A species-level superTree of Crocodyliformes




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A species-level superTree of Crocodyliformes
Mario Bronzati Filho1*, Felipe Chinaglia Montefeltro1 and Max Cardoso Langer1

1 Laboratório de Paleontologia de Ribeirão Preto, FFCLRP, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto-SP, 14040-901, Brazil.
*Author for correspondence (mariobronzati@yahoo.com.br)



This file includes:




1. List of publications containing the source trees used to build the MRP matrix

02

2. List of publications with supra-generic taxa in source-trees and respective replacement taxa

07

3. Strict Consensus of the 722 MPT’s derived from the analysis using the “less restrict” protocol during the stage of source tree selection

15

4. Implementation of the tree collection protocol of Bininda-Emmonds et al. 2004

18


1 - List of publications containing the source trees used to build the MRP matrix
Andrade, M. B. & Bertini, R. J. (2008)a - A new Sphagesaurus (Mesoeucrocodylia: Notosuchia) from the Upper Cretaceous of Monte Alto City (Bauru Group, Brazil), and a revision of the Sphagesauridae. Historical Biology 20(2): 101-136.

Andrade, M. B. & Bertini, R. J. (2008)b – Morphological and anatomical observations about Mariliasuchus amarali and Notosuchus terrestris (Mesoeucrocodylia) and their relationship with other south American notosuchian. Arquivos do Museu Nacional, Rio de Janeiro. 66(1): 5-62.

Barbosa, J. A.; Kellner, A. W. A.; Viana, M. S. S. (2008) New dyrosaurid crocodylomorph and evidences for faunal turnover at the K-P transition in Brazil. Proceedings of the Royal SocietyB 275: 1385-1391.

Brochu, C. A.; Bouare, M. L.; Sissoko, F.; Roberts, E. M.; O´Leary, M. A. (2002) A dyrosaurid crcodyliform braincase from mali. Journal of Paleontology 76(6): 1060-1071.

Buckley, G. A & Brochu, C. A. (1999). An enigmatic new crocodile from the upper Cretaceous of Madagascar. Special Papers in Palaeontology. 60: 149-175.

Buckley, G. A.; Brochu, C. A.; Krause, D. W.; Pol, D. (2000) A pug-nosed Crocodyliform from the Late Cretaceous of Madagascar. Nature 405: 941-944.

Buscalioni, A. D. & Sanz, J. L. (1988) Phylogenetic relationships of the Atoposauridae (Archosauria, Crocodylomorpha). Historical Biology 1: 233-250.

Buscalioni, A. D.; Ortega, F.; Weishampel, D. B.; Jianu, C. M. (2001) A revision of the Crocodyliform Allodaposuchus precedens from the Upper Cretaceous of the Hateg Basin, Romania. It´s Relevance in the phylogeny of Eusuchia. Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 21(1): 74-86

Carvalho, I. de S.; Ribeiro, L. C. B.; Avilla, L. dos S. (2004) Uberabasuchus terrificus sp. nov., a New Crocodylomorpha from the Bauru Basin (Upper Cretaceous), Brazil. Gondwana Research 7(4): 975-1002..

Clark, J. M.; 1994. Patterns of evolution in Mesozoic Crocodyliformes. In: Fraser, N. C.; Sues, H. –D.; editors. In the Shadow of Dinosaurs. Cambridge: Cambridge University. p 84-97.

Company, J.; Suberbiola, X. P.; Ruiz-Omeñaca, J. I.; Buscalioni, A. D. (2005). A new species of Doratodon (Crocodyliformes: Ziphosuchia) from the late Cretaceous of Spain. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 25(2): 343-353

Delfino, M.; Codrea, V.; Folie, A.; Dica, P.; Godefroit, P.; Smith, T. (2008). A complete skull of Allodaposuchus precedens Nopsca, 1928 (Eusuchia) and a reassessment of the morplhology of the taxon based on the Romanian remains. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 28(1): 111-122.

Fiorelli, L. E. & Calvo, J. O. (2007) The first “protosuchian” (Archosauria: Crocodyliformes) from the Cretaceous (Santonian) of Gondwana. Arquivos do Museu Nacional, Rio de Janeiro. 65(4): 417-459.

Fiorelli, L. E. & Calvo, J. O. (2008) New remains of Notosuchus terrestris Woodward, 1896 (Crocodyliformes: Mesoeucrocodylia) from Late Cretaceous of Neuquén, Patagonia, Argentina. Arquivos do Museu Nacional, Rio de Janeiro. 66(1): 83-124.

Fortier, D. C. & Schultz, C. L. (2009) A new Neosuchian Crocodylomorph (Crocodyliformes, Mesoeucrocodylia) from the Early Cretaceous of North-East Brazil. Paleontology 52(5): 991-1007.

Gasparini, Z.; Chiappe, L. M.; Fernandez, M. (1991). A New Senonian Peirosaurid (Crocodylomorpha) from Argentina and a Synopsis of the South American Cretaceous Crocodilians. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 11(3): 316-333.

Gasparini, Z.; Fernandez, M.; Powell, J. (1993) New Tertiary sebecosuchians (Crocodylomorpha) from South America: Phylogenetic implications. Historical Biology 7: 1-19

Gasparini, Z.; Pol, D.; Spaletti, L. A. (2006) An unusual marine Crocodyliform from the Jurassic-Cretaceous boundary of Patagonia. Science 311: 70-73.

Gomani, E. M. (1997) A Crocodyliform from the Early Cretaceous Dinosaur Beds, Northern Malawi. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 17(2): 280-294

Hastings, A. K.; Bloch, J. I.; Cadena, E. A.; Jaramillo, C. A. (2010) A new small short snout Dyrosaurid (Crocodylomorpha, Mesoeucrocodylia) from the Paleocene of Northeastern Colombia. Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 30(1): 139-162

Hill, R. V.; McCartney, J. A.; Roberts, E.; Bouare, M.; Sissoko, F.; O´Leary, M. A. (2008) Dyrosaurid (Crocodyliformes: Mesoeucrocodylia) Fossils from the Upper Cretaceous and Paleogene of Mali: Implications for Phylogeny and Survivorship across the K/T Boundary. American Museum Novitates 3631: 1-19

Jouve, S. (2005) A new description of the skull of Dyrosaurus phosphaticus (Thomas, 1893) (Mesoeucrocodylia: Dyrosauridae) from the Lower Eocene of North Africa. Canadian Journal of earth Sciences 42: 323–337

Jouve, S. (2009) The Skull of Teleosaurus cadomensis (Crocodylomorpha: Thalattosuchia), and phylogenetic analysis of Thalattosuchia. Journal of Vertebrate Paletontology. 29(1): 88-102

Jouve, S., Iarochène, M., Bouya, B., and Amaghzaz. M.( 2005). A new dyrosaurid crocodyliform from the Palaeocene of Morocco and a phylogenetic analysis of Dyrosauridae. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 50(3): 581–594.

Jouve, S.; Iarochène, M.; Bouya, B.; Amaghzaz, M. (2006a). A new species of Dyrosaurus (Crocodylomorpha, Dyrosauridae) from the early Eocene of Morocco: phylogenetic implications. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 148: 603-656.

Jouve, S.; Bouya, B.; Amaghzaz, M. (2008) A long-snouted Dyrosaurid (Crocodyliformes, Mesoeucrocodylia) from the Paleocene of Morroco: Phylogenetic and Paleobiogeographic implications. Paleontology 51(2): 281-294.

Larsson, H. C. E. & Gado, B. (2000) A new Early Cretaceous crocodyliform from Niger. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie 217(1): 131-141.

Larsson, H. C. E. & Sues, H. –D. (2007). Cranial osteology and phylogenetic relationships of Hamadasuchus rebouli (Crocodyliformes: Mesoeucrocodylia) from the Cretaceous of Morocco. Zoological Journal of Linnean Society. 149: 533-567.

Lauprasert, K.; Cuny, G.; Buffetaut, E.; Suteethorn, V.; Thirakhupt, K. (2007) Siamosuchus phuphokensis, a new goniopholidid from the Early Cretaceous (ante-Aptian) of northeastern Thailand. Bulletin de la Societe Geologique de France 178(3): 201-216.

Lauprasert, K.; Cuny, G.; Thirakhupt, K.; Suteethorn, V. (2009) Khoratosuchus jintasakuli gen. et sp. nov., na advanced neosuchian crocodyliform from the Early Cretaceous (Aptian-Albian) of NE Thailand. Geological Society, London, Special Publications 315: 175-187.

Leardi, J. M. & Pol, D. (2009) The first crocodyliform from the Chubut Group (Chubut Province, Argentina) and its phylogenetic position within basal Mesoeucrocodylia. Cretaceous Research 30: 1376-1386

Martin, J. E. & Buffetaut, E. (2008) Crocodilus affuvelensis Matheron, 1869 from the Late Cretaceous of southern France: a reassessment. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 152: 567-580.

Martinelli, A.G. 2003. New cranial remains of the bizarre notosuchid Comahuesuchus brachybuccalis (Archosauria, Crocodyliformes) from the Late Cretaceous of Río Negro Province (Argentina). Ameghiniana 40, 559–572.

Martin, J. E.; Rabi, M.; Csiki, Z. (2010) Survival of Theriosuchus (Mesoeucrocodylia: Atoposauridae) in a Late Cretaceous archipelago: a new species from the Maastrichtian of Romania. Naturwissenschaften 97: 845-854.

Mueller-Töwe, I. J. (2005). Phylogenetic relationships of the Thalattosuchia. Zitteliana A45:211–213.

Norell, M. A. & Clark, J.M. (1990) A reanalysis of Bernissartia fagesii, with commnets on its phylogenetic position and its bearing on the origin and diagnosis of eusuchia. Bulletin de L´institut Royal dês Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Sciences de La Terre 60: 115-128

Novas, F. E.; Pais, D. F.; Pol, D.; Caravalho, I. de S.; Scanferla, A.; Mones, A.; Riglos, M. S. (2009) Bizarre Notosuchian Crocodyliform with associated eggs from the Upper Cretaceous of Bolivia. Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology. 29(4): 1316-1320

O´Connor, P. M.; Sertich, J. J. W.; Stevens, N. J.; Roberts, E. M.; Gottfried, M. D.; Hieronymus, T. L.; Jinnah, Z. A.; Ridgely, R.; Ngasala, S. E.; Temba, J. (2010) The evolution of mammal-like crocodyliforms in the Cretaceous period of Gondwana. Nature 466(5): 748-751

Ortega, F., A. D. Buscalioni, and Z. Gasparini. (1996). Reinterpretation and new denomination of Atacisaurus crassiproratus (middle Eocene; Issel, France) as cf. Iberosuchus (Crocodylomorpha: Metasuchia). Geobios 29:353–364.

Ortega, F.; Gasparini, Z.; Buscalioni, A. D.; Calvo, J.O. (2000). A new species of Araripesuchus (Crocodylomorpha, Mesoeucrocodylia) from the lower Cretaceous of Patagonia (Argentina). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 20(1): 57-76

Osi, A., Clark, J. M., Weishampel, D. B. (2007). First report on a new basal eusuchian crocodyliform with multicusped teeth from the Upper Cretaceous (Santonian) from Hungary. Neues Jahrbuch fur Geologie und Palaontologie, Abhandlungen 243, 169–177.

Pol, D. (2003) New remains of Sphagesaurus huenei (Crocodylomorpha: Mesoeucrocodylia) from the Late Cretaceous of Brazil. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 23(4): 817-831.

Pol, D. & Apesteguia, S. (2005) New Araripesuchus Remains from the Early Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian-Turonian) of Patagonia. American Museum Novitates 3490: 1-38.

Pol, D. & Z. Gasparini. (2009). Skull anatomy of Dakosaurus andiniensis (Thalattosuchia: Crocodylomorpha) and the phylogenetic position of Thalattosuchia. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 7(2): 163–197.

Pol, D. & Norell, M. A. (2004a). A New Gobiosuchid Crocodyliform Taxon from the Cretaceous of Mongólia. American Museum Novitates. 3458: 1-31.

Pol, D. & Norell, M. A. (2004b). A new Crocodyliform from Zos Canyon, Mongolia. American Museum Novitates. 3445: 1-36.

Pol, D; Ji, S.; Clark, J. M.; Chiappe, L. M. (2004). Basal crocodyliforms from the Lower Cretaceous Tugulu Group (Xinjiang, China), and the phylogenetic position of Edentosuchus. Cretaceous Research. 25: 603-622.

Pol, D.; Turner, A. H.; Norell, M. A. (2009) Morphology of the late Cretaceous Crocodylomorph Shamosuchus djadochtaensis and a discussion of Neosuchian phylogeny as related to the origin of Eusuchia. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 324: 1-103.

Rogers, Jack V., II (2003). "Pachycheilosuchus trinquei, a new procoelous crocodyliform from the Lower Cretaceous (Albian) Glen Rose Formation of Texas". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 23 (1): 128–145.

Salisbury, S. W.; Molnar, R. E.; Frey, E.; Willis, P. M. A. (2006) The origin of modern crocodyliforms: new evidence from the Cretaceous of Australia. Proceedings of the Royal Society 273: 2439-2448.

Sereno, P. C.; Larsson, H. C.; Sidor, C. A.; Gado, B. (2001) The Giant Crocodyliform Sarcosuchus from the Cretaceous of Africa. Science. 294: 1516-1519.

Sereno, P. C.; Sidor, C. A.; Larsson, H. C.; Gado, B. (2003) A new Notosuchian from the Early Cretaceous of Niger. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 23(2): 477-482.

Sereno, P. C. & Larsson, H. C. E. (2009) Cretaceous Crocodyliforms from the Sahara. ZooKeys 28:1-143.

Turner, A. H. (2004) Crocodyliform biogeography during the Cretaceous: evidence of Gondwana vicariance from biogeographical analysis. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Biological Sciences 343: 2003–2009.

Turner, A. (2006). Osteology and phylogeny of a new species of Araripesuchus (Crocodyliformes: Mesoeucrocodylia) from the Late Cretaceous of Madagascar. Hystorical Biology 18:255-369.

Turner, A. & Buckley, G. A. (2008). Mahajangasuchus insignis (Crocodyliformes: Mesoeucrocodylia) cranial anatomy and new data on the origin of the eusuchian-style palate. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 28:382-408.

Turner, A. H. & Calvo, J. O. (2005) A new Sebecosuchian Crocodyliform from the Late Cretaceous of Patagonia. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 25(1): 87-98

Tykosky, R. S.; Rowe, T. B.; Ketcham, R. A.; Colbert, M. W. (2002). Calsoyasuchus valliceps, a new Crocodyliform from the early Jurassic Kayenta Formation of Arizona. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 22:593-611.

Wilkinson, L. E.; Young, M. T.; Benton, M. J. (2008). A new metriorhynchid crocodilian (Mesoeucrocodylia: Thalattosuchia) from the Kimmeridgian (Upper Jurassic) of Wiltshire, UK. Palaeontology 51 (6): 1307-1333.

Wu, X. –C.; Brinkman, D. B.; Lu, J –C. (1994a) A New Species of Shantungosuchus from the Lower Cretaceous of Inner Mongolia (China), with Comments on S. chuhsienensis Young, 1961 and the Phylogenetic Position of the Genus. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 14(2): 210-229



Wu, X. -C, Li, J.; Li, X. (1994b) Phylogenetic relationship of Hsisosuchus. Vertebrata PalAsiatica 32(3):166-180 (Em chinês com sumário em inglês).

Wu, X. -C.; Sues, H. -D.; Sun, A. (1996) A plant-eating crocodyliform reptile from the Cretaceous of China. Nature 376: 678-680.

Wu X.-C.; H.-D. Sues; Dong, Z. -M. (1997). Sichuanosuchus shuhanensis, a new Early Cretaceous protosuchian (Archosauria: Crocodyliformes) from Sichuan (China), and the monophyly of Protosuchia. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 17: 89–103.

Wu, X. -C., Russell, A. P.; Cumbaa, S. L. (2001a). Terminonaris (Archosauria: Crocodyliformes): new material from Saskatchewan, Canada, and comments on its phylogenetic relationships. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 21(3):492–514

Zaher, H.; Pol, D.; Carvalho, A. B.; Riccomini, C.; Campos, D.; Nava, W. (2006). Redescription of the Cranial Morphology of Mariliasuchus amarali, and Its Phylogenetic Affinities (Crocodyliformes, Notosuchia). American Museum Novitates. 3512: 1-40.

Young, M. T. & Andrade, M. B. de (2009. What is Geosaurus? Redescription of Geosaurus giganteus (Thalattosuchia: Metriorhynchidae) from the Upper Jurassic of Bayern, Germany. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. (157): 551-585.


2 - List of publications with supra-generic taxa in source-trees and respective replacement taxa
ATOPOSAURIDAE
Buscalioni & Sanz 1988 (Alligatorium, Alligatorellus, Atoposaurus, Montsecosuchus, Theriosuchus); Clark 1994 (Alligatorium + Theriosuchus); Buckley & Brochu 1999 (Alligatorium + Theriosuchus); Rogers 2003 (Alligatorium + Theriosuchus); Gasparini et al 2006 (Theriosuchus + Alligatorium); Andrade & Bertini 2008a,b (Theriosuchus + Alligatorium); Pol et al. 2009 (Theriosuchus + Alligatorium); Martin et al. 2010 (Alligatorium + Theriosuchus guimarotae + Theriosuchus pusillus + Theriosuchus sympiestodon)
Obs. None of the taxa included in the group in the above publications had its affinity to the group denied in another publication that provided source trees.
Replacement taxa for Atoposauridae: Alligatorium + Alligatorellus + Atoposaurus + Montsecosuchus + Theriosuchus guimarotae + Theriosuchus pusillus + Theriosuchus sympiestodon.

DYROSAURIDAE
Wu et al. 2001 (Dyrosaurus + Hyposaurus); Jouve 2005 (Sokotosuchus + Phosphatosaurus + Dyrosaurus + Hyposaurus + Rhabdognathus); Jouve et al. 2005 (Chenanisuchus + Sokotosuchus + Phosphatosaurus + Dyrosaurus + Arambourgisuchus + Congosaurus + Hyposaurus rogersii + Rhabdognathus rarus + Rhabdognathus sp); Jouve et al. 2006 (Dyrosaurus + Chenanisuchus); Gasparini et al. 2006 (Sokotosuchus + Rhabdognathus + Dyrosaurus + Hyposaurus); Barbosa et al. 2008 (Chenanisuchus + Phosphatosaurus gavialoides + Sokotosuchus + Dyrosaurus phosphaticus + Hyposaurus rogersii + Guarinisuchus munizi + Arambourgisuchus khouribgaensis + Rhabdognathus aslerensis + Rhabdognathus keiniensis); Hill et al. 2008 (Chenanisuchus + Sokotosuchus + Phosphatosaurus + Dyrosaurus maghribensis + Dyrosaurus phosphaticus + Arambourgisuchus + Congosaurus + Hyposaurus + Rhabdognathus keiniensis + Rhabdognathus aslerensis); Jouve et al. 2008 (Chenanisuchus + Sokotosuchus + Phosphatosaurus + Dyrosaurus phosphaticus + Dyrosaurus maghribensis + Arambourgisuchus + Hyposaurus rogersii + Congosaurus + Atlantosuchus + Rhabdognathus keiniensis + Rhabdognathus aslerensis); Pol & Gasparini 2009 (Sokotosuchus + Dyrosaurus + Hyposaurus + Rhabdognathus); Hastings et al. 2010 (Chenanisuchus lateroculi + Sokotosuchus ianwilsoni + Phosphatosaurus gavialoides + Cerrejonisuchus improcerus + Arambourgisuchus khouribgaensis + Dyrosaurus phosphaticus + Dyrosaurus maghribensis + Hyposaurus rogersii + Congosaurus bequaerti + Rhabdognathus keiniensis + Rhabdognathus aslerensis + Atlantosuchus coupatezi + Guarinisuchus munizi)
The Dyrosauridae affinity of Sokotosuchus ianwilsoni was rejected in Buckley & Brochu (1999), Brochu et al. (2002), Pol & Norell (2004b), Pol et al. (2004) and Pol & Apesteguia (2005).
Replacement taxa for Dyrosauridae: Arambourgisuchus khouribgaensis + Atlantosuchus + Cerrejonisuchus improcerus + Chenanisuchus lateroculi + Congosaurus + Dyrosaurus maghribensis + Dyrosaurus phosphaticus + Guarinisuchus munizi + Hyposaurus rogersii + Phosphatosaurus gavialoides + Rhabdognathus aslerensis + Rhabdognathus keiniensis.

EUSUCHIA
Clark 1994 (Leidyosuchus + Alligatoridae + Crocodylidae + Gavialidae); Wu & Sues 1996 (Leidyosuchus + Alligatorinae); Wu et al. 1997 (Leidyosuchus + Gavialis + Crocodylinae + Alligatorinae); Larsson & Gado 2000 (Bernissartia + Gavialis + Crocodylinae + Alligatorinae); Ortega et al. 2000 (Hylaeochampsa + Alligator + Crocodylus);Company et al. 2005 (Hylaeochampsa + Alligator + Crocodylus); Gasparini et al. 2006 (Hylaeochampsa + Borealosuchus + Gavialis + Crocodylus + Alligator); Salisbury et al. 2006 (Isisfordia duncani + Hylaeochampsa vectiana + Allodaposuchus precedens + Borealosuchus + Crocodylia); Fiorelli & Calvo 2007 (Hylaeochampsa + Borealosuchus + Crocodylus + Gavialis + Alligator); Osi et al. 2007 (Hyaleochampsa + Iharkutosuchus + Allodaposuchus + Gavialidae + Borealosuchus + Pristhichampsus + Leidyosuchus + Alligatoridae + Asiatosuchus + Crocodylidae); Andrade & Bertini 2008a,b (Alligatoridae + Crocodylidae + Bernissartia); Pol & Gasparini 2009 (Hylaeochampsa + Borealosuchus + Gavialis + Crocodylus + Alligator); Turner & Buckley 2008 (Hylaeochampsa vectiana + Borealosuchus formidablis + Argochampsa krebsi + Eothoracosaurus mississipiensis + Gavialis gangeticus + Pristichampsa vorax + Leidyosuchus canadensis + Asiatosuchus germanicus + Crocodylus niloticus + Diplocynodon hantoniensis + Alligator mississipienis); Fortier & Schultz 2009 (Isisfordia duncani + Hylaeochampsa vectiana + Allodaposuchus precedens + Crocodylia) Pol et al. 2009 (Hylaeochampsa vectiana + Borealosuchus formidabilis + Pristichampsus vorax + Asiatosuchus germanicus + Crocodylus niloticus + Argochampsa krebsi + Eothoracosaurus mississipiensis + Gavialis gangeticus + Leidyosuhcus canadensis + Diplocynodon hantoniensis + Alligator mississipiensis); Martin et al. (2010) (Hylaeochampsa vectiana + Borealosuchus formidabilis + Pristichampsus vorax + Leidyosuchus Canadensis + Alligator mississipiensis + Diplocynodon hantoniensis + Asiatosuchus germanicus + Crocodylus niloticus + Argochampsa krebsi + Eothoracosaurus mississipiensis + Gavialis gangeticus)
The Eusuchia affinity of Bernissartia fagesi was rejected in Clark (1994), Wu & Sues (1996), Wu et al. (1997), Ortega et al. (2000), Tykoski et al. (2002), Company et al. (2005), Gasparini et al. (2006), Salisbury et al. (2006), Fiorelli & Calvo (2007), Ösi et al. (2007), Pol & Gasparini (2009), Turner & Buckley (2008), Fortier & Schultz (2009), Laupraserti et al. (2009) and Martin et al. (2010)
Replacement taxa for Eusuchia: Allodaposuchus precedens + Borealosuchus + Crocodylia + Hylaeochampsa vectiana + Iharkutosuchus + Isisfordia + Leidyosuchus + Pristichampsus vorax

GONIOPHOLIDIDAE
Wu et al. 1997 (Eutretauranosuchus, Sunosuchus e Goniopholis); Sereno et al. 2001 (Sunosuchus, Goniopholis); Wu et al. 2001 (Goniopholis, Sunosuchus e Eutretauranosuchus); Tykoski et al. 2002 (Goniopholis, Sunosuchus, Calsoyasuchus, Eutretauranosuchus); Jouve et al. 2005 (Eutretauranosuchus); Gasparini et al 2006 (Goniopholis + Eutretauranosuchus); Jouve et al. 2006 (Goniopholis, Vectisuchus, Eutretauranosuchus, Sunosuchus, Calsoyasuchus); Larsson & Sues 2007 (Goniopholis, Eutretauranosuchus e Sunosuchus); Lauprasert et al. 2007 (Eutretauranosuchus, Calsoyasuchus, Sunosuchus, Goniopholis, Siamosuchus); Pol & Gasparini 2009 (Goniopholis + Eutretauranosuchus); Pol et al. 2009 Goniopholis simus, Goniopholis stovalli, Eutretauranosuchus delfsi, Sunosuchus junggarensis, Calsoyasuchus valliceps); Martin et al. 2010 (Eutretauranosuchus delfsi + Calsoyasuchus valliceps + Sunosuchus junggarensis + Sunosuchus miaoi + Goniopholis lucasii + Siamosuchus phunpokensis + Goniopholis simus + Goniopholis baryglyphaeus)
Obs. None of the taxa included in the group in the above publications had its affinity to the group denied in another publication that provided source trees.
Replacement taxa for Goniopholididae: Calsoyasuchus valliceps + Eutretauranosuchus delfsi + Goniopholis baryglyphaeus + Goniopholis lucasii + Goniopholis simus + Siamosuchus + Sunosuchus + Vectisuchus

METRIORHYNCHIDAE*
Turner 2004 (Metriorhynchus + Geosaurus + Dakosaurus); Mueller-Towe 2005 (Teleidosaurus calvadosi + Teleidosaurus gaudryi + Dakosaurus maximus + Geosaurus giganteus + Metriorhynchus leedsi + Metriorhynchus hastifer + Metriorhynchus superciliosus + Geosaurus suevicus + Geosaurus gracilis + Geosaurus vignaudi); Gasparini et al. 2006 (Metriorhynchus superciliosus + Metriorhynchus casamiquelai + Geosaurus suevicus + Geosaurus araucanensis + Dakosaurus maximus + Dakosaurus andiniensis); Pol & Gasparini 2008 (Metriorhynchus superciliosus + Metriorhynchus casamiquelai + Geosaurus suevicus + Geosaurus araucanensis + Dakosaurus maximus + Dakosaurus andiniensis); Wilkinson et al. 2008 (Teleidosaurus calvadosii + Enaliosuchus + Geosaurus araucanensis + Geosaurus suevicus + Geosaurus gracilis + Metriorhynchus leedsi + Metriorhynchus laeve + Metriorhynchus acutus + Metriorhynchus palpebrosus + Metriorhynchus hastifer + Metriorhynchus superciliosus + Metriorhynchus moreli + Metriorhynchus brachyrhynchus + Metriorhynchus cultridens + Metriorhynchus durobrivensis + Metriorhynchus casamiquelai + Dakosaurus carpenteri + Dakosaurus maximus + Dakosaurus andiniensis); Jouve 2009 (Teleidosaurus calvadosi + Teleidosaurus bathonicus + Teleidosaurus gaudryi + Metriorhynchus + Geosaurus + Enaliosuchus + Dakosaurus maximus + Dakosaurus andiniensis);
The Metriorhynchidae affinity of Teleidosaurus was rejected in Turner (2004).
Replacement taxa for Metriorhynchidae: Dakosaurus andiniensis + Dakosaurus maximus + Enaliosuchus macrospondylus + Geosaurus + Metriorhynchus
*Obs. 1 - Young & Andrade (2009) performed a solid revision of Metriorhynchidae systematics, including the proposition of various new taxa. Yet, we refrain from including these new taxa to replace Metriorhynchidae, because most are poorly known or still undescribed, and this could overestimate the diversity of Metriorhynchidae.

Obs. 2 - Taxon names in the topologies of Figs 3,4,5,6 were updated following Young & Andrade (2009) and Young et al. (2010). Metriorhynchus morelli, M. laeve and M. cultridens were “graphycally prunned” because they represent sister-taxa of their potential senior synonyms, respectively: Metriorhynchus superciliosus, Gracilineustes leedsi and Suchodus brachyrhynchus.

Young, M. T. & Andrade, M. B. de (2009. What is Geosaurus? Redescription of Geosaurus giganteus (Thalattosuchia: Metriorhynchidae) from the Upper Jurassic of Bayern, Germany. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. (157): 551-585.

Young, M. T. Brussate, S. L. Ruta, M. and Andrade, M. B. de (2009) The evolution of Metriorhynchoidea (mesoeucrocodylia, thalattosuchia): an integrated approach using geometric morphometrics, analysis of disparity, and biomechanics. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 158: 801-859.



PEIROSAURIDAE
Gasparini et al. 1991 (Peirosaurus + Lomasuchus); Larsson & Gado 2000 (Peirosaurus + Lomasuchus + Stolokrosuchus); Sereno et al. 2001 (Stolokrosuchus + Peirosaurus); Sereno et al. 2003 (Stolokrosuchus + Peirosaurus); Carvalho et al. 2004 (Peirosaurus + Lomasuchus + Mahajangasuchus + Uberabasuchus), Turner 2004 (Peirosaurus tormini + Lomasuchus palpebrosus); Gasparini et al. 2006 (Lomasuchus + Peirosaurus); Jouve et al. 2006 (Lomasuchus + Peirosaurus); Fiorelli & Calvo 2007 (Anatosuchus + Uberabasuchus + Lomasuchus + Peirosaurus); Larsson & Sues 2007 (Hamadasuchus + Peirosaurus + Lomasuchus + Uberabasuchus + Stolokrosuchus); Turner & Buckley 2008 (Lomasuchus palpebrosus + Uberabasuchus terrificus + Peirosaurus tormini); Leardi & Pol 2009 (Lomasuchus palpebrosus + Barcinosuchus gradilis + Peirosaurus tormini)

The Peirosauridae affinity of Anatosuchus minor was rejected in Martinelli (2003), Sereno et al. (2003), Turner (2004, 2006), Turner & Calvo (2005) and Jouve et al. (2006).


The Peirosauridae affinity of Mahajangasuchus insignis was rejected in Buckley & Brochu (1999), Buckley et al. (2000), Brochu et al. (2002), Tykoski et al. (2002), Turner (2004, 2006), Turner & Calvo (2005), Larsson & Sues (2007), Laupraserti et al. (2007) and Turner & Buckley (2008).
The Peirosauridae affinity of Stolokrosuchus lapparenti was rejected in Jouve et al. (2006) and Turner & Buckley (2008).
Replacement taxa for Peirosauridae: Hamadasuchus reboulli + Lomasuchus palpebrosus + Peirosaurus tormini + Uberabasuchus terrificus

PHOLIDOSAURIDAE”
Jouve et al. 2006 (Elosuchus + Sarcosuchus + Terminonaris + Pholidosaurus); Larsson & Sues 2007 (Pholidosaurus + Sarcosuchus + Terminonaris); Pol & Gasparini 2009* (Pholidosaurus + Sarcosuchus + Terminonaris); Sereno & Larsson 2009 (Goniopholis + Dyrosaurus + Terminonaris + Pholidosaurus + Sarcosuchus)

*Treated as paraphyletic.


The “Pholidosauridae” affinity of Goniopholis was rejected in Wu et al. (1997), Sereno et al. (2001), Wu et al. (2001), Tykoski et al. (2002), Gasparini et al. (2006), Jouve et al. (2006), Larsson & Sues (2007), Lauprasert et al. (2007), Pol & Gasparini (2009), Pol et al. (2009) and Martin et al. (2010)
The “Pholidosauridae” affinity of Dyrosaurus was rejected in Wu et al. (2001), Jouve (2005), Jouve et al. (2005), Gasparini et al. (2006), Barbosa et al. (2008), Hill et al. (2008), Jouve et al. (2008), Hastings et al. (2010) and Pol & Gasparini (2009)
Replacement taxa for “Pholidosauridae”: Elosuchus + Pholidosaurus + Sarsocuchus + Terminonaris

TELEOSAURIDAE
Turner 2004 (Teleosaurus + “Mystriosaurus” + Steneosaurus + Teleidosaurus); Mueller-Towe 2005 (Pelagosaurus typus + Platysuchus multiscrobiculatus + Machimosaurus hugii + Steneosaurus boutilieri + Steneosaurus bollensis + Steneosaurus edwardsi + Steneosaurus baroni + Steneosaurus priscus + Steneosaurus brevior + Steneosaurus gracilirostris + Steneosaurus heberti + Steneosaurus leedsi + Steneosaurus pictaviensis + Steneosaurus megarhinus + Teleosaurus cadomensis); Wilkinson et al. 2008 (Steneosaurus + Pelagosaurus)
The Teleosauridae affinity of Pelagosaurus typus was rejected in Clark (1994), Wu et al. (1997), Buckley & Brochu (1999), Buckley et al. (2000), Larsson & Gado (2000), Wu et al. (2001), Brochu et al. (2002), Tykoski et al. (2002), Pol (2003), Pol & Norell (2004a,b), Pol et al. (2004), Pol & Apesteguia (2005), Turner & Calvo (2005), Turner (2006), Fiorelli & Calvo (2007) and Laupraserti et al. (2007).
The Teleosauridae affinity of Teleidosaurus was is rejected in Mueller-Towe (2005) and Wilkinson et al. (2008).
Replacement taxa for Teleosauridae: Machimosaurus + Mystriosaurus + Platysuchus + Steneosaurus + Teleosaurus

THALATTOSUCHIA
Clark 1994 (Pelagosaurus + Teleosauridae + Metriorhynchidae); Buckley & Brochu 1999 (Pelagosaurus + Teleosauridae + Metriorhynchidae); Ortega et al. 2000 (Pelagosaurus + Steneosaurus); Wu et al. 2001 (Pelagosaurus + Teleosauridae + Metriorhynchidae); Brochu et al. 2002 (Metriorhynchidae + Teleosauridae + Pelagosaurus); Mueller-Towe 2005 (Pelagosaurus + Teleosauridae + Metriorhynchidae); Gasparini et al 2006 (Pelagosaurus + Steneosaurus + Metriorhynchidae (Metriorhynchus superciliosus + Metriorhynchus casamiquelai + Geosaurus suevicus + Geosaurus araucanensis + Dakosaurus maximus + Dakosaurus andiniensis); Jouve et al. 2006 (Metriorhynchus + Pelagosaurus + Steneosaurus); Turner 2006 (Pelagosaurus + Teleosauridae + Metriorhynchidae); Larsson & Sues 2007 (Pelagosaurus + Steneosaurus + Metriorhynchus + Geosaurus); Pol & Gasparini 2009 (Pelagosaurus + Steneosaurus + Metriorhynchus superciliosus + Metriorhynchus casamiquelai + Geosaurus suevicus + Geosaurus araucanensis + Dakosaurus maximus + Dakosaurus andiniensis); Wilkinson et al. 2008 (Teleidosaurus calvadosii + Enaliosuchus + Geosaurus araucanensis + Geosaurus suevicus + Geosaurus gracilis + Metriorhynchus leedsi + Metriorhynchus laeve + Metriorhynchus acutus + Metriorhynchus palpebrosus + Metriorhynchus hastifer + Metriorhynchus superciliosus + Metriorhynchus moreli + Metriorhynchus brachyrhynchus + Metriorhynchus cultridens + Metriorhynchus durobrivensis + Metriorhynchus casamiquelai + Dakosaurus carpenteri + Dakosaurus maximus + Dakosaurus andiniensis + Steneosaurus + Pelagosaurus); Jouve 2009 (Teleosaurus + Peipehsuchus + Steneosaurus bollensis + Pelagosaurus + Steneosaurus larteti + Mystriosaurus + Teleidosaurus calvadosi + Teleidosaurus bathonicus + Teleidosaurus gaudryi + Metriorhynchus + Geosaurus + Enaliosuchus + Dakosaurus maximus + Dakosaurus andiniensis); Sereno & Larsson 2009 (Pelagosaurus, Steneosaurus, Metriorhynchus, Geosaurus)
Obs. None of the taxa included in the group in the above publications had its affinity to the group denied in another publication that provided source trees.
Replacement taxa for Thalattosuchia: Dakosaurus maximus + Dakosaurus andiniensis + Enaliosuchus + Geosaurus + Machimosaurus + Metriorhynchus + Mystriosaurus + Peipehsuchus teleorhinus + Pelagosaurus typus + Platysuchus multiscrobiculatus + Steneosaurus + Teleidosaurus calvadosii + Teleidosaurus bathonicus + Teleidosaurus gaudryii + Teleosaurus cadomensis.

3 – Strict Consensus of the 722 MPT´s







4 – Implementation of the tree collection protocol of Bininda-Emmonds et al. 2004

A - Trees Used to build the reduced MRP Matrix

Andrade & Bertini (2008a) Brochu et al. (2002)

Buscalioni et al. (2001) Carvalho et al. (2004)

Company et al. (2005). Fiorelli & Calvo (2008) second analysis

Fortier & Schultz (2009) Gasparini et al. (1991)

Gasparini et al. (1993) Gomani (1997)

Hastings et al. (2010) Jouve (2009)

Lauprasert (2009) Martinelli (2003)

Martin et al. (2010) Mueller-Töwe (2005).

Norell & Clark (1990) Osi et al. (2007).

Rogers (2003). Sereno et al. (2003)

Sereno & Larsson (2009) Turner & Buckley (2008).

Turner & Calvo (2005) second analysis Wu et al. (1994a)

Wu et al. (1994b) Wu et al. (1996)

Wu et al. (2001) Young & Andrade (2009)



Mini SuperTree #1 - built using only the three (03) phylogenetic trees of Buscalioni & Sanz (1988) that are derived from data matrices.

Mini SuperTree #2 – built using the phylogenetic trees of Wu et al. (2001) and Larsson & Gado (2000): both derived from the analysis of Clark (1994)

Mini SuperTree #3 – built using the phylogenetic trees of Leardi & Pol (2009) and Pol et al. (2009): both derived from analyses with very similar data sets, respectively Gasparini et al. (2006) and Pol & Gasparini (2009).

Mini SuperTree #4 – built using the phylogenetic trees of Novas et al. (2009) and O´Connor et al. (2010): both derived from the analysis of Pol & Apesteguia (2005).

Mini SuperTree #5 – built using the phylogenetic trees of Turner & Calvo (2005; first analysis), Turner (2006), and Tykoski et al. (2002): all derived from the analysis of Buckley et al. (2000).

B - Source Trees excluded in the reduced MRP Matrix

Andrade & Bertini (2008b) - Expanded in Martin et al. (2010)

Barbosa et al. (2008) - Expanded in Hastings et al. 2010

Buckley & Brochu (1999) - Expanded in Brochu et al. (2002)

Buckley et al. (2000) - Expanded in Turner & Calvo (2005) and Tykoski et al. (2002)

Clark (1994) - Expanded in Wu et al. (2001) and Larsson & Gado (2000)

Delfino et al. (2008) - Expanded in Fortier & Schultz (2009)

Fiorelli & Calvo (2007) - Expanded in Fiorelli & Calvo (2008)

Gasparini et al. (2006) - Expanded in Pol & Gasparini (2009)

Hill et al. (2008) - Expanded in Hastings et al. (2010)

Jouve (2005) - Expanded in Hastings et al. (2010)

Jouve et al. ( 2005) - Expanded in Hastings et al. (2010)

Jouve et al. (2006) - Expanded in Jouve (2009)

Jouve et al. (2008) - Expanded in Jouve (2009)

Larsson & Sues (2007) - Expanded in Sereno & Larsson (2009)

Lauprasert et al. (2007) - Expanded in Lauprasert et al. (2009)

Martin & Buffetaut (2008) - Fortier & Schultz (2009) is a more recent and complete study derived from Salisbury et al. (2006).

Ortega et al. (1996) - Expanded in Turner & Calvo (2005, second analysis).

Ortega et al. (2000) - Expanded in Company et al. (2005)

Pol (2003) - Expanded in Pol et al. (2004)

Pol & Apesteguia (2005) - Expanded in Novas et al. (2009) and O´Connor et al (2010).

Pol & Gasparini (2009) - Expanded in Pol et al. (2009)

Pol & Norell (2004a) - Expanded in Pol & Apesteguia (2005)

Pol & Norell (2004b) - Expanded in Pol & Apesteguia (2005)

Pol et al. (2004) - Expanded in Pol & Norell (2004a,b)

Salisbury et al. (2006) - Expanded in Fortier & Schultz (2009).

Sereno et al. (2001) - Expanded in Sereno et al. (2003)

Turner (2004) - Expanded in Turner & Calvo (2005)

Wilkinson et al (2008) - Expanded in Young & Andrade (2009)

Wu et al. (1997) - Expanded in Wu et al. (2001)

Zaher et al. (2006) - Expanded in Martin et al.(2010)



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