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EUROPEAN COMMISSION

EUROSTAT
Directorate E: Social and regional statistics and geographical information system



Unit E-4: Regional indicators and accounts, population and geographical information system




DOC. DEM/CEN/E4/2/01-AN4 EN

ORIG:EN
Working Party Demographic Statistics

and Population and Housing Censuses

Meeting on 22 and 23 February 2001

Bech Building, Room AMPERE

Luxembourg

DEMOGRAPHY


ANNEX 4

(in English only)


Item 4 of the agenda

Population and social conditions 3/1999/E/n°17


Population, migration and census

in Eurostat – A guide to existing

data and publications

(revised version)
T. Chrissanthaki






The views expressed in this document are the author’s and do not necessarily reflect the opinion

of the European Commission

Copyright: European Commission 1999





Population, migration and census in Eurostat

A guide to the existing data and publications

Thana Chrissanthaki


13 August 1999

(revised: 3 September 2000)



Copyright: European Commission 1999 1

Population, migration and census in Eurostat 3

What 3

Population (national level) 3



From where 3

How 3

What and where 4

Publications 10

Methodology 11

Future plans 11

Population (regional level) 12



From where 12

How 12

What and where 12

Publications 15

Methodology 15

Future plans 16

Population Projections 16



From where 16

How 16

What and where 16

Publications 17

Methodology 18

Future plans 18

International Migration 19



From where 19

How 19

What and where 19

Publications 21

Methodology 22

Future plans 23

Population and Housing Census 24



From where 24

How 24

What and where 24

Publications 26

Methodology 26

Future plans 27

List of publications 28



Population (national level) 28

Population (regional level) 28

Population Projections 29

International Migration 30

Population and Housing Census 32

Other relevant Eurostat publications 33

Other relevant publications by the European Commission 33


Population, migration and census in Eurostat


What


The Pop team at Eurostat collects, processes, analyses and disseminates data in the following areas:

  • Population (national level)

  • Population (regional level)

  • Population Projections

  • International Migration

  • Population and Housing Census

Population (national level)

From where


Information is collected on an annual basis from 36 countries:

EU countries (Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Greece, Spain, France, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Austria, Portugal, Finland, Sweden and United Kingdom), EFTA countries (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland), Other European countries (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia).


How


Eurostat sends a rapid questionnaire to all countries at the beginning of May (from 1998 onwards jointly with the Council of Europe) asking basic data for the year before (population, births, deaths, immigration, emigration, etc.) as provisional figures. The information is used to publish a Statistics in Focus in summer (from 1998 onwards jointly with the Council of Europe to cover all Council of Europe countries).

The main collection is done – for the first time in 2000 - jointly with the Council of Europe and the UN Statistical Division (UNSD). In June, Eurostat asks countries to transmit by October the final and more detailed data. These data are checked, processed and introduced into New Cronos by the end of March. They are also the basis of the annual publication on demographic (European social statistics – Demography) and other Eurostat publications as well as for specific research projects.

What and where


The information is stored in New Cronos under Theme 3 in demo under 5 main collections:

demo Demography
dgen Main demographic indicators

gind Population change: absolute numbers and crude rates

glongind Demographic cohort indicators
dpop Population

ppavg Average population by sex and five-year age groups

pjan Population by sex and age on 1. January of each year

pjanind Population structure indicators on 1 January

pjansin Unmarried population by sex and age on 1. January of each year

pjanmar Married population by sex and age on 1. January of each year

pjandiv Divorced population by sex and age on 1. January of each year

pjanwid Widowed population by sex and age on 1. January of each year
dfer Fertility

find Fertility indicators

fmonth Live births by month

fagec Live births by marital status and mother's age at last birthday

fager Live births by marital status mother's age reached during the year

frate Fertility rates by age

fordagec Live births by birth order and by mother's age at last birthday

fordager Live births by birth order and mother's age reached during the year

fordrtlg Fertility rates by true birth order and age, by generation

fabort Declared legal abortions by age
dmor Mortality

mmonth Deaths by month

magec Deaths by sex and age at last birthday

mager Deaths by sex and age reached during the year

mprob Probability of dying by sex and age

mlexpec Life expectancy by sex and age

minf Infant mortality

minfind Infant mortality rates
dnup Marriage and divorce

nind Marriage indicators

nmonth Marriages by month

nmsta Marriages by previous marital status and sex

nsinagec First marriages by sex and age at last birthday

nsinager First marriages by sex and age reached during the year

nsinrt First marriage rates by sex and age

ndivind Divorce indicators

ndivdur Divorces by duration of marriage

ndivrt Divorces rates by duration of marriage reached during the year

Overall quality assessment: The data are of a reasonable quality and checked regularly

Eurostat does not collect indicators directly from the countries, just raw numbers. Indicators are calculated by Eurostat using a software called SYSCODEM (système communautaire d’observation démographique). This is done in order to improve comparability of data by using similar calculation techniques for all countries. It has the disadvantage that some indicators calculated by Eurostat might differ from the ones published by the countries themselves.

Time series for the EU and EFTA countries begin at 1950 and continue through 1999. For population at 1 January, data are available until 2000. Data for other European countries start only in 1960.

Data for Central European countries include detailed breakdown by age only for population by sex, live births by marital status of the mother and deaths by sex. Age specific rates are not available for the moment for other information. In addition, for practical reasons, countries were asked to submit rates calculated by themselves. This affected negatively the comparability of data. Eurostat has by now collected most of the raw information required and will at a later stage calculate the rates in a more harmonised way.

Finally Eurostat has some demographic data by age for the EFTA countries for the period 1960-1990 that has not been fully processed.

The general policy of the team is to include all information collected in New Cronos.

Rule of thumb: if the data you are looking for are not in New Cronos, chances are that Eurostat does not have them; the only exception being more recent figures, data for CECs and some past data for the EFTA countries.



Metadata (documentation) on population will be soon included in New Cronos.

New Cronos has also demographic data in Theme 1 under cec Central European countries, cec_c Population and social conditions, c_dem Demography. These are data being collected mainly as part of the CESTAT questionnaire and include the following information:



cec Central European countries
cec_c Population and social conditions

c_dem Demography

cdem01y Population (end of the period) - Annual

(Note: In this table under 1996, one will find data for 31.12.1996, whereas 1996 data under Theme 3 refer to 1.1.1996).



cdem02y Urban population – Annual

cdem03y Births Rate – Annual

cdem04y Infant mortality – Annual

cdem05y Mortality rate – Annual

cdem06y Life expectancy – Annual

cdem07y Marriages – Annual

cdem08y Divorces – Annual

cdem09y Population density – Annual

It is recommended not to use these data because:



  • They only cover a limited number of countries (Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania).

  • They are not checked.

  • They include indicators calculated by the Member States and therefore are not harmonised among countries and might differ from the ones included in Theme 3.

However, there are two tables in Theme 1 that include information not found elsewhere for the time being. These are cdem02y and cdem09y that include ‘regional type’ data, i.e. urban population and density.

Information is also available for other countries of the world. This information is also included in Theme 1 under ptiers ACP/ALA/MED (Africa, Caribbean, Pacific, Latin America, Asia, Mediterranea), soci Demographic and Social Indicators. Here population data are available for a series of countries in Africa, Caribbean, Latin America, Asia and Mediterranean countries. The information for these countries is not collected directly from the countries; instead other sources are used.


The Pop team includes some population data for USA, Canada and Japan in the Eurostat Yearbook and in the annual Statistics in Focus on the Demographic trends in the Union. This information is collected directly from the countries. It is included in New Cronos in the main demographic tables.

ptiers ACP/ALA/MED (Africa, Caribbean, Pacific, Latin America, Asia, Mediterranea)
soci Demographic and Social Indicators

pvd0a Demographic Indicators

pvd0b Social Indicators

pvd0e Employment rates and demographic indicators
nat_acc National Accounts

pvd3a National accounts
Data on population can also be found in other collections or Themes in New Cronos. These figures are either coming from other sources such as the Labour Force Survey, or directly from the countries or finally stem from the population series in Theme 3 (collection demo).

Efforts should be taken to ensure comparability of these tables with population figures presented in Theme 3 (collection demo).



A non-exhaustive list of these series is the following:

Theme 1 General Statistics
eur2 Eurostatistics
02-em Employment

02-em-a Employment (annual)

Theme 2 Economy and Finance
na_sec1 National Accounts - Aggregates
eco_soc Economic and social indicators

agc04 Economic and social indicators associated to ESA aggregates

na_aggr National Accounts – Aggregates – Annual and quarterly data (ESA 95)
na_t110 Population and employment

na_mnag Accession countries and non–financial National Accounts
mnag_p Population, employment, unemployment, exchange rates, PPP

mnag_pe Population, employment, unemployment, exchange rates, PPP

Theme 3 Population and social conditions
employ Employment
short Short-term (quarterly) data

peu_age Quarterly population, employment, unemployment by age (1000)
hbs Household Budget Survey

wave94 Survey year: 1994

h_exp Consumption expenditure of private households

h_lev Levels of consumption expenditure

tab11 Mean consumption expenditure by household and by adult-equivalent (in national currency, in ECU, in ppp)

tab12 Mean consumption expenditure by household and by adult-equivalent according to the socio-economic situation of the reference person (in ppp)

tab13 Mean consumption expenditure by household and by adult-equivalent according to the number of active persons (in ppp)

tab14 Mean consumption expenditure by household and by adult-equivalent according to the income decile (in ppp)

tab15 Mean consumption expenditure by household and by adult-equivalent according to the type of household (in ppp)

tab16 Mean consumption expenditure by household and by adult-equivalent according to the age of the reference person (in ppp)

tab17 Mean consumption expenditure by household and by adult-equivalent according to the degree of urbanisation (in ppp)

tab18 Mean consumption expenditure by household and by adult-equivalent according to the main source of household’s income (in ppp)

tab19 Median consumption expenditure by household and by adult-equivalent (in national currency, in ecu, in ppp)
h_str Structure of mean consumption expenditure (per 10.000)

tab21 Overall structure of consumption expenditure ⁄ COICOP-HBS (per 10000)

tab22 Structure of consumption expenditure according to the socio-economic situation of the reference person (per 10000)

tab23 Structure of consumption expenditure according to the number of active persons (per 10000)

tab24 Structure of consumption expenditure according to the income decile (per 10000)

tab25 Structure of consumption expenditure according to the type of household (per 10000)

tab26 Structure of consumption expenditure according to the age of the reference person (per 10000)

tab27 Structure of consumption expenditure according to the degree of urbanisation (per 10000)

tab28 Structure of consumption expenditure according to the main source of income (per 10000)
h_car Household characteristics

tab41 Household characteristics according to the socio-economic situation of the reference person

tab42 Household characteristics according to the number of active persons

tab43 Household characteristics according to the type of household

tab44 Household characteristics according to the age of the reference person

tab45 Household characteristics according to the degree of urbanisation

tab46 Household characteristics according to the main source of household’s income

tab47 Percentage of standard error ⁄ COICOP-HBS level 2
wave88 Survey year: 1988

h88_exp Consumption expenditure of private households

h88_lev Levels of consumption expenditure

t88_11 Mean consumption expenditure by household and by adult-equivalent (in national currency, in ecu, in ppp)

t88_12 Mean consumption expenditure by household and by adult-equivalent according to the socio-economic situation of the reference person (in ppp)

t88_13 Mean consumption expenditure by household and by adult-equivalent according to the number of active persons (in ppp)

t88_15Mean consumption expenditure by household and by adult-equivalent according to the type of household (in ppp)

t88_16 Mean consumption expenditure by household and by adult-equivalent according to the age of the reference person (in ppp)

t88_19 Median consumption expenditure by household and by adult-equivalent (in national currency, in ecu, in ppp)
h88_str Structure of mean consumption expenditure (per 10.000)

t88_21 Overall structure of consumption expenditure ⁄ COICOP-HBS (per 10000)

t88_22 Structure of consumption expenditure according to the socio-economic situation of the reference person (per 10000)

t88_23 Structure of consumption expenditure according to the number of active persons (per 10000)

t88_25 Structure of consumption expenditure according to the type of household (per 10000)

t88_26 Structure of consumption expenditure according to the age of the reference person (per 10000)
h88_car Household characteristics

t88_41 Household characteristics according to the socio-economic situation of the reference person

t88_42 Household characteristics according to the number of active persons

t88_43 Household characteristics according to the type of household

t88_44 Household characteristics according to the age of the reference person

health Health and Safety

public Public health

cdeath Causes of death

cod_nr Causes of death – Absolute number

cod_sdr Causes of death – Standardised death rate

cod_nr Causes of death by region – Crude death rate

lfs Labour force survey
popr Population (persons living in private households)

p_ms_a Population by marital status, by age groups

p_ws_a Population by work status, by age groups

p_ws_ms Population by work status and by marital status
edul Education

ed_i_a Population by level of education, by age groups

ed_ws_i Population by activity status, by level of education

Theme 4 Industry, Trade and Services
coins Communications
indba180 Basic indicators on population


Theme 8 Environment and Energy
milieu Environment statistics
02pl Population and land use

021plp Population

0211plp Total population

0213plp Population density



Publications


There are two regular publications every year and some ad hoc ones that are produced depending on the resources of the team. The two regular publications are the following:

European social statistics - Demography


This is one of the most important publications of Directorate E. It is published every year in three languages: English, French and German. Preparations for the publication start in March when all data have been processed. As it is quite a voluminous publication, the three manuscripts are usually sent to the printers in July/August. It is not a typical Eurostat publication because it includes text and analysis and involves input from different teams within Eurostat. In particular it includes:

  • Demographic data collected by the Pop team and indicators calculated by using SYSCODEM or estimated by Eurostat (chapters on Population Change, Population Structure, Fertility, Nuptiality and Mortality).

  • Data on non-national population, immigration, emigration, asylum-seekers and acquisition of citizenship collected by the Pop team (chapters on Population Structure and International Migration).

  • Regional demographic data collected by the Pop team (chapter on the European Union and its Regions).

  • International comparisons (chapter on the European Union and the World). Data included in this chapter for countries other that the European ones are not in New Cronos.

  • Data on mortality by causes of death (collected by the Health team) that is included in Theme 3 (health).

  • Population scenarios (compiled by Eurostat) or forecasts (produced by the Member States) (chapter on Population projections).

  • Data on Central European Countries now included in New Cronos under Theme 3.

  • A brief analysis introducing each chapter of the publication (drafted by the Pop team).

  • Reports on the demographic situation in each country (drafted by the countries).

In the 2000 edition; the publication is also accompanied by a CD-ROM that includes more information (detailled tables and the glossary on demography) than on the paper version.

Statistics in Focus on the recent demographic trends in the EU


This Statistics in Focus uses the results of the Rapid Questionnaire and is usually published just before the publication “European social statistics - Demography” (in July). Since 1998 this publication is done jointly with the Council of Europe; it includes a 7-page overview of the latest available population estimates and summary indicators such as the total fertility and life expectancy at birth, and it covers all 50 members and observers of the Council of Europe.

Other ad hoc publications


These are mainly Statistics in Focus produced on an irregular basis. They deal with specific issues of demographic nature. In 1997, such a Statistics in Focus was published on divorces and there are plans to produce one in 2000-2001 on Central European countries.

Contribution to other Eurostat publications


The team contributes extensively to other Eurostat publications such as the Eurostat Yearbook, Social Portrait, Europe in Figures, etc.

Publications by other DGs


DGV is producing a biannual report on the social situation of the population of the European Union. Apart from a number of social indicators, this report includes results of policy-oriented analysis. Eurostat has provided the bulk of the data used in this report.

Methodology


There are no international recommendations for demographic statistics. Data are collected by the National Statistical Institutes and depend on the registration systems used in each country. Eurostat published the most comprehensive analysis of the different systems used, in 1994 in “Definitions and methods of collecting demographic statistics in the Member States of the European Community”. This report refers only to the 12 EU Member States. A more concise and brief analysis of the systems used and the comparability problems with the data is included in the Explanatory Notes in each issue of “European social statistics - Demography”.

Some information of SYSCODEM, the system Eurostat used for calculating different indicators and in particular the measurement of fertility indicators can be found in “Fertility: Measurement and changes in the European Community”, published by Eurostat in 1992.



Future plans


  • Transfer all remaining CEC data into New Cronos

  • Finish to prepare documentation for New Cronos

  • Transfer to New Cronos standard tables from the round of family and fertility surveys done by the ECE countries

  • Transfer remaining EFTA data for the past into New Cronos

  • Calculate harmonised rates for CEC countries

  • Prepare tables on family and household statistics

  • Define a new and appropriate methodology for calculating rates and replace SYSCODEM

  • Examine comparability of population figures found in other Themes in New Cronos with figures presented in Theme 3
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