Cleavers, Clivers, Goosegrass, Sticky Willie Galium aparine Rubiaceae Description




Дата канвертавання20.04.2016
Памер17.84 Kb.
Cleavers, Clivers, Goosegrass, Sticky Willie Galium aparine Rubiaceae

Description: A sprawling green annual, one of the first to appear in the spring. The leaves and square stems have small hooks or prickles which stick to clothing and fur. The flowers are white, small and inconspicuous with four petals. The fruit are green , ripening to dark purple and also stick to clothing and fur (their method of distribution). It grows in hedges, ditches, waste land, shingle,,gardens and just about anywhere. If you need to weed it out do not waste it – make a large pot of infusion and drink to give a good spring cleanse to the lymphatic system. Related species include madder, and lady’s bedstraw

Part used: Aerial parts.

Location: Everywhere! See above.

Harvesting, drying and preparation: Best used fresh – infuse, juice or gently sweat as a spinach-like vegetable. Cut before seeds form any time from spring to autumn. The dried herb does not yield the same therapeutic effects as the fresh.

Constituents

Coumarins, Tannins, Glycosides, Citric acid, Iridoids including asperuloside, Polyphenolic acids, Anthraquinones(only in the root), Alkanes, Flavonoids


Actions



Traditional/current uses

The aerial parts can be used as a ‘spinach’, not recommended raw due to the prickles. The seeds have traditionally been roasted in Celtic regions as a ‘coffee’, which is apparently a general prophylactic.


Sweet Woodruff

Asperula odorata / Galium odorata Rubiaceae


Botanical description: Perennial up to 45 cm high. The stem is square. The narrow elliptical leaves are held in whorls and the flowers are small and white

Parts used: Aerial parts

Harvesting, cultivation and habitat: Native to Europe, also found in Asia and North Africa. It prefers woodland and shaded habitats. It can be propagated from seed or by division. The herb is gather in the spring when in flower.

History and folklore: The dried herb smells strongly of coumarins, or of newly cut grass. It was traditionally used to scent linen and was steeped in white whine or added in brewing ale to increase inebriation.

Constituents

Iridoids, Coumarins, Tannins, Anthraquinones, Flavonoids


Actions

  • Anticoagulant

  • Tonic

  • Diuretic

  • Anti-inflammatory

  • Sedative

  • Antispasmodic


Traditional and current uses

  • Varicose veins and phlebitis

  • Insomnia

  • Tension and tension headaches

  • Biliary obstruction

  • Thrombophlebitis

  • Dysmennorrhoea

  • Renal colic

  • Externally as a poultice for liver enlargement

  • As a douche for pruritis vulvae



Contraindications: Do not use alongside anti-coagulant medication
Lady’s Bedstraw

Galium verum Rubiaceae

A perennial plant with narrow leaves in whorls of 6-12 that encircle the squarish stem. The flowers are yellow or yellow/green and are held in long spikes at the top of stems that reach up to 100 cm (often smaller). The fruit is hairless and turns from green to black. It grows on rough grassland, dunes, dry grassy heaths and in hedgerows.



Part used: Flowering tops , dried quickly and used within a few weeks since it does not keep well.

History and folklore: This plant has been used to stuff mattresses, hence the name bedstraw. It can also be used as a substitute for rennet in cheese making, and as a colouring agent in the process.

Constituents:

Tannins, glycosides, silicic acid, other acids, enzymes, saponins may be present.



Actions:

Astringent

Vulnery

Stypitc


Antispasmodic

Sedative


Diuretic

Traditional and current uses:

Oedema


Cystitis

Retention of urine

Nervous states

Headache


Palpitations

Epilepsy


Externallu to treat wounds and skin conditions

Powder inhaled for nosebleeds



To ease labour and childbirth; possibly encourages oxytocin production


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