Freedom of Information Request
Dear Ms Hunter
Thank you for your email of 03 March 2014 in which you asked for the following information from the Ministry of Justice (MoJ):
We would be grateful if we could be supplied with the following information:
1. What is the suitability criteria for the Self Change Programme?
2. Is there a clinical over ride option when considering the entry criteria?
3. Please provide us with a break down of the course content?
4. How long is the programme?
5. Which prisons are currently running the programme?
6. Are there waiting lists for the programme? And how many are on the waiting list at the respective establishments?
7. How many people are currently on the waiting list?
Your request has been handled under the Freedom of Information Act 2000 (FOIA).
I can confirm that the department holds the information that you have asked for, and I am pleased to provide this to you:
1. SCP participants should have a current conviction for a violent offence and a history of previous violence.
Violence is defined as “actual, attempted, or threatened harm to a person or persons” (Webster, Douglas, Eaves & Hart, 1997) and the SCP is appropriate for offenders who use proactive and/or reactive violence.
Previous violence can be demonstrated by the presence of more than one previous conviction for violence (excluding the index offence), or evidence of un-convicted violence. It is no longer necessary for participants to have at least 4 convictions for violence, since the SCP does not require participants to focus solely on their previous violence during the interventions phase. The SCP participants can now develop an understanding of their patterns of aggression by discussing low level aggression in which they were not actually violent.
Participants should be identified as high risk of re-offending by an OVP score of 60 and above.
2. Offenders can also be referred as SCP Clinical Override Cases if the offender is: 1. Medium OVP, *AND* 2. High or Very High RoSH *AND* 3. Assessed by a Registered Psychologist to meet the following definition of high risk of serious violence on the basis of an HCR-20 or HCR-V3 assessment:
On the basis of an HCR-20/HCR-V3 worksheet, it was considered that if released into the community tomorrow, with his current plans, the offender would have a significant risk of committing a violent offence that would lead to serious physical, or extreme psychological, harm from which the victim would find it difficult or impossible to recover.
3. The programme is delivered in a series of phases, each building on the previous one.
The Engagement Phase of the programme has been specifically designed to begin the process of engaging participants in exploring the choices and possible opportunities that participation in SCP might create for them. It aims to motivate participants to choose to constructively engage, and see a personal value and relevance in doing so. This is particularly important as we want participants to choose real and sustained pro-social change, not just comply with the programme.
It is six sessions in length and delivered either in small groups or on a one to one basis.
The Core Phase of the programme is run on a rolling basis and has 10 group members when at full capacity. Highly responsive to individual learning styles, participants enter the Core Phase on a staggered basis and, using a combination of group sessions and supported learning sessions, work at their own pace through the following four SCP skill steps...
Step 1. Learn to observe your own thoughts, feelings and personal rules
Step 2. Learn to see the connection between your internal behaviour and your use of aggression/violence
Step 3. Strengthening ‘New Me’
Step 4. Future ‘New Me’
Each group session focuses on two different participants and the SCP skill step those participants are in. Responsivity to the individual is further enhanced through the delivery of a series of treatment packs that can be individually tailored to meet unique treatment needs.
Group sessions are two hours in duration and are delivered at a rate of between three and four per week. Each participant has at least one supported learning session every fortnight. On average, participants are expected to attend 66 group sessions.
The Transition Phase facilitates the participant leaving the supported treatment phase and making the transition back to the mainstream prison regime, with responsibility for their ongoing process of self-change. There are four Transition Phase sessions in total which are delivered over a maximum of eight weeks.
The Consolidation Phase has been designed to ensure that individual progress gained from completion of the Core Phase is consolidated. It ensures continuity and reinforcement of learning in custody and the community and a smooth transition from one setting to another. The Consolidation Phase commences with the Post Programme Progress Review, which also marks the end of the Transitions Phase. A recommended eight sessions in length, it is designed to be repeated at each significant milestone in the participant’s progress through the prison system and into the community. Whilst the participant remains in custody The Consolidation Phase should be delivered by Offender Supervisors. When the participant progresses into the community, it is designed to be delivered by Offender Managers.
4. The programme is delivered at a pace that suits each individual participant
SCP Engagement Phase = 6 sessions
SCP Core Phase = Minimum 48 sessions and maximum 88 sessions, depending on individual participant needs.
SCP Transition Phase = 4 sessions.
5. The number of sites that were commissioned to deliver SCP in 13/14 was eight: HMPs Erlestoke, Featherstone, Garth, Holme House, Long Lartin, Ranby, Sheppey Cluster and Whitemoor.
Interventions are commissioned on an annual basis in order to meet the needs of the population, and in response to NOMS Commissioning Intentions. The commissioning round for 2014/15 has not yet completed and so no information is available beyond the current year 13/14.
6 and 7. Each SCP delivery site has a referral list which details individuals referred to that site who will all be at differing levels of assessment, suitability and motivation to attend SCP.
At each site delivering SCP, the following provides an overview of the number of cases assessed as suitable for SCP:
HMP Erlestoke: 4 men assessed as suitable for SCP. There are other men waiting assessment.
HMP Featherstone: no longer runs the programme.
HMP Garth: 3 men assessed as suitable, although their readiness to engage is not yet assessed.
HMP Holme House: 6 men on the referral list but they have not been assessed as to their suitability.
HMP Long Lartin: 2 men have been assessed as suitable for SCP. There are other men awaiting assessment.
HMP Ranby: 28 men referred but they have not as yet been fully assessed as to their suitability.
Sheppey Cluster: 9 men are assessed as awaiting the start of a programme. Other men are mid assessment or awaiting assessment , some of whom are also listed on other prison referral lists.
HMP Whitemoor: 1 man has been assessed as suitable for SCP. There are other men awaiting assessment.
HMP Full Sutton: 4 men have been assessed as suitable for SCP. There are other men awaiting assessment.