Annex IV protected areas: water dependent habitats and species and high status sites




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WATER FRAMEWORK DIRECTIVE

ANNEX IV PROTECTED AREAS:

WATER DEPENDENT HABITATS AND SPECIES

AND HIGH STATUS SITES

Includes Ordnance Survey of Ireland data

reproduced under OSI license No.

2003/07CCMA/Galway Co. Council


Ballyogan Lough SAC
Moyree River

System SAC

Ground water dependent fen habitats associated with lakes and rivers in SACs in Co. Clare

DECEMBER 2008


GUIDANCE ON MEASURES UNDER THE

HABITATS DIRECTIVE AND FOR HIGH STATUS SITES

WATER FRAMEWORK DIRECTIVE

PROGRAMME OF MEASURES

HIGH STATUS SITES
ANNEX IV PROTECTED AREAS:

WATER DEPENDENT HABITATS AND SPECIES


Databases included:

SAC_Water_Dependency_Dec08

Coastal_lagoons_Sept08



Najas_database_June08

Arctic_char_lakes_Sept08.


Habitats Directive and High Status Measures_Dec08.xls

ELEANOR MAYES

ECOLOGICAL CONSULTANT

Ashford, Co. Wicklow
December 2008


Acknowledgements

This guidance has been prepared in consultation with the National Parks and Wildlife Service, and the Environmental Protection Agency.

The assistance of staff members is gratefully acknowledged







The views expressed in this guidance should be taken as guidance. The

National Parks and Wildlife Service is the Competent Authority with regard to the implementation of the Habitats and Birds Directives




Includes Ordnance Survey of Ireland data reproduced under OSI License No. 2003/07CCMA/Galway Co. Council




TABLE OF CONTENTS



EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 5

1. INTRODUCTION 9

2. LEGISLATION AND CROSS-COMPLIANCE 10

2.1. Water Framework Directive 2000/60/EC 10

2.2. Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC 10

2.2.1. Aims of the Directive. 10

2.2.2. Conservation status assessment and reporting. 12

2.2.3. SAC designated sites. 13

2.3. Birds Directive 79/409/EEC 14

2.4 National legislation - Natural Heritage Area sites. 15

2.5 National legislation – Draft European Communities Environmental Objectives (Surface Waters) Regulations 2008 16

3. water dependent habitats and species. 18

3.1. Habitats Directive Annex 1 listed habitats. 18

3.2. Water dependency in the SAC network. 20

3.3. Coastal marine habitats. 22

3.3.1. Water dependent species associated with coastal marine habitats. 23

3.4. Coastal transitional habitats. 23

3.4.1. Coastal lagoons. 23

3.4.2. Intertidal habitats. 25

3.4.3. Water dependent species associated with coastal transitional habitats. 26

3.5. Coastal onshore habitats. 26

3.5.1. Water dependent species associated with coastal onshore habitats. 28



Petalwort Petalophyllum ralfsii 29

Narrow-mouthed whorl snail Vertigo angustior 29

3.6. Surface water dependent habitats. 30

3.6.1. Lake habitats 3110, 3130, 3140, 3150, 3160. 31

3.6.1.1. Protected species occurring in lake habitats. 33



Najas flexilis. 33

3.6.1.2. Arctic char. 34

3.6.2. River and associated habitats 36

3260: Watercourses of plain to montane levels with the Ranunculion fluitantis and Callitricho-Batrachion vegetation 36

3270 - Rivers with muddy banks with Chenopodion rubri p.p. and Bidention p.p. vegetation 36

91E0 *Alluvial forests with Alnus glutinosa and Fraxinus excelsior 37

(Alno-padion, Alnion incanae, Salicion albae) 37

6430 Hydrophilous tall herb fringe communities of plains and of the montane to alpine levels 37

3.6.2.1. Annex II listed species of river channels. 38



Fresh water pearl mussel Margaritifera species. 38

3.7. Ground water dependent habitats. 40



3180: Turloughs. 40

7230: Alkaline fen 43

3.7.1 Protected and Annex 2 listed species associated with ground water dependent habitats. 44



Geyer’s whorl snail Vertigo geyeri 44

Desmoulin’s whorl snail Vertigo moulinsiana 45

Yellow marsh saxifrage Saxifraga hirculus. 45

Slender green feather-moss Hamatocaulis (Drepancladus) vernicosus. 46

Rhinolophus hipposideros 46

3.8. Precipitation dependent habitats. 47

3.9. Other water dependent habitats. 49

3.9.1. Other water dependent species. 50

Killarney Fern Trichomanes speciosum 50

4. WATER DEPENDENT HABITATS AND SPECIES: SPATIAL DATA. 51

4.1. Database availability from NPWS 51

4.2. Databases circulated by the Western RBD 52

5. WATER STATUS SENSITIVITY OF WATER DEPENDENT HABITATS AND SPECIES. 54

An interim approach. 55

6. PLANS AND PROJECTS AFFECTING NATURA 2000 SITES. 64

Stage 1: Screening. 67

1. Is there a difference between an Appropriate Assessment and an Article 6 assessment? 67

2. How do you know when an Article 6 assessment is required? 67

3. The Plan or Project is intended to benefit nature conservation in an SAC or SPA, or for a protected species, is an Article 6 assessment required? 68

4. How do you set the boundary of the area to be included in the Article 6 assessment? 69

4.1. Project description 69

4.2. What types of water dependent habitat and species issues potentially arise? 69

5. Is the plan or project likely to have significant effects on N2K (Natura 2000) sites? 71




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