Community Garden Planting Guide




Дата канвертавання24.04.2016
Памер91.6 Kb.

Community Garden Planting Guide



This plan is based primary on two sources: Square Foot Garden by Mel Bartholomew, and Great Garden Companions by Sally Cunningham.
Square Foot Garden principles:


  • Each bed is divided into square foot blocks

  • Each block is planted individually, allowing for maximum space use, ease of harvest, and easy companion planting

  • Seeds/plants are spaced closer than in typical gardens. This cuts down on weeding as plants crowd out weeds and act as their own mulch.

  • As each square is harvested, it may be replanted with a new crop later in the season.

  • A shoveful of compost is added to each square after harvest to prepare for the next crop.

  • Blocks may be marked by sticks or string, or simply measured with a ruler (good for kids!) and the lines drawn with a finger in the soil.


Companion Gardening principles:

  • Pests and diseases can be kept to a minimum by grouping plants in combinations.

  • Pests are less likely to find a particular plant if it is planted in small groupings rather than ‘monoculture’ (large areas of one crop).

  • Certain plants, especially flowers and herbs, help by attracting ‘beneficial insects’. These are insects such as tiny wasps and beetles which eat ‘bad bugs’ (the ones that destroy our crops!) such as aphids and bean beetles.

  • Grouping plants together that have similar requirements, such as peppers, tomatoes and eggplant, helps ensure that they have the right type of soil, water, etc.



Planting Guide:
On the following pages are specific guides for each bed. Some general guidelines:


  • Spacing requirements are noted for each plant. In general, an extra-large plant is 1 per square, large is 4 per square, medium is 9 per square and small is 16 per square.  




  • If planting seeds, plant extra, as not all will germinate (usually about 80%). But don’t overplant, as you will just end up thinning them out.




  • For tiny seeds, plant 2 to 4; for large, only 2. After they sprout, cut off the weakest looking one with scissors.




  • Each of our beds is 15 x 3 feet = 45 square feet of planting space




  • Locations are meant to be a guideline and are flexible. Substitutions for the recommended herbs and flowers are fine.




  • Water gently so as to not dislodge the plant or seed.




  • Keep moist until seeds sprout, or with transplants, until more growth is noted.







  • Water until soil is wet at least 4-5 inches down.




  • Stakes will be needed for tomatoes, carrots and peas. Should be put in place before they are needed. They can run along the length of the garden, where they will not shade other plants.


Bed #1

Main Crops:Tomatoes, Peppers, Eggplant Companions: Dill, Cosmos, Basil, Marigold



Spacing: Tomatoes – 1 per 12” square Peppers - 1 per square Eggplant – 1 per square

Cosmos – 4 per square Dill – 4 per square marigold – 6 Basil - 4


Note: We will need “tomato towers” put in place along side

lavender

Eggplant

basil

pepper

pepper

Tomato - vine

pepper

cosmos

Tomato - vine

tomato

tomato

marigold

tomato

tomato

Tomato - vine

Chamomile#


eggplant

Tomato - vine

marigold

pepper

marigold

marigold

cosmos

Tomato - vine

tomato

tomato

Tomato - vine

tomato

tomato

Tomato - vine

marigold

eggplant

Tomato - vine

Chamomile#

pepper

marigold

pepper

cosmos

Tomato - vine

pepper

eggplant

tomato

lavender

herb

basil


Bed # 2

Main Crops: Potato, Bush bean


Companions: Nasturtium, Zinnia

Spacing: Potato – 1 per square foot

Bean – 9 per square foot

Note: Potatoes and beans help repel each other’s pests!Onions help repel anything, anywhere!


zinnia

potato

zinnia

onion

potato

onion

bean

potato

bean

bean

potato

bean

bean

potato

bean

herb

potato

parsley

bean

potato

bean

bean

potato

bean

bean

nasturtium

bean

zinnia

potato

zinnia

herb

potato

parsley

bean

potato

bean

Bean

potato

bean

bean

potato

bean

onion

herb

onion


Bed # 3

Main Crops: Leaf/Salad Crops, Strawberries


Companions: sunflowers, cleome

Spacing: berries – 1 per square foot

salad – 4-9 per square foot

Note: strawberries are perennials and will not bear fruit, or get larger, until next year. So, there will be plenty of room to plant around them.



The tall flowers will shade the lettuce in summer.


berry

cleome

berry

lettuce

berry

lettuce

lettuce

cleome

lettuce

berry

cleome

berry

sunflower

berry

sunflower

sunflower

lettuce

sunflower

berry

lettuce

berry

Swiss chard


berry

Swiss chard

Swiss chard


lettuce

Swiss chard


berry

lettuce

berry

spinach

berry

spinach

spinach

cleome

spinach

berry

cleome

berry

lettuce

berry

lettuce

lettuce

sunflower

lettuce



Bed # 4

Main Crops: onion, carrot, beets, cucumber


Companions: nasturtiums, chammomile

Spacing: onion, carrot – 16 per square foot

beet – 16 per square foot

cucumber – 2 per foot along edge
Note: we will need 5’ trellis for cukes


nasturtium

chammomile

nasturtium

carrot

onion

cucumber

carrot

onion

cucumber

carrot

onion

cucumber

carrot

onion

cucumber

carrot

onion

carrot

zinnia

onion

zinnia

carrot

onion

carrot

carrot

onion

carrot

carrot

onion

cucumber

herb

beet

cucumber

beet

beet

cucumber

beet

beet

cucumber

beet

beet

cucumber

herb

chammomile

herb


Bed # 5

Main Crops: Peas, zucchini


Companions: alyssum, thyme, basil, zinnia,

nasturtium

Spacing: Pea - 8 per square foot on trellis

Zucchini – 1 per square foot

cucumber – 2 per foot along edge

Note: Peas will be finished by midsummer, giving room for zucchini to spread. We will need a trellis for the peas right away.





alyssum

alyssum

alyssum

pea

zucchini

zucchini

pea

zucchini

zucchini

pea

thyme

thyme

pea

basil

basil

pea

zucchini

cucumber

pea

zicchini

Cucumber

pea

zucchini

cucumber

pea

zucchini

cucumber

pea
Herb
cucumber

pea

nasturtium

nasturtium

pea

zinnia

zinnia

zucchini

zucchini

zucchini

Zucchini

zucchini

zucchini

alyssum

alyssum

alyssum

Bed # 6

Main Crops: Corn, Pole Beans, Squash


Companions:

Spacing: Corn –plant 3 seeds, thin to

one per square foot

Pole beans – 4 per square foot

Squash – 1 per foot

Pumpkins – TBA – outside bed??



Corn, Bean, Squash

Etc.

Etc.














































































































База данных защищена авторским правом ©shkola.of.by 2016
звярнуцца да адміністрацыі

    Галоўная старонка