Clade Suture




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Bärmann and Sánchez-Villagra 2011: The cranial sutures of terrestrial artiodactyls. Journal of Mammalian Evolution

Suppl. Material 2: Unambiguous event-pair changes on the alternative phylogeny (†Cainotherium as member of Camelidamorpha) from Parsimov analysis (consensus of ACCTRAN and DELTRAN optimization) using untied events only. Differences to Table 3 are highlighted in grey.

Clade

Suture

shift

relative to

Babyrousa

Supraoccipital-Parietal

late

Exoccipital-Supraoccipital, Orbitosphenoid-Frontal, Interfrontal, Parietal-Squamosal

Phacochoerus + Sus

Intermaxillary

late

Lacrimal-Frontal (o), Internasal

Phacochoerus

Jugal-Squamosal

early

Maxillary-Palatine (v), Maxillary-Lacrimal (f), Maxillary-Lacrimal (o)

Alisphenoid-Orbitosphenoid

late

Lacrimal-Jugal (f), Internasal

Sus

Lacrimal-Jugal (o)

late

Alisphenoid-Squamosal, Alisphenoid-Orbitosphenoid

Phacochoerus +Sus +Babyrousa

Parietal-Squamosal

early

Lacrimal-Jugal (o), Lacrimal-Frontal (o)

Pecari

Frontal-Parietal

late

Lacrimal-Jugal (o), Lacrimal-Frontal (o)

Maxillary-Palatine (v)

early

Exoccipital-Basioccipital, Exoccipital-Supraoccipital, Supraoccipital-Parietal, Interfrontal, Nasal-Maxillary, Premaxillary-Maxillary (f), Nasal-Frontal, Premaxillary-Maxillary (v), Intermaxillary, Interpalatine

Interpalatine

early

Premaxillary-Maxillary (f), Internasal

Camelus

Basisphenoid-Basioccipital

late

Frontal-Parietal, Alisphenoid-Squamosal

Jugal-Frontal

early

Nasal-Maxillary, Interpalatine

Nasal-Maxillary

early

Interpalatine

Lama

Basisphenoid-Presphenoid

early

Supraoccipital-Parietal, Frontal-Parietal

Premaxillary-Maxillary (v)

early

Internasal, Parietal-Squamosal, Intermaxillary

Interpalatine

early

Internasal, Intermaxillary, Alisphenoid-Orbitosphenoid

Hippopotamidae +Ruminantia

Basisphenoid-Basioccipital

early

Lacrimal-Jugal (o)

Basisphenoid-Presphenoid

early

Maxillary-Lacrimal (f), Maxillary-Lacrimal (o), Lacrimal-Jugal (f), Lacrimal-Jugal (o), Lacrimal-Frontal (f)

Lacrimal-Jugal (f)

early

Lacrimal-Jugal (o)

Hippopotamidae

Lacrimal-Frontal (o)

late

Alisphenoid-Squamosal

Jugo-frontal

late

Maxillary-Lacrimal (f), Lacrimal-Jugal (f), Lacrimal-Frontal (f), Lacrimal-Frontal (o)

Antilocapra

Jugal-Frontal

early

Basisphenoid-Presphenoid, Orbitosphenoid-Frontal, Interfrontal

Giraffidae

Supraoccipital-Parietal

early

Exoccipital-Supraoccipital, Basisphenoid-Basioccipital

Tragelaphus

Basisphenoid-Presphenoid

late

Orbitosphenoid-Frontal, Interfrontal

Frontal-Parietal

early

Exoccipital-Supraoccipital, Basisphenoid-Basioccipital

Hemitragus

Basisphenoid-Presphenoid

late

Supraoccipital-Parietal, Frontal-Parietal





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