Ccm module 15 Subject Headings




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CCM Module 15

Subject Headings

Contents



15.1 Thought process involved in subject analysis 6

15.1 Thought process involved in subject analysis 6

15.2 Guidelines 6

15.2 Guidelines 6

15.2.1 Matching headings with the serial as a whole 6

15.2.1 Matching headings with the serial as a whole 6

15.2.2 General principle on assigning subject headings 7

15.2.2 General principle on assigning subject headings 7

15.2.3 How many headings to assign 7

15.2.3 How many headings to assign 7

15.2.4 Level of specificity and overlapping headings 8

15.2.4 Level of specificity and overlapping headings 8

15.2.5 Assigning headings when a corporate body is the subject 9

15.2.5 Assigning headings when a corporate body is the subject 9

15.2.6 Place names in serial titles 10

15.2.6 Place names in serial titles 10

15.2.7 Audience/viewpoint versus content 11

15.2.7 Audience/viewpoint versus content 11

15.2.8 General interest publication 11

15.2.8 General interest publication 11

15.2.9 Depth of indexing 12

15.2.9 Depth of indexing 12

15.2.10 Applying appropriate subdivisions 12

15.2.10 Applying appropriate subdivisions 12

15.2.11 Free text headings 13

15.2.11 Free text headings 13

15.3 Sources for subject information 13

15.3 Sources for subject information 13

15.3.1 Masthead 13

15.3.1 Masthead 13

15.3.2 Contents page 13

15.3.2 Contents page 13

15.3.3 Announcements 15

15.3.3 Announcements 15

15.3.4 Editorial commentary 15

15.3.4 Editorial commentary 15

15.3.5 Instructions to authors 16

15.3.5 Instructions to authors 16

15.3.6 Issuing body statements 17

15.3.6 Issuing body statements 17

15.4 Strategies for streamlining subject analysis 18

15.4 Strategies for streamlining subject analysis 18

15.4.1 Applying the subject analysis from the preceding title 18

15.4.1 Applying the subject analysis from the preceding title 18

15.4.2 Extracting subject headings from monographic records recataloged as serials. 20

15.4.2 Extracting subject headings from monographic records recataloged as serials. 20

15.4.3. Consulting the subject analysis on analogous records 20

15.4.3. Consulting the subject analysis on analogous records 20

15.4.4. Searching for other publications of the issuing body 20

15.4.4. Searching for other publications of the issuing body 20

15.4.5 Using other subject analysis systems as a starting point 20

15.4.5 Using other subject analysis systems as a starting point 20

15.5 Differences between LCSH and MeSH 21

15.5 Differences between LCSH and MeSH 21

15.5.1 Context 21

15.5.1 Context 21

15.5.2 Terminology 21

15.5.2 Terminology 21

15.5.3 Order of headings 22

15.5.3 Order of headings 22

15.5.4 Capitalization 22

15.5.4 Capitalization 22

15.5.5 Subdivision practice 22

15.5.5 Subdivision practice 22

15.5.6 Changes in MeSH practice 23

15.5.6 Changes in MeSH practice 23

15.6 Modifying Subject Headings 23

15.6 Modifying Subject Headings 23



Module Introduction

Guidelines for recording relationships of works to concepts, objects, events and places do not yet exist in RDA (RDA Chapter 23). The following serves as a guide to subject headings for serials in lieu of new guidance from RDA and/or Functional Requirements for Subject Authority Data (FRSAD). Furthermore, while “headings” do not exist in RDA, which identifies entities with “access points,” this module retains the term “subject heading” as this is the terminology of both Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH) and Medical Subject Headings (MeSH), the thesauri used in CONSER cataloging.


Subject headings include topics, forms/genres, persons, families, corporate bodies, places, works and expressions. These headings comprise one of the four areas of subject-related data in serial records. The others are classification numbers, the geographic area code (field 043), and fixed field contents codes (008/24-27). In addition, the abstracting and indexing coverage note (field 510) indicates the sources in which the contents of the serial are indexed. As many libraries choose not to classify all or part of their serial collections, subject headings are a primary method of providing access to the subject matter of these publications and the only method to be covered in this module. For information on classification fields, fields 043, 008/24-27, and 510, see the CONSER Editing Guide (CEG).
This module explains the philosophy of subject heading assignment for serials. It does not cover the specifics of subject heading construction, assignment of subheadings, or authority work. For information on these aspects, consult the sources listed below.

Outline


This module will discuss:




A suggested thought process to apply in subject analysis



Guidelines to apply in assigning subject headings



Where specifically to look in a serial for indications of its subject content



Ways to expedite and attain a degree of consistency in serial subject analysis



A review of the difference between LC's and NLM's subject heading systems

References

CEG

CEG B4.3.5. Revising subject analysis fields to reflect current practice

CEG C4. Authority records

CEG Subject Headings—General information, fields 600-655

CEG App. I. Participant Responsibilities for Applying Subject Indexing Languages

CEG App. J. Use of LC Subject Heading Subdivisions Appropriate to Serials
Subject Headings Manual (SHM), 1st ed. Washington, D.C. : Library of Congress, 2008-

(Also available online in Cataloger's Desktop--subscription required)


Free-Floating Subdivisions: an Alphabetical Index. Washington, D.C. : Library of Congress, 1989-

(Also available online in Cataloger's Desktop--subscription required)


Basic Subject Cataloging Using LCSH. Available at: http://www.loc.gov/catworkshop/courses/basicsubject/
Fundamentals of Library of Congress Classification. Available at: http://www.loc.gov/catworkshop/courses/fundamentalslcc/index.html
MeSH Browser. Available at: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/MeSH/MBrowser.html
Using Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) in Cataloging. Available at: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/tsd/cataloging/trainingcourses/mesh/

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