Date of birth: 18 June 1986 Address




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Thomas Ward Crowther
Date of birth: 18 June 1986

Address: Yale University, 370 Prospect Street, New Haven, CT 06511, USA

Email: Thomas.Crowther@yale.edu
Academic Interests:

Soil Ecology, Ecosystem Ecology, Global Change Ecology,


Current:

2012-present: Postdoctoral Fellowship funded by the Yale Climate & Energy Institute. Advisor: Dr Mark Bradford. School of Forestry & Environmental Studies, Yale University.


Higher Education:

  • 2004-2007 Cardiff University: B.Sc. (Hons.) Zoology, Class I.

  • 2008-2011 Cardiff University: PhD in Ecology funded by NERC.




    Grants and Awards:

  • January 2014: British Ecological Society Large Research Grant ($33,000).

  • April 2012: Yale Climate & Energy Institute Postdoctoral Fellowship ($120,000).

  • September 2010: Anne Keymer Prize for the Best PhD Student Talk at the British Ecological Society Annual Meeting, Leeds, UK.

  • May 2010: 1ST prize for the best PhD student Oral and Poster presentations at the Cardiff School of Biosciences Annual Away-Day Conference, Cardiff, UK.



    Journal Editorial Boards:

  • 2012-Present: Agricultural and Forest Entomology.




    Journal Reviewing:

    Reviewer for more than 20 international journals, including Ecology Letters, Ecology, Global Change Biology, Journal of Animal Ecology, Functional Ecology and ISME J.






    Teaching experience:

  • Yale University (2012-present): Soil Science Lecturer

  • Cardiff University (2008-2012): Demonstrated in undergraduate classes including Ecology, Entomology, Mycology, Statistics and Biology Field Courses

  • Operation Wallacea, Honduras (2010): Lectured on endemism, conservation and herpetofauna.

  • Advised one post-doctoral associate (Stephen Thomas) in Yale University.

  • Co-advised one PhD student (Daniel Maynard) and one Masters of Research student (Madeleine Rubenstein) in Yale University.

  • Co-advised 33 Cardiff University undergraduate students on their Final Year Dissertation projects, 7 of which published this work in international, peer-review journals.

  • Co-advised two Cardiff University Masters of Research (MRes) students in their dissertation projects.



    Publications in review (* indicates joint first author):

    Crowther, T.W., Sokol, N., Maynard, D.S., Oldfield, E.E., Thomas, S. & Bradford, M.A. Legacy effects of microbial stress response on soil organic matter formation. In review.



Crowther, T.W., Maynard, D.S., Crowther, T.R., Peccia, J., Smith, J., & Bradford, M. A. Untangling the fungal niche: a trait-based approach. In review.
Crowther, T.W. & Grossart, H.P. The role of microbes in top-down and bottom-up processes. In review.



Ramirez, K.S., Leff, J.W., Barberán, A., Bates, S., Betley, J., Crowther, T.W., Kelly, E., Oldfield, E.E., Perkins, S., Shaw, A., Steenbock, C., Bradford, M.A., Wall, D.H., & Fierer, N. If you can make here, you can make it anywhere: Belowground diversity in Central Park, New York City, USA. In review.
Maynard, D.S., Crowther, T.W*., King, J, Warren, R. & Bradford, M.A. Down the mine: The ecology of temperate termites in a changing world. In review.
Maynard, D.S., Leonard, K., Crowther, T.W., Thomas, S. & Bradford, M.A. Mapping the multi-dimensional niche. In review.
Oldfield, E.E. Felson, A.J., Auyeung, N., Crowther, T.W., Falxa-Raymond N., Harada, Y. Maynard, D.S. Sokol, N.W., Warren, R.J., Hallett, R.A. & Bradford, M.A. Urban afforestation: performance of planted native trees in relation to species identity and land management. In review.


Bradford, M.A., Warren R.J. II, Baldrian, P., Crowther, T.W., Maynard, D.S. Oldfield, E.E., Wood, A.A. & King J.R. (2014). Classical paradigms fail to explain wood decomposition at regional scales. Nature Climate Change, doi: 10.1038/NCLIMATE2251.

    Thomas, S.D. & Crowther, T.W.* (2014). Predicting isotopic turnover rates in consumer animals. Journal of Animal Ecology, in press.





Crowther, T.W., Maynard, D.S., Leff, J.W., Oldfield, E.E., McCulley, R.L., Fierer, N. & Bradford, M.A. (2014). Predicting the responsiveness of soil biodiversity to deforestation: a cross‐biome study. Global Change Biology, doi: 10.1111/gcb.12565.


    Dray, M.D., Crowther, T.W.*, Thomas S,M., A’Bear, A.D., Godbold, D.L., Ormerod, S.J., Hartley, S.E., & Jones, T.H. (2014). Effects of elevated CO2 on litter chemistry and subsequent invertebrate detritivore feeding responses. PLoS one, 9(1), e86246.



Crowther, T.W., Stanton, D., Thomas, S., A’Bear A.D., Hiscox, J., Jones, T.H., Voříšková, J., Baldrian, P. & Boddy, L. (2013). Top-down control of soil fungal community composition by a globally distributed keystone species. Ecology, 94, 2518–2528.
Crowther, T.W. & Bradford, M.A. (2013). Thermal acclimation in widespread heterotrophic soil microbes. Ecology Letters, 16, 469-477.


    Bradford M.A., & Crowther, T. W.* (2013) Carbon use efficiency and storage in terrestrial ecosystems. New Phytologist, 199, 7-9.

A’Bear A.D., Crowther, T.W.*, Ashfield, R., Chadwick, D.D.A., Dempsey, J., Meletiou, L., Rees, C.L., Jones, T.H., Boddy, L. (2013). Localised invertebrate grazing moderates the effect of warming on competitive fungal interactions. Fungal Ecology, 6, 137–140.


Crowther, T.W., Boddy, L. & Jones, T.H. (2012) Functional and ecological consequences of saprotrophic fungus-grazer interactions. ISME J, 6, 1992–2001.
Crowther, T.W., Littleboy, A., Jones, T.H. & Boddy, L. (2012) Interactive effects of warming and invertebrate grazing on the outcomes of competitive fungal interactions. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 81, 419-426.
Crowther, T.W., Jones, T.H. & Boddy, L. (2012) Interactions between saprotrophic basidiomycete mycelia and mycophagous soil fauna. Mycology, 3, 77-86. Special issue: The impact of fungi on other organisms.
Crowther, T.W. & A’ Bear, A.D. (2012) Impacts of grazing soil fauna on decomposer fungi are species-specific and density-dependent. Fungal Ecology, 5, 277–281.
Tordoff, G.M., Chamberlain, P.M., Crowther, T.W., Black, H.I.J., Jones, T. H., Stott, A. & Boddy, L. (2011) Invertebrate grazing affects nitrogen partitioning in the saprotrophic fungus Phanerochaete velutina. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 43, 2338-2346.
Crowther T.W., Boddy, L. & Jones, T.H. (2011) Outcomes of fungal interaction are determined by soil invertebrate grazers. Ecology Letters, 14, 1134-1142. (Cover photograph).



Crowther, T.W., Jones, T.H., Boddy, L. & Baldrian, P. (2011) Invertebrate grazing determines enzyme production by basidiomycete fungi. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 43, 2060-2068.
Crowther, T.W., Jones, T.H. & Boddy, L. (2011) Species-specific effects of grazing invertebrates on mycelial emergence and growth from woody resources into soil. Fungal Ecology, 5, 333-341.
Crowther, T.W., Boddy, L. & Jones, T.H. (2011) Species-specific effects of soil fauna on fungal foraging and decomposition. Oecologia, 167, 535-545.



    Invited Presentations

  • Crowther, T.W. A trait-based approach to understanding fungal communities. The George Washington University, November 2013. Invited by Dr Amy Zanne.

  • Crowther, T.W. Biotic interactions mediate soil-climate feedbacks. University of Colorado at Boulder, April 2013. Invited by Dr Noah Fierer.

  • Crowther, T.W. Decomposer interactions shape the underworld. Bowling Green State University, December 2012. Invited by Dr Shannon Pellini.

  • Crowther, T.W. Decomposer interactions shape the underworld. Yale University, November 2012. School of F&ES weekly seminar series.

  • Crowther, T.W. Interactive effects of warming and grazing on fungal community structure and function. Harvard University, May 2012. Invited by Dr Aaron Ellison.

  • Crowther, T.W. & A’Bear, A.D. Biotic and abiotic factors affecting the growth and functioning of saprotrophic basidiomycete fungi. Netherlands Institute for Ecology, January 2012. Invited by Prof Wim van der Putten.



    Recent, first author conference proceedings

  • Crowther, T.W & Bradford, M.A. Vulnerability of Soil Biodiversity to Deforestation. INTECOL, 2013.

  • Crowther, T.W., Boddy, L. & Jones, T.H. Functional and ecological consequences of saprotrophic fungus-grazer interactions. Paper presented at the British Ecological Society Annual Meeting, 2011.

  • Crowther, T.W., Boddy, L. & Jones, T.H. Outcomes of fungal interactions are determined by soil invertebrate grazers. Paper presented at the British Ecological Society Annual Meeting, 2010. * 1st prize for best student talk.

  • Crowther, T.W., Boddy, L. & Jones, T.H. Species-specific effects of soil fauna on fungal foraging and decomposition. Paper presented at the British Ecological Society Annual Meeting, 2009.


Media attention

  • Deforestation-related climate impacts may vary by soil. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, Volume 12, Issue 4 (May 2014).

  • Deforestation in sandy soils is a greater threat to climate change. Various sources including NSF news, Science 360 and USA news, April 2014.

  • Ecosystems Underground; Consequences for Climate Change. Yale Climate and Energy Institute, December 2013.

  • Fungi, not plants, drive long-term carbon sequestration in boreal forest. Yale Climate and Energy Institute, May 2013.

  • Thermal Adaptation in Heterotrophic Soil Microbes. Yale Climate and Energy Institute, January 2013.

  • Climate-Ecosystem Carbon Feedbacks. YCEI Climate and Energy Institute, February 2013

  • Woodland Warfare in a Warming World. NERC Planet Earth Online article, Autumn 2012.

  • Peacekeeping creatures help maintain woodland diversity. Various sources including The Western Mail and Wales Online, September 2011


Academic society memberships


Other Scholarly activities:

  • Judge for the Poster presentation award at the International Association for Ecology Conference (2013).

  • Chair for the ‘Above-ground below-ground interactions’ session at the International Association for Ecology Conference (2013).

  • Volunteer tutor at New Haven Reads, New Haven, USA (2012-present)

  • Stem Ambassador for Cardiff University, Wales (2011-2012)


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