being made to pool all the sectors biodiversity conservation areas to a central node in the Ministry of Environment. The Ministry is presently in the process of establishing a viable network of information system. Towards this end, an Environmental Data Bank Unit has been established but this would need to be upgraded and made more viable. The Federal office of Statistics has also gathered data on Biodiversity in the Country. Nigeria is also making effort to be more involved in the Biodiversity Clearing House Mechanism of the Convention Biological Diversity. A Biodiversity website will soon be established


FMEnv & FMANR

SMEnv


7

Designation of appropriate parts of protected areas for managed harvesting of non-timber products by local people to ensure benefits to local people and guarantee of protection of resources.

This has been established in some parts of the country, particularly in the southern part of the country.

Deliberate attempts are on going to enhance the yield o indigenous and exotic species facing high economic demand in sustain their supplies and improve the survival of their substitutes



FMEnv, FRIN, FMANR, SMEnv & SMANR





S/No.

Specific Actions for Wildlife Conservation

Level of Achievement

Executing Agency

1

Institutional capacity building in order to increase the total wildlife conservation area from the present 5.8% to 25%.

More funds have been given to the National Park Service to facilitate its operations.

FMEnv & SMANR & SMEnv

2

Creation of Biodiversity Reserves in each ecological zone as “Ecozone Biodiversity Centres”

Bio-resource center has been established in Odi in the south- south zone of the country with more to be established in other zones

FMEnv & FMANR, SMEnv & SMANR


3

Enactment of a comprehensive modern national law that would ensure efficient conservation of biodiversity in Nigeria.

This law is yet to be in place,

However a national biodiversity and Biosafety bills in the parliament



FMEnv, FMJ, Nigerian Institute for Advanced Legal Studies

4

Ecologically based management plans for appropriate game reserves for dual utilisation of wildlife for game viewing and game cropping.

This is yet to be in place

FME & FMARD, SMANR, SMEnv

6

Introduction of Biodiversity Conservation Education into the curricula of all tertiary institutions in Nigeria.

Some Institutions have started courses in Biodiversity management and other related fields

FMEd, NUC, NBTE

7

Reviewing and up dating of curricula of Universities which specialise in Wildlife in the light of the reality of Nigeria’s declining economy and high unemployment.

Some Universities have carried out reviews of their curricula to enable students specialise in Wildlife management

FMEd, NUC, Universities




Elephant


S/No.

Actions for Fish Biodiversity Conservation and Development (Inland Fisheries Sub-sector)

Level of Achievement

Executing Agency

1.

Protection of the inland aquatic environment from pollution by oil exploration, agro-chemicals, and pesticides, industrial domestic wastes.

The Federal Government has set up an Agency National Oil Spills Detection and Regulation Agency to quickly respond to issues of oil spill to avoid damage to inland aquatic environment, There is also a unit to address issues of Persistent organic pollutants in the country. There are also researches going on to improve fisheries and conservation.

FME, FMARD, FMPR,

SMEnv & NIFFR, NIOMR



2.

Enforcement of appropriate countrywide fishery laws for the inland fisheries, their conservation and sustainable development and management.

The Federal Ministry of Agric is adequately enforcing appropriate fisheries laws in the country

FMJ, FMEnv & FMANR

3.

Encouragement of the private sector to invest in the Distant Water Fishery through:

a) Preferential reduction of costs of lubricants and Automotive Gas Oil (AGO) used by licensed fishing trawlers to bring down the cost of fishing operation

b) Reduction of duty on imported fishing materials, outboard motor engines, used trawlers canoes etc. in the inshore waters.


All petroleum products in the country are subsidized

There is no deliberate reduction in prices of the items mentioned


SMEnv, FMF, FMARD, FMIA, Customs and Excise


4.

Promotion of export of high quality shrimps.

This is done through the National Export Promotion council

FMANR, SMEnv & NEPC

5.

Enforcement of penalties to curb pilferage and exportation of fish and shrimps from trawlers in the high seas.

There are laws that are enforced in this area in the country

FMARD, FMEnv, NIGERIAN NAVY, NPF

6.

Creation of specialised funds kept with a bank for lending at special concessions to fishermen.

There are special government agric loans for the agric sector which are also used for the fisheries sector

NACB, FMARD, CBN, Micro Finance Banks, Commercial and Community banks, Bank of Industry

7.

Encouragement of fish farming at small and large scales through:










a) Training of fish farmers

Several training programs have been organized for Fish Farmers in the country either by the government or private concerns

FMARD, NIFFR

NIOMR, Private Sector






b) Provision of simple fish feed pelleting machine to fish farmers and fish feed millers

This has also been made available to fish farmers at affordable prices

FMANR, FIIRO, NIOMR




c) Provision of fingerling through research centres, government-sponsored fish hatcheries and the private sector.

This has also been made available to fish farmers at affordable prices

FMARD, NIFFR, NIOMR, Private Sector

8.

Establishment of at least 10ha. Fish Farm (with its support hatchery and fish seed service) by all local governments.

Few Local Governments have embarked on this

FMARD, SMANR, Private Sector

9.

Establishment of strong machinery for enforcing of regulations and monitoring catch data.

This has not been too successful

FMARD & FMJ, NPF & NN

10.

Assistance to artisanal fishermen to organise themselves into viable co-operatives.

This has been done for various farming groups in the country

FMARD, NACB NGOs

CBOs &Banks



11.

Establishment of industries for the manufacture of

(a) Fishing gears (gill nets, lipats, twines, etc.) in Nigeria.



There some private industries that manufacture these items



FMARD, FMI, Bank of Industry, Private Industries




(b) Construction and maintenance of fishery boat yards.

There exists construction and maintenance fishery boat yards by private concerns

FMANR, FMWH,

NIOMR, NIFFR, Private Industries



12.

Training of fishermen to upgrade their proficiency in catching, handling and processing of fish.

A lot of trainings have taken place in the country in this respect

FMARD, FD Fisheries NIFFR,



Research Programmes



S/No.

Research Actions for Biodiversity Conservation and Development (Ex-Situ Conservation)

Level of Achievement

Executing Agency

1.

Inventory of ex-situ populations and scientific studies of Wildlife species (plants and animal).

There are some ongoing inventory taking place in the country which have not been completed

Universities

FMEnv, FRIN, NIOMR & NIFFR, NGOs



2.

Survey and collection of indigenous fruit trees and other useful plants and creation/extension of arboreta and other germplasm collections.

This has been carried out in the country

FMEnv, FMANR, FRIN, NIHORT, NIFOR, Universities, component NGOs

3.

Establishment of programmes for propagation and development for useful and potentially useful wild plants.

There are program on ground

FMEnv, FMANR, NIFOR, FRIN, NIPRD NIHORT, Universities, NGOs

4.

Collection of Genetic resources and development of appropriate technology for improving food production and pharmaceutical products, including the use of indigenous knowledge and bioprospecting.

Its exists in the country,

There are herbal heritage centres for the conservation of medicinal plants and other plants of great value. There is also an Institution utilizing herbs for the development of alternative medicine in the country



FMEnv, FMANR, Universities, NIPRID, FRIN, NIFOR, NIHORT, NGOs,

M.M.M Botanical Gardens, Epe, Lagos



5.

Provision of training for schools, NGOs and local communities on seedling production.

It takes place regularly in the country

FMEnv, FMEd, FRIN, NABTEB, FMANR, NGOs

6.

Survey of trees outside forest reserves, and assistance to local people in their management on sustainable basis.

Its ongoing in the country under various programs

FMEnv, FMARD, FRIN, SMANR, SMEnvs

7.

Survey of indigenous knowledge, scientific and economic values of timber and non-timber forest

On going in the country.


FMEnv, FRIN, FRIN, SMANR, SMEnvs




S/No.

Research Actions for Wildlife Conservation

Level of Achievement

Executing

Agency


1.

Provision of baseline data on Bioversity for planning and management.

There exists base line data but requires review

FMEnv. & FMANR

2.

Comprehensive survey of Nigerian wetlands to determine their significance in terms of biodiversity.

Still ongoing

FME, FMARD, NCF other NGOs,

3.

National Survey and mapping of forests for their preservation as sanctuaries for plants and animal

It exists to an extent in the country but not adequate

FME, FRIN, Oil companies, University Linkage Centres, NGOs

4.

Studies of wildlife species of economic importance for:

a) Tourism development.

b) Meat production technology and nutrient quality

c) Pharmaceuticals

d) Cultural heritage.

Ongoing


Ongoing

FMEnv, FRIN, NIOMR, NIFFR SMEnv, SMARD, University Linkage Centres, National Parks Services.

5.

Establishment of a separate, autonomous Wildlife Research/Training Institute to cater for and co-ordinate the enormous wildlife research responsibilities.

Yet to be achieved

FME, FRIN, National Parks Service, NIOMR, NIFFR

6.

Establishment of captive breeding centres in each eco-regional zone for endangered species rehabilitation.

There exists some that requires rehabilitation

FME, FRIN, NARP, National Parks Services.




S/No.

Research Actions for Fish Biodiversity Conservation and Development (Inland Fisheries Sub-sector)

Level of Achievement

Executing

Agency


1.

Research on the ecology and genetics of fresh water fish in Nigeria for their biological and genetic improvement and conservation.

On going

FMARD, FME, NIOMR, NIFFR, Universities.




(b) Collection and preservation of reference specimens of all fish species in Nigerian inland waters.

On going at the Nigeria Fresh water Fisheries Research Institute

FME, FMARD, NIOMR, NIFFR ,University LinkageCentres.

2.

Collection and analysis of fishery statistics

On going at the Nigeria Fresh water Fisheries Research Institute

FMARD, FME, NIFFR, FOS

NIOMR.


3.

Establishment of a fishery sanctuary

2

FME, FMANR, NIFFR, NIOMR




Inventorise, and manage traditional fish sanctuaries in collaboration with original owners

Yet to be achieved

FMEnv, FMARD, SMARD, SMEnv, LGAs, Traditional authorities and CBOs

4.

Studies of the capacity of inshore fishery to assess and implement regimes for management on a sustainable yield basis

On going at the Nigeria Fresh water Fisheries Research Institute

FME, FMARD NIOMR, Private sector

5.

Research on fish genetics and improvement of locally cultured fish species

On going

FME, FMARD, NIFFR, NIOMR, Universities

6.

Establishment of gene pools for important cultured fish species.

Yet to be achieved

FMANR, NIFFR

NIOMR.

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