Exploration #2- study Guide




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Exploration #2- Study Guide



John Cabot- 1497- (Italian living in England)

What was his motivation to explore? He wanted to find the Northwest passage(waterway through North America to Asia. He did not find it.

How is he compared to Christopher Columbus? They both reached America and thought they were in Asia.

What were his accomplishments?



  1. He found cod-fishing grounds which brought wealth to England.

  2. He claimed land for England in the eastern part of North America.


Hernando DeSoto- 1539- (Spain)

What was his motivation to explore? Gold but he did not find it.

What were his accomplishments?

1. He discovered the Mississippi River.



2. He gathered information about the land in North America.

3. He claimed much of the land in Southeastern U.S.

Why was his army in poor condition?



Men died of illness. Others deserted the army because DeSoto was so stern!

How did he die and what did his men do? Fever. His men weighted his body down in the water. The Natives thought he was a God and would kill them if they found out he wasn’t.


Henry Hudson- 1607- (England and Dutch)

What was his motivation to explore? To find the Northwest Passage but he didn’t find it.

What were his accomplishments?


  1. For Dutch, he found the Hudson River and claimed land in New York.

  2. For England, claimed the Hudson Bay, which provided them with rich lands.


Robert LaSalle- 1667- (France)

What was his motivation to explore? He wanted to explore and establish fur-trade routes along the Mississippi River.

What were his accomplishments?

1. He claimed the mouth of Mississippi and all the land which he named Louisiana (after King Louis XIV). 2. He started a settlement.

Was the King impressed at first? No, he thought the land was useless. He changed his mind when all fur-trading waters froze over except the Mississippi Gulf!



What obstacles did he overcome? His ship with furs was stolen, sunken ships, his men were taken by Indians and Spaniards, some of his men stole from him and deserted him.

How did he die? Some of his men killed him!


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