|Apples belong to the rose family, Rosaceae. The scientific name for the wild apple of Europe and Asia is Malus pumila. All cultivated apples belong to the species Malus domestica.
Corn belongs to the grass family, Poaceae or Gramineae. All corn is Zea mays.
Hogs belong to the pig family, Suidae. The scientific name for the European wild hog, from which domestic hogs are largely descended, is Sus scrofa.
The pistachio tree is in the cashew family, Anacardiaceae. It is Pistacia vera
Chickens belong to the pheasant and partridge subfamily, Phasianinae, in the family Phasianidae.. They are Gallus domesticus.
Sheep belong to the bovid family, Bovidae. The scientific name for the urial sheep is Ovis vignei. The mouflon sheep is O. musimon. Domesticated sheep are O. aries.
Domestic cattle belong to the genus Bos of the bovid family, Bovidae
Lettuce belongs to the composite family, Compositae. Its scientific name is Lactuca sativa. Head lettuce is L. sativa, variety capitata. Leaf lettuce is variety crispa, and cos lettuce is variety longifolia.
The strawberry belongs to the genus Fragaria in the rose family, Rosaceae. The scientific names for some common American species are F. chiloensis, F. vesca, and F. virginiana.
Citrus plants are members of the rue family, Rutaceae. This family consists of six genera: Fortunella, Eremocitrus, Poncirus, Clymenia, Microcitrus, and Citrus.
Goats belong to the family Bovidae. They make up the genus Capra. The scientific name for the true wild goat is C. aegagrus. Domestic goats are C. hircus.
Apples belong to the rose family, Rosaceae. The scientific name for the wild apple of Europe and Asia is Malus pumila. All cultivated apples belong to the species Malus domestica.
Alfalfa belongs to the pea family, Fabaceae or Leguminosae. The scientific name for the varieties of alfalfa plants cultivated in the United States is Medicago sativa.
Grapes belong to the family Vitaceae. The scientific name for European grapes is Vitis vinifera. Fox grapes are V. labrusca. Muscadine grapes are V. rotundifolia.
Cotton makes up the genus Gossypium in the mallow family, Malvaceae. There are about 40 species, but only 4 of them are cultivated. Upland cotton is G. hirsutum. Pima cotton, Sea Island cotton, and American-Egyptian cotton are common names for G. barbadense. Tree cotton is G. arboreum. Levant cotton is G. herbaceum. Each of these four species includes several varieties.
The watermelon plant belongs to the gourd family, Cucurbitaceae. It is Citrullus lanatus.