E In the period of ripe fruiting
Marshmallow roots are used as a mucolytic agent. Underground organs of marshmallow are collected:
A * After ripening of seeds and disappearing of the aerial part
B In the phase of blossoming
C At the period of unripe fruit
D In the phase of bud formation
E In the phase of stem formation
Preparations of marshmallow’s roots are used in the treatment of upper respiratory tract disorders. During its collection it is possible to get the following admixture:
E Plantago maxima
At microscopic analysis of a raw material such diagnostic features were detected: multilayer cork, large parenchymal cells filled with inulin; expressive cambium line; large vessels; schizogenous receptacles with essential oil. For what type of plant material the indicated features can serve as the authenticity confirmation?
The mucilage-containing herbal raw material is used for treatment of upper respiratory tract disorders. The source of this class of compounds is:
A * Radix Althaeae
B Radix Inulae
C Radix Ipecacuanhae
D Radix Rhodiolae
A storehouse received a batch of althaea roots. For its verification a drop of ammonia solution was applied upon the root section; the spot of section turned yellow. This is the evidence of the following substance presence:
A * Mucilages
E Vitamin C
Coltsfoot preparations are used for upper airways treatment. During collection of this herbal raw material the following admixture may appear:
A * Great bur (Arctium lappa)
B Common plantain (Plantago major)
C Spring adonis (Adonis vernalis)
D Marsh mallow (Althaea officinalis)
E Pot marjoram (Origanum vulgare)
Plantaglucid, which is used as antiulcer medicine, is received from the common plantain leaves. What class of compounds is quantitatively defined?
Remedies from polysaccharide-containing medicinal plant material are used as expectorants. Which of the following plants contains polysaccharides?
A * Common plantain
C Java tea
A party of the medicinal raw material of common plantain was received by a pharmacy’s storehouse. The content of what active substances is a sign of authenticity according to the Pharmacopoeia requirements?
D Heating on boiling water bath for 15 minutes, cooling for 45 min, filtering
E Heating for 30 minutes, cooling 10 min, filtering
Tragacanth gum is used in the production of emulsions, tablets, pills, and also in perfumery and cosmetics industry. It is produced from plants of the genus:
A * Astragalus
Which medicinal plant can be used for the appetite stimulation?
A * Common dandelion
B Red-seeded dandelion
C White-flowering dandelion
D Japanese dandelion
E Chinese dandelion
Flowers with characteristic odor were received for analysis. The flowerheads had diameter 5 cm, a wrapper was grey-green, a receptacle was slightly protuberant, regional ligulate florets with curved shot puberulent tube and a three-teeth limb, red-orange colour. The center of the flowerhead bore tubular florets with five-teeth yellow corolla. What plant does this characteristic correspond to?
E Tanacetum vulgare
A consignment of herbal raw material was received by a pharmacy without an analytical certificate. After macroscopic analysis it was discovered to be chicory roots. The reaction with α-naphtol showed a positive result that confirmed the presence of:
A * Inulin
The main active substances of marshmallow are mucilage and pectins. Which class of biologically active substances do they belong to?
A * Polysaccharides
At tablets production polysaccharides are used as binding agents and excipients. Which compound is the most suitable for this purpose?
A * Starch
A consignment of herbal raw material was received by pharmacy without an analytical certificate. According to macroscopic analysis it was marshmallow roots. A reaction with 5% alkali solution gave a positive result that confirmed presence of:
A * Mucilage
During coltsfoot leaves collection it is necessary to pay attention to possible adulterants, such as:
Choose a reagent for hystochemical reaction on mucilage :
A * Methylene blue alcohol solution
B 1% solution of phloroglucin
C 1% iron alum solution
D Sudan III solution
E Dragendorff’s reagent
Inulin present in the underground organs of Asteraceae plants (dandelion, elecampane, chicory) is prescribed to treat diabetes and for bifidobacteria level increasing. According to its chemical structure it belongs to:
A * Polysaccharides
Which group of compounds is determined by the swelling index?