Additional file Host groups and mummy host features recorded for this study




Дата канвертавання20.04.2016
Памер49.58 Kb.
Additional file 5. Host groups and mummy host features recorded for this study.


Taxon

Host range type 1

Lepidopteran host

Site of emergence from mummy

Hardening of mummy

References

Aleiodini tribe nov.
















Aleiodes aestuosus

?

Noctuidae (Heliothis***)

Posterodorsal

Hard




Aleiodes albitibia

C

Notodontidae (Notodonta*, Eligmodonta*, Pheosia*)

Posterodorsal

Hard

[1]

Aleiodes apicalis

C

Noctuidae (Autographa*)

Posterodorsal

Hard




Aleiodes apiculatus

C

Lymantriidae (Euproctis*)

Posterodorsal

Hard




Aleiodes aterrimus

C

Noctuidae (Amphipyra*)

Posterodorsal

Hard




Aleiodes barnardae

C?

Geometridae: Ennominae

Posterodorsal

Hard

[2]

Aleiodes near borealis

D

Noctuidae (Noctua*, Xestia*, Stilbia*, Phlogophora*, Euplexia*, Cucullia*)

Posterodorsal

Hard




Aleiodes circumscriptus

C

Noctuidae (Hypena*)

Posterodorsal

Hard




Aleiodes compressor

D

Geometridae (Hydriomena*); Notodontidae (Clostera*); Thyratiridae (Achlya*); Noctuidae (indet.*)

Posterodorsal

Hard




Aleidoes coxalis

D

Satyridae (Maniola*, Melanargia*, Coenonympha*), Hesperiidae (Thymelicus*)

Posterodorsal

Hard




Aleiodes dissector

C

Noctuidae (Orthosia*)

Posterodorsal

Hard




Aleiodes dispar group (Heterogamus)

?

Unknown 2










Aleiodes esenbeckii

C

Lasiocampidae (Dendrolimus*)

Posterodorsal

Hard




Aleiodes gasterator

C

Noctuidae (Agrotis*)

Posterodorsal

Hard




Aleiodes cf. gastritor

D

Geometridae (Operophtera*, Alsophila*); Noctuidae (Conistra*)

Posterodorsal

Hard




Aleiodes grassator

C

Noctuidae: (Cerapteryx*, Tholera*)

Posterodorsal

Hard




Aleiodes mubfsi

C

Geometridae: Ennominae

Posterodorsal

Hard

[2]

Aleiodes nigricornis

D

Noctuidae (Orthosia*, Apamea*)

Posterodorsal

Hard

[1]

Aleiodes pallidator

C

Lymantriidae (Leucoma*)

Posterodorsal

Hard

[3]

Aleiodes pictus

D

Noctuidae (Xestia*, Diarsia*); Geometridae (Camptogramma*, Xanthorhoe*, Lithostege*)

Posterodorsal

Hard




Aleiodes praetor

C

Sphingidae (Mimas*, Lathoe*)

Posterodorsal

Hard




Aleiodes ruficornis

D

Noctuidae (Agrotis*, Hoplodrina*)

Posterodorsal

Hard




Aleiodes seriatus

C

Arctiidae (Atolmis*)

Posterodorsal

Hard




Aleiodes similis

D

Noctuidae (Xestia*, Orthosia*, Conistra*)

Posterodorsal

Hard




Aleiodes testaceus

C

Geometridae (Eupithecia*, Chloroclystis*, Gymnoscelis*)

Posterodorsal

Moderately hard




Aleiodes trevelyanae

C

Geometridae: Ennominae

Posterodorsal

Hard

[2]

Aleiodes unipunctator

C

Noctuidae (Apamea*)

Posterodorsal

Hard




Aleiodes sp. (pillosus group)

C

Geometridae: Ennominae

Posterodorsal

Hard

[4]

Aleiodes sp. 9

C

Geometridae (Eupithecia*)

Posterodorsal

Hard




Clinocentrini
















Clinocentrus

C 3

Choreutidae*, Momphidae*, Ypsolophidae*, Epermeniidae*, Tortricidae*

Anterior, various radial orientations

Moderate to hard

[5]

Rogadini
















Canalirogas

?

Lymantriidae

Posterodorsal

Moderate

[5]

Colastomion

?C

Crambidae

Gregarious, various irregular positions

Weak

This study

Conspinaria

?C

Zygaenidae: Chalcosiinae

Posterior, various orientations

Moderate

[5]

Cystomastax

?

Arctiidae**

Posterodorsal, posterolateral

Hard




Darnilia

?

Limacodidae (Darna)

Unknown

Unknown

[6]

Hemigyroneuron

?

Geometridae, Lasiocampidae

Posterodorsal

Hard

[5]

Macrostomion

?C

Sphingidae

Gregarious, various irregular positions

Moderate

[7] [8]

Megarhogas

?

Lymantriidae (Perina)

Posterolateral

Weak

[9]

Pholichora

?

Geometridae: (Ascotis)

Unknown

Unknown

[10]

Rectivena

?

Limacodidae

Posterodorsal, posterodorsolateral

Weak

[11]

Rogas

?

Limacodidae (Apoda*)

Anterodorsal 4

Weak

M. R. Shaw (unpublished data), [5]

Spinaria, 9 species

C

Limacodidae

Posterodorsal, posterodorsolateral

Weak

[12] [13]

Old World Triraphis




Limacodidae (Apoda*); Zygaenidae

Posterodorsal, posterodorsolateral

Weak/hard

[5], M. R. Shaw (unpublished data)

New World Triraphis




Zygaenidae (Harrisina); Limacodidae (Sibine**, Vipsania**, Perola**); Dalceridae (Acraga**); Megalopygidae (Norape**); Riodinidae (Melanis**, Napaea**, Emesis); Lycaenidae (Ocaria**, Arawakis**, Strymon*)

Posterodorsal, dorsolateral; sometimes gregarious, species not seen

Moderate

Valerio and Shaw (in prep.)

Stiropiini
















Choreborogas




Lyonetiidae

Unknown

Unknown

[14]

Polystenidea




Bucculatrigidae

Unknown

Unknown

[14]

Stiropius




Bucculatrigidae, Lyonetiidae

Anterodorsal

Weak

[15] [5]

Yeliconini
















Yelicones




Pyralidae

Posterodorsal, anterodorsal

Moderately weak

[16]

Other subfamilies
















Acanthormius




Xyloryctidae







[17]

Hormius




Pyralidae, Coleophoridae***, Gelechiidae***, Momphidae***, Oecophoridae***, Tortricidae***







[17]

Lysitermus




Psychidae







[17]

Noserus




Bucculatrigidae, Lyonetiidae***







[14]

Oncophanes




Various microlepidopteran families







[14]

Parahormius




Lyonetiidae, Cosmopterigidae







[14]

Pentatermus




Noctuidae, Hesperidae***







[11]

Rhysipolis




Gracillaridae, Momphidae







[14]

* = Host records confirmed by MRS (unpublished primary data); ** = host records confirmed by SRS; *** = host record confirmed by SAB.



1 "C" means taxonomically continuous (contiguous); "D" means taxonomically discontinuous (i.e. unrelated) (see Shaw 2002)

2 Hosts listed in Fortier & Shaw (1999) appear to be derived from sources listed in Shenefelt (1975) dating from publications before 1930 with uncertain identifications; we have not seen any direct evidence that any member of the A. dispar group has ever been reared.

3 Each of the six species for which host range is known have a continuous host range.

4 For the type species R.luteus (Nees) eleven anterodorsal and only one posterodorsal emergences seen; the latter discounted as abnormal.

REFERENCES

1. Shaw MR: Host ranges of Aleiodes species (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), and an evolutionary hypothesis. In: Parasitic wasps: evolution, systematics, biodiversity and biological control. Edited by Melika G, Thuróczy C. Budapest: Agroinform; 2002: 322–327.

2. Quicke DLJ, Mori M, Zaldivar-Riverón A, Shaw MR: Suspended mummies in Aleiodes species (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Rogadinae) with descriptions of six new species form western Uganda based largely on DNA sequence data. J Nat Hist 2006, 40:2663–2680.

3. Dowden PB: Rogas unicolor (Wesmael), a braconid parasite of the satin moth. J Agric Res 1938, 56:523–535.

4. Fortier JC: Twelve new species and a new combination of the Aleiodes pilosus species-group (= Tetrasphaeropyx Ashmead) (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Rogadinae) in North America: Part 1. Entomol News 2006, 117:465–484.

5. Quicke DLJ, Shaw MR: First host records for the rogadine genera Rogasodes Chen and He and Canalirogas van Achterberg and Chen (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) with description of a new species and survey of mummy types within Rogadinae s. str. J Nat Hist 2005, 39:3525–3542.

6. Achterberg C van: Four new genera of Braconinae and Rogadinae from the Oriental region (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Zool Med 1989, 63:79–95.

7. Shaw MR: A new species of Macrostomion Szépligeti (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Rogadinae) from Papua New Guinea, with notes on the biology of the genus. Zool Med 2002, 76:133–140.

8. Maeto K, Arakaki N: Gregarious emergence of Macrostomion sumatranum (Hymenoptera: Braconidae; Rogadinae) from the mummified, full-grown larvae of Theretra silhetensis (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae). Entomol Sci 2005, 8:131–132.

9. Watanabe C: Descriptions of new species of genera Megarhogas, Cystomastax and Stantonia (Braconidae) from Formosa. Insecta Matsum 1932, 6:184–189.

10. Quicke DLJ, Shaw MR: First hot record for the rogadine genus Pholichora van Achterberg (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) with description of a new species and notes on convergent wing venation features. J Nat Hist 2005, 39:531–537.

11. Achterberg C van: Revision of the Afrotropical genera and W. Palaearctical Rogadinae Foerster (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Zool Verh 1991, 273:1–102.

12. Austin AD: Braconidae: a review of the Braconidae (Hymenoptera) that parasitize Limacodidae in Southeast Asia, particularly those associated with coconut and oil palm. In: The biology and control of the Limacodidae of economic importance on palms in SE Asia. Edited by Cock MJW, Godfray HCJ, Holloway JD. Wallingford: CAB International; 1987: 139–164.

13. Achterberg C van: Revision of the genus Spinaria Brullé (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Rogadinae), with keys to genera and species of the subtribe Spinariina van Achterberg. Zool Med 2007, 81:11–83.

14. Whitfield JB, Wagner DL: Annotated key to the genera of Braconidae (Hymenoptera) attacking leafmining Lepidoptera in the Holarctic region. J Nat Hist 1991, 25:733–754.

15. Whitfield JB: Revision of the Nearctic species of the genus Stiropius Cameron (= Bucculatriplex Auct.) with the description of a new related genus (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Syst Entomol 1988, 13:373–385.

16. Quicke DLJ, Kruft RA: Species of Yelicones (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Rogadinae) in North America with descriptions of two new species. Ann Entomol Soc Am 1995, 88:129–138.

17. Achterberg C van: Generic revision of the subfamily Betylobraconinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) and other groups with modified fore tarsus. Zool Verh 1995, 298:1–242.





База данных защищена авторским правом ©shkola.of.by 2016
звярнуцца да адміністрацыі

    Галоўная старонка