Bulletin of Biological Science & Technology




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生物科技快报

Bulletin of Biological Science & Technology


中国科学院成都生物研究所情报中心


2009520



5期 (总第181期)




目 录

[科技进展] 森林生态系统激发效应研究........................................1

毛茛目分类系统被更新.......................................................4

以色列沙漠发现奇特植物可自我浇灌..........................................35

南美奇特植物装病躲避虫害进攻..............................................36

植物激素大全..............................................................39

曲桂芹小组弄清蕃茄成熟衰老的细胞凋亡机理..................................43

遗传工程微生物研究获进展..................................................46

格陵兰岛冰层下发现古老微生物..............................................50



[科技要闻] 科学时报推出生物产业专题........................................51

清华与拜耳联手成立创新药物研究中心........................................53

李政道:祖国现在缺少一个成功的榜样........................................53

中国期刊业:质量决定未来发展..............................................59

中国科研论文数量9年翻3倍................................................63

《细胞生物学杂志》将更名为《中国细胞生物学学报》...........................64



森林生态系统激发效应研究
土壤呼吸是全球碳循环的一个重要组成部分,全球每年由土壤呼吸释放的CO2为8×1016g,相当于每年燃烧化石燃料释放的CO2的11倍之多。进行土壤呼吸与全球气候变化相关的预测是非常有必要的,但目前对土壤呼吸的预测存在很大的不确定性。地上和地下的碳输入,特别是可溶性有机碳可能对过量土壤呼吸存在激发效应。针对这一问题,中科院西双版纳热带植物园土壤生态组的Douglas A. Schaefer 副研究员等人在云南哀牢山国家级自然保护区内进行了为期3年的研究,他们采用树干韧皮部环割(将阻止根系向土壤分泌有机碳物质,但允许根系从土壤中吸收水分和养分)、去除凋落物和切断根输入三种改变土壤碳输入量的处理方式,并对每一处理及其混合处理对土壤呼吸的影响进行研究。与此同时,还观察了环境因子如温度、土壤含水量对土壤呼吸的作用。研究结果表明:在所有处理中,温度与土壤呼吸速率呈正相关,但仅温度还不足于对哀牢山森林土壤呼吸速率进行全面预测;植物根输入对土壤呼吸的影响并不突出;值得一提的是,在植物根系完好的情况下,地上凋落物或其分解物质对土壤呼吸具有激发效应。但产生激发效应的是因为地上凋落物的覆盖还是其分解物质或者分解的哪一类物质在起作用,这或许将是土壤生态学领域的下一个研究热点。 

虽然在其他地区(如波多黎各等)已有关于这方面的报道,但这种激发效应在亚热带常绿阔叶林森林生态系统中还是首次发现,该研究为土壤生态学研究拓展了一个新的研究方向。相关研究成果在《土壤生物学与生物化学》(Soil Biology and Biochemistry)上发表。 

Douglas A. Schaefer是版纳植物园的全职科研人员、硕士生导师。他的主要研究方向为生物地球化学,尤其是与碳循环有关的研究。他已研究了白蚁、酸雨及其它大气沉降物质、河水、台风等与生命息息相关的一些生物和现象的生物地球化学转化过程。目前他主要致力于哀牢山和西双版纳两个地区森林凋落物的分解过程及其影响因子、分解物的空间分布及其对其所在生态系统生物地球化学循环过程的影响研究。现阶段他正在招收硕士研究生或研究助理,以帮助他完成这些工作。 (来源:中科院西双版纳热带植物园) 可下载全文

Soil Biology and BiochemistryVolume 41, Issue 5, May 2009, Pages 1000-1007

Fig. 1. Environmental factors and leaf litterfall measured in the Ailao Mountains forest, Southwest China, from April 2004 to April 2007. A. Soil temperature maximum and minimum among treatments, at 5 cm depth (°C). B. Gravimetric soil moisture (g water g−1 dry soil) for each of the 8 treatments: CCK = unmanipulated, CNL = control, no litter, CNLR = control, no litter and root trenching, CNR = control and root trenching, GCK = tree stem girdling, GNL = girdling and no litter, GNLR = girdling, no litter and root trenching, GNR = girdling and root trenching (legend extends into panel C). C. Average aboveground leaf litterfall (g m−2 d−1) in the CCK and GCK plots for the 30 days prior to each soil respiration measurement. D. Total aboveground leaf litterfall (g m−2) in the CCK and GCK plots during the 60 days prior to each soil respiration measurement.




Fig. 2. Soil respiration (μmol C m−2 s−1) measured before the initiation of treatments in the Ailao Mountains forest, Southwest China, from August 2003 to January 2004.


Fig. 3. Annual soil respiration fluxes (g CO2–C m−2) for each of the 8 treatments measured in the Ailao Mountains forest, Southwest China, from April 2004 to April 2007. Year 1 = April 2004 to March 2005, year 2 = April 2005 to March 2006, year 3 = April 2006 to March 2007 and Average is for those 3 years. Treatments (TRTS): CCK = unmanipulated, CNL = control, no litter, CNLR = control, no litter and root trenching, CNR = control and root trenching, GCK = tree stem girdling, GNL = girdling and no litter, GNLR = girdling, no litter and root trenching, GNR = girdling and root trenching. Bars are displayed in the order of decreasing average fluxes. Different letters within a year indicate significant differences by Mann–Whitney ranking.


Fig. 4. Soil respiration (μmol C m−2 s−1) and standard error bars (N = 4) for each of the 8 treatments measured in the Ailao Mountains forest, Southwest China, from April 2004 to April 2007. A. CCK = unmanipulated, CNL = control, no litter, CNLR = control, no litter and root trenching, CNR = control and root trenching. B. GCK = tree stem girdling, GNL = girdling and no litter, GNLR = girdling, no litter and root trenching, GNR = girdling and root trenching.



毛茛目分类系统被更新
中科院植物研究所系统与进化植物学国家重点实验室陈之端研究组利用四个DNA片段(rbcL、matK、trnL-F和26S rDNA)和65个广义形态学形状重建毛茛目的系统发育关系,并更新了毛茛目的分类系统。该成果发表在《植物生态学、进化与分类学展望》(Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics (2009, 11: 81-110))杂志上。 

毛茛目(Ranunculales) 是真双子叶植物最基部的分支之一,在被子植物大类群演化中起着承前启后的作用,系统位置极为关键。通过选取毛茛目7科99属植物,利用最大简约法和贝叶斯法,在属的水平上构建了毛茛目的系统发育关系。根据所建立的高置信度的系统发育框架,重新界定了毛茛目各科及科内亚科或族;探讨了不同分类阶元的鉴别性性状;澄清了目内一些孤立属的系统位置和分类等级。综合分子和形态学证据,更新了毛茛目的分类系统,包括把防己科划分为两个新的亚科(Menispermoideae and Tinosporoideae),为毛茛科的美花草属(Callianthemum)建立了一新族Callianthemeae。 

该研究成果对我们理解毛茛目进化的大格局和进化的脉络,以及理解整个被子植物,特别是真双子叶植物的多样性和花部式样的演化规律有重要意义。(来源:中科院植物研究所)

Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and SystematicsVolume 11, Issue 2, 2009, Pages 81-110 可下载全文

Article Outline

Introduction

Materials and methods

Taxon sampling

Morphological data

Molecular data

Alignment and phylogenetic analysis

Results

Molecular data

Morphological data

Total evidence data

Discussion

Monophyly and synapomorphies of Ranunculales

Familial relationships within Ranunculales

Intrafamilial relationships

Papaveraceae

Circaeasteraceae

Lardizabalaceae

Menispermaceae

Berberidaceae

Ranunculaceae

An updated classification of Ranunculales

Acknowledgements

Appendix A. Morphological characters and character states used in this study



Appendix B. Appendix
Table 1. GenBank accession numbers and vouchers/references for the sequences used in this study.

Taxon

GenBank accession numbers



Vouchers/References




rbcL

matK

trnL-F

26S




Ranunculaceae

Aconitum racemulosum Franch.

*AY954488

FJ626484

FJ626533

*AY954473

Chongqing: Wang Wei 081 (PE)

Actaea asiatica Hara

FJ626575

FJ626485




FJ626436

Chongqing: Chen et al. 960060 (PE)










1AJ222985




1Compton et al. (1998)

Adonis amurensis Regel & Radde

*AY954487

FJ626486

FJ626534

*AY954472

Jilin: Chen Z-D 003 (PE)

Anemoclema glaucifolium (Franch.) W. T. Wang

FJ626576

FJ626487

FJ626535

FJ626437

Yunnan: Wang Wei YN070 (PE)

Anemone hupehensis Lem.

FJ626577

FJ626488

FJ626536

FJ626438

Guizhou: Wang Wei 002 (PE)

Anemonopsis macrophylla Sieb. & Zucc.

FJ626578

FJ626489







provided by Hoot: Reznicek 9977 (MICH)










1AJ222984

2AF131289

1Compton et al. (1998), 2Ro et al. (2003)

Aquilegia ecalcarata Maxim.

*AY954495

*EF437127

*EF437096

*AY954481

Chongqing: Wang Wei 117 (PE)

Aquilegia oxysepala Trautv. & Kir.

*EF437140

*EF437128

*EF437097

FJ626439

Jilin: Chen Z-D 001 (PE)

Asteropyrum cavaleriei (Lévl. et Vant.) Drumm. & Hutch.

1AF079453










1Wang and Chen, unpubl.







FJ626490

FJ626537

*AY954466

Chongqing: Wang Wei 110 (PE)

Batrachium bungei (Steud.) L. Liou.

FJ626579

FJ626491

FJ626538

FJ626440

Yunnan: Wang Wei YN092 (PE)

Beesia calthifolia (Maxim.) Ulbr.

1AF079452




2AJ496612




1Wang and Chen, unpubl.; 2Compton and Culham (2002)







FJ626492




*AY954468

Hubei: Chen 200010661 (PE)

Callianthemum taipaicum W. T. Wang

FJ626580

FJ626493

FJ626539

FJ626441

Shanxi: Wang Wei SX004 (PE)

Caltha palustris L.

1L02431

2AB069845

3AJ496610

4U52632

1Albert et al. (1992), 2Adachi et al., unpubl.; 3Compton and Culham (2002), 4Ro et al. (1997)

Caltha palustris var. membranacea Turcz.

FJ626581

FJ626494

FJ626540

FJ626442

Jilin: Chen 2072 (PE)

Cimicifuga simplex Wormsk.

*AY954483







*AY954469

Jilin: Chen 2079 (PE)







1AB044754

2AJ223008




Li et al., unpubl.; 2Compton et al. (1998)

Clematis ganpiniana (Lévl. & Vant.) Tamura

*AY954491

FJ626495

FJ626541

*AY954476

Chongqing: Wang Wei 119 (PE)

Consolida ajacis (L.) Schur

FJ626582

FJ626496




FJ626443

Xi’an (cult.): Wang Wei Seed2 (PE)










1AY150259




1Luo et al., unpubl.

Coptis chinensis Franch.

*AY954497

*DQ478614

*EF437110

*AY954482

Sichuan: Chen et al. 960105 (PE)

Delphinium bonvalotii Franch.

FJ626583

FJ626497

FJ626542

FJ626444

Guizhou: Wang Wei 030 (PE)

Dichocarpum sutchuenense W. T. Wang & Hsiao

*AY954493

*EF437130

*EF437099

*AY954479

Guizhou: Wang Wei 069 (PE)

Enemion raddeanum Regel

*AY954494

*EF437131

*EF437100

*AY954478

Jilin: Chen Z-D 2090 (PE)

Eranthis stellata Maxim.

*AY954484

FJ626498

FJ626543

*AY954467

Jilin: Chen Z-D 001 (PE)

Glaucidium palmatum Sieb. & Zucc.

1AF093723

2AB069850




3AF389267

1Hoot et al. (1999), 2Adachi et al., unpubl.; 3Kim et al. (2004a)










*EF437113




Japan: Zhou J 001 (PE)

Halerpestes cymbalaria (Pursh) Green

*AY954490

FJ626499

FJ626544

*AY954475

Guizhou: Wang Wei 003 (PE)

Helleborus foetidus L.




1AJ414322

1AJ413283

2U52634

1Sun et al. (2001), 2Ro et al. (1997)

Helleborus thibetanus Franch.

*AY954485

FJ626500




*AY954470

Shanxi: Wang Wei SX 032 (PE)










1AJ413296




1Sun et al. (2001)

Hepatica henryi (Oliv.) Steward

FJ626584

FJ626501

FJ626545

FJ626445

Hubei: Chen 200010660 (PE)

Hydrastis canadensis L.

1AF093725

2AB069849




3AF389268

1Hoot et al. (1999), 2Adachi et al., unpubl.; 3Kim et al. (2004a)










*EF437112




USA: Chen Z-D 2002016 (PE)

Isopyrum manshuricum Kom.

*EF437143

*EF437133

*EF437102

FJ626446

Liaoning: Wang Wei LN004 (PE)

Leptopyrum fumarioides (L.) Reichb.

*EF437145

*EF437135

*EF437104




Xinjiang: Man Y-G T101 (PE)

Megaleranthis saniculiflia Ohwi




1AY515243




2AF131285

1Lee and Heo, unpubl.; 2Ro et al. (2003)

Myosurus minimus L.

1DQ099441




2AJ413305




1Anderson et al. (2005), 2Sun et al. (2001)







FJ626502




FJ626447

provided by Hoot: Hoot 98-2 (UWM)

Naravelia zeylanica (L.) DC.

FJ626585

FJ626503

FJ626546




Yunnan: Wang Wei YN126 (PE)

Nigella damascena L.

FJ626586

FJ626504




FJ626448

Yunnan: Wang Wei Seed1 (PE)










1AY150260




1Luo et al., unpubl.

Oxygraphis glacialis (Fisch.) Bunge.

FJ626587

FJ626505

FJ626547

FJ626449

Shanxi: Wang Wei SX006 (PE)

Paraquilegia microphylla (Royle) Drumm. & Hutch.

*EF437146

*EF437136

*EF437105

FJ626450

Chongqing: Li C-Y 001 (PE)

Paropyrum anemonoides (Kar. & Kir.) Ulbr.

*EF437142

*EF437132

*EF437101




Xinjiang: Wundish U. 177 (PE)

Pulsatilla cernua (Thunb.) Bercht. & Opiz.

*AY954492




FJ626548

*AY954477

Jilin: Chen 2048 (PE)







1AB110531







Miikeda et al. (2006)

Ranunculus cantoniensis DC.

*AY954489

FJ626506

FJ626549

*AY954474

Guizhou: Wang Wei 031 (PE)

Semiaquilegia adoxoides (DC.) Makino

*EF437147

*EF437137

*EF437106

FJ626451

Hunan: Shao Q 001 (PE)

Souliea vaginata (Maxim.) Franch.

FJ626588

FJ626507




FJ626452

Shanxi: Wang Wei SX015 (PE)










1AJ222983




1Compton et al. (1998)

Thalictrum javanicum Bl.

*AY954496

*DQ478615

*EF437107

*AY954480

Guizhou: Wang Wei 067 (PE)

Trautvetteria carolinensis (Walt.) Vail.

FJ626589

FJ626508

FJ626550




provided by Hoot: Hoot 92-18 (UWM)













1U52630

1Ro et al. (1997)

Trollius laxus Salisb.

*AY954486

FJ626509




*AY954471

USA: CL 108 (PE)










1AH012578




1Despres et al. (2003)

Urophysa henryi (Oliv.) Ulbr.

*EF437149

*EF437139

*EF437109

FJ626453

Guizhou: Wang Wei 096 (PE)

Xanthorhiza simplicissima Marshall

1L12669

2AB069848




3AF389270

1Qiu et al. (1993), 2Adachi et al., unpubl.; 3Kim et al. (2004a)










*EF437111




Provided by Qiu: Qiu Y-L 91030 (UCN)




Berberidaceae

Achlys triphylla DC.

1L75868

2AB069825







1Kim and Jansen (1996), 2Adachi et al., unpubl.

Berberis thunbergii DC.

1AF139878

2AB069827







1Feng et al., unpubl.; 2Adachi et al., unpubl.










FJ626551

FJ626454

Beijing (cult.): Hong Y-P H464 (PE)

Bongardia chrysogonum Spach.

1L75870

2AB069840




3X83830

1Kim and Jansen (1996), 2Adachi et al., unpubl.; 3Oxelman and Lidén (1995)

Caulophyllum robustum Maxim.

1AF190441

2AB069832

3AF325911




1Xiang et al. (2000), 2Adachi et al., unpubl.; 3Liu et al. (2002)













FJ626455

Chongqing: Chen et al. 960601 (PE)

Caulophyllum thalictroides (L.) Michx.

1AF190442

2AB069831




3AF389240

1Xiang et al. (2000), 2Adachi et al., unpubl.; 3Kim et al. (2004a)










FJ626552




provided by Qiu: Qiu Y-L 05023 (PE)

Diphylleia cymosa Michx.

1L75866










1Kim and Jansen (1996)







*DQ478620

FJ626553

FJ626456

USA: Chen Z-D 2002019 (PE)

Diphylleia sinensis H. L. Li

*DQ478618

*DQ478618

FJ626554

FJ626457

Shanxi: Wang Wei SX034 (PE)

Dysosma versipellis (Hance) M. Cheng ex Ying

*EF173669

*DQ478619




FJ626458

Sichuan: Chen et al. 960583 (PE)










1AF325908




1Liu et al. (2002)

Epimedium koreanum Nakai

1L75869

2AB069837







1Kim and Jansen (1996), 2Adachi et al., unpubl.;










FJ626555

FJ626459

Jilin: Zhou Y (PE)

Gymnospermium microrrhynchum Takht.

*EF173671




FJ626556

FJ626460

Jilin: Chen Z-D 2047 (PE)







1AB069833







1Adachi et al., unpubl.

Jeffersonia diphylla (L.) Pers.

1L75867

2AB069836




3U52604

1Kim and Jansen (1996), 2Adachi et al., unpubl.; 3Ro et al. (1997)










FJ626557




USA: Chen 2002010 (PE)

Mahonia bealei (Fort.) Carr.

1L12657










1Qiu et al. (1993)







*DQ478617

FJ626558

FJ626461

Sichuan: Chen et al. 960046 (PE)

Nandina domestica Thunb.

1L75843

2AB069830

3AF325912

4AF389241

1Kim and Jansen (1996), 2Adachi et al., unpubl.; 3Liu et al. (2002), 4Kim et al. (2004a)

Plagiorhegma dubia Maxim.

*EF173673




FJ626559

FJ626462

Jilin: Feng M. (PE)







1AB069836







1Adachi et al., unpubl.

Podophyllum peltatum L.

1AF093716

2AB069843

3AF325904

4DQ008614

1Hoot et al. (1999), 2Adachi et al., unpubl.; 3Liu et al. (2004), 4Qiu et al. (2005)

Ranzania japonica Ito

1L75853

2AB069829







1Kim and Jansen (1996), 2Adachi et al., unpubl.;

Sinopodophyllum hexandrum (Royle) Ying

1AF079455




2AF325905




1Feng and Wang, unpubl.; 2Liu et al. (2002)







*DQ478616




FJ626463

Qinghai (PE)

Vancouveria hexandra C. Morren & Decne.

*EF173674




FJ626560




Germany (cult.): Zhang M-L







1AB069839




2U52602

1Adachi et al., unpubl.; 2Ro et al. (1997)




Menispermaceae

Albertisia laurifolia Yamamoto

FJ626590

*EF143849

EF143880




Hainan: Hong Y-P 99371 (PE)

Anamirta cocculus (L.) Wight & Arn.

FJ626591

*EF143856

EF143887




Thailand: Wang H-C 103 (HIB)

Arcangelisia gusanlung Lo

FJ626592

*EF143852

EF143883

FJ626464

Hainan: Hong Y-P 99406 (PE)

Aspidocarya uvifera Hook. f. & Thoms.

FJ626593

*EF143853

EF143884

FJ626465

Yunnan: Hong Y-P 99190 (PE)

Cissampelos paraira Linn.

1AF197590*







2DQ008616

1Qiu et al. (1999), 2Qiu et al. (2005)







*EF143858

EF143889




Yunnan: Wang H-C BN-001 (HIB)

Cocculus trilobus (Thunb.) DC.

1L12642*










1Qiu et al. (1993)







*DQ478611

EF143892

FJ626466

Guizhou: Hong Y-P H310 (PE)

Cyclea hypoglauca (Schauer) Diels

FJ626594

*EF143862

EF143894

FJ626467

Guangdong: Chen et al. 9812108 (PE)

Diploclisia glaucescens (Bl.) Diels

FJ626595

*EF143867

EF143899

FJ626468

South China Bot Gard (cult.): Hong Y-P 99403

Hypserpa nitida Miers

FJ626596

*EF143868

EF143900




Hainan: Hong Y-P 99378 (PE)

Menispermum dauricum DC.

1AF190436




2AF335293




1Xiang et al. (2000), 2Wang et al. (2002)







*DQ478613




FJ626469

Beijing (cult.): Hong Y-P 99095 (PE)

Parabaena sagittata Miers

FJ626597

*EF143854

EF143885

FJ626470

Guizhou: Hong Y-P H346 (PE)

Pericampylus glaucus (Lam.) Merr.

FJ626598

*EF143869

EF143901

FJ626471

Guangdong: Chen et al. 9812095 (PE)

Pycnarrhena lucida (Teijsm. & Binn.) Miq.

FJ626599

*EF143851

EF143882




Hainan: Hong Y-P HN167 (PE)

Sinomenium acutum (Thunb.) Redd. & Wils.

FJ626600

*EF143870

EF143902

FJ626472

Henan: Hong Y-P H006 (PE)

Stephania longa Lour.

FJ626601

*EF143875

EF143907

FJ626473

Guangxi: Hong Y-P H101 (PE)

Tinomiscium petiolare Hook. f . & Thoms.

*EF173675

*DQ478612

EF143888

FJ626474

Yunnan: Hong Y-P H142 (PE)

Tinospora sinensis (Lour.) Merr.

FJ626602

*EF143855

EF143886

FJ626475

Thailand: Wang H-C 109 (HIB)




Lardizabalaceae

Akebia quinata (Houtt.) Decne.

1L12627

2AF542587

3AM397152

4AF389253

1Qiu et al. (1993), 2Hilu et al. (2003), 3Worberg et al. (2007), 4Kim et al. (2004a)

Archakebia apetala (Xia et al.) Wu, Chen & Qin

1AF335306




1AF335288




1Wang et al. (2002)







FJ626510







Gansu: Hong Y-P 99109 (PE)

Boquila trifoliata (DC.) Decaisne

FJ626603

FJ626511







Chile: Qin H-N 643 (PE)










1AF335291




1Wang et al. (2002)

Decaisnea insignis (Griff.) Hook. f. et Thoms.

FJ626604

FJ626512







Hubei: Chen Z-D 961051 (PE)










1AF335303

2AF389254

1Wang et al. (2002), 2Kim et al. (2004a)

Holboellia grandiflora Reaub.

1AF398181




1AF335290




1Wang et al. (2002)







FJ626513




FJ626476

Guizhou: Wang Wei 011 (PE)

Lardizabala biternata (Molina) Looser

1L37919

2AY437809

3AF335282

2DQ008618

1Hoot et al. (1995), 2Qiu et al. (2005), 3Wang et al. (2002)

Parvatia brunoniana spp. elliptica Griffith

1AF335307




1AF335283




1Wang et al. (2002)







FJ626514







Guangxi: Wang Wei GH0425-3 (PE)

Sargentodoxa cuneata (Oliv.) Rehd. & Wils.

FJ626605

FJ626515







Yunnan: Hong Y-P 99238 (PE)










1AF335301

2DQ008620

1Wang et al. (2002), 2Qiu et al. (2005)

Sinofranchetia chinensis (Franch.) Hemsl.

*EF173676

FJ626516







Shanxi: Wang Wei SX040 (PE)










1AF335284

2AF389255

1Wang et al. (2002), 2Kim et al. (2004a)

Stauntonia hexaphylla (Thunb.) Decne.

FJ626606

FJ626517







Guangdong: Chen Z-D H29905 (PE)










1AF335286




1Wang et al. (2002)




Circaeasteraceae

Circaeaster agrestis Maxim.

FJ626607

FJ626518







Shanxi: Ren Y 001 (PE)










1AF335298

2AF389246

1Wang et al. (2002), Kim et al. (2004a)

Kingdonia uniflora Balf. f. & W. W. Sm.

FJ626608

FJ626519







Shanxi: Ren Y 002 (PE)










1DQ185598

2AF389245

1Zha and Sun, unpubl.; 2Kim et al. (2004a)




Papaveraceae

Corydalis sp.

FJ626609

FJ626520

FJ626561

FJ626477

Gansu: Hong Y-P 99105 (PE)

Dicentra eximia (Ker) Torrey

1L37917

2DQ182345

3AY145361

4AF389262

1Hoot et al. (1995), 2Müller et al. (2006), 3Borsch et al. (2003), 4Kim et al. (2004a)

Eomecon chionantha Hance

FJ626610

FJ626521

FJ626562

FJ626478

Guizhou: Wang Wei 059 (PE)

Hylomecon japonica (Thunb.) Prantl. & Kundig.

FJ626611

FJ626522

FJ626563

FJ626479

Jilin: Chen 2046 (PE)

Hypecoum imberbe Sm.

1U86628







2AF389263

1Hoot et al. (1997), 2Kim et al. (2004a)

Macleaya microcarpa (Maxim.) Fedde

FJ626612

FJ626523

FJ626564




Beijing (cult.): Hong Y-P H542 (PE)

Meconopsis quintuplinervia Regel.

FJ626613

FJ626524

FJ626565

FJ626480

Shanxi: Wang Wei SX009 (PE)

Papaver rhoeas L.

FJ626614

FJ626525

FJ626566

FJ626481

Kunming (cult.): Wang Wei YN100 (PE)

Pteridophyllum racemosum Sieb. & Zucc.

1U86631







2AF389264

1Hoot et al. (1997), 2Kim et al. (2004a)







FJ626526

FJ626567




provided by Hoot: Chase 531 (K)

Sanguinaria canadensis L.

1L01951*

2DQ401350




3DQ008621

1Albert et al. (1992), 2Qiu et al. (2006), 3Qiu et al. (2005)




Eupteleaceae

Euptelea pleiospermum Hook. f. & Thoms.

1AY048174




2AM39715




1Wang et al. (2002), 2Worberg et al. (2007)







FJ626527




FJ626482

Yunnan: Feng M. 967011 (PE)

Euptelea polyandra Sieb. & Zucc.

1L12645*







2AF389249

Qiu et al. (1993), 2Kim et al. (2004a)







FJ626528

FJ626568




Japan: Ren B-Q (PE)




Other basal eudicots

Buxus sempervirens L.

1AF093717

2AF543728

3AY145357

4AF389243

1Hoot et al. (1999), 2Müller et al. (2006), 3Borsch et al. (2003), 4Kim et al. (2004a)

Grevillea robusta Cunn. & R. Br.

1AF197589







2DQ008612

1Qiu et al. (1999), 2Qiu et al. (2005)







FJ626529

FJ626569




Hainan: Hong Y-P 99354 (PE)

Meliosma veitchiorum Hemsl. View.

1AF206793







2AF389271

1Soltis et al. (1999), 2Kim et al. (2004a)







FJ626530

FJ626570




Henan: Hong Y-P 99061 (PE)

Nelumbo lutea (Willd.) Pers.

1DQ182337

1AF543740

1AY145359

2AF389259

1Müller et al. (2006), 2Kim et al. (2004a)

Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.

FJ626615

FJ626531

FJ626571

FJ626483

Beijing (cult.): Wang W 08010 (PE)

Platanus occidentalis L.

1L01943

2AF543747

3AY145358

4AF274662

1Albert et al. (1992), 2Müller et al. (2006), 3Borsch et al. (2003), 4Fishbein et al. (2001)

Sabia swinhoei Hemsl.

FJ626616

FJ626532

FJ626572




no voucher













1AF389272

1Kim et al. (2004a)

Tetracentron sinense Oliv.

1L12668

2AM396504

2AM397165

3AF274670

1Qiu et al. (1993), 2Worberg et al. (2007), 3Fishbein et al. (2001)

Trochodendron aralioides Sieb. & Zucc.

1L01958

2AF543751

3AY145360

4AF274671

1Albert et al. (1992), 2Müller et al. (2006), 3Borsch et al. (2003), 4Fishbein et al. (2001)




Core eudicots

Altingia excelsa Noron.

1DQ352374

2AF013037

1DQ352226

3AF479208

1Ickert-Bond and Wen (2006), 2Li et al. (1997), 3Soltis et al. (2003)

Paeonia suffruticosa Andr.

1AJ402982

2AF033593




3AF274659

1(Savolainen et al., 2000b) and (Savolainen et al., 2000a), 2Sang et al. (1997), 3Fishbein et al. (2001)










FJ626573




Beijing (cult.): Wang W 08012 (PE)

Hamamelis virginiana L.

1DQ352368

2AF013046

1DQ352196

3AF036495

1Ickert-Bond and Wen (2006), 2Li et al. (1997), 3Kuzoff et al. (1998)

Coriaria myrtifolia L.

1L01897

2AB016459

3AY091824

4AY968406

1Albert et al. (1992), 2Yokoyama et al. (2000), 3Yang, unpubl.; 4Zhang et al. (2006)

Cornus mas L.

1L11216

2AJ429275

2AJ430866

3AF297535

1Xiang et al. (1993), 2Bremer et al. (2002), 3Fan and Xiang (2001)

Aextoxicon punctatum Ruiz & Pav.

1X83986

2AF543720

3AY145362

4AF389239

1Savolainen et al. (1997), 2Müller et al. (2006), 3Borsch et al. (2003), 4Kim et al. (2004a)

Vitis aestivalis Michx.

1L01960

2AF274635

3AB235073

4AF479207

1Albert et al. (1992), 2Fishbein et al. (2001), 3Soejima and Wen (2006), 4Soltis et al. (2003)

Tetracera asiatica (Lour.) Hoogl.

1AJ235796

2AY042665




3AF479097

1(Savolainen et al., 2000b) and (Savolainen et al., 2000a), 2Cuenoud et al. (2002), 3Soltis et al. (2003)










FJ626574




Guangdong: Xu K-X 012 (PE)




Basal angiosperms

Acorus gramineus L.

1D28866

2DQ182341

3AY145336

4AF036490

1Kawano, unpubl.; 2Müller et al. (2006), 3Borsch et al. (2003), 4Kuzoff et al. (2003)

Amborella trichopoda Baill.

1L12628

2AF543721

3AY145324

4AF479238

1Qiu et al. (1993), 2Müller et al. (2006), 3Borsch et al. (2003), 4Soltis et al. (2003)

Annona muricata L.

1L12629

2AF543722

3AY145352

4DQ008634

1Qiu et al. (1993), 2Müller et al. (2006), 3Borsch et al. (2003), 4Qiu et al. (2005)

Austrobaileya scandens C. T. White

1L12632

2DQ182344

3AY145326

4AY095452

1Qiu et al. (1993), 2Müller et al. (2006), 3Borsch et al. (2003), 4Zanis et al. (2003)

Brasenia schreberi J. Gmelin

1M77031

2AF092973

3AY145329

4DQ008661

1Les et al. (1991), 2Les et al. (1999), 3Borsch et al. (2003), 4Qiu et al. (2005)

Calycanthus floridus L. (occidentalis Hook. & Arn. for 26S)

1L14291

2AF543730

3AY145349

4AY095454

1Olmstead et al. (1993), 2Müller et al. (2006), 3Borsch et al. (2003), 4Zanis et al. (2003)

Canella winterana (L.) Gaertn.

1AJ131928

2AF543731

3AY004152

4AY095455

1Qiu et al. (1993), 2Müller et al. (2006), 3Karol et al. (2000), 4Zanis et al. (2003)

Ceratophyllum demersum L.

1D89473

2AF543732

3AY145335

4AY095456

1Ueda et al. (1997), 2Müller et al. (2006), 3Borsch et al. (2003), 4Zanis et al. (2003)

Hedyosmum arborescens Sw.

1L12649

2DQ401339

3AY236750

4AF479226

1Qiu et al. (1993), 2Müller et al. (2006), 3Zhang and Renner (2003), 4Soltis et al. (2003)

Illicium floridanum Ellis

1DQ182334

1AF543738

2AY145325

3DQ008659

1Müller et al. (2006), 2Borsch et al. (2003), 3Qiu et al. (20050

Magnolia denudata Desr.

1AY008913

2AF123465

3AY009052

4AF479244

1Kim et al., unpubl.; 2Jin et al. (1999), 3Su et al., unpubl.; 4Soltis et al. (2003)

Orontium aquaticum L.

1AJ005632

2AF543744

3AY145338

4DQ008652

1Cho and Palmer (1999), 2Müller et al. (2006), 3Borsch et al. (2003), 4Qiu et al. (2005)

Saruma henryi Oliv.

1L12664

2AF543748

3AY145340

4DQ008644

1Qiu et al. (1993), 2Müller et al. (2006), 3Borsch et al. (2003), 4Qiu et al. (2005)

Saururus cernuus L.

1L14294

2AF543749

3AF332970

4AY095468

1Olmstead et al. (1993), 2Müller et al. (2006), 3Meng et al., unpubl.; 4Zanis et al. (2003)

Takhtajania perrieri M. Baranova & J. Leroy

1AF206824

2DQ401371

3AY004146

4DQ008645

1Soltis et al. (1999), 2Qiu et al. (2006), 3Karol et al. (2000), 4Qiu et al. (2005)
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