Archives Research Guide: Illustrations within the Archives Collections

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Archives Research Guide: Illustrations within the Archives Collections.

This Guide provides a detailed list of sources in the Archives relating to Illustrations held within the Archives collections, either in their own right or contained within written collections.

Not all material has been catalogued; in this case, every effort has been made to give a general description of the collection, but only a closer perusal of the papers will reveal the extent of their usefulness. Therefore this list is not comprehensive. However, where the documents mentioned have been catalogued and a reference number provided, it is useful to consult the catalogue for further details.

For up to date information contact us at 0208 332 5417.

For ease of use, this Guide has been divided into two sections, one for general drawings of plants, regardless of location (also because sometimes the location is unknown) and the second part has been arranged into geographical areas by continent.
There is inevitably some overlap between the Archives and Illustrations collections. This is largely due to the fact that many collectors were also fine artists and supplemented their written botanical records with illustrations.
Furthermore, in some instances, our Illustrations section, also in the Library, Arts and Archives department, will have other drawings supplementing those listed below. They also possess a much larger collection of botanical illustrations, it is therefore useful to contact them as well at or telephone 0208 332 5429.

Index to Illustrations:-
1/ Plants

P 2-4

1.1 Algae - Sir William Jackson Hooker & Paul Klincksieck

& Lovell Reeve Publishing Company P 3-4

1.2. Algae Appinens - Dugald Carmichael P 2

& Lovell Reeve Publishing Company P 3-4

1.3 Ferns - Sydney Courtauld & Lovell Reeve Publishing Company P 2 & 3-4

1.4 Flora - Lovell Reeve Publishing Company & Sebastian Schedel P 3-4

1.5 Fungi - William Bywater Grove & Lovell Reeve Publishing Company P 3-4

1.6 Hepaticae - Lovell Reeve Publishing Company P 3-4

1.7 Miscellaneous - Sir John Hill & Sir Arthur William Hill P 3

1.8 Romulae - John Traherne Moggridge P 4

1.9 Succulents - N Brown P 2

Index to Illustrations: (Cont.)
2/ Geographical areas P 4-9

2.1. Africa P 4-5

2.2 Antarctica P 5

2.3. Australia and New Zealand P 5

2.4 China P 6

2.5 Europe P 6-7

2.5.1 France and Italy P 6

2.6.2 Germany P 6

2.6.3 Great Britain P 7

2.6 India P 7

2.7 Indonesia P 7-8

2.8 Persia P 8

2.9 South America P 8

2.10 West Indies P 8

1/ Plants:

    1. Nicholas Brown (1849-1934)

Assistant in the Kew Herbarium from 1873 and later Assistant Keeper 1909-1914. He was an authority on succulents, asclepiads and Cape plants.

        • Colour drawings of Succulent Plants 1910s-1930s; indexed, 1 volume

    1. Dugald Carmichael (1772-1827)

Assistant Surgeon in Scotland 1792 later served in the Army as Captain in 73rd Regiment. Travelled to the Cape in the early 19th century on several occasions. Collected plants in Mauritius and Reunion (1814-1815), Tristan da Cunha (1817) and India (1815-1817).

        • Colour drawings of Algae Appinens with notes 1825-1827 - 1 volume.

    1. Sydney Courtauld (1840-1899) and Sydney Renee Courtauld (1873-1962)

Orchid grower in Braintree, Essex but also with an interest in ferns.

        • Fructification of Ferns (British Isles) 1898; drawn from life by Sydney Renee

Courtauld in colour, and described by Sydney Courtauld. 2 volumes.

    1. William Griffith (c. 1830-1845)

Assistant Surgeon for the East India Company, in which capacity he made many adventurous and dangerous journeys across the Company's territories in India. He also made an incursion in Afghanistan between 1835 and 1841, during which time he collected many specimens, He later acted as Superintendent for the Calcutta Botanic Garden (1842-1844).

        • Nine volumes of notes and drawings of Notulae. The drawings often take the shape of sketches as opposed to formal drawings and serve to accompany the notes; some are coloured (catalogued, Reference GR1/1-9).

    1. William Bywater Grove (1848-1938)

Lecturer in Botany at Studley Horticultural College (1900-1908) and Birmingham Municipal Technical School (1905-1927). Honorary Curator, Herbarium Birmingham University, Mycologist and President of the Birmingham Natural History Society.

  • Colour and black and white Illustrations of fungi 19th C- early 20th C.

    1. Sir Arthur William Hill (1875-1941)

Demonstrator, later Lecturer in Botany, Cambridge (1899-1907); Assistant Director, Kew (1907-1922); Director (1922-1941).

  • A folder of botanical sketches c. 1895-1941 - Comprised of eight loose pencil

Sketches in colour and black and white illustrating plants. Each drawing is on a piece of roughly cut card; some show seeds of rubber.

    1. Sir John Hill (1715-1775)

Apothecary in St James Street, Covent Garden, London. Journalist and author; he had a botanic garden in Bayswater, London.

  • Volume of black and white drawings with Latin names; arranged by family 18th C.

    1. Sir William Jackson Hooker (1795-1865)

Professor of Botany in Glasgow, (1820); Director at Kew Gardens (1841-1865).

  • Pen and watercolour drawings of 'submersed algae' [sic] by William Hooker, Mr S

Mason and others (WJH/3/4).

Volume containing 65 coloured botanical drawings of submersed algae, some with accompanying notes. The plant name is written faintly in pencil under each drawing. Catalogued.

    1. Paul Klincksieck (fl 1900s)

Editor of Natural History books in Paris c 1900s.

  • Ten colour postcards in French, giving names and detailed descriptions of fungi

and whether edible or not. Published c 1906.

    1. Lovell Reeve Publishing Company (1840s-1984) LRP - Catalogued.

Augustus Lovell Reeve (1814–1865), was a conchologist and publisher. In the 1840s, he opened up a shop in King William Street, Strand, where he established himself as a dealer in natural objects and as a publisher specializing in natural history books. As a publisher he dealt with eminent scientists such as the botanist William Jackson Hooker, the geologist Charles Lyell, and the traveller–naturalist Alfred Russell Wallace. He was considered the leading Natural History publisher of his time. For a full history of the company, see the catalogue.

LRP4: Illustrations and Patterns with their Related Records (including

Published material) 19th-20th Centuries.

This series comprises illustration plates and associated records, some plain and other hand coloured; some are illustrations accompanying books published by Lovell Reeve, others are illustrations which appeared in the ‘Botanical Magazine’. The subjects covered are floras, ferns, hepaticae (mosses and liverwort), funguses and algae (seaweed). See catalogue for details of each file/volume.

1.11 John Traherne Moggridge (1842-1874)

Studied Ophrys (1860s) and worked on (1864-1868) and later published Contributions to the flora of Mentone: and to a winter flora of the Riviera; including the coast from Marseilles to Genoa 1871.

and white 1870s - 1 folder

    1. Sebastian Schedel (1570-1628)

  • Calendarium (1610) manuscript volume representing 289 folios of German coloured drawings of flowers, arranged according to months of flowering, and resembles closely Basilus Besler Hortus Eysttetensis (1613) as well as original illustrations, which show a good knowledge of botany, the Calendarium includes cutout engravings from Besler’s original book, inserted later. Index A-G only at the back of the volume.

2/ Geographical areas:
2.1 Africa:-
Helen Faulkner (1888-1979)

Collected and drew flora of Angola, Mozambique and Tanzania (1947-1964).

  • FAU1/1-20. Consist of 20 sketchbooks of the flora Africa (Angola, Mozambique, Tanzania and Zanzibar) see catalogue for full details. Catalogued.

Violet Emily Graham (- 1991)

She was a Biology teacher in Georgetown, British Guiana between the years 1946 to 1962 where she also collected plants. Her findings were used to produce teaching aids.

  • Notebooks (13) containing partly drawings and notes and of the wild flowers of British Guiana.(1946-1966). The illustrations are one page and the notes on the opposite page, facing the illustration. Also includes drawings and notes of plants of Trinidad and Tobago and Madeira.

James Augustus Grant (1827-1892)

Lieutenant Colonel and African Explorer. Accompanied J H Specke on exploration from Ukuni to Karage 1861, and from Uganda Falls of Karuma, Faloro and Gondokoro (Sudan) 1862-1863.

  • Notes and sketches of African plants manuscript (1862-1863); most of the illustrations are in colour, representing fungi and other plants, all accompanied by notes - 1 vol

Donovan Reginald Rosevear (1900-1986)

D. R. Rosevear worked as Assistant Conservator of Forests in Nigeria from 1929-1931 and in British Cameroons 1932-38; he was in Nigeria from 1924-1954, reaching Inspector General of Forests 1951-1954; he published papers on mammals of Nigeria, and on trees and shrubs in the Gambia, & was the author of 'The Bbats of West Africa'.

Notes and drawings of Nigerian trees 1930s. The drawings are in pencil and black ink, made in the field from living material, near the Cross River basin in the Cameroon area.
John Sanderson (1820-1881)

To Durban, 1850. Secretary of the Natal Times Company, 1851. Secretary of the Agricultural and Horticultural Society of Natal and later President. He collected plants in South Africa and sent plants and drawings to W H Harvey at Kew.

  • Drawing book of Natal plants (South Africa) with colour illustrations 1867-1870.

2.2 Antarctica
Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker (1817-1911)

Son of Sir William J Hooker, Director of Kew Gardens (1841-1865), see 1.7 above. Assistant Surgeon and Naturalist on HMS ‘Herebus’ (1839-1843).Botanist to geological survey 1846, explored and collected plants in Sikkim and Nepal (1848-1851); Assistant Director of Kew Gardens 1855 and Director from 1865-1885.

  • JDH/1/5 Antarctic Botany - Notes and Drawings c.1839-1840s.

This bound volume contains an original manuscript of notes together with numerous botanical drawings, some of which have been coloured. It provides an account of the flora of the Antarctic region and New Zealand as observed by J.D. Hooker on his expedition of 1839-1843. Catalogued.

  • JDH/1/8/1 : Notebooks – The Erebus Expedition 1840-1843

  • This is file 1 of 5 containing 9 of J.D. Hooker’s original notebooks. The notebooks contain a mixture of some journal entries, scientific data and botanical notes as well a number of pencil sketches of plants and landscape. See catalogue for description of each notebook.

2.3 Australia and New Zealand:-
William Swainson (1789-1855)

Clerk at HMS Customs in London c 1803, travelled to Malta and Sicily in 1807-1815. He retired on half pay in 1815 and accompanied Koster to Brazil in 1816-1818; He applied successfully for a post at the British Museum in 1822 and 1837. Arrived in Wellington, New Zealand in 1841, and later travelled to Australia (1851). He was engaged by the Tasmanian and Victorian governments to report on timber trees

  • One volume of pencil sketches of Australasian trees (New Zealand and Australia)


2.4. China:-
John George Champion (1815-1854)

Lieutenant Col. 95th Regiment; In Ceylon (Sri Lanka) 1838-1847, in Honk-Kong 1947-1850. He sent plants to G Gardner and to Kew.

  • Notes on Plants of Hong Kong with drawings in black ink 1850s - 1 volume.

Dr Hosea Ballou Morse (1855-1934)

Customs official and historian of China; he was Commissioner for China in the 1890s.

During the Sino-Japanese War of 1894–5 Morse became deeply involved in delicate diplomatic negotiations, and in 1899 he handled the sensitive and dangerous opening of the port of Yochow (Yeuzhou) in Hunan province. Despite his official retirement in 1909, he continued to assist the Chinese government.
Box 1

  • Illustrations in colour of flowers collected in Lungchow in the province of Kwangsi, China in 7 volumes (June 1896-June 1898) accompanied by notes and some photographs of landscapes. Each specimen within the volumes has also been numbered and may refer to the specimen in the Herbarium.

  • One volume of colour illustrations for the Flora Honkongensis Nos 1 to XXXVI, leguminosae (late 19th Century).

  • One volume of colour and black ink sketches of plants from Soochow (Souzsou), Yochow, Kuling and other areas of China. (late 19th Century).

Box 2

  • Contains 2 volumes of illustrated notebooks on Chinese flora, containing colour and black ink illustrations with notes. (late 19th Century).

Note: It is quite probable that some or most of the illustrations were done by his wife, Annie Josephine née Welsford.

2.5 Europe
2.5.1 France and Italy
John Traherne Moggridge (1842-1874)

Studied Ophrys (1860s) and worked on (1864-1868) and later published Contributions to the flora of Mentone: and to a winter flora of the Riviera; including the coast from Marseilles to Genoa 1871.

  • Original sketches of plants in the Riviera, with Romulea notes; in colour and black

and white 1870s - 1 folder
2.5.2 Germany
Sebastian Schedel (1570-1628)

  • See 1.12 above.

2.5.3 Great Britain
Janet Cooke (fl 1910s)

Volume of colour drawings with short descriptions of wildflowers in Spalding, Lincolnshire. 1917.

2.6 India:-
J D Hooker (1817-1911)

See 2.2 above Antarctica.

  • JDH/1/8/2 : Notebooks – India 1847-1849

This is file 2 of 5 containing 8 of J.D. Hooker’s original notebooks. The notebooks contain a mixture of some journal entries, scientific data and botanical notes as well a few sketches. See catalogue for details of each notebook.

  • JDH/1/8/5 : Notebooks – India and Miscellaneous 1850-1877

This is file 5 of 5 containing 7 of J.D. Hooker’s original notebooks. The notebooks contain a mixture of some journal entries, scientific data and botanical notes as well a number of pencil sketches, mostly of landscape. See catalogue for details of each notebook.
Charles Maries (c 1851-1902)

He was employed by James Veitch and Sons to collect in Japan and China (1877-1879). He later became Superintendent of the Gardens of the Maharajah of Durbhungah, 1882 and later to the Maharajah of Gwalior.

  • One hundred Varieties of Cultivated Mangoes of India, unpublished colour drawings, each featured with name, 1890s, 1 volume.

  • The Mangoes of India, loose colour drawings with notes, in 3 folders; they seem to be duplicates of the ones featured in the volume above, with more extensive notes. Numbered 1 to 99.

G Gardner (1812-1849) [?]

This is most probably the George Gardner who as Superintendent of the Botanic Garden at Peradenyia, Ceylon (Sri Lanka) from 1844. The volume of illustrations only mentions ‘G Gardner’ with no other information. He was a pupil of William Hooker in Glasgow and travelled to Brazil (1836-1841). In 1843 he went to Oxford to help H B Fielding in arranging his Herbarium and wrote descriptions for Sertum plantarum.

  • One volume of drawings of Ceylon Fungi with a list of paintings of fungi c 1847.

The fungi have been described by J M Berkeley in Hooker’s Journal of Botany Vol 6 p514 on. 1847.
2.7 Indonesia:
William Bryce Orme (fl 1940s)

He was Principal Medical Officer in Johore, Malay States, and Borneo.

  • Pencil drawings of plants of Secondary Jungle in Belukarland, Borneo c 1940s. This

accompanies a typescript account entitled ‘Belularland, the Story of Secondary Jungle’.
2.8 Persia
Otto Stapf, (1857-1933)

PHD Vienna FRS 1908. Assistant to Professor Kerner von Marilaun (1882-1889); travelled in Persia 1885; Assistant Kew Herbarium 1891. Keeper 1909-1922.

2.9 South America:-
Colonel Francis Hall (-1834)

Travelled in Canada and U.S.A. from 1816 to 1817; later travelled in France in 1818 and South America, 1820 where he became a Colonel in the Colombian Army. A friend of W Jamieson (1796-1873), he sent plants to W J Hooker and Humboldt. He was killed in the Quito revolution of 1834.

  • One volume of colour drawings of plants, birds and insects observed on the slopes of the volcano Paramo of Antisana , Eastern branch of the Andes of Quito, Ecuador, c 1830s; all observed at between 13 to 15,000 feet altitude. Brief descriptions are also included together with an incomplete index at the front of the volume.

Santiago Cortés (fl. 1900)

It seems that he was a Naturalist, commissioned by the Columbian Commission of Venezuela to record the flora, fauna and meteorological conditions of Colombia.

  • One volume of colour drawings, recording the flora, fauna and meteorological conditions of Colombia. The drawings are either partly coloured, fully coloured or in black ink, amongst explanatory notes.

2.10 West Indies:-
Herman Crueger (1818-1864)

Worked in Trinidad in 1841 as an Apothecary. Became Director of the Trinidad Botanic Garden as well as Government Botanist, in 1857, in succession to W Purdie. He collected plants in Jamaica, Trinidad and Venezuela.

  • Original drawings of Tropical Plants in Trinidad, in black ink, with manuscript notes (1895) - 2 volumes (the second volume is unfit for production due to insect damage).

Violet Graham (-1991)

See the Africa section 2.2 above for details.

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