Dr. Shawn R. Noren Associate Research Scientist Physiological Ecologist of Marine Mammals Institute of Marine Science University of California, Santa Cruz Center for Ocean Health




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Dr. Shawn R. Noren

Associate Research Scientist

Physiological Ecologist of Marine Mammals
Institute of Marine Science

University of California, Santa Cruz

Center for Ocean Health

100 Shaffer Road

Santa Cruz, CA 95060

snoren@ucsc.edu

(408) 314-5377

Education


2002 Ph.D. Ecology and Evolutionary Biology (EEB), University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC)

1997 M.S. Marine Science, University of California, Santa Cruz


1994 B.S. Biology, Marine Biology (Honors, Magna Cum Laude), University of Maryland, College Park
Research Positions

2012-present Associate Research Scientist, Institute of Marine Science (IMS), UCSC

Salaried position 100% reliant attaining extramural funding. Investigations have included a series of bioenergetics models for walruses and diving physiology and modeling of habitat use for beluga whales to determine possible population outcomes from the effects of global climate change and oil and gas exploration in Alaska. The research on walruses was directed to support the decision to list walruses under the Endangered Species Act.

2008-2012 Project Scientist, EEB, UCSC, Advisor: Dr. Terrie M. Williams

Duties included obtaining biological samples, mentoring undergraduate and graduate students, and writing permit applications, grants, and manuscripts. Research projects included effect of dive depth, swimming activity, and age on heart rate responses in marine mammals (using time depth recorders with heart rate monitors and accelerometers) to examine a possible link between decompression illness in marine mammals in relation to naval sonar testing.

2005-2012 Research Associate, IMS, UCSC

Position 100% reliant on my ability to attain extramural funding. Duties included collecting and analyzing data on heart rate, thermoregulation, blood and muscle biochemistry, and swimming kinematics of marine mammals. Included a field project in Antarctica on Weddell seals.

2003-2005 National Research Council Resident Research Associate, Southwest Fisheries Science Center, NMFS, NOAA, La Jolla, CA, Advisor: Dr. Elizabeth F. Edwards

Research included a review of the physiological and behavioral development of dolphin calves to identify periods of vulnerability to tuna purse-seine fishery impacts. Underwater video recordings were taken of dolphins to examine the influence of age and behavior on swimming kinematics and performance (using motion analysis software). This research was directed to support the strengthening and upholding of the Dolphin Safe Label for tuna.


    1. Smithsonian Institution Postdoctoral Fellow, Conservation and Research Center, National Zoological Park, Smithsonian Institution, Advisor: Dr. Daryl J. Boness

Conducted research at a remote field site (Sable Island, Nova Scotia, Canada). Assessed the influence of body mass and body composition (determined by tritiated water method) on the duration of the post weaning fast in gray seal pups. Movement patterns were recorded (using radio telemeters) and oxygen stores (blood volume, hemoglobin, myoglobin) were quantified.

2000-2003 Field Research Biologist, SRS Technologies, Supervisor: Dr. Phil Thorson

Environmental Consulting: Conducted ship and land based monitoring to record marine mammal behavior in response to anthropomorphic noise from construction and military activity.

1995-2002 Graduate Research, Ocean Sciences & EEB, UCSC, Advisor: Dr. Terrie M. Williams

Studies included the collection and analysis of data on the physiology that supports thermoregulation (morphology, blood flow, blubber) and diving (heart rate, blood biochemistry, and muscle biochemistry) in dolphins and the influence of ontogeny was explored.

1995-2001 Research Assistant, EEB, UCSC, Advisor: Dr. Terrie M. Williams

Studies included investigating the thermal conductivity of mustelid pelts and blubber and examining the energetic costs (oxygen consumption) of exercise in dolphins and river otters.

1994-1995 Research and Development Laboratory Technician, Quantum Group, San Diego, CA, Supervisor: Dr. Ping Lee

Prepared solutions, aided in production of experimental carbon dioxide alarm disks, conducted tests on experimental disks, collected and interpreted data.

1993-1994 Undergraduate Research Assistant, University of Maryland, College Park, Advisor: Dr. Susan Carter-Porges

Conducted experiments to study the hormonal effects on sex behaviors and male parental care in Illinois prairie voles. Assisted with animal care and small animal surgeries.


  1. Mammalogist Intern, National Aquarium in Baltimore, Supervisor: Nedra Hecker

Aided in animal care, medical procedures, and training exercises of dolphins and seals.

  1. Aquarist Intern, National Aquarium in Baltimore, Supervisor: Lee Herman

Aided in animal care, medical procedures, and maintenance of exhibits, tanks, and filtration systems. Participated in collecting trips.
Teaching Positions

2002-present Faculty, California State Summer School for Mathematics and Science (COSMOS), UCSC

COSMOS is a 4-week academic program emphasizing hands-on access to scientific research for talented and motivated underrepresented students in science and mathematics (grades 8-12).

Marine Mammal Biology

2009-2011 Instructor, EEB, UCSC



Biology 20B: Structure and Function of Plants and Animals

2007-2008 Adjunct Faculty, West Valley College, Saratoga, CA



Marine Biology Laboratory

2006, '08, '10 Adjunct Faculty, Summer Session, UCSC



Biology 20B: Structure and Function of Plants and Animals

Biology 139L: Biology and Ecology of Marine Mammals Laboratory

2006-2008 Adjunct Faculty, Monterey Peninsula College, Monterey, CA



Biology of Marine Mammals

1995-2000 Teaching Assistant, Ocean Sciences & EEB, UCSC



Ecology, Psychological Biology, Vertebrate Physiology, Introductory Biology: Structure and Function, Behavioral Ecology, Bioenergetics, Life in the Sea
Professional Activities

5/2015 Invited Advisor: Effects of Oil on Walruses, Effects of Oil on Wildlife Conference, Anchorage, AK

3/2015 Invited Advisor: Walrus Research in Aquaria, Walrus Conservation, Seward, AK

1/2015 Participant: Balancing Family and Career, Alaska Marine Science Symposium, Anchorage, AK

2014 Invited Presenter: Graduate Student Workshop "Non-traditional Career Paths for Comparative Physiologists”, American Physiological Society Intersociety Meeting in Comparative Physiology, San Diego, CA

2014-present Advisory Panel: Sea World Blue World


2013-present Associate Editor: Marine Mammal Science

2013 Invited Participant: 51st Annual Meeting of the Marine Mammal Commission & 45th Meeting of its Committee of Scientific Advisors on Marine Mammals


2013-present Reviewer: North Pacific Research Board

2012 Invited Participant: International Seafood Sustainability Foundation "Tuna-Dolphin Workshop"


2012 Reviewer: National Resource Defense Council (NRDC) on the draft of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) on the Effects of Oil and Gas Activities in the Arctic Ocean

2008, 2014-present Panelist: American Association of University Women Educational Foundation Fellowship

2008 Participant: National Science Foundation ADVANCE Workshop, "Women Evolving Biological Sciences"

2008 Reviewer: Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NOW, The Dutch Research Council)

2005 Invited Participant: COSMOS Statewide Board Meeting for Increasing Diversity

2005- present Reviewer: Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, Journal of Comparative Physiology B, Marine Ecology Progress Series, Marine Mammal Science, Journal of Experimental Biology, Journal of Morphology

2005- present Reviewer: Conference abstracts for the Society for Marine Mammalogy

2004- present Reviewer: National Science Foundation (Arctic Program, Antarctic Program)


2000 Invited Participant: Alliance of Marine Mammal Parks and Aquariums meeting

    1. Marine Mammal Stranding Volunteer, UCSC Long’s Marine Laboratory

1993-1994 Marine Animal Rescue Program Volunteer, National Aquarium in Baltimore

Professional Societies

Society of Integrative and Comparative Biology

American Physiological Society

Society for Marine Mammalogy

European Cetacean Society

International Marine Animal Trainer's Association

Association of Zoos and Aquariums



American Association of University Women
Publication List

Noren SR, Udevitz MS, Piscotta N, Peterson K, Jay CV. in preparation. Ontogenetic Variation in Blubber Topography: Identifying a Reliable Blubber Measurement Site to Assess Body Condition of 0 - 2 Year-old Pacific Walrus Calves.
Noren SR. in revision. Rapid Hematological Development in Pacific Walruses (Odobenus rosmarus divergens).
Noren SR, Udevitz MS, Jay CV. In press. Growth and Caloric Intake of Juvenile Pacific Walruses (Odobenus rosmarus divergens) During the Nursing Interval: Exploring Gender Differences to Model Lactation Costs in a Changing Arctic Ecosystem. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology.
Noren SR, Jay CV, Burns JM. 2015. Muscle biochemistry of Pacific walruses (Odobenus rosmarus divergens): Modeling age-specific behavioral plasticity to alter foraging patterns in response to the changing Arctic ecosystem. Journal of Experimental Biology 218: 3319-3329.
Noren SR, Udevitz MS, Triggs L, Paschke J, Oland L, Jay CV. 2015. Topographic variation in blubber in female Pacific walruses: relations to caloric intake, season, and condition. Marine Mammal Science 31(2):658-676.
Williams TM, Fuiman LA, Kendall T, Berry P, Richter B, Noren SR, Shattock, Farrell ER, Stamper AM, Davis RW. 2015. Deep-sea sprints triggers cardiac conflict in marine mammals. Nature Communication 6(6055):1-9.
Noren SR, Udevitz MS, Jay CV. 2014. Quantifying energy demands for maintenance growth, pregnancy, and lactation for female Pacific walruses (Odobenus rosmarus divergens). Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 87(6):837-854.
Noren SR, Noren DP, Gaydos JK. 2014. Life in the fast lane: Rapid development of the locomotor muscle of harbor porpoise (Phocoeana phocoena). Journal of Comparative Physiology B 184(8):1065-1076.
Noren SR. 2013. Motherhood alters swimming gait and performance of dolphins: Implications for interactions with tuna purse-seine fisheries. Marine Ecology Progress Series 482:255-263.
Trumble SJ, Robinson E, Noren SR, Usenko S, Davis J, Kanatous SB. 2012. Assessment of legacy and emerging persistent organic pollutants in Weddell seals (Leptonychotes weddellii) near McMurdo Sound, Antarctica. Science of the Total Environment 439:275-283.
Noren SR, Williams TM, Kendall T, Cuccurullo V. 2012. The dive response redefined: underwater behavior influences cardiac variability in freely diving dolphins Journal of Experimental Biology 215:2735-2741.
Noren SR, Udevitz MS, Jay CV 2012. Bioenergetics model for estimating food requirements of female Pacific walruses (Odobenus rosmarus divergens). Marine Ecology Progress Series 460:261-275.
Noren SR, Williams TM, Ramirez K, Boehm J, Glenn M, Cornell L. 2012. Changes in partial pressures of respiratory gases during submerged voluntary breath-hold across Odontocetes: Is body mass important? Journal of Comparative Physiology B 182(2):299-309.
Noren SR, Redfern JV, Edwards EF. 2011. Pregnancy is a drag: hydrodynamics, kinematics, and performance in pre- and post-parturition bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). Journal of Experimental Biology 214:4151-4159.
Williams TM, Noren SR, Glenn M. 2011. Extreme physiological adaptations as predictors of climate-change sensitivity in the narwhal, Monodon monoceros. Marine Mammal Science. 27(2):334-349.
Noren SR, Edwards EF. 2011. Infant position in mother-calf dolphin pairs: a social interaction with hydrodynamic benefits. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 424:229-236.
Trumble SJ, Noren SR, Cornick LA, Hawke TJ, Kanatous SB. 2010. Age-related differences in skeletal muscle lipid profiles of Weddell seals: clues to developmental changes Journal of Experimental Biology. 213: 1676-1684.
Noren SR, Wells RS. 2009. Blubber deposition during ontogeny in free-ranging bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus): balancing disparate roles of insulation and locomotion. Journal of Mammalogy 90(3):629-637.
Noren SR, Pearson LE, Davis JW, Trumble SJ, Kanatous SB. 2008. Different thermoregulatory strategies in nearly weaned pup, yearling, and adult Weddell seals (Leptonychotes weddelli). Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 81(6):868-879.
Noren SR, Boness DJ, Iverson SJ, McMillan J, Bowen WD.2008. The effect of body condition on the duration of the postweaning fast in gray seal pups (Halichoerus grypus): Should they fast or forage? Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 81(3):269-277.
Noren SR, Biedenbach G, Redfern JV, Edwards EF. 2008. Hitching a ride: The formation locomotion strategy of dolphin calves. Functional Ecology 22:278-283.
Noren SR. 2008. Infant carrying behaviour in dolphins? Costly parental care in an aquatic environment. Functional Ecology 22:284-288.
Noren SR, Edwards EF. 2007. Physiological and behavioral development in dolphin calves:

Implications for calf separation and mortality due to tuna purse-seine sets. Marine Mammal Science 23(1):15-29.


Noren SR, Biedenbach G, Edwards EF. 2006. The ontogeny of swim performance and mechanics in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). Journal of Experimental Biology 209(23):4724-4731.
Noren SR, Iverson SJ, Boness DJ. 2005. Development of the blood and muscle oxygen stores in grey seals (Halichoerus grypus): implications for juvenile diving capacity and the necessity of a terrestrial postweaning fast. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 78(4):482-490.
Noren SR. 2004. Muscle acid buffering capacities in cetaceans: Influences of diving performance, swimming performance, body size, and postpartum development. Marine Mammal Science 20(4):808-822.
Noren SR, Cuccurullo V, Williams TM. 2004. The development of diving bradycardia in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). Journal of Comparative Physiology B 174:139-147.
Noren SR. 2002. The ontogeny of diving in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). Doctoral Dissertation. UCSC.
Noren SR, Lacave G, Wells RS, Williams TM. 2002. The development of blood oxygen stores in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus): implications for diving capacity. Journal of Zoology, London 258:105-113.
Williams TM, Ben-David M, Noren SR, Rutishauser M, McDonald K. 2002. Running energetics of the North American river otter: do short legs necessarily reduce efficiency on land? Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A 133:203-212.
Noren SR, Williams TM, Pabst DA, McLellan B, Dearolf J. 2001. The development of diving in marine endotherms: preparing the skeletal muscles of dolphins, penguins, and seals for activity during submergence. Journal of Comparative Physiology B 171:127-134.
Noren SR, Williams TM. 2000. Body size and skeletal muscle myoglobin of cetaceans: adaptations for maximizing dive duration. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A 126:181-191.
Noren SR. 1997. Oxygen stores and acid buffering capacity of cetacean skeletal muscle: A Hierarchy in adaptations for maximum dive durations. Master’s thesis. UCSC.

Grants


IMS Associate Research Scientist & Associate Researcher

PENDING


    1. Archiving Historical Longitudinal Consumption and Body Condition Data of Male Pacific Walruses (Odobenus rosmarus divergens): Modeling Energy Demands and a Body Condition Index (North Pacific Research Board: $305,00)

INIVITED FOR FULL PROPOSAL

2016-18 Development of an Index to Measure Body Condition of Free-ranging Cetaceans (Office of Naval Research: $528,265)

FUNDED

2016 Postnatal Development of Muscle Biochemistry that Supports Swim Performance in Spinner Dolphins: Modeling Calf Vulnerability to Separation During Tuna Purse-seine Fishery Interactions (Dolphin Quest Research Grant: $10,000)



2015 Metabolism of Reproductive Female Belugas and Their Calves: Modeling Caloric Requirements of Free-ranging Belugas (SeaWorld & Busch Gardens Conservation Fund: $25,000)

2014-2016 Physiological Constraints to Diving In Beluga Whales: Predicting their Capacity to Alter Foraging Behaviors in Response to Habitat Degradation (North Pacific Research Board Project #1406: $199,865)

2014 Linking Walrus Bioenergetics to Demographics (United States Geological Survey, Anchorage, AK Contract Order #G14PX01061, Ref. No. 0040152675: $28,223)

2014 Spinner Dolphin Muscle Biochemistry Research (Dolphin Quest Research Grant: $5,000)

2013 Spinner Dolphin Muscle Biochemistry Research (Dolphin Quest Research Grant: $5,000)

2012-2014 Estimating Bioenergetic Parameters for Pacific Walrus Calves and Maternal Females (United States Geological Survey, Anchorage, AK Contract Order #G13PX00035, Ref. No. 0040063988: $129,051)

2012-2014 Define Age-specific Hematology and Myoglobin Levels for Walruses (United States Geological Survey, Anchorage, AK Contract Order # G12PX01531, Ref. No. 0040048425: $63,887)

2012 Walrus Bioenergetics Research (Pt. Defiance Zoo and Aquarium Conservation Committee Grant: $4,680)

2011-2013 Increasing Sample Size for Modeling Seasonal Variations in Consumption and Energy Use and Storage in Pacific Walruses (United States Geological Survey, Anchorage, AK Contract Order # G12PX01833, Ref. No. 0040023103: $23,000)

2011-2013 Modeling Seasonal Variations in Consumption and Energy Use and Storage in Pacific Walruses (United States Geological Survey, Anchorage, AK Contract Order # G11PX01419, Ref. No. 0040012700: $149,271)

2011 Dolphin Swimming Performance Research (Dolphin Quest Research Grant: $10,000)

2011 UCSC Non-Senate Faculty Professional Development Grant ($1,910)

2010-2011 Bioenergetic Model (Pacific Walruses) (United States Geological Survey, Anchorage, AK Contract Order # G10PX02537, Ref. No. 1090500155: $86,460)

2009-2010 Dolphin Swimming Performance Research (Resources Division-SWFSC-NMFS-NOAA Contract Order # AB133F09SE3790, Ref. No. NFFR7000-9-18726: $30,000)

2007-2008 Antarctic Seal Thermoregulation Project (American Association of University Women American Fellowship: $30,000)

2007 Harbor Porpoise Muscle Biochemistry Research (Conservation Biology Division-NWFSC-NMFS-NOAA Contract Order# AB133F06SE4959, Ref. No. NFFP7100-6-00065: $1,990)

2007 Dolphin Swimming Performance Research (Dolphin Quest Research Grant: $9,000)

2006 Antarctic Seal Thermoregulation Project (Colorado State University-Antarctica Contract: $9,750 + research expenses)

2005-2006 Dolphin Swimming Performance Research (Protected Resources Division-SWFSC-NMFS-NOAA Contract Order # AB133F05SE7013, Ref. No. NFFR7000-5-00362: $66,000 + research expenses)



Postdoctoral

2004-2005 Dolphin Swimming Performance Project (National Research Council Resident Research Associateship: $47,600 + research expenses)


2003-2005 Dolphin Swimming Performance Project (Dolphin Quest Research Grant: $18,500)

2003-2004 Dolphin Swimming Performance Project (National Research Council Resident Research Associateship: $46,100 + research expenses)

2002-2003 Gray Seal Diving and Fasting Physiology Project (Smithsonian Institute Postdoctoral Research Fellowship: $30,000 + research expenses)
Graduate

2002 Marilyn C. Davis Memorial Scholarship

2001-2002 Alliance for Graduate Education and the Professorate Dissertation Year Fellowship

2001 Doctoral Student Sabbatical Fellowship

2000 Alan Baldridge Grant, American Cetacean Society, Monterey Bay Chapter ($1,000)

2000 UCSC Biology Department Travel Grant

1999, 2001 Society for Marine Mammalogy Travel Award

1999 Dr. Earl H. Myers and Ethel M. Myers Oceanographic and Marine Biology Trust ($1,000)

1999 American Women in Science Educational Foundation Predoctoral Award

1999 Kappa Alpha Theta Graduate Scholarship


1998-2001 UCSC Biology Department Summer Support Scholarship

1998, 2001 Lerner-Gray Fund for Marine Research, Museum of Natural History ($4,000)

1998, 2001 Robert D. Bethel Award, American Cetacean Society, Monterey Bay Chapter ($2,000)

1997-2001 UCSC Graduate Student Association Travel Grants

1997, ’98, ‘00 Friend’s of Long Marine Lab Grants ($2,500)

1996-1997 UCSC Marine Science Travel Grants

1996 Dr. Scholl Foundation - John G. Shedd Aquarium Aquatic Sciences Partnership Program ($3,000)

1995 University of California Regent’s Grant



Undergraduate

1990-1994 University of Maryland Full Scholarship

1990-1994 Maryland Distinguished Scholar Scholarship


Honors


2015 Journal of Experimental Biology Holiday Card Photo

2014 Physiological and Biochemical Zoology Cover Photo

2012 1st authored paper (J. Exp. Biol. 215:2735-2741) featured in "Inside JEB".

2011 1st authored paper (J. Exp. Biol. 214:4151-4159) featured in "Inside JEB" and in the New York Times, Science, CNN World News, MSNBC, Smithsonian Magazine.org, YahooNews, Discovery Channel Canada, Canadian Broadcasting Corporation Quirks & Quarks Program, and numerous other websites and international broadcasts.

2010 1st authored paper (J Comp Phys B 174(2):139-147) was one of 10 most downloaded articles in 2010 for Journal of Comparative Physiology B (519 of 66,494 total article downloads).

2008 1st authored paper (Phys Biochem Zool. 81(6):868-879) highlighted in a "Featured Press Release" for Physiological and Biochemical Zoology

2008 Research Recognition Award, American Physiological Society Comparative & Evolutionary Section

2007 1st authored paper (Func. Ecol. 22:284-288) featured in The Economist (November 22, 2007) and on the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation Quirks & Quarks Program.

2000 1st Place Outstanding Research, 7th International American Cetacean Society Conference

1996, ‘97 Honorable Mention Department of Defense Fellowship competition

1992, ’93, ‘94 Academic All-American Award

  1. National Dean’s List


1994 University of Maryland Honor’s Citation

Mentoring Activities

2014 Ashley Chrisman, high school research assistant

2014 Denis Ivanov, high school research assistant

2011-2013 Maia Goguen , undergraduate research assistant

2010-2012 Nicole Thometz, graduate student

2012 Erin Gudger, high school research assistant

2012-2013 Katrine Heuer, undergraduate research assistant

2009, 2011 Gregg Ringold, undergraduate research assistant

2010 Chelsea Aydelott, undergraduate senior thesis student

2010 Emma Ryan, post-graduate research assistant

2004-2006 Emma Reimer, high school research assistant

2005 UCSC Online Alumni Community Mentor

2003 Participant in Job Shadow program for local high school students

1999 Laura Yeates, undergraduate senior thesis student

1999, 2001 Mentor for undergraduates at the Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals


Outreach Activities

2014-16 Project Cornerstone Volunteer at Graystone Elementary School

2014 Marine Mammal Skull, Pelt, and Identification Lab for Graystone Elementary Kindergarten

2014 Antarctica Presentation for Graystone Elementary Kindergarten

2011, 2013 Marine Mammal Skull Lab for CDC Pre-school at Graystone Elementary

2008, '09, '10 Designed and implemented a workshop for high school teachers involved with COSMOS

2006 YES I CAN web-based education program for K-12th graders

2006 Invited speaker for 8th grade special education students at Monroe Middle School, San Jose (3/30/06)

2005 John’s Hopkins Program Invited Scientist (10/8/05)

2005 Invited speaker for AP Biology Classes at Pacific Collegiate School, Santa Cruz

2005, '09 Judge for Science Fair at Pacific Collegiate School, Santa Cruz


2003 Zoo Days - Public Outreach and Educational Fair at the Smithsonian’s National Zoo

Selected Public Speaking


2015 21st Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals: “Rapid muscle biochemistry maturation: a prerequisite for growing up in a polar environment with ephemeral breathing holes”

2015 Invited Speaker: Effects of Oil on Wildlife Conference, Anchorage, AK: "Physiological Effects of Oil on Walruses”

2015 Invited Speaker: Walrus Conservation Workshop, Seward, AK: "Research on Walruses in Human Care"

2015 European Cetacean Society 18th Annual Conference "Energy Demands of Juvenile Pacific Walruses (Odobenus rosmarus divergens) During the Nursing Interval: Modeling the Costs of Lactation To Assess Possible Demographic Effects in a Changing Arctic Ecosystem"

2015 Invited Speaker: Mountain View High School Environmental Club: "Physiological Research Aids in Conservation and Management of Marine Mammals"

2015 Alaska Marine Science Symposium "Pre-weaning growth and blubber deposition in Pacific walruses"

2014 Invited Speaker NMML-NMFS-NOAA, Seattle, WA: "Modeling the Vulnerability of Marine Mammals to the Changing Arctic Ecosystem"

2014 Invited Speaker American Physiological Society Intersociety Meeting: "The Soft Money Position: How Does It Work?"

2014 Invited Speaker SWFSC-NMFS-NOAA, La Jolla, CA: "Modeling the Vulnerability of Marine Mammals to the Changing Arctic Ecosystem"

2014 Invited Speaker UCSC COSMOS Discovery Lecture: "Physiology: A tool to predict vulnerability of marine mammals to environmental degradation"

2014 Invited Speaker Temple Emanu - El: "Physiological Research Aids in Conservation and Management of Marine Mammals"

2014 Invited Speaker Sea World, San Antonio: "Research on Walruses in Human Care Aids with Conservation and Management of Free-ranging Walruses"

2014 Invited Speaker University of California, Santa Cruz EEB: “Food Consumption, Body Condition, and Limits to Foraging Behaviors of Pacific Walruses: Assessing Survivability in a Changing Arctic Ecosystem"

2014 Invited Speaker Alaska Science Center, USGS-Anchorage, AK: “Food Consumption, Body Condition, and Limits to Foraging Behaviors of Pacific Walruses: Assessing Survivability in a Changing Arctic Ecosystem"

2014 Invited Speaker School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington: " Food Consumption, Body Condition, and Limits to Foraging Behaviors of Pacific Walruses: Assessing Survivability in a Changing Arctic Ecosystem"

2013 20th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals: “Blood Oxygen Stores of Pacific Walruses (Odobenus rosmarus divergens): Modeling Limits to Breath-hold For Foraging in a Changing Arctic Ecosystem”

2013 Invited Speaker Indianapolis Zoo: "Research on Walruses in Human Care Aids Conservation and Management of Wild Cousins"

2013 Annual International Marine Animal Trainer's Association: "Research on Marine Mammals in Aquaria Aids Conservation and Management of Wild Cousins: Two Case Studies (Dolphins & Walruses)"

2013 Invited Speaker New York Aquarium: "Walruses in human care: Models to estimate food requirements and a body condition index for wild animals"

2013 Invited Speaker UCSC COSMOS Discovery Lecture: "Physiology: A tool to predict vulnerability of marine mammals to environmental degradation"

2013 Invited Speaker 51st Annual Meeting of the Marine Mammal Commission & 45th Meeting of its Committee of Scientific Advisors on Marine Mammals: "Swim Performance of Mother-calf Pairs: Implications for Dolphin Interactions with Tuna Purse-seine Fisheries in the ETP"

2013 Invited Speaker Alaska Science Center, USGS-Anchorage, AK: “Body Condition and Caloric Demand of Female Pacific Walruses"

2013 Society of Integrative and Comparative Biology Annual Meeting: “Body Condition and Caloric Demand of Female Pacific Walruses"

2012 Invited Speaker NMML-NMFS-NOAA, Seattle, WA: "Using Bioenergetics and Captive Animals for Models to Predict Vulnerability of Pacific Walruses to Global Climate Change"

2012 Invited Speaker "Tuna-Dolphin Workshop" International Seafood Sustainability Foundation: "Effects of Motherhood on Dolphin Swimming: Implications for Interactions with Tuna Purse-seine Fisheries in the ETP"

2012 Invited Speaker SWFSC-NMFS-NOAA, La Jolla, CA: "Effects of Motherhood on Dolphin Swimming: Implications for Interactions with Tuna Purse-seine Fisheries in the ETP"

2012 Invited Speaker Indianapolis Zoo: "Walruses in human care: Models to estimate food requirements, body condition, and fasting abilities of wild animals"

2012 Invited Speaker UCSC COSMOS Discovery Lecture: "Physiology: A tool to predict vulnerability of marine mammals to environmental degradation"

2012 Invited Speaker Point Defiance Zoo and Aquarium: "Walruses in human care: Models to estimate food requirements, body condition, and fasting abilities of wild animals"

2012 Invited Speaker Six Flags Discovery Kingdom: "Walruses in human care: Models to estimate food requirements, body condition, and fasting abilities of wild animals"

2012 Invited Speaker Dolphin Quest Hawaii: “Swimming Kinematics of Dolphins: effects of age, position, and pregnancy.”

2012 Society of Integrative and Comparative Biology Annual Meeting: “Heart rate during quiescent submergence in dolphins: Influences of dive duration and ontogeny.”

2011 19th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals: “Bradycardia Redefined: Cardiac activity varies with swim speed in freely diving dolphins”

2011 Invited Speaker Alaska Science Center, USGS-Anchorage, AK: “Bioenergetics model for estimating food requirements of female Pacific walruses”

2011 Invited Speaker SWFSC-NMFS-NOAA, La Jolla, CA: “Physiology: A tool to predict marine mammal vulnerability to global climate change”

2011 Invited Speaker USGS-Anchorage, AK: “Physiology: A tool to predict animal vulnerability to environmental perturbations”

2010 Invited Speaker SWFSC-NMFS-NOAA, La Jolla, CA: “Effects of Pregnancy and Infant position swimming on the hydrodynamics and kinematics of dolphins”

2010 Invited Speaker University of California, Santa Cruz EEB: “Physiology & Kinematics:

Tools to Elucidate A Potential Fishery Impact on Dolphin Populations”

2010 Invited Speaker Santa Clara University: “Effects of Body Size & Development on Performance in Marine Mammals”

2010 Society of Integrative and Comparative Biology Annual Meeting: “Bradycardia Redefined: A Variable cardiovascular dive response in dolphins”

2010 Invited Speaker NMML-NMFS-NOAA, Seattle, WA: “Physiology: A tool to predict animal vulnerability to environmental perturbations”

2009 Invited Speaker San Jose State University: “Physiology: A tool to predict animal vulnerability to environmental perturbations”

2009 26th Annual Physiological Ecology Bishop Meeting: “Physiological Limits of Narwhals (Monodon monoceros): Predictors of Vulnerability to Changing Arctic Sea Ice Conditions”

2009 Invited Speaker FASEB Experimental Biology Annual Meeting: “Blubber deposition during ontogeny in free-ranging bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus): balancing disparate roles of insulation and locomotion”

2008 Invited Speaker San Jose Branch of American Association of University Women: “Thermoregulation in Weddell Seals (Leptonychotes weddelli)”

2008 Invited Speaker FASEB Experimental Biology Annual Meeting: “Development of Muscle Diving Physiology in Marine Mammals”

2008 Invited Speaker Monterey Bay Aquarium, Monterey, CA: “Effects of Body Size and Development on Performance of Marine Mammals”

2007 Invited Speaker SWFSC-NMFS-NOAA, La Jolla, CA: “Performance Limitations in Marine Mammals”

2007 Invited Speaker NWFSC-NMFS-NOAA Monster Jam Lecture Series: “Ontogeny of Swimming in Dolphins: Implications for Interactions with the ETP Tuna Purse-Seine Fishery”

2007 Job Candidate at California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo: “Effects of Body Size and Development on Performance of Marine Mammals”

2006 Invited Speaker McMurdo, Antarctica Sunday Science Lecture Series: “Ontogeny of Thermoregulation in Weddell Seals”

2006 Invited Speaker SWFSC-NMFS-NOAA, La Jolla, CA: “Ontogeny of Swim Performance in Dolphin Calves 0-2 Years Postpartum”

2005 16th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals: “The swimming kinematics of mother-calf dolphin pairs: Echelon position reduces the locomotor effort of calves”

2005 Invited Speaker SWFSC-NMFS-NOAA, La Jolla, CA: “Swimming Kinematics of Mother-calf Dolphin Pairs”

2004 Dr. Ken Norris Memorial Symposium, Long Marine Laboratory, UCSC: “The Swimming Capabilities of Mom-calf Dolphin Pairs”

2004 Invited Speaker Dolphin Quest Hawaii: “Does ‘Free-riding Behavior Enhance Swimming Efficiency and Reduce Locomotor Costs of Dolphin Calves? Implications for Depleted Dolphin Stocks in the Eastern Tropical Pacific”

2004 Invited Speaker SWFSC-NMFS-NOAA, La Jolla, CA: “Does ‘Free-riding Behavior Enhance Swimming Efficiency and Reduce Locomotor Costs of Dolphin Calves? Implications for Depleted Dolphin Stocks in the Eastern Tropical Pacific”

2004 European Cetacean Society 18th Annual Conference: “Does ‘Free-riding Behavior Enhance Swimming Efficiency and Reduce Locomotor Costs of Dolphin Calves? Implications for Depleted Dolphin Stocks in the Eastern Tropical Pacific”

2004 Invited Speaker SWFSC-NMFS-NOAA, La Jolla, CA: “The Development of Dive Capacity in Gray Seal Pups: Should They Fast or Forage?”

2003 15th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals: “The Development of Oxygen Stores from Birth through the Postweaning Fast: Should Gray Seal Pups Fast or Forage?”

2003 Invited Speaker Dolphin Quest Hawaii: “Swimming Kinematics of Mom-calf Dolphin Pairs: Implications for Depleted Dolphin Stocks in the Eastern Tropical Pacific”

2003 Invited Speaker Smithsonian National Zoological Park: “The Effects of Body Size and Development on Diving and Thermoregulation in Marine Mammals”

2003 Job Candidate at California State University San Marcos: “The Effects of Body Size and Development on Diving and Thermoregulation in Marine Mammals”

2002 Invited Speaker SWFSC-NMFS-NOAA, La Jolla, CA: “Surviving in the ocean: Challenges Faced by Small, Immature Dolphins.”

2002 Doctoral Dissertation Defense: “The Ontogeny of Diving in Bottlenose Dolphins.”

2002 Job Candidate at Salisbury University, Maryland: “The Effects of Body Size and Development on Diving Capacity in Marine Mammals.”

2001 14th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals: “The Development of Diving in Bottlenose Dolphins (Tursiops truncatus): Implications for Foraging Behaviors of Lactating Females and Newly Weaned Juveniles.”

2001 Dr. Ken Norris Memorial Symposium , Long Marine Laboratory, UCSC: “The Development of Diving in Bottlenose Dolphins (Tursiops truncatus): Implications for Foraging Behaviors of Lactating Females and Newly Weaned Juveniles.”

2001 Invited Speaker The Dolphin Experience, Freeport Bahamas: “Development of Diving Physiology in Bottlenose Dolphin Calves (Tursiops truncatus)”

2000 Invited Speaker American Cetacean Society, Monterey Bay, CA Chapter: “The Development of Diving Abilities in Bottlenose Dolphins (Tursiops truncatus)”

2000 Invited Speaker SPAWAR, La Jolla, CA: “Development of Diving Physiology in Bottlenose Dolphin Calves (Tursiops truncatus)”

1999 13th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals: “The Effect of Body Size on Odontocete Breath-hold Capacity: Pacific white-sided dolphins to Killer whales.”

1999 Dr. Ken Norris Memorial Symposium, Long Marine Laboratory, UCSC: “The Effect of Body Size on Odontocete Breath-hold Capacity: Pacific white-sided dolphins to Killer whales.”


  1. Doctoral Dissertation Proposal Defense: “Development of Diving and Thermoregulation in Bottlenose Dolphins (Tursiops truncatus)”

1997 Invited Speaker John G. Shedd Aquarium, Chicago, IL: “Breath-hold Capacity of Pacific white sided dolphins”

1997 Master’s Thesis Defense: “Cetacean Skeletal Muscle Adaptations: A Hierarchy for Diving Capacity”


Poster Presentations


2016 Alaska Marine Science Symposium: "Physiological constraints to diving: Defining the capacity of belugas to alter foraging behaviors in response to habitat degradation"

2015 Alaska Marine Science Symposium: "Physiological constraints to diving: Defining the capacity of belugas to alter foraging behaviors in response to habitat degradation"

2014 American Physiological Society Intersociety Meeting: "Linking Caloric Intake to Growth and Blubber Deposition in Walrus Calves"

2014 Alaska Science Symposium: "Topographic Variation of Blubber in Female Pacific Walruses: Relations to Caloric Intake, Season, and Condition"

2013 Alaska Marine Science Symposium: "Body Condition and Caloric Demand of Female Pacific Walruses"

2012 Alaska Marine Science Symposium: "Bioenergetics model for estimating food requirements of female Pacific walruses (Odobenus rosmarus divergens)"

2009 Office of Naval Research Marine Mammal Program Review: “Bradycardia Redefined: A Variable cardiovascular dive response in dolphins."

2009 FASEB Experimental Biology Annual Meeting: “Blubber deposition during ontogeny in free-ranging bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus): balancing disparate roles of insulation and locomotion”

2008 FASEB Experimental Biology Annual Meeting. “Development of Muscle Diving Physiology in Marine Mammals”

2008 National Science Foundation ADVANCE Workshop, Women Evolving Biological Sciences. “Effect of Ontogeny on Performance in Extreme Environments”

2007 FASEB Experimental Biology Annual Meeting. “Developmental Thermoregulation of a Polar Mammal”

2002 APS Intersociety Meeting, The Power of Comparative Physiology: Evolution, Integration, and Application. “Ontogeny of Diving Bradycardia in Bottlenose Dolphins (Tursiops truncatus).”

2001 Annual Meeting for the Society of Integrative and Comparative Biology. “Development of Blood Oxygen Stores in Bottlenose Dolphins (Tursiops truncatus).”

2000 The American Cetacean Society’s 7th International Conference. “Postpartum Development of Blood Oxygen Stores in Bottlenose Dolphins (Tursiops truncatus): Effects on Calculated Aerobic Dive Limits.”



1996 APS Intersociety Meeting, The Integrative Biology of Exercise. “The Relationship Between Muscle Oxygen Stores and Aerobic Dive Limits in Small Odontocetes.”







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