Added in 2000 – Deleted in 2004
Reasons for deletion
PRA (04-10803 & 10804) concluded that the pest Phytophthora quercina is widespread in the EPPO region where it has no climatic restriction. However it was concluded that the pest did not have the characteristics of a quarantine pest. In 2004 it was therefore removed from the EPPO Alert List.
Phytophthora quercina: a new species found on declining oaks
Why Phytophthora quercina came to our attention because it has recently been described as a new species, pathogenic to oak, and involved in oak decline in some countries.
Where EPPO region: Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Luxemburg, Serbia and Montenegro, Sweden, Turkey, United Kingdom.
On which plants Quercus species (e.g. Quercus robur, Q. petraea, Q. cerris, Q. pubescens, Q. ilex). In Turkey, it has also been found on Q. hartwissiana, Q. frainetto and Q. vulcanica.
Damage Oak decline. In pathogenicity tests, Q. robur seedlings showed severe dieback, root necrosis, leaf chlorosis.
Dissemination More data needed.
Pathway Plants for planting of Quercus from countries where P. quercina occurs.
Possible risks Oaks are important amenity and forest trees in the EPPO region. P. quercina is apparently pathogenic to oaks and not present in all parts of the EPPO region. But more data is needed on its biology and particularly on its pathogenicity and its role in oak decline.
Source(s) Balcý, Y.; Halmschlager, E. (2002) First confirmation of Phytophthora quercina in Asia. Plant Disease, 86(4), p 442.
Balcý, Y.; Halmschlager, E. (2002) First report of Phytophthora quercina from oak forests in Austria. New Disease Reports, volume 6, August 2002 – January 2003. http://www.bspp.org.uk/ndr/jan2003/2002-28.htm
Cooke, D.E.L.; Jung, T.; Williams, N.A.; Schubert, R.; Bahnweg, G.; Osswald, W.; Duncan, J.M. (1999) Molecular evidence supports Phytophthora quercina as a distinct species. Mycological Research, 103(7), 799-804.
Jönsson, U.; Lundberg, L.; Sonesson, K.; Jung, T. (2003) First records of soilborne Phytophthora species in Swedish oak forests. Forest Pathology, 33(3), 175-179.
Jung, T.; Cooke, D.E.L.; Blaschke, H.; Duncan, J.M.; Osswald, W. (1999) Phytophthora quercina sp. nov., causing root rot of European oaks. Mycological Research, 103(7), 785-798.
University of München, DE – Phytophthora quercina web site: http://www.forst.uni-muenchen.de/EXT/LST/BOTAN/LEHRE/PATHO/QUERCUS/oakdec.htm
EPPO RS 2000/066, 2002/054, 2002/161, 2003/067
Panel review date 2004-03 Entry date 2000-04